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The Crime Drop in America
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Details

  • Page extent: 376 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.72 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 364.973
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: HV6789 .C6888 2006
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Crime--United States
    • Violent crimes--United States

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521862790 | ISBN-10: 0521862795)

Violent crime in America shot up sharply in the mid-1980s and continued to climb until 1991, after which something unprecedented occurred. The crime level declined to a level not seen since the 1960s. This revised edition of The Crime Drop in America focuses first on the dramatic drop in crime rates in America in the 1990s, and then, in a new epilogue, on the patterns since 2000. The separate chapters written by distinguished experts cover the many factors affecting crime rates: policing, incarceration, drug markets, gun control, economics, and demographics. Detailed analyses emphasize the mutual effects of changes in crack markets, a major focus of youth violence, and the drop in rates of violence following decline in demand for crack. The contrasts between the crime-drop period of the 1990s and the period since 2000 are explored in the new epilogue, which also reviews major new developments in thinking about the causes and control of crime.

• Offers a timely, critical assessment on a topic of wide public concern and heated debate • Distinguised experts convering each of various factors including: policing, incarceration, drug markets, gun control, economics, etc. • Updates on recent changes in these areas

Contents

1. The recent rise and fall of American violence Alfred Blumstein and Joel Wallman; 2. Some recent trends in US violence Alfred Blumstein; 3. Guns and gun violence Garen Wintemute; 4. The limited importance of prison expansion William Spelman; 5. Patterns in adult homicide: 1980–95 Richard Rosenfeld; 6. The rise and decline of hard drugs, drug markets, and violence in inner-city New York Bruce Johnson, Andrew Golub, and Eloise Dunlap; 7. Have changes in policing reduced violent crime John Eck and Edward Maguire; 8. An economic model of recent trends in violence Jeff Grogger; 9. Demographics and US homicide James Alan Fox; Epilogue to the revised edition. After the crime drop Joel Wallman and Alfred Blumstein.

Reviews

'The Crime Drop in America is a must-read for anybody concerned about crime in the United States, as it thoroughly and dispassionately assesses the possible causes of the striking reduction in crime during the 1990s. This volume stands alone in the literature. It addresses many of the topics found in criminology texts but is much more narrowly focused.' A. Didrick Castberg, Perspectives on Political Science

'As the first major book aimed at explaining the 1990s crime bust, this book is a must-read for all those interested in the characteristics and policy implications of crime.' Gary LaFree, The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

'The Crime Drop in America is an important collection of papers that systematically addresses various explanations for changing rates in violent crime in urban areas. This book is a 'must read' for criminologists. The questions examined are important, the research is carefully done, and the findings will not only help us sort out competing explanations for the current crime drop, but will also expand our general knowledge about crime causation and its control.' John H. Laub, American Journal of Sociology

'At last, a scholarly, disinterested examination of the rapid decline in violence during the 1990s, a phenomenon as puzzling as it was unprecedented. Many have claimed credit, from police executives to prison advocates, yet these essays show that many forces were at work. Targeted policing, a strong economy, new gun policies, higher imprisonment rates, stabilized drug markets - all played a role. Yet the book offers sober reminders that broad social forces, including changes in youth culture and marriage patterns, contribute to our crime condition. For all who care about a safe and just society, this book is a required primer.' Jeremy Travis, Senior Fellow, Urban Institute, former Director of the National Institute of Justice (1994-2000) and Deputy Commissioner for Legal Matters of the New York City Police Department (1990-94)

Contributors

Alfred Blumstein, Joel Wallman, Garen Wintemute, William Spelman, Richard Rosenfeld, Bruce Johnson, Andrew Golub, Eloise Dunlap, John Eck, Edward Maguire, Jeffrey Grogger, James Alan Fox

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