When people are in a certain mood, whether elation or depression, that mood is often communicated to others. When we are talking to someone who is depressed it may make us feel depressed, whereas if we talk to someone who is feeling self-confident and buoyant we are likely to feel good about ourselves. This phenomenon, known as emotional contagion, is identified here, and compelling evidence for its affect is offered from a variety of disciplines - social and developmental psychology, history, cross-cultural psychology, experimental psychology, and psychopathology.
• Includes evidence from a variety of disciplines, including social psychology, history, cross-cultural research, animal research, child developmental research, and social-psychophysiology • Provides practical suggestions for clinical psychologists, physicians, marital partners, and parents on shaping the emotional tone of social encounters • Suggests strategies for increased sensitivity to others' emotions and ways of limiting involvement in damaging social confrontations
1. Introduction; 2. Animal research; 3. Developmental research: A. Evidence that children catch their parents' emotions; B. Evidence that parents catch their childrens' emotions; 4. Clinical research: A. Therapists' reaction to clients: i. Clinicians assessment of clients' emotional states: Conscious judgments versus emotional contagion; ii. Do therapists' expectations subtly effect emotional contagion?; B. Psychopathic clients; C. Peoples' reactions to the anxious, depressed, or angry; 5. Social psychological research: A. Cross-cultural research: hysterical contagion; B. Experimental social psychological research; 6. Historical research: A. The dancing manias of the Middle-Ages; B. The great fear of 1789; C. The New York City riots of 1863; D. Man's inhumanity to man; 6. Summing up.