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Home > Catalogue > Complexity and the Arrow of Time
Complexity and the Arrow of Time

Details

  • 14 b/w illus.
  • Page extent: 368 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.73 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 003
  • Dewey version: 23
  • LC Classification: Q175.32.C65 C64 2013
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Complexity (Philosophy)
    • Science--Philosophy
    • SCIENCE / Physics.--bisacsh

Library of Congress Record

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Complexity and the Arrow of Time
Cambridge University Press
9781107027251 - Complexity and the Arrow of Time - Edited by Charles H. Lineweaver, Paul C. W. Davies and Michael Ruse
Index

Index

abstraction 225

actinomycete bacteria 154

adaptive landscapes 295, 297, 336

See also niches

adaptive systems 44, 49, 237, 333–334

agency 169

algorithmic information content 89–90, n:194

ambrosia beetles 154

amphibians 76

aneuploidy 36

animals 76

Aristotle 187

arms races 300–301

attractor 249–250

Australia 283

autocatalytic systems 170, 247

RAF systems 183–185

bacteria 166, 168

actinomycete 154

extremophile 151

gut 321

See also prokaryotes

Baer, Karl Ernst von 285, 286

baryogenesis 54

Bekenstein, Jacob 21

Beloussov–Zhabotinsky reaction 302

big bang 3, 20, 26, 83, 99–100

nucleosynthesis 51

see also universe 351

biological complexity 29–33, 192, 242

contributing factors

emergence of coordination 313–314

predation and environmental demands 313

sexual selection 313–314

cultural complexity and 9, 345–346

Dawkins on 297

extent of biological possibility space 150–151

free energy and 49

individual organisms 30–33

limits 311–313

phenomic vs genomic 31

physical law and 193, 342

quantification 8–9

by energy rate density 70–71

by information content 297

metabolic flux approach 214–215, 216

See also genomic complexity

simplicity and 234

trend toward increasing 35, 38

trend toward simplicity 234–235

Biology's First Law 7, 303

biosphere 248–249

Jensen–Shannon divergence 260

See also biological complexity

birds 76, 260

black holes 20–22, 28

formation 53

Blind Watchmaker, The 298

Boltzmann brains 108

Boulding, Kenneth 316

brains 14, 286

human 343

size 141, 156, 240

relative to body 298

See also cognitive complexity

Brandon, Robert 303

breathers 116

Brownian motion 118

bubble universes 22, 85, 103

Buchnera 149

cancer 35–38

as throwback 37–38

genomic complexity 36

carbon fixation 214

cars 77, 316

causation 171, 187

cell types

See eukaryotes, prokaryotes

cephalopods 148–149

chemical flux 215–216

advantages over Darwinian approach 214–215

China 313

choanoflagellates 146

Chomsky, Noam 242

citric-acid cycle 204

cladistics 152

classical mechanics

See Newtonian mechanics

Clava multicornis 139

cnidarians 139

cognitive complexity 343

See also brains

Coleridge, William 292

collagen 135, 146

combinatorial alphabets 324

complexity 3

biological definition 4

definition 7–8, 42, 74

descriptional 62

metric 5, 70

physical definitions 26

See also self-dissimilarity

See also biological complexity, genomic complexity

complexity theory 333

multiple complexities approach 340–342

Unity Approach 68, 334

complexity-producing mechanisms (CPM)

interdependence 343–344

See also emergence, depletion forces

compositional systems 309

computers

computational equivalance 89–90

Turing machines 86–87

See also quantum computation

Conway Morris, Simon 4, 168

cosmic evolution 68–69, 74, 78

cosmic microwave background 20, 45

Crick, Francis 34

crows 141

crystallins 145

cubozoans 147

cultural evolution 76–77, 226, 313, 316–317, 324, 326

biological evolution and 345–346

See also technology

C-value 4

dark energy 23–25, 83, 107–108

Darwin, Charles 4, 29, 33

correspondence with Asa Gray 284

Darwin, Leonard 294

Darwin's Principles 318

data compression 237–239

Dawkins, Richard 297

evolution of evolvability 298

evolutionary arms races 301–302

de Duve, Christian 34

de Sitter horizon 108

decoherence 99

decoupled fluids 51

deep homology 146

depletion forces 247–248, 263

determinism 163–164

developmental lock 321

diachronic science 175

dicyemids 136, 148–149

differential entrenchment 318

Dirac, Paul 224–225

DNA 33, 43, 210, 239

Drosophila 321

Durham, William 341

dynamic systems theory

description of biosphere 253

description of human body 252–253

Jensen–Shannon divergence 257–258

vital states 261–262

Dyson, Freeman 38

effective action 201

efficient cause 171, 187

emergence 142, 302, 309

emotion 169

Encephalization Quotient 298

energy gradients 44, 51

energy rate density 11, 70–71, 78

plants and animals 75

hominids and society 76

stars 75

ensembles 193

kinetics 200

entrenchment 325

enabling entrenched change 326

entropy 7, 11, 19

biological complexity and 192, 247–248

cosmological 46, 62

early universe 46–47, 99

gravitational 14, 23, 46

of universe 45, 48

relative configurational 122–125

Shannon 256, 270

spatial expansion and 20, 51–52

entropy gap 45–48, 50, 62

environmental complexity 43

epigenesis 165

equilibrium states

thermodynamics and 198

universal 50

ergodic hypothesis 167

Erigeron canadensis 282

Escherichia coli 9

eugenics 294

eukaryotes 37, 143–145, 316

SNAREs 143–144

Euler identity 279

evolution by natural selection 3, 43

arms races 300–301

as Markov process 213–214

as Maxwell demon 60–61

as universal phenomenon 34, 78

convergent 168

cosmic 68–69, 78

Darwin's principles 318

direction 6

niches 177

creation 9

nineteenth century views

See Spencer, Herbert

tree metaphor 29

See also cultural evolution

extremophiles 151

eyes 146–148

blow-fly 156

fish 76

Fisher, Ronald A. 293–295

fitness landscapes 295, 297, 336

footbinding 313

Ford, E. B. 295

fossils 206

fractal compression 237–239

free energy 44, 48, 54, 95

early universe 54, 99

flow 10, 62

landscape 198–200

nuclear 53

rate density 11

freezing 197

Full House 303

function 168, 230

Fundamental Theorem of Evolution n:294

galaxies 21, 74–75, 83

general relativity 83

generative entrenchment 309, 312

and development 308

historical preservation 326–327

simulations 323–324

genetic control networks 323–324

genetic drift 296

Genetical Theory of Natural Selection, The 293–295

genomic complexity 43–44, 298

horizontal gene transfer 144, 214

information content 231–232

God 349

Goodwin, Brian 302–303

Gould, Stephen Jay 6, 31, 302

gravitation

repulsive 23

gravitational entropy 14, 23

gravitons 49

Gray, Asa 284, 300

Haldane, J. B. S. 293

Hardy–Weinberg law 294

harvest rate 264

Hawking radiation 21

Hawking, Stephen 20

heat death 19, 28, 46–47, 332

helium 26

Helmholtz free energy 48

Helmholtz, Hermann von 19

Henderson, L. J. 296

heredity

See genomic complexity

heterogeneity 292, 295

histones 239

history 326

homeodomain proteins 144

homeostasis 207

hominids 32

Hooker, Joseph 281

Hordijk, Wim 183

horizontal gene transfer

See genomic complexity

Hox proteins 146

human beings

brain 343

See under economics

human body 252–253

Hume, David 169

hurricanes 44, 126

Huxley, Julian 300

Huxley, Thomas Henry 279

hydrogen 53, 57

hydrothermal vents 260

hydrozoans 139, 140

idiographic science 345

Immense Numbers 138

India 283

Individual in the Animal Kingdom, The n:300

inflation 46, 84–85

eternal 85

information content (of an organism) 297

information criticism 70

information gathering 231–232

intelligence 281

See cognitive complexity

Intelligent Design 348

invasive species 283

iron 57

Java 90, 315

Jeans, James 294

Jensen–Shannon divergence

definition 257

issues 271

Jerison, Harry 298

Joslyn, Chris 344

Kantian wholes 182

Kauffman, Stuart 8, 302–303, 323

Kelvin, Lord William Thomson 4, 19

Keynes, John Maynard 242

kinesins 144

kinetics 200

Klein–Gordon equation 115, 117

Kolmogorov complexity 89, 194

Krebs, John 301

lactose 341

ladder of sciences 342

Lamarckism 290

large-deviations scaling 196

last common ancestor 205

laws

See physical law

Leibniz, Gottfried 39

life 76

as consequence of physical law 105

definition 33, 76

origin 127–128

See also last common ancestor

origin of 33–35

oscillon model 126–128

See also biological complexity

logical depth 31, 91

Longo, Giuseppe 172

Lucas, Chris 136–138

lungfish 177, 179

machines 77

Malthus, Thomas Robert 290

mammals 76

Margolus–Levitin theorem 93

mass production 315

material complexity 26

Matisse, Henri 243

matter 27–28

decoupling from photons 49

Maxwell's demon 60

McShea, Daniel 303

Mendel, Gregor 293

metabolic pathways 207

metaphysics 349

meta-theory 337

metazoans 135, 147, 149, 325

middle ear 177

minimalism 199, 226

mitochondria 30

mixability 314

Mondrian, Piet 215–216, 226

Monod, Jacques 34, 166

multiverse

type I (beyond particle horizon) 84

type II (bubble) 85, 103

type III (quantum superposition) 103

See also universe

mutation 105

Mycoplasma 150

negentropy 260

Nematostella 140

neoplasm 35

nervous sytems 140, 239

neurons 240

Newtonian mechanics 83, 338

niches 8

economic 186

niche space 8

See also adaptive landscapes

nomothetic science 346

non-linear systems 11

nuclear free energy 53, 57

nuclear fusion 57

nucleosynthesis 52–53

opsins 147

order parameters 191

Origin of Species 283

Principle of Divergence 287

oscillons

as model for life 126–128

Klein–Gordon equation 117

relative configurational entropy 122–125

Palsson, Bernard 345

panpsychic monism 297

parasites 30, 286

particle horizon 82–83

Pax-6gene 146–148

Penrose, Roger 154

pentose-phosphate pathway 204–205

phase transitions 28, 191

liquid to solid 197

phenotype space 8

phenotypic complexity

cancer 35

philosophy 347

photosynthesis 75, 141, 154

as vital state 266

physical law 38

algorithmic information content 90

local universe 86

optimization 39

simulation by quantum computer 88

unification 104

See also Newtonian mechanics, quantum mechanics, relativity theory

planets

formation 44

plants 75

Pleijel, H. 225

polynomial equivalence 87

preadaptation 177–178

Principle of Divergence 287

production capacity 185

progressive organization 280

prokaryotes 102, 336

See also bacteria

proteins

homeodomain 144

possible 167

protocells 127–128

protons 28

quantum computation 14, 88–89

universe as 81–82

quantum gravity 89

quantum mechanics 83–84

indeterminacy 164

quantum parallelism 82

qubits 88

RAF sets 183–185

submaximal 183

relative configurational entropy 122–125

relativity theory 83

religion 349

replicator equation 229

reptiles 76

RNA 210

robustness 315

Rubisco 136, 153, 154

Russell, Bertrand 19

Russell, John Scott 114

salamanders 4

screwdrivers 173

second law of thermodynamics 19, 60, 73, 248–249

selection processes 77, 78, 309

self-dissimilarity 251–255

biosphere 253

semiotic code 172

Sepkoski, Jack 281

SETI program 35

sex and cross-platform compatibility 314

sexual selection 313–314

shadow biosphere 35

Shakers 345

Shannon entropy 256, 270

shifting balance theory 295–297

simplicity 234

sine-Gordon equation 115

SNAREs 143–144, 145

snowflakes 27

social insects 287

society 76

solitons 114

partial differential equations describing 114–115

Spencer, Herbert 280

influence on Wright 296

sponges 139

Standard Model 88

simulation by quantum computer 88–89

stars

energy rate density 75

formation 26–27, 44

Stoppard, Tom 332

string theory 85

submaximal RAFs 183

sufficient statistics 197

suspended chords 338

swim bladders 177, 179

symbiosis 154–155

symmetry breaking 27, 54

synchronic science 175

tagmosis 155

TALE proteins 144

task closure 185

technology 77, 315

teleonomy 166

theory of complexity 335

thermodynamic depth 31

thermodynamic equilibrium 21

non-equilibrium 71

thermodynamics 348

free energy landscape 198–200

order parameter 197

second law 19, 60, 70

See also entropy, free energy

Thompson, D’Arcy Wentworth 302

Thoreau, Henri 243

time's arrow 3, 76

Turing machines 86–87

probability of given bit stream being produced by random program 94–95

Typhlops 282

Unity Approach 68, 333, 334

universe

as quantum computer 81–82

early 45, 49, 62, 69, 81

inflation 84–85

See also big bang

evolution of 62, 68

finitude of states 85

heat death 62, 332

spatial extent 82

total entropy 45, 48

See also multiverse

vacuum energy 54

vacuum formation 55–57

vertebrates 75, 285

viruses 210

vital states 261–262

vortices 117

wall of minimal complexity 6

Wright, Sewall 293, 295–297

zero-force evolutionary law 7, 304




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