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The Russian Roots of Nazism

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Action Group of National Associations

   formation of, 202

   Hitler, co-leader of, 202

   Ludendorff, co-leader of, 202

   National Socialist Party, member of, 202

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, secretary of, 202

   Uplands League, member of, 202

   Viking League, member of, 202

Ahasuerus (Wandering Jew)

   Wagner, Richard, and, 22

alliance, nationalist German–Russian

   Hausen, draft of, 89–90

All-Russian Dubrovin Union of the Russian People

   Dubrovin, leader of, 39

Amann, Max

   Aufbau, second secretary of, 129

   Hitler and, 129

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, financer of, 145

   National Socialist Party, deputy leader of, 214–215, Secretary of, 129

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 129, 145

anti-Bolshevism

   see the key figures, organizations, and works, as virtually all were anti-Bolshevik after the rise of Bolshevism, and note Jewish Bolshevism and conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik

anti-Semitism

   Germany, less than abroad in on eve of World War I, 28

   redemptive, 20

   völkisch-redemptive, World War I, flourishing after, 28

   see also the key figures, organizations, and works, as virtually all were anti-Semitic, and note Jewish Bolshevism and conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik

Apocalypse of Our Times, The

   see Rollin

Army, German

   National Socialism, opposition to, 201, support for, 201

Army Group Eichhorn

   Hetmanate, Ukrainian, and, 54

   Rada, opposition to, 51–52

   Southern Army and, 56

   Ukrainian National Cossack Organization and, 53

Army High Command East VIII

   Baltic Defense Force, establishment of, 82

   Northern Army, establishment of, 83

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, Press Office, deputy leader of, 80, leader of, 84

Association against the Presumption of Jewry

   Bormann, member of, 28

   Hausen, founder of, 27

   membership of, 28

   statutes of, 27

Aufbau (Reconstruction), 109–110, 122–133, 134–135

   alliance, German–Russian, National Socialist, 187–188

   Amann, Second Secretary of, 129

   Austria, Anschluss (incorporation) of, plans for, 188

   Awakening Hungary and, 204

   Bauer, member of, 132

     subsidies from, 179

   Biskupskii, contact man for, 126

     dictator, Russian, plans for, 187, 188

     vice president of, 126

     work, organizational, for, 128

   Black Sea League, plans for, 184

   Bolsheviks, alliance with, proposed, 163–164

     negotiations with, 162

   Brazol, contributor to, anti-Semitic, 131

     Ford, contact man for, 203

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 1, 218

   Cossacks, Hungary, to, 153

   Cramer-Klett, president of, 126

   decline and termination of, 214

   Eckart, alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, influence on, 137–138

     ideology, influence on, 218, 238

   Eugen Hoffmann & Co. Foreign Trade Joint-Stock Company, subsidiary organization of, 153

   Evaldt, assessor in, 150

     Russian Committee for Refugee Welfare in Bavaria, placing at head of, 150–151

   Final Solution and, 17

   finances of, 203

   Ford, subsidies from, 203

   Foreign Office, German, opposition from, 127

   Freikorps Uplands and, 186

   Glasenap and, 196

   Glaser, member of, 132

   goals of, 124

   Habsburgs, restoration of, plans for, 181, 183

   Hitler, alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, influence on, 15, 137–138, 141, 142, 165, 276

     ideology, influence on, 217–218, 236, 238

     Lebensraum (living space), influence on, 184

     Soviet Union, reorganization of, plans for, 15, 167, 180, 192, 277

     Soviet Union, subversion against, 185

     support of Aufbau, 14, 137, 276

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 15–16, 277–278

   Hungary, relations, economic, with, 154

   Jewish Bolshevism, 218

     apocalyptic, 238

   Kazem Bek, delegation to, 154, 177

   Keppen, subsides from, 131

   Kommissarov, foundation of and, 36

   Krasnov and, 187

   Kursell, leader of, 213, 214

     member of, 129

   Lampe, suspicion from, 124

   Ludendorff, approval from, 128, member of, 127

   Markov II, conflict with, 14

   members of, 1–3, 14, 275

   membership in, 123

   Military Organization of Eastern Galicia, support for, 189

   Miliukov, assassination attempt on and, 169

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, triumph for, 149

   National Socialism, contributions to, 1, 6–7

     ideology to, 16, 216, 243–244, 278

     legacy to, 16–17, 244, 245–246, 270–271, 278–279

   National Socialist Party, alliance with, 158, 192

     intelligence, Ukrainian, to, 189, subsidies to, 276

   Nemirovich-Danchenko, Ukrainian expert in, 130, 188

   Organization C and, 171

   Pabst and, 212

   Poland, opposition to, 187

     partition of, planned, 188

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, Ukrainian section, leader of, 130

   pre-history of, 13–14

   Project S, intelligence from, 153

   Red Army, alliance with, proposed, 161, 162–164

   re-founding of, 152

   Remmer, Bolsheviks, contact man for, 162

   Renewal, joining by, 133

   Romanov, Kirill, subsidies from, 203

     figurehead, Russian, plans for, 187

     leader

     White émigrés, plans for, 14, manifestos of, printing of, 155–156

     smuggling of, Soviet Union, 156

     smuggling of, Ukraine (Soviet), 188–189

     support for, 156

   Rosenberg, member of, 129

   Russian Universal Military Union (ROVS), conflict with, 152

   Sakharov, member of, 131

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, member of, 130

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, first secretary of, 125

     leader, de facto, of, 125

     organizer of, 122–123

     work, organizational, for, 128

   Schickedanz, deputy director of, 128

     work, organizational, for, 128

   secrecy of, 123, 132

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 15, 166–167, 180–183, 186–187, 192, 277

     intervention against, shelving of plans, 161

     reorganization of, plans for, 167, 180, 183–184, 186, 187–188

     subversion against, 185, 187

   statutes of, 123

   Supreme Monarchical Council, conflict with, 149–150, 159, 160–161, 163

   Taboritskii, member of, 130

   terrorism, engagement in, 15, 166, 167–170, 177–180, 191–192, 276–277

   Ukraine (Soviet), National Socialist, plans for, 188

     subversion in, 188–189

   Union of the Faithful and, 144

   Vinberg, ideologue of, 130

   völkisch German-National Socialist and White émigré collaboration in, 14

   Volkonskii and, 196

   Vyshivannyi, agreement, economic, with, 181

     support for, 180–181

   White émigrés, call to arms, 195–196

     failure to unite, 136–137, 143, 165, 275–276

   Wittelsbachs, restoration of, plans for, 183

Aufbau Correspondence (Economic-Political Reconstruction Correspondence)

   Kursell, editor of, 214

   National Socialist Archives, housing in, 129

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, editor of, 128–129

   Schickedanz, contributor to, 128–129

Awakening Hungary

   Aufbau and, 204

   Combat League, treaty with, 210

   Gaal, leader in, 205

   Hausen and, 204–205

   Hitler and, 204–205

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 210

   National Socialist Party and, 204–205

   Ulain, leader of, 205

Baltic Defense Force

   Army High Command East VIII, founder of, 82

   composition of, 82–83

   Fletcher, commander of, 82

   Levin, commander in, 86

   position of, 86

   Riga, capture of, 90

   Schickedanz, service in, 83

   strength of, 83

Baltic League

   Jewish Bolshevism, 129–130

   Kursell, leader in, 129

   numbers of, 129

Baltikumer (German Latvian Intervention veterans)

   Goltz, military colonies, placement in, 102

   National Socialists, ethos, shared, 176

Barbarossa, Operation, 261–262

Bauer, Karl

   agreement, German–Soviet, military, negotiations for, 164

   Aufbau, member of, 132

     subsidies to, 179

   Biskupskii and, 178

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116

   Gaal and, 205

   Glasenap and, 178

   Günther, adjutant of, 178

   Habsburgs, restoration of, plans for, 183

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 212

   Horthy, collaboration with, 118

     subsidies from, 167

   Kapp Putsch and, 104

   Kerenskii, contract, assassination, against, 167

   National Union, leader in, 93

   police protection of, 111

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 178–179

   Scheidemann, assassination attempt on and, 179

   Trebitsch-Lincoln and, 105

Baur, Johannes

   Russian Colony in Munich, 1900–1945, The

   White émigrés, ideological contributions to National Socialism, 9

   White émigrés and National Socialists, interaction of, limited, 9

Bavaria

   far right, German-White émigré, growth in, 109, 134, 274

   Kapp Putsch, success in, 110, 274

Bavaria and Empire League

   goals of, 190

   Ukrainians, nationalist, instruction of, military, 190

   United Patriotic Associations, umbrella organization of, 190

Bavarian government

   National Socialism, opposition to, 201–202

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, criticism from, 201

Berlin

   White émigré community in, largest initially, 63

Bermondt-Avalov, Pavel

   alliance, German–Russian, 96, 99–100, 182

   anti-Semitism of, 96

   background of, 56–57

   Baltic, intervention force for, plans for, 182

     dissolution of plans, 183

   Berlin, residency in, 112–113

   Biskupskii, collaboration with, 182

     rivalry with, 94, 97, 113

   Black Hundred movement and, 96

   embezzlement and, 250–251

   Entente, defiance of, 93

   far right, German-White émigré, talks and, 121

   fascists, White émigré, leader of, 251

   formations, military, German/Russian, 101

   Freikorps Uplands and, 174

   German–Russian Standard, leader of, 250

   Germany, expulsion from, 251

     trip to, 91

   Goltz and, 92, 94

   Hitler and, 250

   Hoffmann, Max, and, 91–92

   Iudenich and, 93

   Kapp, German–Russian alliance, 99–100

     support, request for, 100–101

   Kapp Putsch and, 106

   Levin and, 93

   Ludendorff and, 91–92

   marginalizing of, 113

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, exclusion from, 145

   Munich, trips to, 113

   Noske and, 92

   personality of, 182

   Petliura’s forces, incarceration by, 62

   popularity of, 93

   Prussia, exile from, 183

   putsch preparations in Munich, 204

   relations, German/Russian troops, 92–93

   Remmer, foreign minister of, 97

     personal representative of, 96

   Riga, assault on, plans for, 97

   Romanov, Kirill and, 182

   Russia, invasion of, plans for, 96

   Russian National Liberation Movement (ROND), leader of, 250

     organizer of, 249–250

   Russian National Political Committee, authority, weakening of, 96, 97

   Southern Army, leader in, 57

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 186

   surname, dubiousness of, 95–96

   Ukrainian Volunteer Army, service in, 60

   unit, machine gun, commander of, 92

     Latvia, journey to, 92

     strength of, 92

   Western Volunteer Army, commander of, 94

     demotion in, 100, 101

     remnants of

     leader, de facto, of, 101

   see also Latvian Intervention, where he played a key role

Bischoff, Josef

   Biskupskii and, 248

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116

   Iron Division, commander of, 86

   Russians, pro, 95

   Vrangel and, 122

   weapons, smuggling of, 248

Biskupskii, Vladimir

   Aufbau, contact man for, 126

     vice president of, 126

     work, organizational, for, 128

   background of, 55

   Baltic, intervention force for, plans for, 182

     dissolution of plans, 183

   Bauer and, 178

   Bavaria, activities in, far right, 113

   Berlin, activities in, far right, 113

     residency in, 113

     visit to, 59

   Bermondt-Avalov, collaboration with, 182

     rivalry with 94, 97, 113

   Bischoff and, 248

   career of, 2–3

   dictator, Russian, plans for, 187, 188

   Dubrovin, advisor for, claimed, 55

   Eugen Hoffmann & Co. Foreign Trade Joint-Stock Company, co-founder of, 153

   Evaldt, Aufbau, winning for, 150

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116, 121

   Foreign Office, German, and, 127

   formations, military, German/Russian, 101

   General-Inspector of the Russian Forces Interned in Germany, 101

   German Legion and, 94

   Germany, pro, 94

   Gestapo, activities, curtailing of by, 253

     arrest by, 253

     collaboration with, 254

   Glasenap and, 178

   Glaser and, 204

   Goebbels and, 254

   Hitler and, 126, 158

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 214

   Hitler–Stalin Pact and, 259

   Horthy, collaboration with, 118

     subsidies from, 167

   Iudenich and, 94

   Kapp Putsch and, 106

   Kerenskii, contract, assassination of, 167

   League of the Defeated, organizer of, 180

   Ludendorff, advisor for, 214

     agreement with, monetary (Romanovs), 203

     pact with

     alliance, German–Russian, National Socialist, 187–188

     relationship with, close, 127–128

   Miliukov, assassination attempt on and, 169

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, financer of, 145

     participant at, 146

   National Socialist Party, financer of, 158, 204, 248

   Nemirovich-Danchenko and, 188

   Pan-Russian People’s Military League, leader of, 126

   Patriotic Combat Associations, advisor of, 200–201

   personality of, 126, 127, 150

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 255

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 178

   Remmer, collaboration with, 162

     opposition from, 97

   Romanov, Kirill, advisor for, 253

     collaboration with, 162

     support for, 152, 157

     representative for, 248

     minister of war for, 248

   Romanov, Nikolai Nikolaevich, denunciation of, 161

   Romanov, Viktoria, affair with, 157

     collaboration with, 157

     subsidies from, 248–249

   Rosenberg, appeal to, 252

     conflict with, 251–252

     service under, 254

     snubbing from, 252

   Russian Committee for Refugee Welfare in Bavaria and, 151

   Russian National Political Committee, president of, 96

   Russians, pro-Krill, contact with, 248

   Russian Trust Authority, leader of, 253

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 126

   Schickedanz, personal secretary of, 128

     support from, 252

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 186–187

   Supreme Monarchical Council and, 150

   Talberg and, 161

   Ukrainian Volunteer Army, commander in, 55, 60

   Union of the Faithful and, 144

   Union of the Russian People, member of, 55

   Vrangel, representative for, bogus, 121–122

   Vyshivannyi, army of, formation of, 181–182

     support for, 181

   weapons, smuggling of, 248

   Western Volunteer Army, remnants of, control of, official, 101

   White émigré, leading, 248

Black Hundred movement

   Baltic Germans, pro, 41

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 96

   Bolsheviks, defeat by 45

   decline of, 38, 39

   election results, 37

   Germany, pro, 40

   Provisional Government, suppression by, 43

Black Hundreds

   Union of the Russian People, parent organization of, 36

   violence of, 36

Bohdan, Hustevych

   Hitler, speeches of, 190

   instruction of, German military, 189–190

   Military Organization of Eastern Galicia, member of, 189

Bolsheviks

   Aufbau, alliance with, proposed, 164

     negotiations with, 162

   Black Hundred movement, defeat of, 45

   counterrevolutionaries, trial of, 45–46

   Jews as, 34

     supporters of in the Ukraine, 49

   Kornilov Putsch and, 44

   People’s Tribune, The, closure of, 45

   Provisional Government, overthrow of, 45

   Riga, capture of, 84

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, negotiations with, 84

     incarceration and threatened execution of, 84

Bork, Aleksandr

   anti-Semitism, apocalyptic, of, 40

   Dubrovin, support for, 40

   Freedom and Order, co-publisher of, 40

Bormann, Martin

   Association against the Presumption of Jewry, member of, 28

   National Socialist Party, Secretary of, 28

Börne, Ludwig

   Wagner, Richard, and, 21

Brazol, Boris

   anti-Comintern congress, organizer of, 249

   Aufbau and, 131

   Dearborn Independent, contributor to, 131

   Ford and, 203

   Himmler and, 249

   Romanov, Kirill, subsidies to, 249

     support for, 130–131, 160

   Scheubner-Richter, Max and, 131

Brest-Litovsk

   negotiations at, 49, 81

   Treaty of, effects of, 51

Call, The

   Bolsheviks, black mass of, supposed, 64

   closure of, 111

   debts of, 111

   Eckart and, 64

   Germany, pro, 64

   Hausen and, 64–65

   Jewish Bolshevism, 64

   mouthpiece of anti-Semitic, right-wing White émigrés, 64

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, writer for, 64

   Taboritskii, technical editor of, 64

   Vinberg, editor of, 64

   Völkisch Observer and, 65

    Zunder Document and, 65

Cartel of National Newspapers in the State

   activities of, 153

   Nicolai, leader of, 153

Center for the Preservation of Historical-Documentary Collections, Moscow

   access, problems with, 10–11

   archival materials, plundered, 10, 11

   pre-history of, 10

Central Committee for the East Prussian Home Service

   Central Office for Home Service, founder of, 85

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, leader of, 85

Central Office for Home Service

   Central Committee for the East Prussian Home Service, subsidiary of, 85

   goals of, 85

Chamberlain, Houston Stewart

   Eckart, articles to, 71

     influence on, 71

   Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, idealism, German, vs. materialism, Jewish, 24–25

   Hitler, meeting with, 206

     praise for, 206–207

     praise from, 207

   Pan-German League, member of, 29

   Rosenberg and, 206

   Schopenhauer, influence from, 25

   Wagner, Richard, ideas, summary of, 24

     influence from, 24

     reverence for, 24

Cheka (Extraordinary Commission for the Struggle with Counter-Revolution)

   Kommissarov and, 114

   Whites, arrest of, 62

Class, Heinrich

   Chamberlain, influence from, 26

   De Gobineau, influence from, 26

   Hausen and, 27–28

   Hitler and, 28

   If I were the Kaiser, anti-Semitism of, 26–27

     success of, relative, 27

   Kapp and, 29, 30

   Ludendorff and, 30

   Pan-German League, chairman of, 26

Coburg expedition, 158–159

   Eckart and, 158

   Hitler and, 158

   In Plain German and, 158

   Rosenberg and, 158

   Storm Section (SA) and, 158

Cohn, Norman

   Warrant for Genocide, Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, origins of, erroneous, 8, 57, 58

Combat League

   Awakening Hungary, treaty with, 210

   formation of, 205

   goals and spirit of, 208

   Hitler, leader of, 205

   Imperial Flag, member of, 205

   Kahr, opposition to, 207, 208–209

   Ludendorff, leader in, 205

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, approval from, 205–206

     plenipotentiary of, 205

   Storm Section (SA), member of, 205

   Uplands League, member of, 205

   Viking League, conflict with, 207–208

Communists, German

   Hitler, opposition from, 164

   völkisch Germans, similarities with, 164

conservative revolutionaries, Imperial Russian

   anti-Semitism, apocalyptic, of, 33–34

   ideology of, 30–31

   success of, moderate, 31

   Western civilization, destruction of, 33

   see also far right, Russian

Cossacks

   Hitler and, 264

   Hungary, move to, 153

   Keitel and, 265

   Rosenberg and, 265

Cossacks, Ukrainian

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, leader of, 52

   Rada, opposition to, 52

   see also Ukrainian National Cossack Organization

Cramer-Klett, Theodor von

   Aufbau, president of, 126

   Ludendorff and, 126

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, financer of, 145

     loan to participants, 172

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 126

   Vyshivannyi and, 181

   wealth of, 126

   Wittelsbach and, 126

Crimean Peninsula

   population of, Entente, anti, 120

     Germany, pro, 120

   Vrangel, headquarters on, 120

Crime and Punishment

   see Dostoevskii

Culture Struggle (Kulturkampf), 26

Dearborn Independent

   Brazol, contributor to, 131

   Ford, owner of, 131

Diary of a Writer

   see Dostoevskii

Dostoevskii, Fedor

   Crime and Punishment, similarity to his life, 31

   Diary of a Writer, altar and throne, 31–32

     anti-Semitism, 32

     apocalyptic, 32–33

     Europe, destruction of, 32–33

     Slavophilism, apocalyptic, 32

   ideology, development of, 31

   popularity of in postwar Germany, 220

Dubrovin, Aleksandr

   All-Russian Dubrovin Union of the Russian People, leader of, 39

   Markov II, conflict with, 39

   Russian Banner, The, editor of, 38

   Shabelskii-Bork, Elsa, and, 40

   Union of the Russian People, leader of, 35

Dzerzhinskii, Feliks

   People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, leader of, 156

   Romanov, Kirill, manifestos of, opposition to, 156–157

East German Home Service

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, leader of, 90–91

     removal from, 106

East Prussian Home League

   goals of, 87

   Kapp, founder of, 87

Eberhard (Major General)

   Western Volunteer Army, command of, 100

Eckart, Dietrich

   alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, 139

   Aufbau, alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, influence from, 137–138

     ideology, influence from, 218, 238

   background of, 71

   Call, The, and, 64

   Chamberlain, articles from, 71

     influence from, 71

   Coburg expedition and, 158

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 224–225

   Hausen and, 72

   Hitler, discussions with, 72

     influence on, 70, 71, 73

     Jewish Bolshevism, intelligentsia, annihilation of, citation by, 232

     meeting with, 72

     mentor for, 220

     praise for, 72

     praise from, 72

   In Plain German, editor of, 71

   Jewish Bolshevism, 228–229

     apocalyptic, 241–242

     Germany, threat to, 234–235

     Russia, intelligentsia of, annihilation of, 231–232

     tortures of, 231–232

   Jews, measures against, plans for, 236–237

   Kapp, discussions with, 105

     praise from, 88

     thanks for, 88

   Kapp Putsch and, 105

     disillusionment with, 105

   Kursell, collaboration with, 89, 129

     meeting with, 89

   National Socialism, ideology, contributions to, 218

   obscurity of in historical literature, 70

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, Hitler, introduction of to, 73

     influence on, 12–13, 49

     spread of, 74

     treatment of, 73–74

     veracity of, 74

   Rosenberg, collaboration with, 71–72

     meeting with, 71

     praise for, 72

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, friendship with, 132

     meeting with, 89

   Schopenhauer, influence from, 71

   Thule Society, guest of, 70

   Trotskii, opposition to, 73

   völkisch ideology, world-affirmation, Jewish, negation of, 71

   Völkisch Observer, editor of, 228–229

   Wagner, Richard, influence from, 71

   Zunder Document and, 232

Ehrhardt Brigade

   background of, 103–104

   Berlin, stationing near, 104

   Ehrhardt, commander of, 103

   Göring, leader in, 104

   Kapp Putsch and, 104

   Noske, dissolution of, order for, 104

Ehrhardt, Hermann

   Ehrhardt Brigade, commander of, 103

   Hitler, collaboration with, 172

     conflict with, 208

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch, opposition to, 210–211

   Kahr and, 207

   Kapp, letter to on behalf of Guderian, 104

   Ludendorff, conflict with, 208

   monarchy, support for, 111

   Organization C, leader of, 171

   Pabst and, 104

   police protection of, 111

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, conflict with, 208

Entente

   Bermondt-Avalov, defiance from, 93

   Germany, harshness towards, 94

     leniency towards, 84–85

   Latvian Intervention, opposition to, 94

Eugen Hoffmann & Co. Foreign Trade Joint-Stock Company

   Aufbau, parent organization of, 153

   Biskupskii, co-founder of, 153

   Hungary, investment in, 153, 154

   Keppen, financer of, 154

   Ludendorff, co-founder of, 153

   Romanov, Viktoria, financer of, 154

Eulogius (Archbishop)

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall and, 146

Evaldt, Fedor

   Aufbau, assessor in, 150

     Biskupskii, winning E. for, 150

     Russian Committee for Refugee Welfare in Bavaria, placing at head of, 150–151

   embezzlement and, 62

   Kiev, military commander of, 62

   Monarchical Bloc, member of, 56

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, Organizational Committee, member of, 145

   Munich, move to, 150

   Russian Committee for Refugee Welfare in Bavaria, leader of, 150–151

   Union of the Faithful, leader in, 144

far right, German/White émigré

   Bavaria, growth in, 109, 134, 274

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, influence of, 70, 116

   rise of after Bolshevik Revolution and World War I, 19

   talks of, including Vrangel, 116, 121–122

far right, Imperial German

   development of, 18

   failures of, 3, 12, 25–26, 28, 272–273

   ideology of, 11–12

   see also völkisch Germans and völkisch ideology

far right, Russian

   Bolshevik Revolution, spur from, 19, 47

   development of, 18–19

   failures of, 3, 12, 19, 46–47, 273

   ideology of, 11, 12, 46, 273

   see also Black Hundred movement and conservative revolutionaries

Fermor, N. N.

   Ludendorff and, 103

   People’s State Party, vice president of, 103

Final Solution, 279

   Aufbau and, 17

   Hitler and, 269

   Rosenberg, reference to, 269, 270

     role in, 2, 17, 269–270

   Ukrainians, police units and, 270

fleet, English

   Western Volunteer Army, firing upon, 98

Fletcher, Alfred

   Baltic Defense Force, commander of, 82

   Kapp, collaboration with, 82

     report to, Latvian Intervention, 87

Ford, Henry

   Aufbau, subsidies to, 203

   Brazol, contact man of, 203

   Dearborn Independent, owner of, 131

   Hitler, praise from, 203

   National Socialist Party, subsidies to, 203

   Romanov, Kirill, subsidies to, 203

Foreign Office, German

   Aufbau, opposition to, 127

   Biskupskii and, 127

   Foreign Policy Office, National Socialist, opposition to, 252

   Hitler, opposition from, 252

   Russian National Liberation Movement (ROND), opposition to, 250

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, opposition to, 127

Foreign Policy Office, National Socialist

   decline of, 258

   Foreign Office, German, opposition to, 252

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, funding for, cutting of, 258

   Rosenberg, leader of, 252

   Sakharov and, 266–267

   Schickedanz, chief of staff of, 252

Foundations of the Nineteenth Century

   see Chamberlain

four writers of the apocalypse, the

   ideology of, 16, 218–219, 243, 278

   Jews, measures against, plans for, 243

   National Socialist ideology, influence on, 243

Freedom and Order

   Bork, co-publisher of, 40

   Shabelskii-Bork, Elsa, co-publisher of, 40

   Tsar Romanov II, reader of, 40

Freikorps (volunteer corps)

   anti-Semitism of, 176

   German Legion, collection of all in Latvia, 94

   Goltz, commander of all in Latvia, 85

   National Socialist Party, influence on, 176

   Weimar German government, dissolution by, 102

Freikorps Uplands

   Aufbau and, 186

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 174

   Hitler and, 174

   ideology of, 174

   Organization C and, 174

   Poles, opposition to, 174

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 186

   Thule Society, creator of, 174

   Uplands League, successor of, 200

From the Double-Headed Eagle to the Red Banner

   see Krasnov

Future Path of a German Foreign Policy, The

   see Rosenberg

Gaal, Josef

   Awakening Hungary, leader in, 205

   Bauer and, 205

   Hitler and, 205

German Fatherland Party

   Goltz and, 29

   Hausen and, 29, 30

   Kaiser Hohenzollern II, opposition to, 28–29

   Kapp, chairman of, 29

   Ludendorff and, 30

   Tirpitz, leader of Germany, plans for, 29

German Legion

   Biskupskii and, 94

   Freikorps, collection of all in Latvia, 94

German Order

   goal of, 67

   Hausen, leader in, 67

   Thule Society, extension of, 67

German–Russian Standard

   Bermondt-Avalov, leader of, 250

   membership of, 250

German Worker’s Party

   Hitler, agitator for, 72

   National Socialist German Worker’s Party, successor of, 72

   Rosenberg, member of, 72

   Thule Society, parent organization of, 72

Germany, Imperial

   unification of, late and incomplete, 19

Gestapo

   Biskupskii, activities, curtailing of, 253

     arrest of, 253

     collaboration with, 254

   Hitler, secret police of, 249

Glasenap, Piotr

   Aufbau and, 196

   Baltic, intervention force for, plans for, 182

     dissolution of plans, 183

   Bauer and, 178

   Biskupskii and, 178

   East Prussia, combat units, White émigré, in, 196

   Hungary, formation, White émigré, in, 196

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 178

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 157–158

   Volkonskii and, 196

Glaser, A.

   Aufbau, member of, 132

   Biskupskii and, 204

   National Socialist Party, financer of with Biskupskii, 204

Goebbels, Josef

   Biskupskii and, 254

   Propaganda Minister, 254

   Russian Liberation Army and, 264

Goldhagen, Daniel

   Hitler’s Willing Executioners, anti-Semitism, German, eliminationist, sui generis, 5

Golitsyn, D. P.

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 159

   Russian Assembly, leader of, 34

   Supreme Monarchical Council, representative of, 159

Goltz, Rüdiger von der

   anti-Bolshevism of, 85–86

   background of, 85

   Baltikumer, military colonies, placement in, 102

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 92, 94

   Biskupskii and, 101

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 121, 122

   Freikorps, commander of in Latvia, 85

   German Fatherland Party and, 29

   Guilt, The, anti-Bolshevism, missionary, 86

   Horthy and, 119

   Kapp and, 87

   Latvia, departure from, 94

   National Socialist Party and, 202

   Ostpolitik (Eastern policy) of, 86

   Vrangel and, 122

   Weimar German government, stab in the back from, 100

   Western Volunteer Army and, 94–95

Gömbös, Gyula

   Hungarian Minister President, 151

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, legacy of, 247

     talks with, 151

Göring, Hermann

   Air Force, commander of, 257

   Ehrhardt Brigade, leader in, 104

   hiding of, 212

   Kapp Putsch and, 104–105

   Organization C, leader in, 173

   Storm Section (SA), leader of, 173

Great Britain

   Imperial Russia, rivalry with, 40

Great Don Host

   Germans, support from, 57

   Germany, Imperial, trade agreement with, 59

   Krasnov, leader of, 57

   Leuchtenbergskii, member of, 58–59

   People’s State Party, protection of, 102

   Rodionov, member of, 57

   Sentinel, The, newspaper of, 57

   Southern Army and, 57

Great in the Small and the Anti-Christ as an Imminent Political Possibility, The

   see Nilus

Guderian, Heinz

   Latvian Intervention and, 104

Guilt, The

   see Goltz

Günther, Alfred

   Bauer, adjutant for, 178, 179

   Hitler and, 179

   Klintzsch and, 179

   Ludendorff and, 178–179

   National Socialist Party and, 179

   Organization C, leader in, 179

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 179

   Scheidemann, assassination attempt on and, 179

Hagemeister, Michael

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, Cohn’s theory, rejection of, 8, 57–58

Hamann, Brigitte

   Hitler’s Vienna, Hitler, anti-Semitism, lack of early, 4

Hausen, Ludwig Müller von

   alliance, nationalist German–Russian, draft of, 89–90

   Association against the Presumption of Jewry, founder of, 27

   Awakening Hungary and, 204–205

   Call, The, and, 64–65

   Class and, 27–28

   Eckart and, 72

   German Fatherland Party and, 29, 30

   German Order, leader in, 67

   Kapp and, 89

   Ludendorff, advisor for, 30

   Nilus, report on from Kartsov, 67

   On Outpost Duty, editor of, 65

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, Kurlov, information on from, 66

     publication of, 11, 65

     Völkisch Observer, sending to, 68

   Rosenberg and, 72

   Schopenhauer, influence from, 27

   Vinberg and, 64

   World War I, service in, 29–30

   Zunder Document and, 65

Heines, Edmund

   National Socialists, Baltikumer, ethos, common, 176

   Rossbach Corps, leader in, 176

Hetmanate, Ukrainian

   Army Group Eichhorn and, 54

Himmler, Heinrich

   Brazol and, 249

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, influence on, 76

   Russian Liberation Army and, 264

   Scheubner-Richter, Mathilde, and, 247

   SS, head of, 76

Historikerstreit (Historians’ Debate)

   National Socialism, singularity of, 5

   Nolte, ideas, rejection of, 5

Hitler, Adolf

   Action Group of National Associations, co-leader of, 202

   alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, 141–143

   Amann, colleague of, 129

     National Socialist Party, grant of deputy leadership to, 214–215

   anti-Semitism, lack of early on, 4

   Aufbau, alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, influence from, 15, 137–138, 141, 142, 165, 276

     ideology, influence from, 217–218, 236, 238

     Lebensraum (living space), influence from, 184

     Soviet Union, reorganization of, plans for, 15, 167, 180, 192, 277

     Soviet Union, subversion against, 185

     support for Aufbau, 14, 137, 276

   Aufbau Ost (Reconstruction East), Soviet Union, invasion of, plans for, 260

   Awakening Hungary and, 204–205

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 250

   Biskupskii and, 126, 158

   Chamberlain, meeting with, 206

     praise from, 206–207

     praise for, 207

   Chancellor of Germany, 247

   Class and, 28

   Coburg expedition and, 158

   Combat League, leader of, 205

   Commissar Decree and, 269

   Communists, opposition to, 164

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 124, 225–226, 227, 268

   Cossacks and, 264

   Eckart, discussions with, 72

     influence from, 70, 71, 73

     Jewish Bolshevism, Russia, intelligentsia of, annihilation of, citation of, 232

     meeting with, 72

     mentor of, 220

     praise for, 72

     praise from, 72

   Ehrhardt, collaboration with, 172

     conflict with, 208

   Final Solution and, 269

   Ford and, 203

   Foreign Office, German, opposition to, 252

   Freikorps Uplands and, 174

   Gaal and, 205

   German Worker’s Party, agitator for, 72

   Gestapo, secret police of, 249

   Günther and, 179

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 209, 211

     assessment of, 211–212

   Hoffmann, Alfred, and, 172

   ideology, development, late, of, 4, 16, 219–220

     mixture of völkisch German and White émigré ideas, 4, 16

   imprisonment of, 212

   Jewish Bolshevism, 17, 124, 229–230

     apocalyptic, 242, 268

     deaths because of, 232, 233

     Germany, intelligentsia, threat to, 235–236

     intelligentsias, all, threat to, 236

     Russia, intelligentsia of, annihilation of, 232–233

   Kahr, opposition to, 208

   Kapp and, 105

   Kapp Putsch and, 105

     disillusionment with, 105

   Koch and, 263

   Kursell, portraits from, 249

   Lebensraum (living space), 184–185

   Ludendorff, coordination with by Scheubner-Richter, Max, 194

     meeting with, 128

   Mein Kampf, conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 226

     ideology, early development of, claimed, 219

     Jewish Bolshevism, apocalyptic, 242–243

     deaths because of, 233

     intelligentsia, Russian, annihilation of, 232–233

     Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, 76

   National Socialist Party, dictator of, 110

   Nicolai and, 194

   Patriotic Combat Associations, leader of, 200–201

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, collaboration with, 256–257

     relationship with, close, 255

     support from, 204, 255–256, 257

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, influence on, 13, 49, 76

     introduction to by Eckart, 73

     treatment of, 75–76

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 137

   Rosenberg, influence from, 70, 73

     collaboration with, 267

     meeting with, 72

     mentor of, 220

     National Socialist Party, grant of leadership to, 214

     praise for, 72–73

     thanks for, 224

   Rossbach, collaboration with, 175–176

     meeting with, 175

   Russian National Liberation Movement (ROND), dissolution of, 250

   Sakharov and, 249

   Scheubner-Richter, Mathilde, relationship with, close, 197

     praise for, 247

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, admiration from, 124

     collaboration with, 124

     counselor and foreign policy advisor of, 7, 183

     eulogizing of, 247

     influence from, 196

     meeting with, 124

     praise for, 213–214

     praise from, 206

     putsch, talks of, 209

     representative of, 209

   Schwartz-Bostunich and, 266

   socialism, leaning towards, 4, 219–220

   Taboritskii and, 253

   Trebitsch-Lincoln, disgust at, 105

   Ukraine, precedence over Moscow, 261–262

   Ukrainian National Cossack Organization and, 190

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria, leader of, 194

   Vinberg, discussions with, 2, 130, 230

     Jewish Bolshevism, citation of, 230

   völkisch ideology, use of, 236

   Wagner, Richard, influence from, 207

   War Leadership and Politics, praise for, 128

Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch, 209–212, 215

   appeal to the public, 209

   Aufbau and, 15–16, 277

   Awakening Hungary and, 210

   Bauer and, 212

   Biskupskii and, 214

   consequences of, 215

   Ehrhardt, opposition from, 210–211

   Hitler and, 209, 211

     assessment of, 211–212

   Kahr and, 209, 211

   Kapp Putsch, similarities with, 212

   Ludendorff and, 209–210, 211

   Pabst and, 212

   preparations for, 194, 195, 197, 200–209

   Rosenberg and, 209, 211

   Rossbach and, 210

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 209–210, 211

   Schickedanz and, 211, 214

   Ulain and, 210

   Uplands League and, 210

Hitler–Stalin Pact, 258–260

   Biskupskii, reaction to, 259

   Rosenberg, opposition from, 259

   White émigrés, reaction to, 258, 259

Hitler’s Vienna

   see Hamann

Hitler’s Willing Executioners

   see Goldhagen

Hoffmann, Alfred

   Hitler and, 172

   Organization C, leader in, 173

Hoffmann, Max

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 91–92

   Biskupskii and, 101

   Brest-Litovsk, negotiator in, 49

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 121

   Kapp and, 88

   Ukraine, Bolshevik, opposition to, 49–50

Horthy, Nicholas

   Bauer, collaboration with, 118

     subsidies to, 167

   Biskupskii, collaboration with, 118

     subsidies to, 167

   Goltz and, 119

   Habsburg Dynasty, regent for, 118–119

   Ludendorff and, 119

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 159

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 119, 196

Hungary

   Aufbau, relations, economic, with, 154

If I were the Kaiser

   see Class

Imperial Flag

   Combat League, umbrella organization for, 205

   numbers of, 200

   Röhm, leader in, 189

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria, umbrella organization for, 200

In Plain German

   circulation of, 71, 88

   Coburg expedition and, 158

   Eckart, editor of, 71

   Kapp, subsidies from, 88

     subscriber to, 88

   Kursell, artist for, 89

   Rosenberg, director of, temporary, 71–72

   Thule Society, support from, 71

Iron Division

   Baltic Sea, position near, 86

   Bischoff, commander of, 86

   Storm Section Rossbach, absorption of, 99

Iudenich, Nikolai

   Bermondt-Avalov, disobedience from, 93

   Biskupskii and, 94

   Entente, pro, 92

   Estonia, based in, 92

Jews

   Bolsheviks as, 34

     support of B. in Ukraine, 49

   population in Imperial Russia, 34

   revolution, support of in Imperial Russia, 34

   segregation of in Imperial Russia, 34

   violence against in Imperial Russia, 34, 36

“Judaism in Music,”

   see Wagner, Richard

Kahr, Gustav Ritter von

   Combat League, opposition to, 207, 208–209

   Ehrhardt and, 207

   General State Commissioner, 207

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 209, 211

   Hitler, opposition from, 208

   Minister President of Bavaria, 110

   National Socialist Party, meetings of, banning of, 207

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, opposition to, 207

Kaiser Wilhelm Hohenzollern II

   German Fatherland Party, opposition from, 28–29

   Leuchtenbergskii and, 58–59

   Pan-German League, opposition from, 28–29

   putsch, rightist, escape from, 28–29, 30

   Skoropadskii and, 59

Kapp Putsch, 13, 79, 104–106, 107–108, 274

   Bauer and, 104

   Bavaria, success in, 110, 274

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 106

   Biskupskii and, 106

   collapse of, 106

   Eckart and, 105

     disillusionment with, 105

   Ehrhardt Brigade and, 104

   Göring and, 104

   Hitler and, 105

     disillusionment with, 105

   Kapp and, 104

     assessment of, 107

   Latvian Intervention, support from, 79

   legacy of, 79, 108

   Ludendorff and, 102, 104

   Pabst and, 104

   preparations for, 87–88, 89–90, 93–94, 97, 101–104

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 106

     assessment of, 106–107

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and, 106

   support, popular, lack of, 104, 106

   Taboritskii and, 106

   Trebitsch-Lincoln and, 105

   Vinberg and, 106

   Weimar German government, flight in, 104

   Western Volunteer Army, remnants of, and, 106

Kapp, Wolfgang

   Bavaria, approval for, 111

   Bermondt-Avalov, German–Russian alliance, 99–100

     support, request for, 100–101

   Class and, 29, 30

   East Prussian Home League, founder of, 87

   Eckart, discussions with, 105

     praise for, 88

     thanks from, 88

   Ehrhardt, letter from on behalf of Guderian, 104

   Fletcher, collaboration with, 82

     report from on Latvian Intervention, 87

   German Fatherland Party, chairman of, 29

   Goltz and, 87

   Hausen and, 89

   Hitler and, 105

   Hoffmann, Max, and, 88

   In Plain German, subsidies to, 88

     subscriber to, 88

   Kapp Putsch and, 104

     assessment of, 107

   Munich, outpost of support for, 88

   National Union, founder of, 93

   Northern Army and, 83

   Tirpitz, advisor for, plans for, 29

Kartsov, Iurii

   background of, 66–67

   Nilus, report on to Hausen, 67

Kautter, Eberhard

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall and, 171–172

   Organization C, leader in, 171

Kazem Bek, Mirza

   Aufbau, collaboration with, 154

     delegation from, 154, 177

   Rathenau, denunciation of, 177

   Russian Monarchical Club, president of, 154

Keitel, Wilhelm

   Cossacks and, 265

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 264

Keller, P.

   Monarchical Bloc, member of, 56

   Petliura’s forces, execution by, 62

     incarceration by, 62

   Petliura, struggle against, 60

   Southern Army, commander of, 56

   Ukrainian Volunteer Army, commander of, 60

Keppen, Vladimir

   Aufbau, financer of, 131

   Eugen Hoffmann & Co. Foreign Trade Joint-Stock Company, financer of, 154

   Vyshivannyi and, 181

Kerenskii, Aleksandr

   Bauer, contract, assassination, from, 167

   Biskupskii, contract, assassination, from, 167

   Provisional Government, head of, 43

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, hatred from, 168

Kiev, capture of

   Germans, Imperial, 50

   Petliura’s forces, 62

   Red Army, 49

   Wehrmacht (Armed Forces), 262

Killinger, Manfred

   Organization C, leader in, 174

Klintzsch, Hans

   Günther and, 179

   Organization C, member of, 173

   Storm Section (SA), leader of, 173

Koch, Erich

   Hitler and, 263

   Rosenberg, dispute with, 263

   State Commissioner Ukraine, 263

Kommissarov, Mikhail

   Aufbau, foundation of and, 36

   background of, 113–114

   Bolsheviks and, 114, 119

   Cheka and, 114

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116

   Kurlov and, 114

   Ludendorff and, 114

   Pelikan, animosity from, 119

     collaboration with, 115

   personality of, 114

   pogrom literature and, 36

   Rasputin and, 114

   Scheglovitov and, 115

   Society for Ukrainian–Bavarian Import and Export and, 115

   Union of the Faithful, member of, 115

   Union of the Russian People and, 36

   Vrangel, ban from, 119

     mission to, absconding from, 119

     mission to, member of, 118

     representative for (bogus), 115, 119

Kornilov, Lavr

   Kornilov Putsch and, 43

Kornilov Putsch

   consequences of, 44

   Kornilov and, 43

   Officer’s Duty and, 43

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and, 44

   Taboritskii and, 44

   Vinberg and, 43

Krasnov, Piotr

   Aufbau and, 187

   From the Double-Headed Eagle to the Red Banner, Jewish Bolsheviks eradicate Gentiles, 147

   Great Don Host, leader of, 57

   Markov II and, 147

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, White émigré military forces, leader of, 147

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 186–187

   Union of the Faithful, leader in, 147

Kurlov (General)

   background of, 66

   Kommissarov and, 114

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, information on to Hausen, 66

Kursell, Otto von

   anti-Bolshevism of, 89

   Aufbau, leader of, 213, 214

     member of, 129

   Aufbau Correspondence, editor of, 214

   background of, 41, 82

   Baltic League, leader in, 129

   Bolsheviks, life under, 82

   Eckart, collaboration with, 89, 129

     meeting with, 89

   Hitler, portraits for, 249

   In Plain German, artist for, 89

   Munich, residency in, 111–112

   National Socialist Party, joining of, 129

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 258

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 249

   Rosenberg and, 129

   Rubonia and, 42

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, collaboration with, 82, 129

     eulogy for, 213

     Rubonia and, 41–42

   White émigrés and National Socialists, mediator between, 9

Lampe, Aleksandr von

   Aufbau, suspicion of, 124

   Russian Universal Military Union (ROVS), representative of, 151

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, break with, 152

     talks with, failed, 151–152

   Vinberg, opposition to, 124

Laqueur, Walter

   Russia and Germany, White émigré contributions to National Socialism overlooked, 7–8

Latvian Intervention, 13, 77, 78–79, 84–87, 90–93, 94–101, 107, 274

   Entente, opposition from, 94

   Kapp Putsch, support to, 79

   legacy of, 108

   Ukrainian Intervention and, 78

League of the Defeated

   Biskupskii, organizer of, 180

Lenin, Vladimir

   illness of, 163

   Soviet Union, leader of, 163

Leuchtenbergskii, Georgii

   agreement, trade, with Imperial Germany, 59

   Great Don Host, member of, 58

   Kaiser Hohenzollern II and, 58

   Ludendorff and, 58

Levin, Anatol

   Baltic Defense Force, commander in, 86

   Bermondt-Avalov, disobedience from, 93

Ludendorff, Erich von

   Action Group of National Associations, co-leader of, 202

   anti-Bolshevism of, 51, 54

   Aufbau, approval for, 128

     member of, 127

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 91–92

   Biskupskii, advisor of, 214

     agreement with, monetary, Romanovs, 203

     pact with, alliance, German–Russian, National Socialist, 187–188

     relationship with, close, 127–128

   Class and, 30

   Combat League, leader in, 205

   Cramer-Klett and, 126

   Ehrhardt, conflict with, 208

   Eugen Hoffmann & Co. Foreign Trade Joint-Stock Company, co-founder of, 153

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116, 121

   Fermor and, 103

   German Fatherland Party and, 30

   Günther and, 178–179

   Hitler, coordination with by Scheubner-Richter, Max, 194

     meeting with, 128

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 209–210, 211

   Horthy and, 119

   Kapp Putsch and, 102, 104

   Kommissarov and, 114

   Leuchtenbergskii and, 59

   National Socialist Party and, 195

   National Union, dictator, plans for, 97

     leader in, 93

   Nicolai and, 152, 153

   Pan-German League and, 30

   Patriotic Combat Associations, leader in, 200–201

   People’s State Party and, 102, 103

   Pöhner and, 110–111

   Poland, opposition to, 187

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 178–179

   roles of, 30

   Romanov, Kirill, subsidies from, 203

     support for, 152, 157

   Rossbach and, 99

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, advisor of, 194

     patronage to, 80, 128

   Schickedanz, agreement with, monetary, Romanovs, 203

   Skoropadskii and, 59

   Ukraine, Bolshevik, opposition to, 49, 50

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria and, 194

     leader in, 195

   Vyshivannyi and, 181

   War Leadership and Politics, anti-Semitism of, 128

     Hitler, praise from, 128

     militarism of, 128

   Whites and, 54–55

Markov II, Nikolai

   Aufbau, conflict with, 14

   Dubrovin, conflict with, 39

   Entente, pro, 143

   Germany, pro, 40

     anti, 143

   Krasnov and, 147

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, Organizational Committee, leader of, 145

     speech, anti-Treaty of Versailles, 147

     welcoming address, 146

   murder, Jewish ritual in Kiev, supposed, and, 39

   Purishkevich and, 39

   Romanov, Nikolai Nikolaevich, and, 160

   Soviet Union, invasion of, plans for, 155

   Supreme Monarchical Council, leader of, 147

   Union of the Faithful, in Germany, leader of, 144

     in Russia, leader of, 55

   Union of the Russian People faction, leader of, 40

   Union of the Russian People, leader in, 39

   unpopularity of, 161

   White émigrés, leadership pretensions for, 143, 144

Mein Kampf (My Struggle)

   see Hitler

Michael the Archangel Russian People’s Union

   foundation of, 38

   People’s State Party, successor of, 102

   Purishkevich, leader of, 38

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, member of, 44

   statutes of, 38

   Vinberg, member of, 43

Military Organization of Eastern Galicia

   Aufbau and, 189

   Bohdan, member of, 189

   goals of, 189

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 189

Miliukov, Pavel

   assassination attempt on, Aufbau and, 169

     Biskupskii and, 169

     Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 170

     Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and Taboritskii, perpetrators of, 168

     Union of the faithful and, 169

     Vinberg and, 169

     Völkisch Observer and, 170–171

   Constitutional Democrats, leader of, 168

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, denunciation from, 170

   Tsaritsa Romanov, denunciation of, 169

   Vinberg, hatred from, 169

Monarchical Bloc

   Evaldt, member of, 56

   goals of, 55–56

   Keller, member of, 56

   Pelikan, member of, 56

   Scheglovitov, member of, 56

   Southern Army and, 56

   Union of the Faithful, founder of, 55

Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, 145–148

   Amann, financer of, 145

   Aufbau, triumph for, 149

   Bermondt-Avalov, exclusion from, 145

   Biskupskii, financer of, 145

     participant at, 146

   Cramer-Klett, financer of, 145

     loan to participants, 172

   Eulogius and, 146

   Evaldt, Organizational Committee, member of, 145

   Kautter and, 171–172

   Krasnov, White émigré military forces, leader of, 147

   Markov II, Organizational Committee, leader of, 145

     speech, anti-Treaty of Versailles, 147

     welcoming address, 146

   membership of, 145–146

   Nemirovich-Danchenko, German–Russian alliance, 148

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, exclusion from, 145

   preparations for, 144–145

   Sakharov and, 146

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, assessment of, 148, 149

     financer of, 145

     organizer of, 145

     originator of idea for, 144–145

     speech, alliance, German–Russian, 146–147

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, Propaganda Committee, secretary of, 148

   Supreme Monarchical Council, creation of at, 147

   Talberg, Organizational Committee, member of, 145

   Vinberg, Propaganda Committee, assistant to, 148

Munich

   Kapp, outpost for, 88

   White émigré community, composition of, 112

     numbers of, 112

     shrinking of, 212

murder, Jewish ritual in Kiev, supposed

   Markov II and, 39

   Purishkevich and, 39

   Union of the Russian People and, 39

Mussolini, Benito

   Scheubner-Richter and, 195

Myth of the Twentieth Century, The

   see Rosenberg

Nabokov, Vladimir

   assassination of, Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and Taboritskii, 168

   Constitutional Democrats, a leader of, 168

   novelist, father of, 168

National Socialism

   Army, German, opposition from, 201

     support from, 201

   Aufbau, contributions from, 1, 6–7, ideology from, 16, 216, 243–244, 278

     legacy from, 16–17, 244, 245–246, 270–271, 278–279

   Bavarian government, opposition from, 201–202

   ideology of, conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 9, 18

     Eckart and, 218

     four writers of the apocalypse, the, and, 243

     Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, and, 76

     völkisch German and White émigré, 1, 46, 278

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 190–191

   roots of, völkisch German/White émigré, 1, 6, 11, 17, 18, 272

   Ukrainian Cossack, The, and, 190–191

   White émigrés, contributions from, 17, 279–280

National Socialism and Bolshevism

   see Nolte

National Socialist, The

   Dostoevskii, use of, anti-Semitic, 222

National Socialist Archives

   Aufbau Correspondence, housing of, 129

   Scheubner-Richter, Mathilde, creator of, 247

National Socialist German Worker’s Party (NSDAP)

   Action Group of National Associations, umbrella organization for, 202

   Amann, deputy leader of, 214–215

     secretary of, 129

   Aufbau, alliance with, 158, 192

     intelligence, Ukrainian, from, 189

     subsidies from, 276

   Awakening Hungary and, 204–205

   Biskupskii, financer of, 158, 204, 248

   Brazol, Ford, contact man for, 203

   Ford, subsidies from, 203

   foundation of, 72

   Freikorps, influence from, 176

   German Worker’s Party, parent organization of, 72

   Glaser, financer of, with Biskupskii, 204

   Goltz and, 202

   Günther and, 179

   Hitler, dictator of, 110

   Kahr, meetings of, banning of, 207

   Kursell, joining of, 129

   Ludendorff and, 195

   Organization C, collaboration with, 171, 173

     influence from, 173

   Pöhner and, 110

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, expert, Ukrainian, 257

     work for, 258

   Project S, intelligence from, 153

   rise of, 110

   Romanov, Kirill, subsidies from, 14, 158, 203

   Rosenberg, ideologue, leading, for, 129, 265, 267

     leader of, 214

   Rossbach, joining of, 175

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, financer of, 204

     joining of, 124

   Schickedanz, member of, 128

   Schwartz-Bostunich and, 266

   Storm Section Rossbach, uniforms from, 202

   Taboritskii and, 253

   Thyssen, subsidies from, 204

   Ukrainian National Cossack Organization and, 255

     similarities with, 190

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria, umbrella organization for, 195

   Werber and, 172–173

National Socialist regime

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, influence in, 256

   Ukraine, satellite state, plans for, 256

National Socialists

   Baltikumer, ethos, shared, 176

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 9

   White émigrés, collaboration with, 9, differences with, 9

National Union

   activities of, 93

   Bauer, leader in, 93

   goals of, 93

   Kapp, founder of, 93

   Ludendorff, dictator, plans for, 97

     leader in, 93

   Pabst, secretary of, 93

   putsch, plans for, 97

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 94

   Winnig and, 93–94

Nemirovich-Danchenko, Georgii

   Aufbau, Ukrainian expert in, 130, 188

   Biskupskii and, 188

   career of, 117–118

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 148

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, German–Russian alliance, 148

   Renewal, Ukrainian expert in, 188

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, collaboration with, 118, 188

     eulogy for, 213

   Vrangel, anti-Semitism, disagreement about, 118

     press chief for, 118

Nicolai, Walther

   anti-Bolshevism of, 51

   Cartel of National Newspapers in the State, leader of, 153

   Hitler and, 194

   intelligence to Aufbau and the National Socialist Party, 11

   leader of intelligence in World War I, 51

   Ludendorff and, 152, 153

   Project S, leader of, 153

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, collaboration with, 153

     suspicion of, 196–197

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria and, 194

Nilus, Sergei

   Anti-Christ, help from Jews, 33

   Great in the Small and the Anti-Christ as an Imminent Political Possibility, The, Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, inclusion in, 58

     Tsaritsa Romanov, possession of, 60

   “Short Tale of the Anti-Christ, A,” influence from, 33

   Western civilization, destruction of, 33

Nolte, Ernst

   National Socialism and Bolshevism, Bolshevism causal agent of National Socialism, 5, 6

Northern Army

   Army High Command East VIII, founder of, 83

   goals of, 83

   Kapp and, 83

   Red Army, defeat by, 84

Noske, Gustav

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 92

   Ehrhardt Brigade, dissolution of, order for, 104

   War Minister, 92

   Western Volunteer Army and, 95

Officer’s Duty

   Kornilov Putsch and, 43

   Vinberg, founder of, 43

On Outpost Duty

   Hausen, editor of, 65

   Zunder Document, printing of, 65

Organization C, 171

   anti-Bolshevism of, 174

   Aufbau and, 171

   Bolshevism, overthrow of, plans for, 174–175

   Communist Party, tactics of, similarity to, 173

   Ehrhardt, leader of, 171

   extent of, 171

   Freikorps Uplands and, 174

   Göring, leader in, 173

   Günther, leader in, 179

   Hoffmann, Alfred, leader in, 173

   Kautter, leader in, 171

   Killinger, leader in, 174

   Klintzsch, member of, 173

   National Socialist Party, collaboration with, 171, 173

     influence over, 173

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 176

   Rossbach and, 175

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 172

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and, 171

   Soviet representatives, assassination of, plans for, 176–177

   Taboritskii and, 171

   Viking League, successor of, 202

   Vinberg and, 171

   White émigrés and, 173

Pabst, Waldemar

   Aufbau and, 212

   Ehrhardt and, 104

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 212

   Kapp Putsch and, 104

   National Union, secretary of, 93

   police protection of, 111

   Russian National Political Committee, establisher of, 96

Pan-German League

   Chamberlain, member of, 29

   Class, chairman of, 26

   Kaiser Hohenzollern II, opposition to, 28–29

   Ludendorff and, 30

   membership of, 29

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria, umbrella organization for, 195

Pan-Russian People’s Military League

   Biskupskii, leader of, 126

   goals of, 126–127

Party of the Ukrainian People’s Union

   anti-Semitism of, 53

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 53

   Skoropadskii, leader of, 53

Patriotic Combat Associations

   Biskupskii, advisor of, 200–201

   Hitler, leader of, 200–201

   insubordination of, 200–201

   Ludendorff, leader in, 200–201

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, advisor of, 200–201

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria, parent organization of, 200

Pelikan, Boris

   background of, 115

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116

   Kommissarov, animosity towards, 119

     collaboration with, 115

   Monarchical Bloc, member of, 56

   Russian Assembly, member of, 56

   Scheglovitov and, 115

   Society for Ukrainian–Bavarian Import and Export and, 115

   Ukraine, independence of, pro, 115

   Union of the Faithful, member of, 115

   Vrangel, mission to, member of, 118

People’s State Party

   decline of, 103

   Fermor, Vice President of, 103

   Great Don Host, protection from, 102

   Ludendorff and, 102, 103

   Michael the Archangel Russian People’s Union, parent organization of, 102

   Party Program, anti-Semitic, 103

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, 103

   Purishkevich, leader of, 102

People’s Tribune, The

   Bolsheviks, closure of, 45

   Purishkevich, editor of, 44

   Vinberg, contributor to, 44

Petliura, Simon

   Hetmanate, Ukrainian, struggle against, 60

Plague in Russia!

   see Rosenberg

Pöhner, Ernst

   Ludendorff and, 110–111

   National Socialist Party and, 110

   Police Chief of Bavaria, 110

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 151

Poland

   partition of, German–Soviet, similarity to plans of Aufbau, 258–259

Poltavets-Ostranitsa, Ivan

   Aufbau, Ukrainian faction, leader of, 130

   background of, 52

   Biskupskii, resentment from, 255

   Black Sea League, leader of, plans for, 184

   career of, 2

   Central Powers and, 52

   Cossack Chancellor of the Ukraine, chosen as, 53

   Cossack state, envisioned, 264–265

   Cossacks, Ukrainian, leader of, 52

   duplicity of, 257–258

   followers, lack of, 257

   Foreign Policy Office, National Socialist, funding from, cutting of, 258

   Germany, pro, 61

   Hetman, Ukrainian, 255

   Hitler, collaboration with, 256–257

     relationship with, close, 255

     support for, 204, 255–256, 257

   imprisonment of, 258

   Keitel and, 264

   Kursell and, 258

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, exclusion from, 145

   National Socialism and, 190–191

   National Socialist Party, expert, Ukrainian, 257

     work for, 258

   National Socialist regime, influence in, 256

   Party of the Ukrainian People’s Union and, 53

   Rada, collaboration with, 52

     opposition to, 52–53

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 178

   Rosenberg, collaboration with, Ukraine, 256, 257, 258

     Cossacks, use of, 264

     relations with, close, 255

     support from, 258

   Schickedanz and, 258

   Skoropadskii, arrest orders from, 61

     conflict with, 54

   SS and, 265

   Ukrainian National Cossack Assembly, leader, de facto, of, 53

   Ukrainian National Cossack Organization, leader of, 130

     leader, de facto, of, 53

   Vyshivannyi, 181

Project S

   Aufbau, intelligence to, 153

   National Socialist Party, intelligence to, 153

   Nicolai, leader of, 153

   preparations for, 152

   Romanov, Kirill, subsidies from, 153

Protocols of, the Elders of Zion, The, 57

   Cohn, origins of, erroneous, 8, 57, 58

   dissemination of, 57, 76

   Eckart, influence on, 12–13, 49

     spread of, 74

     treatment of, 73–74

     veracity of, 74

   fabrication of in Imperial Russia, 58

   far right, German/White émigré, influence on, 70, 116, 273–274

   Hausen, publication of, 11, 65

     Völkisch Observer, sending to, 68

   Himmler, influence on, 76

   Hitler, Eckart, introduction to by, 73

     influence on, 13, 49, 76

     Mein Kampf and, 76

   Kurlov, information on for Hausen, 66

   National Socialist ideology, influence on, 76

   Nilus, Great in the Small and the Anti-Christ as an Imminent Political Possibility, The

     inclusion in, 58

   People’s State Party, belief in, 103

   Rodionov, publication of, 57

   Rosenberg, influence on, 12–13, Moscow, acquirement in, myth, 74

     Protocols of the Elders of Zion and Jewish World Politics, The, relevance of, 75

     suspicion of, 75

     Trail of the Jew through the Ages, The, no mention of, 74–75

   Sentinel, The, publication of, 57

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, transfer of to Germany, 2, 63, 65

    Solevov, “Short Tale of the Anti-Christ, A,” influence from, 58

   treatment of, 75–76

   Tsaritsa Romanov, possession of, 60

   Vinberg, veracity of, 66

     Russia’s Via Dolorosa and, 65–66

   Völkisch Observer, defense of, 69–70

     publication of, 68–69

Protocols of the Elders of Zion and Jewish World Politics, The

   see Rosenberg

Provisional Government

   Black Hundred movement, suppression of, 43

   Bolsheviks, overthrow by, 45

   Kerenskii, leader of, 43

   Romanov, Kirill, homage from, 148

Purishkevich, Vladimir

   anti-Semitism of, 103

   background of, 35

   Bolsheviks, trial by, 45–46

   death of, 103

   Duma (Parliament), service in, 37

   Germany, pro, 102

   Markov II and, 39

   Michael the Archangel Russian People’s Union, leader of, 38

   murder, Jewish ritual in Kiev, supposed, and, 39

   People’s State Party, leader of, 102

   People’s Tribune, The, editor of, 44

   Ringing of the Church Bells, The, editor of, 103

   Russian Assembly, member of, 34

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and, 45

   Union of the Russian People, election platform, anti-Semitism, 37

     member of, 35

   Vinberg and, 44

Rachkovskii, Piotr

   Union of the Russian People and, 36

Rada (Ukrainian government)

   Army Group Eichhorn, opposition from, 51–52

   Central Powers, invitation of, 50

   Cossacks, Ukrainian, opposition from, 52

   overthrow of, 53

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, collaboration with, 52

     opposition from, 52–53

   weakness of, 51

Rapallo, Treaty of

   Rathenau and, 176

Rasputin

   Kommissarov and, 114

Rathenau, Walther

   assassination of, Bauer and, 178–179

     Biskupskii and, 178

     Glasenap and, 178

     Günther and, 179

     Ludendorff and, 178–179

     Organization C, responsibility for, 176

     Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 178

     Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 178

   Foreign Minister, German, 176

   Kazem Bek, denunciation from, 177

   Rapallo, Treaty of and, 176

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, hatred from, 177

Ray of Light, A

   anti-Semitism of, 112

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, writer for, 112

   Vinberg, editor of, 112

Reconstruction (Aufbau)

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, editor of, 128

   Schickedanz, contributor to, 128

Red Army

   Aufbau, alliance with, proposed, 161, 162–164

   Kiev, capture of, 49

   Moscow, defense of, 262

   Northern Army, defeat of, 84

   Southern Russian Armed Forces, defeat of, 125

Remmer, Andreas

   Aufbau, Bolsheviks, connection with, 162

   background of, 96–97

   Bermondt-Avalov, foreign minister for, 97

     personal representative for, 96

   Biskupskii, collaboration with, 162

     opposition to, 97

   Munich Police, arrest by, 162

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 162

   Soviet Union, invasion of, French-led, opposition to, 162–163

     reorganization of, plans for, 186

     subversion against, 185

   Western Volunteer Army, embezzlement from, 97

Renewal

   Aufbau, joining with, 133

   Jewish Bolshevism, 188

   membership of, 133

   Nemirovich-Danchenko, Ukrainian expert in, 188

   Romanov, Viktoria, honorary president of, 133

   statutes of, 133

   Völkisch Observer, advertisement in, 133

Revolution, 1905

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, struggle against, 42

Revolution, Bolshevik, 45

Revolution, German

   Baltic area, undermining of support in, 83–84

   Ukraine, undermining of support in, 61

Riga, capture of

   Baltic Defense Force, 90

   Bolsheviks, 84

   Imperial Germans, 79–80

Ringing of the Church Bells, The

   Dostoevskii, use of, anti-Semitic, 103

   Purishkevich, editor of, 103

Ring of the Nibelung

   see Wagner, Richard

Rodionov, Ivan

   Great Don Host, member of, 57

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, publication of, 57

   Völkisch Observer, contributor to, 121

   Vrangel and, 121

Röhm, Ernst

   Imperial Flag, leader in, 189

   Ukrainians, nationalist, instruction of, military, 189

Rollin, Henri

   Apocalypse of Our Times, White émigrés, Bolshevism, learning from, 218

     plot, Jewish–Masonic–Bolshevik, to National Socialists, 7

Romanov, Kirill

   Aufbau, subsidies to, 203

     support from, 156

   Bavaria, move to, 157

   Bermondt-Avalov and, 182

   Biskupskii, advisor of, 253

     collaboration with, 162

     support from, 152, 157

     minister of war of, 248

     representative of, 248

   Brazol, Ford, connection with, 203

     support from, 130–131, 160

     subsidies from, 249

   death of, 254

   figurehead, Russian, plans for, 187

   Ford, subsidies from, 203

   Germany, pro, 133

   Glasenap and, 157–158

   Golitsyn and, 159

   Hitler and, 137

   Horthy and, 159

   Kursell and, 249

   Ludendorff, support from, 152, 157

     subsidies to, 203

   manifestos of, 155–156

   Military Organization of Eastern Galicia, support from, 189

   National Socialist Party, subsidies to, 14, 158, 203

   personality of, 133

   popularity of, 161

   Project S, subsidies to, 153

   Provisional Government, homage to, 148

   Remmer and, 162

   ruin, financial, 248

   Russian Committee for Refugee Welfare in Bavaria and, 159–160

   Russian Trust Authority and, 254

   Sakharov, intelligence from, 158

     Ludendorff, connection with, 158

     support from, 157–158, 249

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 152, 157

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 185

   Tsar claimant, 133

   unpopularity of, 148

   Vinberg and, 163

   Völkisch Observer and, 158

   Volkonskii and, 159

   wealth of, 157

Romanov, Nikolai Nikolaevich

   Biskupskii, denunciation from, 161

   Markov II and, 160

   Munich, move to, 155

   Russian Universal Military Union (ROVS) and, 151

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 175

     invasion of, French-led, uneasiness about, 161

   Supreme Monarchical Council and, 155

   Tsarist candidate, 155

   unpopularity of, 161

Romanov, Viktoria

   Bavaria, move to, 157

   Biskupskii, affair with, 157

     collaboration with, 157

     subsidies to, 248–249

   Eugen Hoffmann & Co. Foreign Trade Joint-Stock Company, financer of, 154

   lineage of, 133

   National Socialist Party, subsidies to, 158

   personality of, 133

   Renewal, honorary president of, 133

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 157

   wealth of, 157

Romanticism, German

   völkisch ideology and, 19

Rosenberg, Alfred

   alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, 138–139

   Aufbau, member of, 129

   background of, 42

   Biskupskii, appeal from, 252

     conflict with, 251–252

     oversight of, 254

     snubbing of, 252

   Bolsheviks, desire to overthrow, 1918, 81

     life under, 81–82

   career of, 2–3

   Chamberlain, influence from, 42

     meeting with, 206

   Christianity, pro, 240

   Coburg expedition and, 158

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 2, 223, 224, 267

   Cossacks and, 265

   Dostoevskii, influence from, 42, 138–139, 223

     praise for, 221

   Eckart, collaboration with, 71–72

     meeting with, 71

     praise from, 72

   England, anti, 98

   Entente, anti, 125

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116

   Final Solution, reference to, 269, 270

     role in, 2, 17, 269–270

   Foreign Policy Office, National Socialist, leader of, 252

   Future Path of, a German Foreign Policy, The, Soviet Union, separatism, ethnic, in, 255

   German Worker’s Party, member of, 72

   Hausen and, 72

   Hitler, influence on, 70, 73

     collaboration with, 267

     meeting with, 72

     mentor for, 220

     respect for, 72

     thanks from, 224

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 209, 211

   Hitler–Stalin Pact, opposition to, 259

   In Plain German, director of, temporary, 71–72

   Jewish Bolshevism, 82, 125, 227–228, 269

     deaths because of, 230

     Germany, intelligentsia of, threat to, 234

     learning from, 238, 243

     Russia, intelligentsia of, annihilation of, 231

     tortures of, 231

   Jews, measures against, plans for, 237

   Koch, dispute with, 263

   Kursell and, 129

   marginalizing of, 263

   Munich, residency in, 111–112

   muzzling of, 259

   Myth of the Twentieth Century, The, distribution of, 268

     Hitler, criticism from, 268

     myth, anti-Christian, German blood, 267–268

   National Prize for Art and Science, 267

   National Socialist Party, ideologue, leading, for, 129, 265, 267

     leader of, 214

   Plague in Russia! conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 223

     Dostoevskii, praise for, 221

     Jewish Bolshevism, apocalyptic, 240–241

     Germany, intelligentsia of, threat to, 234

     Russia, intelligentsia of, annihilation of, 231

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, collaboration with, Ukraine, 256, 257, 258

     Cossacks, use of, 264

     relationship with, close, 255

     support for, 258

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, influence from, 12–13, Moscow, acquirement in, myth, 74

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion and Jewish World Politics, The, conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 223–224

     Jewish Bolshevism, apocalyptic, 241

     massacre of Russians by, 270

     Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, relevance of, 75

     suspicion of, 75

   Representative of the Führer for the Central Treating of Questions of the East European Area, 261

   Representative of the Führer for the Supervision of the Entire Intellectual and Ideological Political Instruction and Education of the NSDAP, 267

   Rubonia and, 42

   Sakharov and, 266

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 82, 89

   Schickedanz, Rubonia and, 42

     support for, 266

   Schopenhauer, influence from, 42

   Schwartz-Bostunich and, 266

   Soviet Union, administration of conquered territories, plans for, 260–261

     desire to attack, 260

   SS, influence on, 267

   State Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories, Eastern peoples, administration of, 263

     leniency towards, desired, 263

     naming to post, 262

   teacher, German, 82

   Thule Society, guest of, 70

   Trail of the Jew through the Ages, The, alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, 138

     anti-Semitism, apocalyptic, 240

     Christianity, Germanic, pro, 240

     Dostoevskii, use of, anti-Semitic, 221

     Jewish Bolshevism, 228

     Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, no mention of, 74–75

   Ukrainian Cossack, The, and, 191

   Ukrainians, émigrés, Soviet Union, use against, 257

   Vlassov and, 262, 263–264

   Völkisch Observer, editor of, 267

   Volta Congress, Rome, and, 267

   White émigrés and National Socialists, mediator between, 9

   White forces, support for, 89

Rossbach, Gerhard

   hiding of, 212

   Hitler, collaboration with, 175–176

     meeting with, 175

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 210

   Ludendorff and, 99

   National Socialist Party, joining of, 175

   Organization C and, 175

   Rossbach Corps, commander of, 175

   Soviet Union, intervention against, plans for, 175

   Storm Section (SA) Hundred named after, 202

   Storm Section Rossbach, commander of, 99

Rossbach Corps

   Heines, leader in, 176

   Rossbach, commander of, 175

Rubonia Fraternity

   home of four (Russian) Baltic German Aufbau members and National Socialists, Kursell

     Rosenberg, Scheubner-Richter, Max, and Schickedanz, 41

Ruhr Basin

   occupation of, 195

     effects of occupation, 193, 195

Russia and Germany

   see Laqueur

Russia, Imperial

   Great Britain, rivalry with, 40

Russian Assembly

   exclusivity of, 35

   foundation of, 34

   goals of, 34

   Golitsyn, leader of, 34

   members of, 34

   Pelikan, member of, 56

   Purishkevich, leader in, 34

   statutes of, 34–35

   Tsar Romanov II and, 35

   Volkonskii, leader in, 34

Russian Banner, The

   Dubrovin, editor of, 38

   readership of, 38

   Union of the Russian People, newspaper of, 38

Russian Colony in Munich, 1900–1945, The,

   see Baur, 202

Russian Committee for Refugee Welfare in Bavaria

   Biskupskii and, 151

   Evaldt, leader of, 150–151

   immigration and expulsion of émigrés, responsibility for, 151, 159–160

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 159–160

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 151

Russian Liberation Army

   Goebbels and, 264

   Himmler and, 264

   Vlassov, commander of, 264

   weakness of, 264

Russian National Liberation Movement (ROND)

   Bermondt-Avalov, leader of, 250

     organizer of, 249–250

   Foreign Office, German, opposition from, 250

   Hitler, dissolution of, 250

   popularity of, 250

   Sakharov, leader in, 250

   Storm Section (SA), similarity to, 250

Russian National Political Committee

   Bermondt-Avalov, body’s authority, weakening of, 96, 97

   Biskupskii, president of, 96

   Pabst, establisher of, 96

Russian Trust Authority

   Biskupskii, leader of, 253

   goals of, 253

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 254

   Sakharov, leadership of, candidate for, 253

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and, 253–254

   Taboritskii, deputy director of, 253

     predominance in, 253

Russian Universal Military Union (ROVS)

   Aufbau, conflict with, 152

   Lampe, representative of, 151

   Romanov, Nikolai Nikolaevich, and, 151

   Vrangel, leader of, 151

Russia’s Via Dolorosa

   see Vinberg

Sakharov, Konstantin

   Aufbau, member of, 131

   background of, 131

   Foreign Policy Office, National Socialist, and, 266–267

   Hitler and, 249

   Jewish Bolshevism, 266–267

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall and, 146

   Romanov, Kirill, intelligence for, 158

     Ludendorff, connection with, 158

     support for, 157–158, 249

   Rosenberg and, 266

   Russian National Liberation Movement (ROND), leader in, 250

   Russian Trust Authority, leadership of, candidate for, 253

Scheglovitov, Konstantin

   background of, 115

   Kommissarov and, 115

   Monarchical Bloc, member of, 56

   Pelikan and, 115

   putsch preparations in Munich, 204

   Society for Ukrainian–Bavarian Import and Export and, 115

   Ukraine, independence of, pro, 115

   Union of the Russian People, member of, 56

Scheidemann, Phillip

   assassination attempt on, Bauer and, 179

     Günther and, 179

Schellendorf, Bronsart von

   White officers, release of from Petlivra’s forces, 62

Scheubner-Richter, Mathilde von

   Himmler and, 247

   Hitler, praise from, 247

     relationship with, close, 197

   National Socialist Archives, creator of, 247

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 41

Scheubner-Richter, Max von

   Action Group of National Associations, secretary of, 202

   alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, 140

   Amann and, 129, 145

   Army High Command East VIII Press Office, deputy leader of, 80

     leader of, 84

   Aufbau, First Secretary of, 125

     leader, de facto, of, 125

     organizer of, 122–123

     work, organizational, for, 128

   Aufbau Correspondence, editor of, 128–129

   background of, 80

   Baltic area, advance in, Imperial German, and, 80–81

   Baltic German, feeling as, 42

   Bavaria, action, call to, 193

   Bavarian government, criticism of, 201

   Biskupskii and, 126

   Bolsheviks, desire to overthrow, 1918, 81

     frustration at failure to overthrow, 1918, 81

     incarceration and threatened execution by, 84

     negotiations with, 84

   Bolshevism, learning from, 193, 197, 198–200, 215

   Brazol and, 131

   career of, 2

   Central Committee for the East Prussian Home Service, leader of, 85

   Combat League, approval for, 205–206

     goals and spirit of, perceived, 208

     plenipotentiary of, 205

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 225

   Constitutional Democrats, attack on, 170

   convictions, courage of, 212–213

   Cramer-Klett and, 126

   death of, 211

     blow to National Socialist–White émigré collaboration, 212

   East German Home Service, leader of, 90–91

     removal from, 106

   Eckart, friendship with, 132

     meeting with, 89

   Ehrhardt, conflict with, 208

   embassy, Riga, acting head of, 84

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116

   Fascism and, 194–195

   Foreign Office, German, relations with, poor, 127

   Gömbös, remembrance from, 247

     talks with, 151

   Hitler, admiration for, 124

     collaboration with, 124

     counselor and foreign policy advisor for, 7, 183

     eulogizing from, 247

     influence on, 196

     Ludendorff, coordination with, 194

     meeting with, 124

     praise for, 206

     praise from, 213–214

     putsch, talks of, 209

     representative for, 209

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 209–210, 211

   Horthy and, 119, 196

   Jewish Bolshevism, 227

     apocalyptic, 240

     deaths because of, 230

     Germany, threat to, 233–234

     Russia, intelligentsia of, annihilation of, 230–231

   Jews, measures against, none, 237

   Kahr, opposition to, 207

   Kapp Putsch and, 106

     assessment of, 106–107

   Kerenskii, hatred of, 168

   Kursell, collaboration with, 82, 129

     eulogy from, 213

     Rubonia and, 41–42

   Lampe, break with, 152

     talks with, failed, 151–152

   Ludendorff, advisor for, 194

     Hitler, coordination with, 194

     patronage from, 80, 128

   Miliukov, assassination attempt on and, 170

     denunciation of, 170

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, assessment of, 148, 149

     financer of, 145

     organizer of, 145

     originator of idea for, 144–145

     speech, alliance, German–Russian, 146–147

   Munich, move to, 111

   Mussolini and, 195

   National Socialist Party, financer of, 204

     joining of, 124

   National Union and, 94

   Nemirovich-Danchenko, collaboration with, 118, 188

     eulogy from, 213

   Nicolai, collaboration with, 153

     suspicion from, 196–197

   Organization C and, 172

   Patriotic Combat Associations, advisor of, 200–201

   Pöhner and, 151

   popularity of, 80

   putsch, plans for in Bavaria, 193–194, 215

     results of, catastrophic, 194

   Rathenau, assassination of and, 178

     hatred of, 177

   Reconstruction (Aufbau), editor of, 128

   Revolution, 1905, struggle against, 42

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 152, 157

     manifestos of, assessment of, 156

   Romanov, Viktoria, and, 157

   Rosenberg and, 82, 89

   Rubonia and, 42

   Russian Committee for Refugee Welfare in Bavaria and, 151

   Scheubner-Richter, Mathilde, and, 41

   Schickedanz, collaboration with, 128

     eulogy from, 213

     report from, Riga under Bolshevism, 90–91

   Schwartz-Bostunich and, 117

   Soviet Union, collapse of, expected, 154–155

     intervention against, plans for, 185, 186

     invasion of, French-led, plans for, opposition to, 161–162, 163

     subversion against, 187

   surname, history of, 41

   Trotskii, admiration for, 198, 215

     learning from, 198–199

   Ukrainian Cossack, The, and, 191

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria and, 194

     leader in, 195

   Vrangel, mission to, leader of, 118

     talks with, 120–121

     results of talks, 121, 122

   Vyshivannyi and, 181

   wealth of, 125–126, 203–204

   Weimar Constitution, Bolshevik influence on, anti-Semitic, 197

   Weimar German government, anti-Semitism towards, 98

   Weimar Republic, Bolshevik influence on, 198

   Werber and, 172

   White émigrés and National Socialists, mediator between, 9

   Winnig and, 84

   Wittelsbach, Kaiser, future, plans for, 126

Schickedanz, Arno

   anti-Semitism of, 266

   Aufbau, deputy director of, 128

     work, organizational, for, 128

   Aufbau Correspondence, contributor to, 128–129

   background of, 42

   Baltic Defense Force, member of, 83

   Biskupskii, personal secretary for, 128

     support for, 252

   Bolsheviks, life under, 83

   Foreign Policy Office, National Socialist, chief of staff of, 252

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 211, 214

   Ludendorff, agreement with, monetary, Romanovs, 203

   Munich, residency in, 111–112

   National Socialist Party, member of, 128

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 258

   Reconstruction (Aufbau), contributor to, 128

   Rosenberg, Rubonia and, 42

     support from, 266

   Rubonia and, 42

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, collaboration with, 128

     eulogy for, 213

     report to, Riga under Bolshevism, 90–91

   State Commissioner of the Caucasus, plans for, 263

     Eastern peoples, leniency towards, desired, 263

   Völkisch Observer, Berlin representative of, 266

   White émigrés and National Socialists, mediator between, 9

Schopenhauer, Arthur

   Parerga, Jews, materialism of, 20–21

   World as Will and Idea, The, denial of the will to live, salvation, 20

     Jews, materialism of, 20

Schwartz-Bostunich, Gregor

   career of, 117

   Hitler and, 266

   National Socialist Party and, 266

   Rosenberg and, 266

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 117

   SS, service in, 266

   State Security Main Office (RSHA) and, 266

   Streicher and, 266

   Völkisch Observer, contributor to, 266

   Vrangel and, 117

Sentinel, The

   Great Don Host, newspaper of, 57

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, publication in, 57

Shabelskii-Bork, Elsa

   Dubrovin, support for, 40

   Freedom and Order, co-publisher of, 40

Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr

   alliance, German–Russian, 45

   Aufbau, member of, 130

   background of, 44

   Bolsheviks, trial by, 45–46

   Call, The, writer for, 64

   Cheka, brush with, 61–62

   Entente, anti, 45

   Kapp Putsch and, 106

   Kornilov Putsch and, 44

   Michael the Archangel Russian People’s Union, member of, 44

   Miliukov, assassination of, attempted, 168

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, Propaganda Committee, secretary of, 148

   Munich, move to, 111

   Nabokov, assassination of, 168

     imprisonment for, 168

   Organization C and, 171

   Petliura’s forces, execution by, plans for, 62

     incarceration by, 62

   poverty of, 112

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, transfer of to Germany, 2, 63, 65

   Purishkevich and, 45

   Ray of Light, A, writer for, 112

   Russian Trust Authority and, 253–254

   Taboritskii and, 44, 63

   terrorism, plotting for, 168–169

   Tsarist family, assistance to, intended, 59

     murder of, investigation of, 59–60

     report on murder of, Jews responsible, 60

   Ukrainian Volunteer Army, service in, intended, 62

   Union of the Russian People, member of, 44

   Vinberg and, 46, 62–63

“Short Tale of the Anti-Christ, A”

   see Solevov

Skoropadskii, Pavel

   anti-Bolshevism of, 50–51

   background of, 50

   Entente, pro, 54, 61

   Imperial German advance and, 50–51

   Germany, transport to, 62

   Hetman of the Ukraine, 53

   Kaiser Hohenzollern II and, 59

   Ludendorff and, 59

   Party of the Ukrainian People’s Union, leader of, 53

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, arrest orders for, 61

     conflict with, 54

   Ukrainian National Cossack Assembly, leader, de jure, of, 53

Society for Ukrainian–Bavarian Import and Export

   goals and means of, 115–116

   Kommissarov and, 115

   Pelikan and, 115

   Scheglovitov and, 115

   Wagner (officer) and, 115

Solevov, Vladimir

   “Short Tale of the Anti-Christ, A,” Anti-Christ, help from Freemasons and Jews, 33

     Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, influence on, 58

Sonderweg (special path) thesis

   refutation of, 272

   weakness of bourgeois Germans led to Third Reich, 4–5

Southern Army

   Army Group Eichhorn and, 56

   Bermondt-Avalov, leader in, 57

   formation of, 56

   Great Don Host and, 57

   Keller, commander of, 56

   Monarchical Bloc, assistance from, 56

   strength of, 56

Southern Russian Armed Forces

   Entente, anti, 120

   Germany, pro, 120

   Red Army, defeat by, 125

   Vrangel, commander of, 114–115

Soviet Union

   see key players and organizations for schemes against

SS

   Commissar Decree and, 269

   Himmler, head of, 76

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 265

   Rosenberg, influence from, 267

   Schwartz-Bostunich, service in, 266

State Security Main Office (RSHA)

   Schwartz-Bostunich and, 266

   White émigrés, curtailing of activities, 259–260

Storm Section (SA)

   Coburg expedition and, 158

   Combat League, umbrella organization for, 205

   Göring, leader of, 173

   Klintzsch, leader of, 173

   numbers of, 200

   Rossbach, Hundred named after, 202

   Russian National Liberation Movement (ROND), similarity to, 250

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria, umbrella organization for, 200

Storm Section Rossbach

   Iron Division, merging into, 99

   National Socialist Party, adoption of uniforms by, 202

   Rossbach, commander of, 99

   Western Volunteer Army, march to, 99

Streicher, Julius

   Schwartz-Bostunich and, 266

succession, Tsarist

   controversy over, 148

Supreme Monarchical Council

   Aufbau, conflict with, 149–150, 159, 160–161, 163

   Biskupskii, conflict with, 150

   congress, Paris, leadership of, 160

   France, pro, 155

   Golitsyn, representative of, 159

   Markov II, leader of, 147

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, creation of at, 147

   Munich, move to, plans for, 155

   Munich Police, opposition from, 160

   Romanov, Nikolai Nikolaevich, and, 155

   Soviet Union, invasion of, French-led, plans for, 161

   Talberg, secretary and intelligence leader of, 147

   Wiesbaden, move to, 164

Taboritskii, Sergei

   Aufbau, member of, 130

   Baltic area, organization of troops for, 61

   Call, The, technical editor of, 64

   Germany, pro, 61

   Hitler and, 253

   Kapp Putsch and, 106

   Kornilov Putsch and, 44

   Latvian Intervention and, 86–87

   Miliukov, assassination of, attempted, 168

   Nabokov, assassination of, 168

     imprisonment for, 168

   National Socialist Party and, 253

   Organization C and, 171

   Petliura’s forces, execution by, plans for, 62

     incarceration by, 62

   poverty of, 112

   Russian Trust Authority, deputy director of, 253

     predominance in, 253

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and, 44, 63

   terrorism, plotting for, 168–169

   Ukrainian Volunteer Army, service in, 61

   Vinberg and, 61

Talberg, Nikolai

   Biskupskii, denunciation of, 161

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, Organizational Committee, member of, 145

   Police Department, Kiev, head of, 144

   Supreme Monarchical Council, secretary and intelligence leader of, 147

   Union of the Faithful, leader in, 144

Thule Society, 67

   Eckart, guest of, 70

   Freikorps Uplands, creation of, 174

   German Order, parent organization of, 67

   German Worker’s Party, subsidiary of, 72

   In Plain German and, 71

   Rosenberg, guest of, 70

   Völkisch Observer, newspaper of, 67–68

Thyssen, August

   National Socialist Party, subsidies to, 204

Tirpitz, Alfred von

   German Fatherland Party, leader of Germany, plans for, 29

   Kapp, advisor of, plans for, 29

Tivoli Program

   success, moderate, for German far right, 26

Trail of the Jew through the Ages, The

   see Rosenberg

Trebitsch-Lincoln, Ignatz

   background of, 105

   Bauer and, 105

   French intelligence and, 105–106

   Hitler, scorn from, 105

   Kapp Putsch and, 105

Trotskii, Lev

   Brest-Litovsk, negotiator in, 49

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, admiration from, 198, 215

     lessons to, 198–199

   Soviet Commissar for War, 198

Tsaritsa Aleksandra Romanov

   Great in the Small and the Anti-Christ as an Imminent Political Possibility, The, possession of, including Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, 60

   Miliukov, denunciation from, 169

   Vinberg and, 169

Tsar Nikolai Romanov II

   Freedom and Order, reader of, 40

   Russian Assembly and, 35

   Union of the Russian People and, 36

   Vinberg and, 46

Ukrainian Cossack, The

   National Socialism and, 190–191

   Rosenberg and, 191

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 191

   Ukrainian National Cossack Organization, newspaper of, 190

   Völkisch Observer and, 191

Ukrainian Intervention, 50–57, 58–59, 60–63, 273

   collaboration, German–White, 12, 47, 48, 77

   ideology, White émigré, transfer from, 12, 77

   Latvian Intervention and, 77, 78

   White officers to Germany in wake of, 48

Ukrainian National Cossack Assembly

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, leader, de facto, of, 53

   Skoropadskii, leader, de jure, of, 53

Ukrainian National Cossack Organization

   Army Group Eichhorn and, 53

   goals of, 53, 54

   Hitler and, 190

   Japanese and, 257

   National Socialist Party and, 255

     similarities with, 190

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa, leader of, 130

     leader, de facto, of, 53

   Skoropadskii’s regime and, 53–54

   Ukrainian Cossack, The, newspaper of, 190

   Völkisch Observer and, 255

Ukrainians, nationalist

   German troops, welcome of in World War II, 262

   Hitler, speeches of, 190

   instruction of, German military, 189–190

     Bavaria and Empire League and, 190

     Röhm and, 189

   police units, Final Solution and, 270

Ukrainian Volunteer Army

   Bermondt-Avalov, service in, 60

   Biskupskii, commander in, 55, 60

   foundation of, 54

   Germany, aid from, 61

     pro, 55

   Keller, commander of, 60

   Petliura’s forces, defeat by, 62

     struggle against, 60

   Shabelskii-Bork, service in, intended, 62

   Taboritskii, service in, 61

   Vinberg, service in, 60

   weakness of, 60–61

Ulain

   Awakening Hungary, leader of, 205

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 210

Ulmanis, Karlis

   land promise, non-fulfillment of, 95

   Minister President, Latvian, 84

   Winnig, agreement with, 84

Union of the Faithful

   agents of, 144

   Aufbau and, 144

   Biskupskii and, 144

   Evaldt, leader in, 144

   goals and means of, 55, 144

   Kommissarov, member of, 115

   Krasnov, leader in, 147

   Markov II, leader of, Russia, 55

     leader of, Germany, 144

   Miliukov, assassination attempt on and, 169

   Monarchical Bloc, formation of, 55

   Pelikan, member of, 115

   Talberg, member of, 144

Union of the Russian People

   anti-Semitism of, 37, 38

   Biskupskii, member of, 55

   Black Hundreds, creation of, 36

   Dubrovin, leader of, 35

   foundation of, 35

   growth of, 38

   ideology of, 35, 36–37

   Kommissarov and, 36

   Markov II, leader in, 39

   murder, Jewish ritual in Kiev, supposed, and, 39

   Purishkevich, member of, 35

   Rachkovskii and, 36

   Russian Banner, The, newspaper of, 38

   Scheglovitov, member of, 56

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, member of, 44

   split of, 39–40

   Statutes of, 35

   Tsar Romanov II and, 36

United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria

   appearance of, 195

   Bavaria and Empire League, member of, 190

   exercises, military, 200

   formation of, 194

   Hitler, leader of, 194

   Imperial Flag, member of, 200

   Ludendorff and, 194

     leader in, 195

   National Socialist Party, member of, 195

   Nicolai and, 194

   Pan-German League, member of, 195

   Patriotic Combat Associations, contingent of, 200

   Ruhr Basin, occupation of and, 195

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 194

     leader in, 195

   Storm Section (SA), member of, 200

   Uplands League, member of, 200

Uplands League

   Action Group of National Associations, umbrella organization for, 202

   Combat League, umbrella organization for, 205

   Freikorps Uplands, parent formation of, 200

   Hitler/Ludendorff Putsch and, 210

   numbers of, 200

   United Patriotic Associations of Bavaria, umbrella organization for, 200

Viking League

   Action Group of National Associations, umbrella organization for, 202

   Combat League, conflict with, 207–208

   Organization C, parent organization of, 202

Vinberg, Fedor

   alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, 140–141

   Aufbau, ideologue of, 130

   background of, 42–43

   Berlin, role in right-wing circles of, 64

   Bolsheviks, trial by, 45–46

   Call, The, editor of, 64

   Hausen and, 64

   Hitler, discussions with, 2, 130, 230

     Jewish Bolshevism, citation by, 230

   Jewish Bolshevism, 45

   Kapp Putsch and, 106

   Kornilov Putsch and, 43

   Lampe, opposition from, 124

   Michael the Archangel Russian People’s Union, member of, 43

   Miliukov, assassination attempt on and, 169, 212

     hatred of, 169

   Monarchical Congress at Bad Reichenhall, Propaganda Committee, assistant to, 148

   Munich, move to, 111

   Officer’s Duty, founder of, 43

   Organization C and, 171

   Paris, move to, 212

   People’s Tribune, The, contributor to, 44

   Petliura’s forces, execution by, plans for, 62

     incarceration by, 62

   poverty of, 112

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, veracity of, 66

   Purishkevich and, 43, 44

   Ray of Light, A, editor of, 112

   religiosity of, 238–239

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 163

   Russia, Imperial, dissolution of and, 44–45

   Russia’s Via Dolorosa, alliance, German–Russian, anti-Semitic, 140–141

     anti-Semitism, apocalyptic, 239

     conspiracy, Jewish–capitalist Bolshevik, 225

     Dostoevskii, use of, anti-Semitic, 220–221

     Jewish Bolshevism, 227

     apocalyptic, 239–240

     Germany, threat to, 233

     Jews, threats against, 237

     Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, 66, 239

   Shabelskii-Bork, Piotr, and, 46, 62–63

   Taboritskii and, 61

   terrorism, plotting for, 168–169

   Tsaritsa Romanov and, 169

   Tsar Romanov II and, 46

   Ukrainian Volunteer Army, service in, 60

   Völkisch Observer and, 239

Vlassov, A. A.

   Rosenberg and, 262, 263–264

   Russian Liberation Army, commander of, 264

völkisch Germans

   Communists, German, similarities with, 164

   failures of, 18, 19, 46, 47

   Jews, blamed for defeats, 12

   see also far right, Imperial German

völkisch ideology

   1, 5, 19–20, 25, 30–31, 46, 272

   Eckart, world-affirmation, Jewish, negation of, 71

   Hitler, use of, 236

   Romanticism, German, and, 19

Völkisch Observer (Völkischer Beobachter)

   Call, The, and, 65

   circulation of, 68

   Dostoevskii, use of, anti-Semitic, 222

   Eckart, editor of, 228–229

   Jewish Bolshevism, 217

   Miliukov, assassination attempt on and, 170–171

   Protocols of the Elders of Zion, The, defense of, 69–70

     publication of, 68–69

   Renewal, advertisement for, 133

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 158

   Rosenberg, editor of, 267

   Schwartz-Bostunich, contributor to, 266

   Thule Society, newspaper of, 67–68

   Tsarist family, murder of, Jews responsible, 60

   Ukraine, independent, support for, 188

   Ukrainian Cossack, The, and, 191

   Ukrainian National Cossack Organization, propaganda for, 255

   Vinberg and, 239

   Zunder Document and, 65

Volkonskii, Mikhail

   Aufbau and, 196

   Glasenap and, 196

   Provisional Senate, leader of, 196

   Romanov, Kirill, and, 159

   Russian Assembly, member of, 34

   Russian Delegation in Hungary, leader of, 159

Vrangel, Piotr

   anti-Semitism, curbing of, 117

   Bischoff and, 122

   Biskupskii, representative of, bogus, 121–122

   Crimean Peninsula, headquarters on, 120

   Germany, pro, initially, 116–117

   Goltz and, 122

   Kommissarov, representative of, bogus, 115

     ban towards, 119

   mission to, 109, 116, 118–122, 134, 274–275

     arrest of, 122

     Germany, return to, 122

     Kommissarov, member of, 118

     Pelikan, member of, 118

     Scheubner-Richter, Max, leader of, 118

     Wagner (officer), member of, 118

   Nemirovich-Danchenko, anti-Semitism, disagreement about, 118

     press chief of, 118

   Rodionov and, 121

   Russian Universal Military Union (ROVS), leader of, 151

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, talks with, 120–121

     results of talks, 121, 122

   Schwartz-Bostunich and, 117

   Southern Russian Armed Forces, commandeer of, 115

   Soviet Union, invasion of, plans for, 155, 175

Vyshivannyi, Vasily

   army of, formation of, 181–182

     weakness of, 182–183

   Aufbau, agreement, economic, with, 181

     support from, 180–181

   background of, 181

   Biskupskii and, 181

   Cramer-Klett and, 181

   Habsburgs, restoration of, plans for, 181

   Keppen and, 181

   Ludendorff and, 181

   Poltavets-Ostranitsa and, 181

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 181

Wagner (officer)

   far right, German/White émigré, talks and, 116

   Society for Ukrainian–Bavarian Import and Export and, 115

   Vrangel, mission to, participation in, 118, 120

Wagner, Richard

   Ahasuerus (Wandering Jew) and, 22

   De Gobineau, influence from, 23

   Jews, ejection of, 23–24

     materialism of, 23

   “Judaism in Music,” Jews, ejection of, 23–24

     must cease being Jews, 21–22

   Ring of the Nibelung, materialism, Jewish, 22–23

     redemption, Germanic, 22

   Schopenhauer, influence from, 21, 23

   true religion, 23

War Leadership and Politics

   see Ludendorff

Warrant for Genocide

   see Cohn

Weimar German government

   Freikorps, dissolution of, 102

   Kapp Putsch, flight in, 104

   Scheubner-Richter, attack from, 98

   Western Volunteer Army, actions against, 98

     rescue of, 100

Weimar Republic

   explanation of, term, 93

   Scheubner-Richter, attack from, 198

Werber, Paul

   National Socialist Party and, 172–173

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 172

Western Volunteer Army

   anti-Semitism of, 100

   Bermondt-Avalov, commander of, 94

     demotion in, 100, 101

   defeat of, 99

   Eberhard, commander of, 100

   fleet, English, fire from, 98

   goals of, 94

   Goltz and, 94

   growth of, 95

   Noske and, 94–95

   Remmer, embezzlement by, 97

   remnants of, Bermondt-Avalov, leader, de facto, of, 101

     Biskupskii, leader, official, of, 101

     Kapp Putsch and, 106

   retreat of, 100

   Riga, assault on, failure of, 98

   Storm Section Rossbach, support from, 99

   strength and composition of, 95

   Weimar German government, actions against by, 98

     rescue by, 100

   White formations of, disarmament and internment of, 101

White émigrés

   Aufbau, call to arms from, 196

     failure to unite under, 136–137, 143, 165, 275–276

     völkisch Germans, collaboration with in, 14

   Berlin, community in, largest initially, 63

   Bolshevism, admiration of, grudging, 6

   conspiracy, Jewish capitalist–Bolshevik, 8–9, 70

   definition of term and history behind it, 3–4

   failures of, 3

   Germany, destabilization of from, 177, 217

     numbers of in, 63

     transportation to, 62

   Hitler–Stalin Pact and, 258, 259

   Jews, blamed for defeats, 12

   Markov II, leadership pretensions of, 143, 144

   Munich, community in, composition of, 112

     numbers of, 112

     shrinking of, 212

   National Socialism, contributions to, 17, 279–280

   National Socialists, collaboration with, 9, differences with, 9

   numbers of worldwide, 63

   Organization C and, 173

   putsch preparations in Bavaria and, 204

   Romanov, Kirill, leader of, plans for, 14

   Schellendorf, release of many from Petliura’s forces, 62

   State Security Main Office (RSHA), curtailment of activities by, 259–260

   völkisch Germans, including National Socialists, collaboration with, 3

White forces

   Rosenberg and, 89

Winnig, August

   National Union and, 93–94

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, and, 84

   Ulmanis, agreement with, 84

Wittelsbach, Ruprecht von

   Cramer-Klett and, 126

   Scheubner-Richter, Max, desire for Kaiser, future, 126

World as Will and Idea, The

   see Schopenhauer

Zunder Document

   Call, The, and, 65

   Eckart and, 232

   Hausen and, 65

   Völkisch Observer and, 65


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