This major addition to Ideas in Context examines the development of natural law theories in the early stages of the Enlightenment in Germany and France. T. J. Hochstrasser investigates the influence exercised by theories of natural law from Grotius to Kant, with a comparative analysis of the important intellectual innovations in ethics and political philosophy of the time. Hochstrasser includes the writings of Samuel Pufendorf and his followers who evolved a natural law theory based on human sociability and reason, fostering a new methodology in German philosophy. This book assesses the first histories of political thought since ancient times, giving insights into the nature and influence of debate within eighteenth-century natural jurisprudence. Ambitious in range and conceptually sophisticated, Natural Law Theories in the Early Enlightenment will be of great interest to scholars in history, political thought, law and philosophy.
• Study of natural law theories in Germany and France in the early Enlightenment from Grotius to Kant • Includes Pufendorf's theory of Eclecticism, a major force in intellectual life until the emergence of Kantian Idealism • Comprehensively draws together the first histories of political thought since ancient times
Preface; 1. Introduction: natural law and its history in the early Enlightenment; 2. Socialitas and the history of natural law: Pufendorf's defence of De Jure Naturae et Gentium; 3. Voluntarism and moral epistemology: a comparison of Leibniz and Pufendorf; 4. Christian Thomasius and the development of Pufendorf's natural jurisprudence; 5. Natural law theory and its historiography in the era of Christian Wolff; 6. Conclusion: the end of the 'history of morality' in Germany; Bibliography; Index.
Morris D. Forkosch Prize 2000 - Winner
'Hochstrasser's Natural Law in the Early Enlightenment, with its splendid chapter on 'Leibniz and Pufendorf', is especially to be welcomed - not least as a heartening sigh that Leibniz's practical philosophy is slowly coming to be viewed as canonical even in the Anglophone world.' Oxford Academic Journals