This volume assembles and presents a database on bank regulation in over 150 countries (included also on CD). It offered the first comprehensive cross-country assessment of the impact of bank regulation on the operation of banks, and assesses the validity of the Basel Committee's influential approach to bank regulation. The treatment also provides an empirical evaluation of the historic debate about the proper role of government in the economy by studying bank regulation and analyzes the role of politics in determining regulatory approaches to banking. The data also indicate that restrictions on the entry of banks, government ownership of banks, and restrictions on bank activities hurt banking system performance. The authors find that domestic political factors shape both regulations and their effectiveness.
• Database on bank regulation for over 150 countries (included on CD) • Provided the first comprehensive, cross-country analyses of which bank practices improve operation and stability • All three authors are internationally known for their work on banking regulation
1. Introduction: 1.A Motivation; 1.B Objectives and contributions; 1.C Key findings: a brief synopsis; 1.D Guide to the book; 2. Contrasting approaches to bank regulation: 2.A Two approaches to bank regulation: 2.A.1 Public interest approach; 2.A.2 Private interest view of regulation; 2.B Bank regulation: how; 2.C The Basel Committee and regulatory convergence; 2.D Conclusion; 3. How are banks regulated and supervised around the world?: 3.A Overview; 3.B Structure, scope and independence of regulation and supervision; 3.C What is a 'bank'?; 3.D Entry into banking, capital requirements and supervisory powers; 3.E Explicit deposit insurance schemes; 3.F Private monitoring and external governance; 3.G Does bank ownership type affect the choice of regulations and supervisory practices?; 3.H Forces for greater harmonization of regulation and supervision among countries; 4. What works best: 4.A Goals and boundaries; 4.B Bank regulation and supervision and bank development; 4.C Bank supervision, regulation, and stability; 4.D Bank supervision, regulation, and bank efficiency; 4.E Bank supervision, regulation, and bank lending; 4.F Supervision, regulation, and bank governance; 4.G Summary of results; 5. Choosing bank regulations; 5.A Recap and motivation; 5.B Motivating example: Mexico and the United States; 5.C Conceptual framework; 5.D Empirical framework and data; 5.E Summary remarks; 6. Rethinking bank regulation: 6.A Approach and context; 6.B Lessons and implications.
'This well-written and compelling book shakes the conventional wisdom about banking regulation to its foundations. It is also a model of how to do judicious analysis of an important policy question, then apply it to give real world recommendations. Nobody involved with financial and banking policies, or for that matter with economic policy in developing countries in general, can afford NOT to read this book.' William Easterly, New York University
'…an important book. It provides striking evidence (using a unique data set created at the World Bank) that strengthening the discretionary powers of prudential supervisors in countries with weak institutional environments leads to lower level of bank development, greater corruption in lending and banks that are less safe and sound. Following the Basel II recommendation of strengthening supervisory powers, therefore, may do more harm than good in developing countries, unless it is accompanied by substantial progress in institutional development. This book provides an important warning to policy makers that what works for advanced countries may not work for developing countries.' Frederic Mishkin, Columbia University
'Rethinking Bank Regulation is a thought provoking study, attacking the current practice of bank regulation and supervision. Using data from more than 150 countries, the authors conclude that strengthening capital standards or empowering supervisors does not boost bank efficiency, reduce corruption in lending, or lower banking system fragility. They urge reforms that would emphasize greater disclosure and transparency in the banking sector as well as better private sector monitoring of banks. This is a must read for all those interested in banking sector reform. It will also be fascinating for students of political economy. Raghuram Rajan, International Monetary Fund
Rethinking Bank Regulation is the best work available on assessing the actual impact of regulatory policies on banks. Its major conclusion, based on data from 150 countries, is striking-that developing countries need to place far more emphasis on policies that promote market discipline, like disclosure requirements, than on command and control regulations that often translate into discretionary abuse.' Hal Scott, Harvard Law School
'This is more than just a handbook for all bank regulators, researchers and policy-makers to delve in. It covers not only the theory and practice of bank regulation, but also more importantly, its political economy. Barth, Caprio, and Levine have not only seen the forest through the trees, but also the soul of bank regulation.' Andrew Sheng, Chairman, Securities and Futures Commission, Hong Kong
' … extremely well written … accessible to non-specialists … comprehensive in its treatment of the subject matter, is incisive in its analysis and makes a major contribution to the literature by broadening our understanding of the forces which are likely to determine the outcome of banking regulatory policy …I thoroughly recommend the book to students of bank regulation and supervision and practitioners alike.' Economica