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The Schematic State


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 (ISBN-13: 9781316797563)

By examining the political development of racial classifications on the national censuses of the United States, Canada, and Great Britain, The Schematic State maps the changing nature of the census from an instrument historically used to manage and control racial populations to its contemporary purpose as an important source of statistical information, employed to monitor and rectify racial discrimination. Through a careful comparative analysis of nearly two hundred years of census taking, it demonstrates that changes in racial schemas are driven by the interactions among shifting transnational ideas about race, the ways they are tempered and translated by nationally distinct racial projects, and the configuration of political institutions involved in the design and execution of census policy. This book argues that states seek to make their populations racially legible, turning the fluid and politically contested substance of race into stable, identifiable categories to be used as the basis of law and policy.

• Presents a detailed, structured comparison of three countries over nearly two hundred years of census taking, and is also the only book on race and the census in both Canada and Great Britain • Develops a new theory about the relationship between race and the state, and also draws upon and contributes to a wide range of debates, including about racial politics, American political development, the role of ideas in politics, and the nature of statecraft • Will appeal to readers from a number of disciplines, including political science, history, sociology, demography, and Canadian/American/British politics, and will also be of interest to government agencies, international organizations, and NGOs involved in the design and execution of the census or the interpretation of census data


1. Invitation; 2. Orientation; 3. Transnational biological racialism; 4. The death and resurrection of race; 5. The multicultural moment; 6. The multiracial moment; 7. The future of counting by race.

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