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  • Page extent: 278 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 0.65 kg

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 (ISBN-13: 9780521858984 | ISBN-10: 0521858984)




CURRENT ISSUES IN COSMOLOGY




What are the current ideas describing the large scale structure of the Universe? How do they relate to the observed facts? This book looks at both the strengths and weaknesses of the current big-bang model in explaining certain puzzling data. It arises from an international conference that brought together many of the world's leading players in cosmology. In addition to presenting individual talks, the proceedings of the resulting discussions are also recorded. Giving a comprehensive coverage of the expanding field of cosmology, this text will be valuable for graduate students and researchers in cosmology and theoretical astrophysics.

JEAN-CLAUDE PECKER has had a long and successful career of research in the theory of stellar atmospheres, and later, cosmology. After studying at the école Normale Supérieure and gaining his doctorate from Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris in 1950, he held research positions at the CNRS, the University of Clermont-Ferrand, and the Paris Observatory in Meudon. He was Director of the Nice Observatory (1962–69), General Secretary of the IAU (1964–67), Director of the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (1972–79), and Professeur at the Collège de France from 1963 to his retirement in 1988. He has devoted much of his time to UNESCO activities, to the defence of human rights, to the promotion of a rationalist view of the world, and to the popularization of science. He has written nearly 30 books on astronomy and solar astrophysics, many of which have been translated and distributed throughout the world.

Professor Pecker is Commandeur of the Légion d’Honneur, Grand’Croix of the Ordre National du Mérite, and Commandeur of the Palmes Académiques. He has received several international prizes and is a fellow of several academies, notably the Académie Royale de Belgique, the International Academy of Humanism, and the Academia Europaea. He is an Associate of the Royal Astronomical Society, London.

JAYANT V. NARLIKAR is a well-known cosmologist, noted for his opposition to the paradigm of the big bang and his work on alternative cosmologies. His early education was at the Banaras Hindu University, India, followed by higher degrees at the University of Cambridge (B.A. 1960, Ph.D. 1963, Sc.D. 1976). He was a fellow at King's College, Cambridge (1963–72) and a founder staff member of the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy at the University of Cambridge (1966–72). He then returned to India to take up a professorship at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, where he led the Theoretical Astrophysics Group until 1989. In 1988 he was invited to set up the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, of which he was the Founding Director until his retirement in 2003. In addition to his research and travel, he has played a role as a popularizer of science, and Brahmand, his serial on astronomy in Hindi, enjoyed popular acclaim on Indian television. He has written many books, including Introduction to Cosmology (1993, 2002), The Lighter Side of Gravity (1996), and Seven Wonders of the Cosmos (1999).

Professor Narlikar has received several awards including the S.S. Bhatnagar Award for the Physical Sciences, The Janssen Medal of the Société Astronomique de France, and UNESCO's Kalinga Award for science popularization. He is an Associate of the Royal Astronomical Society, London, Fellow of the Third World Academy of Sciences, and a fellow of the three national academies of science in India.




CURRENT ISSUES IN COSMOLOGY

Edited by

JEAN-CLAUDE PECKER
Formerly at the Collège de France, Paris

and

JAYANT NARLIKAR
Formerly at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune, India




CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
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Cambridge University Press
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK

Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York

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Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521858984

© Cambridge University Press 2006

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception
and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements,
no reproduction of any part may take place without
the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2006

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library

ISBN-13 978-0-521-85898-4 hardback
ISBN-10 0-521-85898-4 hardback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.




Contents




  List of contributors page vii
  Preface ix
Part I   Observational facts relating to discrete sources 1
1   The state of cosmology 3
  G. Burbidge
2   The redshifts of galaxies and QSOs 17
  E. M. Burbidge and G. Burbidge
3   Accretion discs in quasars? 37
  J. Sulentic
Part II   Observational facts relating to background radiation 47
4   CMB observations and consequences 49
  F. Bouchet
5   Abundances of light nuclei 69
  K. Olive
6   Evidence for an accelerating Universe or lack of ? 76
  A. Blanchard
Part III   Standard cosmology 85
7   Cosmology, an overview of the standard model 87
  F. Bernardeau
8   What are the building blocks of our Universe? 101
  K. C. Wali
Part IV   Large-scale structure 109
9   Observations of large-scale structure 111
  V. de Lapparent
10   Reconstruction of large-scale peculiar velocity fields 123
  R. Mohayaee, B. Tully and U. Frisch
Part V   Alternative cosmologies 137
11   The quasi-steady-state cosmology 139
  J. V. Narlikar
12   Evidence for iron whiskers in the Universe 152
  N. C. Wickramasinghe
13   Alternatives to dark matter: MOND + Mach 164
  D. Roscoe
14   Anthropic principle in cosmology 173
  B. Carter
Part VI   Evidence for anomalous redshifts 181
15   Anomalous redshifts 183
  H. C. Arp
16   Redshifts of galaxies and QSOs: The problem of redshift periodicities 197
  G. Burbidge
17   Statistics of redshift periodicities 207
  W. Napier
18   Local abnormal redshifts 217
  J.-C. Pecker
19   Gravitational lensing and anomalous redshifts 223
  J. Surdej, J.-F. Claeskens and D. Sluse
Part VII   Panel discussion 235
20   Panel discussion 237
  G. Burbidge, A. Blanchard, M. Disney, F. Bertola
21   General discussion 248
22   Concluding remarks 261
  J. V. Narlikar
  Index 264




Contributors




Halton ARP, MPI, Garching, Germany

Francis BERNARDEAU, CEA/Saclay, France

Francesco BERTOLA, University of Padova, Italy

Christian BIZOUARD, Observatoire de Paris, France

Alain BLANCHARD, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, Toulouse, France

François BOUCHET, IAP, Paris, France

Henrik BROBERG, Stockholm, Sweden

Georges BUCHNER, Paris, France

Geoffrey BURBIDGE, UCSD, La Jolla, California, USA

Margaret BURBIDGE, UCSD, La Jolla, California, USA

Brandon CARTER, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, France

Michel CASSÉ, CEA/Saclay, France

Michel DECOMBAS, Paris, France

Michael J. DISNEY, University of Wales, Cardiff, UK

Florence DURRET, IAP, Paris, France

Hédi EL AGREBI, Paris, France

Roger FERLET, IAP, Paris, France

Marcel FROISSART, Collège de France, Paris, France

Pasquale GALIANI, Italy

Francisco GOMEZ-MONT, Mexico City, Mexico

Georges GONZALES, SAF, Paris, France

Bruno GUIDERDONI, IAP, Paris, France

Carlos GUTTERIEZ, IAC, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Hayk HARUTYUNIA N, Bjurakan Observatory, Armenia

Georges HOYNANT, SAF, Paris, France

Roy C. KEYS, APEIRON, Montréal, Canada

Ralph KRIKORIAN, IAP & Collège de France, Paris, France

Valérie de LAPPARENT-GURRIET, IAP, Paris, France

Bernard LEMPEL, SAF, Paris, France

Christian MARCHAL, ONERA, Paris, France

Pascal MASSÉ, Paris, France

Roya MOHAYAEE, OCA, Nice, France

Mariano MOLES, Instituto de Astrofisila de Andalucia, Granada, Spain

Jacques MORET-BAILLY, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France

William NAPIER, Armagh Observatory, Northern Ireland, UK

Jayant V. NARLIKAR, Collège de France, Paris, France, & IUCAA, Pune, India

X. NEDJAR, Paris, France

Keith OLIVE, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA

Georges PATUREL, Observatoire de Lyon, Saint-Genis-Laval, France

Jean-Claude PECKER, Collège de France, Paris, France

Huguette QUINTIN, Paris, France

Claude PICARD, SAF, Boulogne-Billancourt, France

Roland QUERRY, SAF, Paris, France

David ROSCOE, Sheffield Observatory, UK

Francis SANCHEZ, Université Paris XI, France

Claude SAROCHI, Paris, France

Manuel SMIL, Paris, France

Jack SULENTIC, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, USA

Jacques SUPERNANT, Paris, France

Jean SURDEJ, Université de Liège, Belgique

Elizabeth VANGIONI-FLAM, IAP, Paris, France

Kameshwar C. WALI, Syracuse University, NY, USA

N. Chandra WICKRAMASINGHE, Cardiff Centre of Astrobiology, Wales, UK

Heiner WIZEMANN, Paris, France




Preface




The idea of a Colloquium on “Cosmology: Facts and Problems” was mooted when one of us (JVN) was to visit Collège de France as Professor (Chaire Internationale) during 2003–04. Both of us felt that the subject of cosmology has seen considerable advancement on both observational and theoretical fronts but that there are many issues of observational nature that will remain to be understood. With this point of view the Colloquium was arranged during June 8–11, 2004, at Collège de France.

   The Colloquium attracted leading workers in the field. They could be divided into three categories: 1. Observers 2. Theoreticians who liked to explain all the observed data in terms of the standard big-bang paradigm 3. Theoreticians who felt that there were some observations that did not allow a standard interpretation. Sometimes the observers also fell under categories 2 and 3. We were happy that the Colloquium attracted good participation from several countries and there was amiable and frank discussion on various issues. We had allowed plenty of time for discussion after each presentation including a panel discussion at the end. The proceedings presented here reflect this openness of the debate. Several participants who had not given a formal presentation also took part in the discussion.

   We would like to express our grateful thanks to all those who helped us in various ways towards making this Colloquium such a success. In particular, we would like to thank Professor Jacques Glowinski, Administrateur du Collège de France, for his kindness in hosting the Colloquium at the Collège de France. We would also like to express our appreciation to Dr Ralph Krikorian, Maitre de Conferences au Collège de France, Mme Simone Lantz, M. Jean-Claude Couillard, and Yvan Le Bozec from the Chaire de Physique Corpusculaire et Cosmologie du Collège de France for their help during the conference, and the Foundation Hugot and its Director, Mme Florence Terrasse-Riou, for financial support for the meeting. The administrative and technical staff of Collège de France also helped us in many different ways. In Pune, we thank Mr Vyankatesh Samak for his invaluable help in putting the manuscript together. Finally, we thank Dr Simon Mitton and Cambridge University Press their help in publishing these proceedings.

Jean-Claude Pecker
Jayant V. Narlika

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