The text is a self-contained, comprehensive introduction to the theory of hydrodynamic lattice gases. Lattice-gas cellular automata are discrete models of fluids. Identical particles hop from site to site on a regular lattice, obeying simple conservative scattering rules when they collide. Remarkably, at a scale larger than the lattice spacing, these discrete models simulate the Navier-Stokes equations of fluid mechanics. This book addresses three important aspects of lattice gases. First, it shows how such simple idealised microscopic dynamics give rise to isotropic macroscopic hydrodynamics. Second, it details how the simplicity of the lattice gas provides for equally simple models of fluid phase separation, hydrodynamic interfaces, and multiphase flow. Lastly, it illustrates how lattice-gas models and related lattice-Boltzmann methods have been used to solve problems in applications as diverse as flow through porous media, phase separation, and interface dynamics. Many exercises and references are included.
• The first book available on lattice gas automata • Comprehensive and pedagogic coverage, suitable for beginning graduate students • Top rank authors
Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. A simple model of fluid mechanics; 2. Two routes to hydrodynamics; 3. Inviscid two-dimensional lattice-gas hydrodynamics; 4. Viscous two-dimensional hydrodynamics; 5. Some simple 3D models; 6. The lattice-Boltzmann method; 7. Using the Boltzmann method; 8. Miscible fluids; 9. Immiscible lattice gases; 10. Lattice-Boltzmann method for immiscible fluids; 11. Immiscible lattice gases in three dimensions; 12. Liquid-gas models; 13. Flow through porous media; 14. Equilibrium statistical mechanics; 15. Hydrodynamics in the Boltzmann approximation; 16. Phase separation; 17. Interfaces; 18. Complex fluids and patterns; Appendices; Author Index; Subject Index.
'… this book gives a very good review of the main results obtained in the field of lattice-gas models. It will help newcomers to get started. Many of the results shown in the book are impresssive and should attract people who commonly use standard approaches.' P. Lallemand, European Journal of Mechanics