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The Etymologies of Isidore of Seville
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 (ISBN-13: 9780511217593 | ISBN-10: 0511217595)




General Index




The following index includes only important terms and sub-topics, and most proper names, from the Etymologies. For larger topics consult the Analytical Table of Contents. Both English and Latin terms are indexed, but when a Latin term is close in meaning and form to the corresponding English translation, only the English is given. Book X is a dense list of such terms descriptive of human beings as “lifeless,” “hateful,” “generous,” “enviable.” Its Latin terms are in alphabetical order. Seeing that such terms are unlikely to be the object of an index search, and that including them would unduly swell the bulk of an index already large, we exclude Book X here, though not from the two indexes that follow. The valuable index of the Oroz Reta–Casquero Spanish translation of the Etymologies divides the terms into categories: a general index followed by indexes of proper names, geographical terms, botanical terms, zoological terms, and stones and minerals.

Aaron 149, 164

abanet 383

abba 172

abbot 172

abbreviations 51

   legal 51–52

Abdias 302

Abel 162

Abella 344

abellana 344

abies 345

abiuratio 123

ablative 44

Abraham 39, 99, 163, 165, 168, 169, 174, 191, 192, 194, 198, 207, 208, 302, 346

abrotanum 357

absida 312

absinthium 353

abstract quantity 89

Abydos 295

abyss 280, 300

Academic philosophers 179

acalanthis 269

acanthus 351

acation 375

accent 49

accent marks 49–50

accentor 147

accident (logical) 81, 82

accipiter 267

Accius 180

accubitum 395

accusative 44

accusator 365

Acephalite 178

acer 346

acetum 398

Achaea 290, 303

Achaeus 196, 290, 303

Achaians 196

Achates (river) 296

achates 325

Achatesius of Miletos 65

Achelous (river) 324

Achilles 106, 195, 196, 290

acies 203, 362

acinus 340

acitabulum 399

acitabulus 334

acnua 315

acolyte 172

Acone 351

aconite 351

acorum 350

acredula 266

acridium 353

Acroceraunian mountains 298

acrostic poems, biblical 137

acrozymus 396

acryologia 75

active voice 45, 46

actor 369

actor 205

Acts, Book of 135, 138

actualis 43

actuaria 374

actus 315, 316

acupictus 385

acus 391

acute (diacritic) 49

acute illness 110–111

acyrology 56

Adam 162, 247, 302, 334, 384

adamas 325

Adamite 175

adiectio 145

aditus 311

adjective 43

   ctetic 43

   ethnic 43

adjutant 202

adnotatio 54

adolescent 242

Adonai 153

adoption 207

adoreum 338

adultery 123

adultus 242

advena 205

adverb 42, 46

adverbum (gloss) 55

adze 383

aedes 308

aedificatio 377

aegopthalmos 327

aegyptilla 325

Aegyptus 287

Aelius Hadrian 301

Aeneas 200, 212, 304, 370

Aeneid 181

aenigma 63

Aeolian islands 296, 317

Aeolic Greek 191

Aeolus 296

aeon 130, 180

Aeos 304

aequinoctium 128, 273

aequitas 73

aequivocus (category) 81

aequor 276, 277

aer 273

aera 129, 142

aeranis 250

aerarium 204, 310, 329

Aerian 176

aeromancy 182

aerugo 331

aes 329, 330

Aesculapius (also Aesclepius) 65, 106, 109, 183

Aesop 66–67

aestas 129

aestiva 299

aestuaria 278, 280

aestus 278

aetas 130

aeternus 154

aether 272

aethiopicus (stone) 327

Aetian 176

aetiologia 78

aetites 320, 327

aevum 130

affirmation 83

affluence 395

Africa 292–293, 313, 320, 323, 343, 345, 348

Africans 193, 198, 305, 364

Africus 275

afterbirth 240

agaric 354

agate 325

agea 374

Agenor 289

ager 314

age(s) 130

   of humans, six 241–243

   of world 210

     seven 144

     six 130

agger 313, 316

agmen 203

agnatus 208

Agnoites 178

agnomen 42

agnus 247

agon 366

agredula 263

Agrigentum 97

Ahab 165, 166

air 231, 239, 272, 273

ala 264

   (armpit) 235

   (military) 203

Alabanda region 326

alabandicus 321

alabandina 326

alabastrites 321

alabastrum 401

Alani 197, 386

Alania 289

Alba Longa 304

Albania 288

Albanians 195, 386

Albans 304

albeum 400

albucium 354

Albula (river) 282

albus 250

Alcmeon of Croton 66

alcyon 265

alder 346

Alea 371

alea 371

Alemanni 197, 386

ales 264

Alexander the Great 139, 195, 199, 244, 281, 290, 303

Alexander, Roman emperor 143

Alexandria 303, 307, 331, 376, 381, 402

   library of 139

alga 355

alibrum 389

alica 338

alien, resident 205

alieniloquium 63

alimentum 395

alimonia 395

alites 269

alium 356

allegory 63, 135

   physical 185, 187, 188, 189

alleluia 147

alliteration 59

Allophyli 195, 302

alluvium 300

alluvius ager 314

almond 344

alnus 346

aloa 349

aloe 349, 351

Alogi 176

alopecia 112–113

Alpha and Omega 156

alphabet (see also letters) 39

alphabetum (acrostic) 137

Alphaeus 169

Alpheus (river) 296

Alps 67, 298, 325

altanus 275

altar 310

althaea 354

alum 276, 317

alvus 240

amaracinum 115

Amazon 98, 186, 195, 303, 361

ambages 75

amber 323

ambiguity 57, 75

ambitus 123, 316

ambo 310

ambrosia 354

amen 147

amens 231

amentum 363

amethyst 324

amethystizontas 324

amiantos 320

amictus 384

amiculum 387

Aminean wine 398

amma 266

ammochrysus 327

ammodyta 257

Ammon 106

ammoniacus 318

Ammonius 142

amnis 280

amomum 349

amor 174, 188

Amos 167

amphibian 259

amphibolia 57

amphibrach 47

Amphictyon 282, 303

amphidoxa 77

Amphion 95

amphisbaena 256

amphitapa 388

amphitheater 307, 370

Amphitus 303

amphora 335

ampulla 400

amulet 183

Amulius 304

amurca 348

amygdala 344

amylum 396

amystis 400

anaboladium 387

Anacreon 65

anadiplosis 59, 75

anaglypha 399

analogium 310

analogy 54, 85, 136

analytica (logic) 83

anamnesis 78

anancitis 327

anapest 47

anaphora 59

anas 267

anasceva 73

anastrophe 62

anathema 174

anchor 375

anchorage 299

anchorite 172

anchusa 353

ancile 364

ancilla 205

Ancus Marcius 304

ancyromachus 373

Andalusia 282

androdamantus 320

androdamas 327

androgyne 244

Andromeda 106, 302

anesum 357

anethum 357

anetinum 115

angel(s) 138, 157, 158, 160–162

   nine orders of 160–162

Angelic (heresy) 176

Angeus 304

anguilla 124, 261

anguis 255–258

angulus 312

anima 231

animadversio 125

animal(s) 81, 247

   aquatic, 144 names of 263

   names of 247–270

   small 254–255

   tiny flying 269–270

animus 231

anise 357

ankle 238

ankle-bracelet 391

annals 67

   world 130–133

annona 396

annulled (testament) 120

annus 129

anointed 155

anomaly 54

anquina 376

anser 267

ant 254

ant lion 255

antae 311

Antaeus 305

antanaclasis 76

Antarctic 101, 273

antecenium 396

antegrade (astral motion) 104

antela 405

antemna 374

anthracitis 326

Anthony, Saint 245

Anthropomorphites 176

Anthropophagians 199

antia 391

Antichrist 184

Antidicomarite 177

antidote 113

antimetabole 76

Antioch 281, 302, 303

Antiochus 302, 309

antiphon 147

antiphrasis 63

Antipodes 199, 245, 293

antiquarius 142

antistropha 61

antithesis 60, 76

antithesis 58

antitheton 60

antonomasia 61

Antony 304

anulare 381

anularis (finger) 235

anulus 391

anus (of body) 238

anus (old woman) 243

anvil 377

Apamea 302

aparisis 78

ape 253

Apellite 175

Apennines 291, 298

aper 248

ape, five kinds of 253

apex 42, 365, 390

aphaeresis 57

aphorism 114

aphorus 261

aphratum 397

Aphrodis 128

Aphrodite 188, 244

aphronitrum 318

apiago 354

apianus 340

Apicius 395

Apis 188

apis 269–270

apium 356

   silvaticum 354

aplustria 362

apocalamus 384

Apocalypse 135, 138, 144, 176

apocope 57

apocrypha 135, 137, 138

apodyterium 308

Apollinarist 177

Apollo 44, 57, 65, 109, 117, 181, 182, 186, 187, 195, 199, 239, 241, 290, 295, 298, 304, 361, 370

apology 140

apoperes

apophasis 83

apophoreta 399

apoplexy 110

aporia 77

aposiopesis 78

apostate 162, 183

apostem 111

apostle(s) 168–170

   names of 168

Apostolic (heresy) 176

apostrophe 50

apotheca 310

apozema 399

appellatio 43

appellatus (category) 82

Appius Caecus 64

apple tree 342

appropriation 123

apricum 299

April 128

apron 392

apsyctos 325

Apuleius 84, 89

Apulia 291

aqua 276, 397

aqualiculus 240

Aquarian (heresy) 176

Aquarius 106

Aquila 51, 106, 139

aquila 264

Aquilius 118

Aquilo 275

Aquitania 291

ara 236, 310

Arabia 249, 286, 318, 321, 323, 326, 342, 348–350, 387, 397

Arabic (heresy) 177

arabica (stone) 327

arabicus (stone) 320

Arabs 193, 194, 303, 386, 388

Aracusia 286

Araks (river) 281

aranea 258, 388

   (fish) 260

arapennis 315

Arar (river) 281

Ararat, Mount 298

aratio 337

aratrum 404

Araxes (river) 288

arbor 341

arbustum 341

arca 315, 321, 401

Arcadia 249, 291, 320

Arcadians 196, 246, 308

Arcas 291

Arcesilaus 179

arch 312

archangel 160–161

archbishop 170

Archilochus 65

architectus 377

architrave 312, 379

Archontic 175

arcifinius 314

Arctic 273

arctic circle 101

Arctos 101, 104

arcumen 350

arcus 312, 364

   (rainbow) 274

ardea 265

area 314

Arelatum 304

Arenacian stone 378

arenata 371

Ares 362

Arethusa 296

argentum 330

   vivum 330

argilla 317, 399

argitis 340

Argives 196, 304, 317

Argonauts 196

Argos 196

argument 69–71, 86, 140

   deliberative 69

   demonstrative 69

   from effects, fourteen kinds of 86

   extrinsic, types of 87

   types of 71

argumentation 71, 365

argumentum 67

Argyre 294

argyritis 327

Arian 177

Arianism 143

Aries 105, 106

aries 247, 364

arioli 182

arista 338

aristolochia 353

Aristotle 39, 42, 54, 69, 79, 81, 82, 87, 107, 181, 244

arithmetic 39, 80, 89–93

Arius 180

Arles 304

ark, Noah’s 288

arm 235

armamentarium 310

armarium 310

armband 391

Armenia 195, 281, 288, 343, 349, 380

Armenians 199, 386

armentum 247

Armenus 288

armilausa 385

armilla 391

armor 364

armoracia 356

armory 310

armpit 235

arms 362–365

armus 235

army 203

arnoglossos 352

aroma 348

aromatitis 323

arra 122, 210

arrabo 210

Arretine dish 399

arrow 363

arsenic 380

arsis 48, 96, 99

art 39

artaba 335

Artabatitans 245

Artaxerxes 109

artemesia 352

Artemis 352

artemo 375

arteria 234

arteriace 114

arteriasis 111

artery 239

arthritis 112

article (part of speech) 44

articulus 236

artifex 373

Artotyrites 176

arts, invention of 183

artus 236

arundo 347

arvina 236

arx 307

asafoetida 351

asarum 350

asbestos 320

asbestos 320

Ascalon 287, 302, 356

ascalonia 356

Ascanius 304

ascia 383

Asclepiades 115

asellus 249

ash tree 346

Asher 166

ashes 317, 337, 377

Asia 285–289, 318, 321, 325, 326, 359

Asia Minor 193, 288

asilus 270

asinus 249

asp 254, 256

asparagus 356

Asphaltites, Lake (see Sea, Dead)

asphodel 354

aspiration 41, 50

asplenos 354

ass 249

assembly 143

asser 382

assus 396

Assyria 286

Assyrians 181, 192, 194, 200, 333

asterisk 50

asterites 324

astrion 326

astrologer 182

astrology 99, 106

astronomy 39, 80, 89, 99–107

astrum 103

astula 342

astysmos 63

asyndeton 60

Athene 187

Athenians 196, 390

Athens 184, 290, 303, 307, 368

Athos, Mount 298

Atlantic Ocean 332

Atlas 99, 298

Atlas, Mount 199, 298

atom 271–272

   types of 271

atramentum 381

atriplex 356

atrium 308

atrophy 112

Attalus 388

Attic column 312, 379

Attic Greek 191

Attic nation 196

Attica 290

Attis 290

auditus 232

auger 383

augury 99, 181, 182, 266, 269

August 128

Augustine 139

Augustus (appellation) 163, 200

Augustus Caesar 41, 52, 63, 118, 128, 129, 200, 279, 302, 304, 321, 361

aula 308

aulea 388

aunt, maternal 210

aura 275

auraria 329

aureta 260

aurichalcum 330

auricularis (finger) 235

auriga 367

auris 234

aurochs 249

aurora 127

aurugo 113

aurum 329

auspex 182

Auster 275

australis piscis 261

Austroafricus 275

Austronotius 100, 272

authors, prolific 139

autumnus 129

ave (greeting) 265

avena 355

Avernus, Lake 279, 291

avia 209

aviaria 341

avis 264

avunculus 209

avus 206

axe 362, 382

   two-headed 234

axilla 235

axis of heaven 100, 272

axungia 396

azymus 396

Baal 166, 185

Babel, Tower of 191

Babylon 174, 286, 301

Babylonia 320

bacchia 400

Bacchus (see Liber)

bacillum 404

back 237

backboard (bed) 403

Bactria 287

Bactrians 194, 301

Bactrum 301

Bactrus (river) 281, 286

baculus 404

badger 254

badium 250

Baetica 282, 378

Baeticans 315

Baetis (river) 282, 292

bag 401

baia 299

Baiae 291

baianula 403

Bal 185

balance-tongue 333

balanite grapes 340

balanites 327

balcony 309

baldric 392

Baleares 297

ball 371

ballena 260

ballista 364

balm 115

balneum 307

balsam (ointment) 115

balsam tree 349

balteum 392

banner 361

banquet 395

baptism 149, 159

barathrum 300

barba 234

barbarism 55–56, 58

barbarolexis 55

barca 373

barge 373

bark 341

barley 338

barley-water 399

Barnabas 170

barones 205

baroptenus 325

barrier 311

barritus 252

barro 252

basanites 321

basil 356

basilica 310

Basilidian 175

basilisk 255

basin 400

basis (building) 379

basis 312

basket 389, 401, 405

Basques 198

basterna 404

bat 266

bath(s) 307

   hot 307

bathing 149

Bathsheba 309

batin 383

batrachites 320

battering ram 364

battle 360

   array 203

batus 335

baxea 393

baxeae 393

bdellium 348

beach 278

beam (of wood) 382

bear 252

beard 234

beard (grain) 338

beast 251–254

   of burden 247

beaver 253, 384

   wool 388

bedbug 259

bedframe 403

bedroom 308

bee 269

beech tree 345

bee-eater 266

beer 398

beet 356

Behemoth 185

being 82

Bel 185

Belgica 291

beli oculus 325

Bellerophon 246

bellicum pallium 386

bellua 260

bellum 359

belly 240

Belphegor 185

Belshazzar 168

belt 392

Belus 325

Belus (river) 328

Belzebub 185

bench 403

beneola 354

Benjamin 166

ben-nut 354

Berenice 303

berry 340

beryl 322

Bessians 197

bestia 251

beta 356

Bethel 302

Bethlehem 302

betrothed 210

bibio 270

Bible 90, 135–138, 272

   apostolic writings 135

   authors of 136–138

   books of (see under individual books)

   canon 135

   Law, five books of 135

   moral sense 135

   names in 162–165, 170

   narrative 135

   New Testament 135

     classes of writing 135

   number of books 135, 139

   Old Testament 39, 135, 139, 334, 352

   Prophets, eight books of 135

   three kinds of content 135

   translations of 139

   ‘Writings,’ nine books of 135

bibliopola 142

bibliotheca 138, 310

bicinium 147

bier 403

Big and Little Dipper 273

   Big Dipper 100, 104, 271, 272, 275

biga 368

bigener 250–251

Bilbilis 331

bile 239

bile, black 109

bipennis 234, 383

bipinnis (see bipennis)

birds

   kinds of 263–269

   origin of names of 264

bireme 374

birrus 387

birth 231

   order of, four types 207

birthwort 353

bishop 170, 171

   four orders of 170

bissextus 145

bit, horse 405

Bithynia 288, 303, 351

bitumen 317

bivium 316

black 250

black-tail (fish) 261

bladder 240

   gall 239

blade

   (grain) 338

   (oar) 374

   (sword) 362

blame 69, 86

blatta 270

blatteum 270, 389

blavum 389

Blemmyans 245

blite 356

blood 109, 239

bloodletting 114

‘bloom’ (bronze) 331

boa 257

boa 256

Boanerges 169

boar 248

board 382

boca 260

body 231, 232–241

   parts of, purpose of 241

Boeotia 290

Boethius 81, 89

bogue 260

boia 124

bolster 388

bombycina 384

bombycinum 259, 384

bombyx 259, 384

bona (goods) 121

bone 236

Bonosiac 177

book(s) 142

   collection 139

   manufacture of 141

   medical 114

   sizes of 141

   terminology of 142

boot 393

Bootes 103, 105

bootmaker 393

booty 360

booty-share 361

Bordeaux 304

border

   (cloth) 387, 392

   (land) 300

Boreas 275

Boreus 100, 272

Borion 297

borrowing 55

bos 248–249

boss (shield) 237, 364

botanical treatise 110

botanicum 114

botrax 257

botrus 340

boulevard 306

boundary (land) 315

boundary-line 315

bow 364

bowel 240

box tree 347

boy 207, 241

bracae 385

bracchium 235

bracelet 391

bracile 392

bractea 329

brain 235, 239

bran 396

branch 341

branchos 111

branding-iron 406

brassica 356

brawn 235, 238

bread 396

breakfast 395

bream 261

breast 236

breathing (see aspiration)

breeches 385

breeding of animals 250

breeze 275

   sea 275

brevia 279

briar-bush 347

brick 312, 378

bride 210

Bridegroom 157

Brindisi 291, 304

bristle 248

Britain 294, 319, 332

Britons 198, 386

brontea 327

bronze 330–331

   (color) 250

broom, Spanish 355

broth 397, 399

brothel 369

brother 208

   uterine 208

   four kinds in Bible 208

brother-in-law 211

brown 250

bruma 129

Brundisium (see Brindisi)

Brutus 52

bryony 354

bubalus 249

bubo 266

bucina 361

bucket 400, 405

buckler 364

bucolic poem 65

bud 342

buffalo 249

bugloss 352, 353

buildings 308, 311–312, 377

   public 305–308

   rural 313–314

   sacred 309–310

bulbus 354

bull 248–249

bulla 391

bullock 242, 248

bulrush 355

bulwark 306

buprestis 269

bupthalmus 354

Burdigalis 304

burdo 251

burdock 353

burgher 204

Burgundians 197, 205

burgus 197

burial mound 313

buris 404

bury 243

bush-hook 404

business 365

bustard 264

bustum 402

butterfly 270

buttocks 237

buxum 347

buying 120

byssinus 384

byssum 388

Bythnia 392

Byzacium 292

Byzantium 303

caballus 249

cabbage 355

   turnip cabbage 356

cabinet 310

caccabus 401

cacemphaton 56

cachexia 112

cacosyntheton 57

cadaver 243

Cadiz 294, 302, 305

   Straits of 193

cadmia 331

Cadmus 40, 195, 290, 302, 303

caduca 111

   (inheritance) 121

caduceus 186

caecula 257

caecum 239

caelatus 399

caelia 398

caelum 100, 272–276, 377

Caelus (god) 185

caementarius 377

caementum 378

caenum 317

caerefolium 357

caerimonia 148

caeruleum 381

caeruleus 260

Caesar, Julius (see Julius Caesar)

Caesar (Julius?) 243

Caesar (title) 200

Caesaraugusta 304

Caesarea

   (Cappadocia) 303

   (Mauretania) 295, 305

   (Palestine) 302, 305

caesaries 232

caespes 341

caesura 64

caesus 397

caetra 364

Cain 95, 162, 301

Cainite 175

cake, sweet 396

Calabria 304

calamint 354

calamistrum 404

calamites 354

calamitis 263

calamus 97, 142, 349

calathus 389, 400

calcaneus 238

calcar 405

calceus 393

calciamentum 393

calculus 319, 371

calcus 333

calendar (literary genre) 67

   liturgical 143–145

calf (animal) 249

   (of leg) 238

calicularis 352

calidus 250

caliga 393

caligarius 393

caligo 274

calix 400

callaica 323

callis 316

Callista 196

Callisto 106

callitriches 253

calo 373

calones 393

Calpe 298

Calpis 297

caltulum 392

calumnia 122

calvaria 232

calx 238, 319

calx viva 378

cama 403

Cambyses 302

camel 249

camelopardus 252

camera 312

camisia 383, 385

camp (military) 202

campana 333

Campania 291, 331, 344, 398

camp-bed 403

campestre 384

campground 309

campus

camus 405

Cana 169

Canaan, son of Ham 163

Canaan 287, 333

   tribes of 193

Canaanites 193, 195

canalis 379

Cancer 106

cancer (disease) 113

cancer 262

candelabrum 402

candetum 315

candidus 250

candlestick 402

candor 243

canicula 405

canicula stella 105

canine (tooth) 234

canis 253

canistrum 401

canities 243

cankerworm 259

cannabum 388

Cannae, battle of 202

canon (conciliar) 143

canon 143

canon-table 142–143

Canopea 287, 376

Canopos 265

Canopus 287

Cantabria 332, 351

canterinum 338

cantharis 259

cantharus 400

cantherium 383

canticle 147

Canticle of Canticles (see Song of Songs)

canticum 98

cantor 171

cantus 96

canus 250

capanna 314

caper (plant) 356

caper 248

capilli 232

capillum Veneris 353

capistrum 405

capital (architecture) 312, 379

Capitilavium 146

Capitolium 267, 307

capitulum 390

cappa 390

Cappadocia 288, 318

Cappadocians 302

capparis 356

capra 248

caprea 248

capreolus 340

Capricorn 106

caprificus 344

caprinus 384

capsus 403

captain (of ship) 373

Capua 304

capulum 405

capulus 362, 403

capus 268

caput 232

Capys Silvius 304

carabus 374

caracutium 403

carbo 377

carbuncle 110, 326

carcer 124, 308, 367

carchedonia 326

carchesium 375

carcinias 327

cardamom 350

cardiaca 110

cardinal points 271

cardo 271, 272, 311, 315

   (celestial) 100

carduelus 269

carduus 356

carenum 398

carex 355

Caria 288

carica 344

caries 342

carina 374

caritas 158, 173

Carmania 325

Carmel, Mount 328

carmen 64

Carmentis 40

carnelian 323

caro 232, 396

carob tree 345

Carpathos 295

Carpathus 304

carpentarius 382

carpenter’s square 381

carpentum pompaticum 403

Carpocratian 175

Carrara marble 322

Carrhae 301

carrot 355

carrum 403

carta 141

Cartagena 282, 305

Carthago (Spain) 282

Carthage 292, 303, 304, 403

Carthaginians 198

Carthago Spartaria 305

cartilage 236

Carystean marble 141, 322

casa 313

case

   (container) 363

   (grammatical) 44

   (legal/rhetorical) 70, 74, 119

     five types of 71

casia 349

cask 400

casses 376

cassia cinnamon 349

cassis 364

castanea 344

casting-net 370, 376

castoff (of snake) 258

Castor 367

castor 253

castra 202, 269

castrum 306

casula 387

casus 44

cat 254

catachresis 61

cataphasis 83

Cataphrygians 176

catapirates 376

cataplasma 114

catapotia 114

catarrh 111

catasceva 73

catechumen 146, 172

categories 81–82, 83

   ten species of 81

catella 391

catena 75

catenatum 404

caterva 202

Cathar 176

cathartic 114

cathedra 403

catholic 172, 173

   Catholic Epistles 138

   faith 178

catinum 400

Cato 73, 191, 337

cat’s-eye 325

catulus 253

Caucasian mountains 297, 349

Caucasus 195, 322

cauculus 112

caudica 374

caul 239

caula 313

cauldron 401

caulis 355

causa 54, 70, 74, 365

   (legal) 119

cauterium 406

cautes 361

cavalry 201, 203

cave 300

Cecropidae 200

Cecrops 184, 196, 303, 304

cecum 239

cedar 345

cedrus 345

ceiling, paneled 379–380

celandine 352

celebration 145

cella 308

cellar 309

cellarium 310

celox 374

Celsus 337

Celtic Gauls 198

cena 396

cenchris 257

cenobite 172

censor 204

census 129

Centaur 249, 290

centaury 351

centenarium 334

centenum 338

centipede 257

cento 66

centuria 315

centurion 201

century (military) 202

   (time) 130

cepa 356

cephalea 111

Cephas (= Peter) 168

cera 140

cerastes 256

Cerasum 344

cerasus 344

ceratium 333

Ceraunian mountains 298

ceraunium 326

Cerberus 245

Cercius 303

cercopithecus 253

Cerdonian 176

cerebrum 235, 239

ceremony 148

Ceres 187, 337, 338, 339, 398

cereus 402

Cerinthian 175

cernui 393

ceroferarius 172

certamen 366

cerussa 380, 381

cervicalium 388

cervinus 250

cervisia 398

cervix 235

cervus 248

cessio 122

cetus 260

Ceuta 305

chaff 338

chair 395, 403

Chalane 302

chalazius 321, 324, 326

chalcanthus 381

chalcantum 318

Chalcedon, Council of 143, 178

chalcitis 327, 331

chalcophonos 327

chalcosmaragdos 322

Chaldeans 39, 99, 192, 323

chalice 400

Chalybs (river) 331

chamaedraco 257

chamaedrys 352

chamaeleon (herb) 353

chamaepitys 354

chamber 308

chameleon 252

chamomile 352, 354

Chanaan (see also Canaan) 287

chandelier 402

change (coins) 329

channel 280, 379

chanter, types of 171

Chaonia 290

character

   of a person 74

   (see also letter)

character 406

characteristics, national 198

characterization 78

charcoal 377

charger (horse) 249

charientismos 63

chariot 368

   four-horse 368

charioteer 367

Charity (Holy Spirit) 158

charity 173

Charon 186

Charybdis 279, 296

Chasluim 302

chatter 235

Chebron 302

cheek 233

cheekbone 233

cheese 397

chelidonia 324, 352

chelidoniacus 362

chelonitis 327

chelydros 256

chemites 321

cherry 344

chersydros 256

Cherubim 161, 285

chervil 357

chest

   (of body) 236

   (furniture) 401

chestnut 250, 344

chest-strap (horse) 405

chickpea 339

chicory 352, 356

children 203, 207, 241

chiliarch 201

Chiliast 175

Chimaera 66, 73, 246, 380

Chimera, Mt. 289

chin 234

Chinese (see Seres)

Chios 296, 347, 348, 349

Chiron 106, 114, 351

chirurgia 113

chirurgus 114

chisel 377, 383

chlamys 386

Choaspes (river) 323

choaspitis 323

choir 147

choler 109

chorda 98

chorea 147

choriamb 48

chorus 147

chreia 73, 76

chrisimon 51

chrism 149, 155

Christ (see also Jesus Christ) 149

Christ’s-thorn 353

Christian 172

chronic illness 110, 111–112

chronicle 125

   world 130–133

Chronicles, Book of 135, 136

Chronos 185

chrysanthemum 354

Chryse 294

chryselectrus 327

chrysendetus 399

chrysites 321

chrysoberyllus 322

chrysocolla 327, 380

chrysolampis 327

chrysolite 327

chrysopis 327

chrysoprase 322, 326

Chrysorrhoa (river) 281

church 137, 173

   church councils, four major 143

cibarius 396

cibus 395

cibutum 401

cicada 268, 270

   (headdress) 390

cicatrix 113

cicer 339

Cicero 51, 54, 69, 71, 81, 85, 88, 180, 191, 205, 386

cicindela 269

ciconia 264, 405

cicuta 353

cidaris 390

Cilicia 288, 350, 382, 400

Cilician 56

cilicium 388

cilio 377

cilium 233

Cilix 289

Cimea 317

cimex 259

cimicia 353

cimolia 317

cinaedia 325

cinctus 392

cinders 317

cingula 405

cingulum 392

ciniphes 270

cinis 317, 337

Cinna 392

cinnabar 380

cinnamolgus 265

cinnamon 265, 349

cinquefoil 352

cinyphius 248

Circe 181, 246, 367

Circensis 367

circinus 382

Circius 275

circle 93

circles (celestial) 101, 273

Circumcellian 177

circumcision 175

circumflex 49

circumlocution 62

circumluvium 300

circumtextus 387

Circus 307

circus 367

circus games 367–369

cirrus 233

Cisalpine Gaul 291

cistella 401

citadel 307

cithara 95, 97, 98

citizen 203–206

citizen, Roman 206

citocacia 353

citron tree 343

citrosus 384

city 301–305

civil philosophy 80

civil war 359

civis 203

civitas 305

clarissimi 204

classicum 361

classis 203, 373

clause 74

clause, punctuated 50

claustrum 311

clausula 66

clava 363

clavatus 393

clavis 404

clavus 375, 382

clay, white 317

cleft 300

Cleisthenes 368

clergy 170–172

   nine orders of 170–172

clerus 170

clibanicius 396

clibanus 311

clima 101, 315

climax 75

clipeus 364

clivosum 316

cloaca 306

cloak 386, 404

clod 317

cloth 389

clothing 383–387

clothmaking 383, 389–390

cloud 273, 274

   rain-cloud 274

   storm-cloud 274

clover 339, 353

club (weapon) 363

clunabulum 362

clunis 237

clura 253

cob 250

cobweb 388

coccymela 343

cochleacius stone 378

cockcrow 127

coclea 262, 307

coclear 334, 400

coctus 396

coculum 401

Cocytus 300

code, epistolary 52

codex 142

codex 339

codicil 120

coenaculum 308

coenobium 172, 309

coetus 143

coffer 401

coffin 403

cogitatio 239

cognatus 208

cognomen 42

cohabitation 211

cohors 312

coin 89, 329

coinage 329

colatus 398

Colchians 303

colena 354

colic 112

collegiatus 205

colles 299

collum 235

collyria 114

collyrium 115

colobium 385

colocasia 354

colocynth 351

colon 50, 237

colon 74

colonist(s) 205

   four types of 205

colony 306

Colophonia 348

Colophonius 65

coloring 380–381

   (cloth) 389

colors (racing) 369

colostrum 397

coluber 255

Colubraria 297

colum 237, 405

columba 268

columbarium 374

columbinus stone 378

Columella 337

columella 234

column

   (building) 312, 378

   (military) 203

columna (of nose) 234

colus 389

Coluthian 177

colymba 347

comae 232

comb 236, 389, 404

comedy 180

   New Comedy 180

   Old Comedy 180

   two types of 180

   writer 369

comet 105

comfrey 353

comitial disease 111

comma 50

comma 74

Commagene 286

commandment 140

commentary 140

commerce 122

commissure 382

commodatum 121

common people 203

commonplace 70

community 305–306

Como, Lake 331

comoedus 180

compago 236

comparatio 64

comparison 54, 64

   of adjectives 43

compascus 314

compass 382

compensation 124

competition 366–369

competum (see compitum)

compitum 306, 316

complaint (legal) 365

compluvium 312

concentor 171

concha 262–263, 399

conchylium 262, 389

conclusion (of an oration) 71

concubine 207

concula 334

condicio 120

condiment 397

conditus 398

conductio 121

cone 94

confession 151

confessor 174

confirmation 73

confrages 299

congius 334

congregation 173

coniugium 211

coniunctivus 45

coniunx 210

coniuratio 203

conjugation 45

conjunction 42, 46

conjuration 149

conlisio 56

conopium 376

consanguinity 208, 210

conscript 202

consecration 148

consobrinus 209

consolation 158

consonant 40, 41

Constans 346

Constantine 117, 143, 303

Constantinople 303

   Council of 143

Constantius 177

constellatio (divination) 183

constellation(s) 94, 103, 104, 105, 106

   (figures) 94

constitutio 73, 118

   (of a case) 70

construction 377–379

consuetudo 73, 117

consul 200

consumptio 111

consumption 111

contagion 110

conticinium 127

continens 300

Contionator 136

contradiction 83

contrapositum 76

contraries, four types of 87–88

contubernium 211

contum 362

contumacia 235

conubium 211

convallis 299

convent 143, 172, 309

conventus 143

convexum 100, 272

convivium 395

coot 267

cophinus 401

copia 69

copper 330

copula 382

copyist 142, 204

cor 238

coral 323, 328

coralliticus 321

coranus 321

corax 267

corbis 401, 405

cord 375

coredulus 266

coriander 357

Corinth 290, 303, 322, 330

Corinthian column 312, 379

Corinthian marble 322

Corinthus 303

coritus 363

corium 236

cork tree 345

corner 312

Cornerstone (name of Christ) 157

cornu (military array) 203

cornua 374

corolla 390

corona 390

   (of eye) 233

coronarium 331

corpse 243

corpus 232–241, 243

corrigia 393

Corsa 297

Corsica 297

cortex 341

cortina 388

Corus 275

corus 335

corvus (fish) 260

Corybantes 187

Corycium 350

Corycus 289, 327

corymbus 340

coryza 111

Cos 109, 295, 304, 384

cos 319

cosmography, biblical 136

cosmos 271–283

costa 236

costri 269

costum 350

costume 385

cot 403

cothurnus 393

coticula 115

Cotopita 177

cottage 313

cotula 334

coturnix 268

couch 395, 403

cough 111

council 143

   Council

     of Chalcedon 143, 178

     of Constantinople 143

     Ephesian 143

     Nicene 143, 144

counter 371

course 280

courtyard 308

cousin 209

covenant 120

covering 383

coverlet 402

cow 249, 257

coxa 238

crab 262

crabro 269

cradle 403

crag 318

crane 264

crapula 395

cras 127

Crassus 301, 392

cratera 400

cratis 378

creation 130

   of the world 334

creator 154, 206, 232

creatures, fabulous 244

creed 149

   Apostles’ 143

   Nicene 143

crementum 206, 232

crepida 393

crepido 319

crepusculum 127

Cres 295

cress 356

crest (helmet) 365

creta 368

Cretan earth 317

Crete 290, 295, 307, 317, 327, 343, 345, 351, 363, 382

cretio 118, 120

cribrum 401

cricket 254

crime 122–123

crines 233

crista 365

critical days (in medicine) 114

crockery 399

crocodile 260

crocomagma 350

crocus 350

crops 338

cross 41, 125, 157, 191

cross-beam 382

crossroad 306, 316

crowbar 124

crown 390

   (of head) 232

   (of road) 316

crucius 398

crudus 396

cruet 399

cruor 239

crus 238

crust 396

crusta 379

crustumia (olive) 347

Crustumium 344

crux 125

crystal 325

Ctesiphon 301

cub 251

cube 93, 94, 95, 379

   cube number 92

cubiculum 308

cubile 403

cubitum 235

cuckoo 268

cuculla 387

cuculus 268

cucuma 401

cucumber 356

cucumis 356

cucurbita 114, 356

cucurbitularis 354

cudgel 124

cuirass 364

culcita 388

culleum 125

culmen 312

culmus 338

cultellus 404

cultivation 337–338

cultor 205

cultura 337

cultus 384

Cumaean Sibyl 181

cumba 374

cummin 357

cunabula 403

cuneus 203

cuniculus 248

cup 400

cupa 400

Cupid 188

cupping glass 114

curator 205

curia 204, 307

curialis 204

curling iron 404

current 280

curriculum 128

currus 368

currycomb 406

cursus 280, 366

curtain 388

cuspis 363

custom 73, 117

custom house 308

customary law 117

cuttings 341

cuttlefish 262

cyanea 324

cyathus 334, 400

Cyclades islands 290, 295–296, 322, 348, 381

cyclamen 354

cycle 144

Cyclopes 245, 296

Cyclos 354

Cydnus (river) 289

Cydonia 343

Cygnus 106

cygnus 265

cylinder 94

cylindrus 404

cymbal 98

cymbium 400

cyme 342, 355

cyminum 357

Cynic 179

Cynocephali 245

cynocephalus 251, 253

cynodontes 244

cynomya 270

cyparissus 345

cyperum 350

cypress 345

cypria 380

cyprinum 115

Cypriots 193

Cyprus 295, 322, 323, 325, 330, 348, 374, 380

Cyrene 292, 305, 318, 351

Cyril of Alexandria 143

Cyrnus 297

Cyrus 194, 304

Cytherea 295

Dacia 289

Dacians 197

dactyl 47

dactylic hexameter (see also heroic meter) 65

dactylus (fruit) 340, 342

dactylus of Ida 327

Daedalus 307, 377, 382, 395

daemon 184

dagger 362

Dalilah 164

Dalmatia 290, 384

dalmatica 384

Damascus 192, 302, 321, 343

dammula 248

damnum 124

damson plum 343

Dan 166

Danae 185

Danai 196

dancer 370

Daniel 137, 165, 166, 168

Danube (river) 197, 282, 291, 352

[Daphnis] 97

daps 395

Dardania 304

Dardanus 195, 304

Dares the Phrygian 67

Darius 167, 277, 321

darkness 127, 274

darnel 355

dart 363

date (fruit) 342

dates, world history 130–133

dative 44

daucos 353

daughter 207

David 65, 95, 115, 136, 164, 168, 309

dawn 127

day(s) 125–127

   intercalary 145

   names of 126

daybreak 127

De Interpretatione 82–83

De Syllogismis Hypotheticis 84

deacon 170, 171

Dead Sea (see Sea, Dead)

death 243

   three kinds of 243

debauchery 395

Deborah 164

deceased 243

deceit 123

December 128

Decemvirs 117

deception 122

decoction 399

decoration 379–380

decumanus 315

decurion 204

decursus 280

dedicare 148

dediticius 206

deer 248

defendant 365

defensor 204

definition 80, 84–86

   fifteen kinds of 84

defrutum 398

defunct 204

defunctus 243

Deist 179

deity, nature of 159, 160

deliberative argument 69

delicacy (food) 395

Delmi 290

Delos 295

delphinus 260

Delphic Sibyl 181

delubrum 310

Democritus 179, 181, 337

demon 184, 190

demonstrative argument 69

Demosthenes 67

denarius 333

denominativus (category) 81

dens 234

dentale 404

dentix 261

deportatus 125

deposit 121

derivation of words 55

descendant 208

description 85

deserter 202

desertum 299

desire 174

   sexual 237

desperation 173

desultor 368

Deucalion 282

Deus 153

Deuteronomy 136

devil 184

devium 299

dew 274

dewlap 249

dextra 235

dextrale 391

dextralis 383

diabolus 184

diacodion 114

diaconus 170

diadem 390

diaeresis 58

diaeta 113

dialectic (see also logic) 39, 79

dialogue 140

dialyton 60

diamond 325

diamoron 114

Diana 187, 295, 352

diaphragm 239

diapsalma 147

diarrhea 112

diary 67

diaspermaton 114

diasyrmus 78

dibble 404

dice 371

dice-tumbler 371

dicing 371

dictamnum 351

dictator 200

Dicte 351

Dido 198, 212, 303

Didyme 296

Didymus 139

die (cube) 233

dies 125

Diespiter 186

diet 113

differentia 81, 85

differentiation 55

digamma 41

digitus 235

digression 78

dilectio 174

dill 357

diluculum 127

Dinah 163

dinamidia 114

dining room 308

dinner 396

Diomedes 246, 265

diomedia 265

dionysia 325

dionysius (stone) 320

Dionysius Lintius 47

Dionysius the Stoic 179

Dionysius Thrax 47

Dionysus 296, 301

Dioscoria 303

Dioscorus 143

diphthong 47

diple 51

diplois 387

dipondius 332

dipsas 256, 257

dirge 95

discipline 39

discriminale 233, 391

discus 399

discussion 140

dish 399–400

dispensativus (philosophy) 80

dispositio 377

dispute 365

   tripartite

dissaeptum 239

distaff 389

distich 66

distichon 338

distinctio 50

ditch 280

dittany 247, 351

diversorium 309

diverticulum 316

divination 181–183

   four kinds of 182

   two types of 182

divine philosophy 80

diviner 182

division (military) 203

divorce 211

divortium 316

dockyard 299

doctrinal (philosophy) 80

doe 248, 253

Dog Star 105

dogma 173

dolabra 383

dolium 400

dolo 375

dolon 363

dolphin 260

dolus 122

Domination (angelic order) 161

Dominicus 146

Dominus 153

   dominus 200

domus 308

domus 203

Don (river) 195, 281

donaria 148

donarium 310

donatio usufructuaria 120

donation 120

Donatist 177

Donatus 42, 47, 56, 75

donum 148

doorkeeper 172

doorpost 311

doorway 311

   of heaven 100

Dor 302

Dorians 196

Doric column 312, 379

   Greek 191

dormouse 254

dorsum 237

dos 120

dosinus 250

dotage 242

Douro (river) 282

dove 250, 268

downpour 274

dowry 120

dracaena 251

drachma 333

draco 255

   marinus 261

dracontea 352

dracontis 326

drag-hoe 404

dragma 333

drag-net 376

dragon 255, 326

drama 181

dramatist 180

dream 168, 244

dressing room 308

drink 397–399

drinking-bowl 400

dromedary 249

dromo 373

drone (bee) 269

drop (of liquid) 280

dropsy 111

drosolithus 325

drug 114

dryad 189

dualism 176

duck 267

duel 359

dulcis 396

dung 337

duracenus 343

Durius (river) 282

Dusii 190

dusk 127

dust 317

duumvir 204

dux 201

dwarf 244

dyeing (cloth) 389

dysentery 112

eagle 264

ear 234

   (grain) 338

earring 391

Earth (goddess) 187

earth 285, 293

earwax 235

east 101, 271

Easter cycle 143–145

   Day 144, 145

   Eve 144

ebenus 345

Eber (see Heber)

Ebionite 176

ebony 345

Ebosus 297

Ebro (river) 198, 282, 290, 292

ebur 252, 322

Ecclesia 137

ecclesia 173

Ecclesiastes 80, 136, 164

Ecclesiasticus 137

echenais 261

echinus (shellfish) 263

echites 327

eclipse

   lunar 103

   solar 103

eclipsis 58

economic philosophy 80

ecstasy 168

ectasis 57

eculeus 124

Eden 285

Edessa 301

edge (blade) 362

edict 73, 118, 200

Edom 163

eel 261

effectum 86

effigy 184

egg 269

Egypt 193, 194, 287, 313, 318, 320, 321, 322, 323, 340, 342, 343, 367, 376, 385

Egyptians 93, 99, 188, 195, 308, 315, 335, 380

El 153

elbidus 389

elbow 235

elder 242

elder tree 347

Eleazar 139

elecampane 357

electria 326

electrum 332

electuarium 114

elefantiacus 113

elegiac meter 65

elements

   celestial 271

   four 109, 179, 232

   physical 272

   two main 276, 278

elephant 252, 255

elephantia 257

Eli 164

Elijah 90, 165, 166, 167, 168, 172

Elis 129

Elisha 166, 302

elixus 396

Elizabeth 170

elleborum 351

ellipsis 57, 58

elm 346

elocutio 74

eloquence 69

eloquium figurae 58

Elvidian 177

emancipation 207

ember 377

embolism 145

emerald 322

Emerita 305

emeritus 201

emery 321

Emmanuel 155

emmer 338

emollient 114

Emor 302

emorroida 112

emperor (title) 200

empiesis 111

Empire, Roman 191

Empirical (school of medicine) 109

emplastrum 114

emptio 120

enargeia 75, 78

encaenia 146

enchanter 182

enchiridion 114

Encratite 176

enectio 123

enema 114

enhydris 256

enhydros 253, 326

enigma 140

Ennius 51, 52, 65

Enoch 162

Enoch (city) 301

Enos 162

enpiis 111

ensis 362

ensnarer 370

enthymeme 72

entranceway 311

eon (see aeon)

epact 145

epanados 76

epanalepsis 59, 78

epanaphora 59

epangelia 78

Epaphas 303

epenthesis 57

ephebe 241

ephebus 186

ephemeris 67

Epher 292

Ephesus 303, 380

   Council of 143

ephod 383

Ephrata 281

epibata 373

epichireme 72

Epicurean 179, 180

Epicurus 180

epidromos 375

epiglottis 235

epigram 66

epigrus 382

epilemsia 111

epilepsy 111, 268

epimelas 325

Epiphany 146

Epirus 290, 303

episcopacy 171

episcopus 170

epistola 140

epistylium 312, 379

episynaloephe 58

epitaph 66

epithalamium 65

epithet 43, 61, 213–230

epithymum 350

epitima 114

epitrite 48

epitrope 78

epizeuxis 59

epode 66

epula 395

eques 204, 368

equestrian

   equipment 405–406

   game 370

   order 204

equinoctial circle 101, 273

equinox 128

Equitia 320

equus 249–250

   marinus 260

era 129

Erebus 300

eremita 172

ergasterium 310

ergastulum 310

ericium 254

ericius 263

Ericthonius 106, 368

Eridanus 282

erigeron 353

Erimanthus (see Erymanthus)

Eriphusa 296

Ermus (river) 303

eruca 259, 356

ervum 339

Erymanthus (river) 282, 291

erysipelas 112

Esau 163, 192

esculus 345

essence 160

Essene 174

estate 314

Esther 135, 137, 168

estuary 278, 280

eternal 154

Etesiae 275

etesius 321

ether 272

ethicist 179

ethics 79

Ethiopia 199, 319, 321, 323, 324, 327, 345, 349

Ethiopian War 193

Ethiopians 194, 199

ethnicus 183

ethopoeia 74, 78

etiology 78

Etna, Mount 187, 296, 298, 318

Etruria 291, 366

Etruscans 183, 191, 196, 304, 365

Etruscus 291

etymology 54–55

   mystical 163

   of patriarchs’ names 165–166

   of prophets’ names 166

eucharist 146, 147, 148

Eumenides 190

Eunomian 176

Euonymos 296

euphony 96

euphorbium 351

Euphrates (river) 194, 281, 286, 320, 327, 350, 385

Euroauster 275

Europa 106, 185, 289

Europe 193, 289–292

Eurus 275

Eurymedusa 196

Eusebius 67, 125, 142, 143

Eusis (river) 281

Eutyches 143

Eutychian 178

Evander 301, 304

Evangelist 137

evangelium 138

evangelizare 137

Eve 162, 242, 384

Eveians 302

evening 126, 127

evidence 365

evil 123

evocatio 203

examen 333

excelsus 153

exceptor 204

excerptum 139

excetra 245, 256

excodicare 341

exconsul 200

excubitor 202

excusatio 140

exebenus 325

exemplum 64

exercitus 203

exile 125

exoche 76

Exodus 136

exomologesis 151

exorcism 149

exorcist 172

exordium 71

exoticus 384

expression, facial 233

exsequiae 243

extortion 123

extract 139

exuviae 258, 360

eye 233

eyebrow 233

eyelash 233

eyelid 233

   upper 233

eye socket 233, 238

Ezekiel 135, 137, 166, 303

Ezra 67, 135, 136, 137, 138, 167

faba 339

faber 376

fable 66–67, 189, 244–246

   Aesopian 66

   Libystican 66

fabrica 377

face 233, 235

facietergium 388

facinus 122

faeces 240

faecinian grape 340

faecula 398

faenum 355

faex 399

fagus 345

fairness 73

faith 173

falarica 363

falcastrum 404

Falcidius 118

falcon 268

Falernian wine 398

fall 129

   Fall of angels 161, 184

falling sickness 111

fallow 314, 337

falsitas 123

falx 404

fama 124

familia 203, 206

family 207

   relationships 206–211

   tree 210

famulus 205

fan 239

fanum 309

far 338

farcimen 397

farina 396

farm 314

farrago 338

fas 117

fasces 140

fascia 392

faselum 339

fasti 140, 145

   Fasti 140

fasting 150

   times of 150

fat 236

Fate 189

Fates, three 189

father 206

father-in-law 209

fatherland 293

fauces 234, 299

fault (verbal) 56–57, 75

faun 189

Faunus 97

Faunus of the Figs 190, 245

fava 339

favilla 317, 377

Favonii 207

Favonius 275

favus 397

fawn (color) 250

fax 402

feast 395

   liturgical 145–146

   Feast of the Tabernacles 369

feather 234, 264

febris 110

February 128

Februus 128

feet, metrical 47–49, 64

fel 239

femina (thighs) 238, 242

femina (woman) 242

feminalia 383

femoralia 385

femur 238

fence 313

fenestra 311

feniculum 357

fennel 355, 357

feretrum 403

feria 126

fermentacius 396

fermentum 396

fern 355

ferrugo 389

ferrum 331

fertum 148

ferula 355

ferus 251

festival-register 140

festivitas 145

fetus 240

fever 110

fibra 239

fibrinus 384, 388

fibrus 252

fibula 391, 392

ficedula 269

fictile 399

ficus 344

fideicommissum 120

fides 173

fidicula 98

fiducia 122

field 314–315

fig 344

figpecker 269

figura 42, 44, 233

figuration 157

figurative sense 90, 168

figure(s) 58

   of speech 58–60, 75–79

   of thought 76–79

filbert 344

file (tool) 377

filia 207

filius 207

filix 355

fillet 171, 391, 392

filth 317

filum 389

fine (judicial) 124

fines regundi 121

finger(s) 235

   immodest 235

   as measure 315

   names of 235

   ring 235

Finis 156

   finis 315

finitus 93

fir 345

fire 376

firebrand 342, 402

fireplace 402

fire-shovel 401

firewood 342

firmament 162, 272

first fruits 338

fisclum 405

fiscus 237, 401

fish 259–263

   how named 260

fist 235

fistula 113

fistula 97, 312, 379

flabellum 239

flagellum 339, 342

flagitium 122

flagon 400

flagrum 124

flame 377

flamen 171

flasca 400

flatus 280

flautist 97

flax 388

flea 259

fleece 388

fleet 373

flesh 232, 236

flint 318

Flood 191, 245, 282

flood plain 300

floods, three major 282–283

floor 309

Florian 177

flos 342

flos thymi 350

flower 342

fluctus 280

flumen 280

flute 97

fluvius 280–282

fly 270

   Spanish 259

foam 280

focacius 396

focus 402

fodere 341

foedus 360

foetus 240

fog 274

folium 142, 342, 349

folliculum 338

follis 329

fomes 342

fons 280

font 310

food 395–397

foot 238

   as measure 315

   metrical 47–49

   of sail 375

foot racer 368

foothills 299

footprint 316

footstool 403

foramen oculorum 233

force 122

forceps 377

ford 279

forehead 233

forfex 404

forge 377

forging 183

foris 311

fork (road) 316

form 184

formica 254

formicoleon 255

formulations of the categories 80, 83

fornax 377

Foroneus 365

fort 306

fortification 312–313

fortitude 79

Fortunate Isles 294

Fortune 189

forum 307, 365

forum 311

forus 374

fossorium 404

foundation (building) 311, 377

fountain 276–277, 280

four-horse chariot 368

fox 253

fragor 276

framea 362

frankincense 348

Franks 198, 362

frater 208

fratrissa 211

fraxinus 346

free person 206

freedman 205

freeman 205

frenum 405

frenusculus 113

frenzy 110

frequentative 45

fretum 278

frivolum 211

frixus 396

frog 263

frons 233, 341

frost 274

fructus 342

fruit 342

fruit fly 270

frumentum 338

frustum 397

frutex 341, 355

frux 338

fucus 269, 355

fulcrum 388

fulgetra 273

fulgur 273

fulgus 274

fulica 267

fuller’s earth 317

fulmen 273

fumarole 300

funale 402

funarius 368

functionary 204

functus 243

funda 376

fundamentum 311, 377

fundum 364

fundus 314

funeral 243

fungus 342, 356

funis 375

funus 243

furca 125

furcilla 405

furfur 396

furfurio 269

Furies 189, 190

furnace 311

furniture 402–403

furnus 311

furo 254

furrow 142, 337

   furrow-measure 315

furtum 123

furuncle 113

fustis 124, 404

fusus 389

gabata 399

Gabriel 160

Gades (see Cadiz)

Gaetulia 292

gagates 319

Gagatis (river) 319

Gaianite 178

galactites 320, 324

Galatia 288, 352

Galatians 176, 193, 195

galatica 397

galbanum 351

gale 276

galea 364

Galen 397

galerum 383, 390

Galicians 198

Galilean 174

Galilee 287

   Sea of 279

galingale 350

gall bladder 239

Galli 193, 195, 198

Gallia Belgica 289

Gallic language (see language, Gallic)

Gallicia 332

gallicinium 127

gallicula 393

Gallicus 275

gallina 267

gall-nut 346

Gallogreeks 195

galnapes 388

galos 211

games 365

   circus 367–369

   gladiatorial 370

   gymnastic 366

gaming-board 371

gamma 41

Gangarus 280

Ganges (river) 194, 261, 280, 286, 351

gangway (ship) 374

Garama 293

Garda, Lake 279, 291

garden 355

garlic 356

garment 384

garrio 235

garum 399

gate 306

Gaul 291, 304, 328, 332, 350, 387

   Cisalpine 291

   Transalpine 291

Gauls 190, 193, 195, 198, 304, 315, 363, 386

Gaza 302

Gazean wine 398

gazophylacium 401

Gehenna 300

gelus 274

gem 322–328

Gemini 106

geminus 207

gena 233, 238

gender (grammatical) 54

   human 240

gener 209

general (of army) 201

Genesis 80, 135, 136

genethliacus 182

genetics 240

genetrix 208

genialis 403

genicularis 354

Genista 174

genitals 237

genitive 44

genitus 159

Genius 189

genius loci 255

Gennesaret, Lake 279

genre, literary 139–140

gens 183, 192, 203, 209

gentian 352

gentile 183

genu 238

genus 231

   (race) 203

genus and differentiae 81

geomancy 182

geometry 39, 80, 89, 93–95

geometry, types of 93

Geon (river) 280

Georgics 181

germander 352, 353

Germani 197, 385

Germania 289, 323, 326, 345

germanus 208, 209

germen 208, 342

Geryon 245

Getae 195, 197, 198, 386

ghost 190

gibbet 125

Gibraltar

   rock of 298

   Straits of 278

Gideon 164

gift(s) 148

   sevenfold, of Spirit 158

gilvus 250

gimlet 383

ginger 350

gingiva 234

Gipedes 197

giraffe 252

girgillus 405

girl 241

girth (horse) 405

glacies 274

glade 341

gladiator 370

gladiatorial games 370

gladiolus 354

gladius 362

   (fish) 260

glass 328

glaucus (fish) 261

glaucus (gray) 250, 389

gleba 317

glide 41

glis 254

globe 277, 285

gloss 55, 85

glossopetra 327

glow worm 269

glycyriza 351

gnat 270

Gnostic 175

goad 405

goal line 368

goat 180, 247–248

goathair 384

goblet 400

God, names of 153–155

gods 160

   pagan 183–190

gold 329

   leaf 329

goldfinch 269

gomor 335

goods 121

goose 267

gore 239

Gorgades 294

Gorgias 69

Gorgon 188, 245, 294

Gospels 80, 135, 137, 138, 142

   names in 170

Goths 193, 197, 198, 305, 386

gouge 383

gourd 356

gout 112

grabatum 403

Gracchus 191

Grace 159

graculus 267

gradatio 75

gradipes 264

Gradivus (Mars) 186

Graecus, King 195, 290

grafting 341

grain 338–339

gramen 355

grammar 39, 42, 69

granary 310

grandchild 207

grandfather 206

grandmother 209

grando 274

grape 269, 340–341

   grape press 311

graphium 141

grapple 375, 405

grass 355

gratia 159

grave 49

gray 250

grease 396

greave 393

Greece 290–291, 391

Greek language (see language, Greek)

Greeks 193

Gregorian (law) Codex 117

griffin 252

ground 285, 299

groundsel 353

grove 299, 341

gruel 395

grus 264

gryllus 254

grypes 252

Guadalquivir (river) 282, 292

guaranen 250

gubellum 389

gubernio 373

gula 235

gulf 278

gullet 234

gum 234, 348

gurges 280

gurgulio 234, 270

gustus 232

gutta 280

guttatus 250

guttur 235

guva 114

guvia 383

gymnasium 179, 307, 308

gymnastic game 366

Gymnosophist 179

gynaeceum 311

gypsum 319, 378

Habakkuk 167

habena 405

habit 82

habitation 308–309

haedus 247

haematite 320, 323

haemoptysis 111

haemorrhois 256

haeresis 174

Hagar 163, 192, 195

Haggai 167

Hagiographa 135

hail 274

hair 232

   gray 243

hair-net 391

hairpin 391

halcyon 265

half-juger 315

hallec 261

halter 405

Halys (river) 288

Ham 162

hama 405

hamadryad 189

hamio 261

hamlet 306

hammer 377, 382

hammites 321

hammonitrum 328

hamper 401

hand 235

handmaid 205

hand-mill 401

Hannibal 202, 288, 298, 305, 330

harbor 299

hardwood 346

hare 248

harena 319, 378

harmonia 96

harmonicus 96

harmony 95, 96–97

harpago 405

haruspex 181, 182, 183

harvest 338

hash 397

hasta 362

hatchet 383

hatchling 264

haustrum 405

hawk 267

hay 355

hazelwort 350

head 232

headdress 233

health 109

hearing 232

heart 238, 240

hearth-bread 396

heathen (see pagan)

heavens, the (see sky)

hebdomada 127

Heber 163, 194

Heber (eponym of Hebrews) 192

Hebrew language (see language, Hebrew)

Hebrew, meaning of 174

Hebrews 329, 333, 334

Hebrews, Epistle of 138

Hebron 302

Hecatompolis 295

heddle 389

hedera 351

hedge 313

hedgehog 254

heel 238

heifer 249

heir 206

Heliopolis 303

heliotrope 352

   (stone) 323

Hellas 290

Helle 278

hellebore 351

Hellen 290

Helles river 289

helmet 364

helmsman 373

helvola grapes 340

Hemerobaptista 175

hemicadium 401

hemicranius 259

hemisphere (celestial) 101

hemlock 353

hemorrhoids 112

hemp 388

hen 267

henbane 352

hepaticus 111

Hephaestia 296

hephaestitis 327

Hera (see also Juno) 189

Heraclite 176

Heraclitus 180

herbs 349–355, 356–357

herba lucernaris 354

   salutaris 354

   sanguinaria 354

herbs, medicinal 113

herciscunda 121

Hercules 106, 195, 198, 216, 246, 256, 265, 277, 290, 297, 304, 305, 316, 356, 363

hercynia 266

herd 247

hereditas 121

heres 206

heresies, nameless 178

heresy 143, 174–178, 180

   Macedonian 177

heretics, names of 175

Hermagoras 69

hermaphrodite 244

Hermes 186, 244

Hermes Trimegistus 117, 186

hermit 172

Hermogenian (law) Codex 117

Hermogenian 176

Hermus (river) 281, 289

hero 189

Herod 138, 169, 170, 302, 305

Herod (Antipas) 302

Herodian 175

Herodotus 67

heroic maiden 242

heroic meter (dactylic hexameter) 65, 136

heron 265

herpyllos 352

Hesiod 337

Hesperia 291

Hesperians 199

Hesperides 199, 294

Hesperus 105, 368

hesternum 127

hexaticum 338

hexecontalithos 325

hexeris 374

Hezekiah 113, 165, 167

hiatus 300

Hiberia 288

Hibernia 294

hibernus 129

hide (skin) 236

hiemalis 101

hiems 129

Hiera 296

hiera 114

hieracitis 327

hierarchy, angelic 161

hierobotane 353

Hierosolyma (see Jerusalem)

Hierusalem (see Jerusalem)

hill 299

hilt 362

hinge 311

hinnulus 248

hinny 251

hip 238

hippagogus 374

Hippo 302

   Regius 292

Hippocentaur 66, 246

Hippocrates 109, 181, 295

Hippolytus 143

Hippomenes 366

Hippopodes 245

hippopotamus 261

hipposelinon 357

hircosa 263

hircus 247–248

hirmos 60

hirquus 248

hirundo 268

Hispalis 198, 305

Hispania (see Spain)

Hispanus 198

historia (biblical) 135

history 67

   world 130–133

histrio 369

histrix 253

hive 269

hoar frost 274

hoarseness 111

hock 238

hodie 126

hoe 404

hoeing 337

holocaust 148

holograph 119

holoporphyrus 384

holosericus 384

holus 355

Holy of Holies 309

homeopathy 113

Homer 51, 65, 66, 181, 186, 216, 244, 303, 352

homicide 123

homily 139

homo 231

homoeoptoton 59

homoeosis 63

homoeoteleuton 59

homoeusios 156

Homogirus 337

homonym 57

homousios 156

honey 397

honeycomb 397

honey-water 398

honey-wine 398

honorarius 398

hood 387, 390

hoopoe 268

hope 173

hora 125

Horace 67, 119, 136, 180, 363

hordeum 338

horehound 353

hormiscion 327

horn (instrument) 361

horn (military array) 203

hornet 269

horologia 404

horoscope 106, 182, 183

horreum 310

horse 249–250

   colors of 250

   qualities of 250

   types of 249, 250

horse-fly 270

horse-vaulter 368

Hortensius 235

hortus 355

hosanna 148

Hosea 167

hospice 309

hostia 148

hour 125

hours, canonical 146–147, 150

house 203, 308–309

household 203, 206

house-leek 354

hull 374

human being 231

   parts of 231–241

   terms for 213–230

humare 243

humors, four 109–110

humus 254, 285

Huns 195

hunting-net 376

hunting-spear 362

husband 210

   four reasons to choose 212

husk 338

hut 314

hyacinth 350

Hyades 103, 105

hyaenia 328

hybrid 250–251

hybrida 251

Hydaspes (river and spring) 281, 286

Hydra 245, 256

hydria 400

hydromancy 182

hydromelum 398

hydrophobia 110, 255

hydros 256

Hylas (river) 281

Hymen 95

hymen 211

hymenaeus 211

hymn 65, 95, 147

hypallage 60

Hypanis (river) 286

hyperbaton 62, 75

hyperbole 62

Hyperborean mountains 298

hypnalis 256

hypodiacones 171

hypogeum 309

hypotheca 122

Hypothetical Syllogisms, On the 84

hypozeuxis 58

Hyrcania 251, 288

Hyrcanus 309

hyssop 352

Hystaspes 281

hysteron proteron 62

iacinthina 384

iacinthizonta 324

iacinthus 324

iactus 366

iaculum 370, 376

iaculus 257

iamb 47

ianitor 172

ianua 311

iaspis 322

Iberians (see also Spaniards) 193, 198

Iberus (river) 282, 292

ibex 248

ibis 248, 266

Ibiza 297

Icaria 295

Icarus 278, 295

ice 274

ichneumon 254

icicle 280

icon 64

icon 319

Icosium 305

ictericus 113

Icthyophagians 199

ictus 124

idea 232

Ides 128

Idis 97

idol 184

idolatry 184

idyll 66

iecur 239

ieiunium 150

ieiunum 239

ientaculum 395

ignis 376

ignominy 124

ileos 110

ilex 345

Ilium 289, 303

ilium 237

illness 109–113

illumination 274

illusion, magical 183

illustres 204

Illyria 350

Ilus 303

image 64

   image of god, pagan 184

imaginatio 85

imago 319

imber 274

imbolus 307

imbrex 312

immeasurable 154

immigrant 205

immolation 148

immortal 154

immutable 154

impars 90

impassible 154, 177

imperative 45

imperator 200

impersonalis 45

impetigo 112

implements (farm) 404–405

impudicus (finger) 235

Inachus (river) 282, 290

inaures 391

incantation 183

incantator 182

incense 115

incentor 147

incest 123

inch 315

inchoative 45

incisor 234

incola 205

incolens 205

incorporeal 154, 176

incorruptible 154

Incubo 190

incubus 190

incus 377

index 235

India 245, 286, 319, 320, 322–324, 325–326, 328, 332, 345, 347, 348–350, 381, 397

Indians 194, 199, 322, 349, 353, 386

indictus (feast) 151

indicum 381

indigenous 205

indigo 381

induction (of syllogism) 71

indumentum 384

Indus (river) 194, 281, 286, 301

indutia 360

inerticula (grape) 340

infamy 124

infant 241

inference (of syllogism) 72

inferus 300

infinitive 45

infinitus 44, 45, 93

infitiatio 123

infula 390

ingenitus 159

ingenuus 205

inguen 110

inheritance 120, 121

iniuria 123

injustice 123

ink 381

inn 309

inportunus 299

inquilinus 205

inritum (document) 119

insitio 341

insonus 41

inspectivus (philosophy) 80

instauratio 377

instructum 122

instrument 122

   legal 119–121

   medical 114–115

insubulus 389

insula 293

insurrection 359

integers, names of 89

intempestum 127

intercilium 233

intercourse, sexual 237, 240

interdictum 122

interfinium 234

interjection 42, 46

intermissio 337

internecivum iudicium 123

interpolus 385

interpres 82, 139

interpretation 82

Interpretations of Apuleius 84

interscapilium 237

intervallum 313

intestate 121

intestine 239

   large 237

intinctio 377

intubum silvaticum 352

intubus 356

Inui 190

inula 357

invisible 154

involucrum 401

Io 278

Ion 196

Ionians 193, 196

Ionic

   column 312, 379

   Greek 191

iotacism 56

Ireland 294

iris 233, 350

iris

   (rainbow) 274

   (stone) 326

Irish 198

iron 331

irony 63, 78

Isaac 165, 302

Isagoge (see Porphyry)

Isaiah 113, 135, 137, 166, 168, 387

Isauria 288

Ishmael 163, 165, 184, 192

Ishmaelites 195

isicium 397

Isis 39, 98

Isis 188

island 293–297

Isles d’Hyères 296

Israel (Jacob) 194

Israel 165, 334

   divided kingdom 194

   tribes of 194

   twelve tribes of 165

Israelites 194

Issachar 169

Ister (river) 282, 291

Istria 369

Itala (biblical version) 139

Italians 193, 362

Italus 196, 291

Italy 291, 293, 317, 320, 321, 328, 331, 333, 337, 344, 370, 381

iter 316

itinerant 205

Itureans 346

itus 316

Iudaea (see also Judea) 287

Iudaeus 172, 174, 194

iudaicus (stone) 320

iudex 204, 365

iudicium 365

iugerum 315

iuglans 344

iugum 299

iumenta 247

iuncus 355

iuniperus 345

iurgium 365

ius (broth) 397

ius 117, 121

   gentium 118

   liberorum 120

iustitia 365

iuvencus 242, 248

iuvenis 242

ivory 252, 322

ivy 351

jackdaw 266, 267

Jacob 119, 163, 165, 168, 250, 282, 302, 334

   sons of 165

James of Alphaeus, the Less 169

James of Zebedee 169

James, Epistle of 138

Janiculum 304

January 128

Janus 128, 185, 191, 304, 311

Japheth 163, 193

Jason 194, 195

jasper 322

jaundice 113

javelin 362

jaw 233, 234

Jebus 301

Jebusites 301, 302

jejunum 239

Jeremiah 66, 135, 136, 137, 166, 385

Jericho 302

Jeroboam 302

Jerome 67, 125, 137, 139, 153

Jerusalem 173, 287, 300, 301, 309

Jesus, Hebrew name of 155

Jesus Christ 138, 183

   names of 155–157

Jesus son of Sirach 137

jet 319

Jew 172, 174, 183, 193, 194, 301, 333, 386

Jezebel 165

Job 65, 135, 136, 168

Joel 167

John (evangelist) 138, 176

John of Zebedee 169

John the Baptist 168, 172, 302

John, Epistles of 138

joint 236

Jonah 167, 260

Jonathan 164

Joppe 302

Jordan 281

Joseph 166, 176, 177, 210

Josephus (historian) 99, 137, 193

Joshua 164, 302

Joshua, Book of 136

Josiah 165

Jove (see Jupiter)

Jovinianist 177

Juba 305

jubilee 129, 145

Judah, kingdom of

Judas Iscariot 169

Judas of James 169

Jude, Epistle of 138

Judea 279, 287, 317, 328, 348, 349, 353

judge 204, 365

Judges, Book of 136

judgment 365

   Day of Judgment 156, 184

judicial argument 69

Judith 137, 168

jug 400

juger 315

Jugula 105

juice 399

Julius Atticus 337

Julius Caesar 53, 117, 128, 139, 200, 305, 359

Julus 200

July 128

jump (game) 366

junction 316

June 128

juniper 345

Juno (see also Hera) 186, 187, 189, 296, 368

Jupiter 95, 105, 106, 184, 185, 187, 189, 196, 199, 248, 289, 296, 344, 361, 367, 368, 383

Jupiter Ammon 106

jurisprudence 117

justice 79

Justinian 178

Juvenal 119, 180

Kalends 128, 146

kaminus 377

Karkheh (river) 281, 323

keel 374

kernel 344

kettle 401

key 404

kid 247

kidney 237, 240

kin

   maternal 208

   paternal 208

king (see rex)

Kings, Book of 136

kinship 210

   terms of 206–211

kite 268

knee 238

knife, pruning 404

knot (military) 203

knot-grass 354

knowledge 39, 79

koenonosis 77

Laban 119

labia 234

labina 317

labrum 234, 400

labrusca 339

labyrinth 307

   (of Crete) 246

lac 236, 397

lace (shoe) 393

Lacedaemon 303

Lacedaemonia 303

Lacedaemonians 196, 303, 321, 384

lacerna 387

lacertus 235, 238

   (lizard) 257

lacrima 233

lactans 382

lactatum 398

lacteus circulus 101, 273

lactuca 356

laculatus 384

lacunarium 379, 402

lacus 279, 311, 405

ladder 382

ladle 400

lagoena 400

laicus 172

lakes 276–277

   survey of 279

lamb 247

lamb’s tongue 352

lambdacism 56

lament 66

Lamentations of Jeremiah 135, 137

lamia 190

lamp 402

lana 388

lance 363

lancet 114

lane 306

Langobards 197

language 191–192

   Chaldean 191

   Egyptian 166, 188

   Gallic 234, 347

   Greek 55, 191

     five types of 191

   Hebrew 191, 193, 247, 281, 285, 301, 333, 335, 347, 369

   Latin 191

     four types of 191

   learning of 191

   original 192

   Persian and Medean 251, 302

   Punic 185, 343

   Sabine 196

   Scythian 194

   Syrian 168, 169, 170, 172, 191, 261, 296

   Troglodyte 323

languages

   diversity of 191

   national types of 191

   three sacred 191

lantern 402

lanx 399

Laodicia 302

lap (race) 368

lapathium 356

lapella 354

lapis 318

lapistrus 356

Lapiths 195

lappa 353, 354

lappago 354

lapus lazuli 324

laquearium 312, 379

laquearius 370

larch 346

lard 396

Laricinum 346

Larissa 196

larix 346

larva 190

larvaticus 111

laser 351

lash 124

lasso 405

later 312, 378

laterculum 144

laterculus 312, 378

latex 280

Latin (see language, Latin)

Latins 196, 206

Latinus 191

Latium 191, 304

Latona 295

Latonia (Diana) 187

latus 237

laudes 65

laurel 342

laus 69, 147

lavender 354

laver 400

Lavinium 304

law 73, 117–125

   civil 118, 119

   divine or human 117

   military 118

   names of 118

   natural 117

   of nations 118

   originators of 117

   public 118

   purpose of 119

   Quirital 118

   replete 118

   Rhodian 119

lawsuit 365

laxative 114

lay person 172

Lazarus 170

lead 332

leaena 251

leaf 142, 342

league (measure) 315

Leah 163, 165

learn 39

leaven 396

Lebanon, Mount 281, 295

lebes 401

lectica 402, 403

lectio 147

lector 171

leech 258

leek 356

lees (wine) 399

legion 202

legitimus (feast) 151

legume 339

lembus 374

lens 339

Lent 146

lenticula 401

lentigo 112

lentil 339

lentiscus 346, 349

Leo 106

leo 251

Leogoras of Syracuse 51

leontophonos 253

lepra 112

leprosy 112

Leptis 302

lepus (fish) 261

lepus 248

Lesbian marble 322

lèse majesté 123

lesson 147

lethargy 110

letter(s)(of alphabet) 39–42, 47

     Egyptian 39

     Greek 39, 40

     Hebrew 39, 40

     Latin 39, 40–42

     legitimate 41

     Phoenician 39

     superfluous 41

   (epistle) 140

   (kinds of writing)

     common 40

     liberal 40

lettuce 356

Leucata 304

leucochrysus 327

leuga 315

lever 404

Leviathan 185

levidensis 384

levir 211

levite 171

Levites 136

Leviticus 136

levitonarium 385

Lex (Pentateuch) 135

lex 73, 117, 200 (see also law)

Libanus, Mount 298, 348

libation 148

Liber (Bacchus) 141, 180, 183, 186, 196, 198, 201, 298, 301, 339–341, 366, 370, 390, 400, 404

liber 142, 341

liberal arts 39, 107, 115

Liberalia 366

liberi 203, 207

libertus 205

libido 237

Libonotus 275

Libra 106

libra 332, 333

librarius 142

library 138–139, 310

libum 396

Libya 292–293, 325, 326, 359, 380

   Libya Cyrenensis 292

Libyans 193

licinium 385, 402

licium 390

licorice 351

lie 73

lien 111

lienitis 111

lientery 112

life 231

light 274

lighthouse 307, 402

lightning 273

lightning bolt 273

lignarius 382

lignum 342, 382

ligo 404

Liguria 357

Ligurian Alps 350

ligusticum 357

lily 351

Lilybaeum 297

lima 377

limax 259

limb 236

limbus 392

limen 311

limestone 319

limit (land) 315

limpidus 398

limus 317, 385, 392

linden 346

line 94

linea 382

lineage 207, 210

linen 384

lingua 191, 234

lingulati 393

linna 385

linostemus 384

lint 385

linum 388

Linus the Theban 95

lion 251

   three types of 251

lip 234

liparea 327

Lipare 296

Liparus 296

liquamen 399

liquescere 41

liquid 41

lis 365

Lisbon 305

litany 151

literacy 39

litharge 330

lithostrotum 312, 379

litigation 365

litoraria 374

littera 47

litus 300

liver 239

livestock 247–251

Livy 67, 195

Lix 305

lizard 257

Loaves of Proposition 145

lobe (of liver) 239

locatio 121

loculus 401

locus 293

   locus amoenus 299

   locus communis 70

locust 270

lodix 388

logic (see also dialectic) 79

Logical school of medicine 109

logician 71, 179

logium 383

loincloth 384, 385, 392

loins 237

Loire (river) 291

loligo 262

lolium 355

longao 237

loom 389

loquellaris 46

lord (augustan title) 200

Lord (see Dominus)

lorea 398

lorica 364

lorum 405

Lot (of Sodom) 163, 192

lot, drawn 183

lotium 240

lotos 343

louse 259

lovage 357

love 173

lozenge (medicinal) 114

lubricum 299

Lucan 181

Lucan cow 252

Lucania 327

lucanica (sausage) 397

lucerna 402

Lucerne clover 339

Lucifer 104, 307, 368, 402

Lucifer (planet) 105, 126, 147

Luciferian 177

Lucilius 56

Lucina (Diana) 187

Lucina 104

Lucretius 174

Lucrine Lake 279, 291

luctatio 366

lucubrum 402

Lucullean marble 322

Lucullus 139, 322, 344

lucus 299, 341

ludicrum 365

ludus 365

lues 110

Luke 138, 169

lumbar 385

lumbricus 259

lumbus 237

lumen 233, 274

Luna (Diana) 187

luna 104

lunatic 111

lunch 395

lung 239

lunula 391

lupanar 369

lupatus 405

lupine 339

lupus 252, 253, 405

   (fish) 260, 261

luscinia 266

Lusitania 326, 332

lustrum 129

lustrum 299

luteus 389

lutum 317, 378

lux 274

Luz 302

Lyaeus (see Liber)

Lyaeus 397

Lycaeus (Arcadian god) 181

Lycaon 106

Lycaonia 289

lychnis 326

Lycia 288

lycinia (olive) 347

lyciscus 253

lycopthalmos 327

Lycurgus 117

Lydia 288

Lydians 366, 373

Lydus 289

lymphaticus 110

lyncurius 252, 324

lynx 252

Lyra 106

lyre 95, 98, 180

lyric 180

Maccabees 137

Macedo 290

Macedonia 290, 380

Macedonians 196

Macedonius 143

macellum 308

maceria 313

machaera 362

machina 382

machio 377

mackerel, Spanish 263

macrology 57

macron 42, 54

madder 353

Maecenas 51

maeniana 309

Maenius 309

magalium 314

Magdalene 170

mage 181–183

maggot 259

Magi 146, 183, 385

magician 181–183

magister 200

magistrate 204

Magnes 319

magnet 319

Mago 337

Magog 193, 197, 288

magpie 267

mahil 383

Maia 128

maiestas 123

maigre 260

mainland 300

Majorca 297

mala (cheekbone) 233

Malachi 167

Malachim, Book of (= Kings) 136

malachite 323

malacoth 160

malagma 114

maleficus 182

Maleum 297

Maleus 297

malleolus 339

malleus 377

mallow plant 355

malomellum 343

malum 123, 342

   Cydonium 343

   Persicum 343

   Punicum 343

malva 355

Mambre 302, 346

mamilla 236

man 210, 242

mancipatio 122

mancipium 205

mandatus 120

mandible 233

mandibula 234

mandrake 351

mane 126

Manes (heretic) 176

Manes 126, 189

mania 111

Manichee 176

manicleatus 384

maniple 202

manipulum 355

manitergium 388

mannus 250

manor 314

mantelium 388

mantle 386

Manto 304

Mantua 304

manubiae 360

manumission 205, 207

manupretium 235

manus 235

maple 346

mappa 388

Marathon (battlefield) 290

marble 321–322

March 128

Marcion 180

Marcionite 176

Marcius 140

marculus 377

marcus 377

mare 277

Mareotic marsh 346

Mareotis 340

margarita 324

margo 300

maritime 300

maritus 210

Marius 359

marjoram 350, 354

Mark 137, 169

market 122, 308

marmor 321

Maro 180

marriage 210–212

marrow 236

marrubium 353

marrying, three reasons for 211–212

Mars 105, 128, 186, 243, 362, 367, 369, 370

Marseilles 304

marsh mallow 354

marsuppium 401

Marsyas 196

martellus 377, 382

Martha 170

martisium 397

martyr 170, 177

martyrium 310

Mary 170, 176, 177, 178, 210

Mary Magdalene 170

Mary of Clopas 169

Masbotheus 174

mason 377

mass 147

Massilia 304

mast 374

master builder 377

masthead 375

mastic 346

mastic tree 349

masticinum 389

masticinus 384

mastix 349

mastruca 385

mast-step 375

mat 403

mataxa 389

mater 206

Mater Magna 187

materfamilias 206, 211

materia 272

material 382

matertera 210

mathematics 89–99

mathematicus 99, 183

mathesis 106

Matins 147

matrimony 211

matrix 240

matron 206, 211

matter 272

Matthew 137, 169

Matthias 169, 170

mattock 404

mattress 388

matutinum 127

Mauretania 262, 292, 351

Mauretania Sitifensis 292

Mauretania Tingitana 292

mauros 250

mausoleum 313

Mausolus 313

mavors 387

maw-worm 259

maxilla 233

maxim 72, 73, 76

Maximilla 176

May 128

mead 398

meadow 314

meal (grain) 338, 396

meals 396

mean

   arithmetic 93

   geometric 93, 94

   musical 93, 98–99

Meander (river) 281

measure 315–316, 332, 334–335

meat 396

meatball 397

meat-market 308

meatus 238

meconites 327

medallion 405

Medea 194, 325

Medes 193, 194, 199, 302, 324, 339

Media 286, 301, 343

media 325

medial 41

Mediator 156

medica 339

medica arbor 343

medicamen 113

medication 113, 114

medicine 109–114, 115, 183

   three schools of 109

medicus 109

medimnum 335

Mediolanum 304

meditative (verb) 45

Mediterranean Sea 277–278

   names of 278

   parts of 277

medlar 343

medulla 236

Medus 286, 301

medus 398

mel 397

melancholia 109, 111

melancholy 111

melanites 321

melanurus 261

Melchizedech 163, 301

Melchizedechian 175

meles 254

melichros 323

melichrysus 327

melicratum 398

melinum 381

melipepo 356

mella 343

Melo (Nile) 280

melody 96

melopos 343

Melos 296, 322, 381

melotes 387

membranum 141

membrum 236

Memmia Timothoe 65

Memnon 266

memnonides (birds) 266

Memory (goddess) 95

memory 231

Memphis 141, 303, 318

memphitis 320

Menandrian 175

mendacium 73

mens 231–232

mensa 395

menses 240

mensis 127

mensura 315, 334

menta 343, 354, 357

mentum 234

menum 389

menus 384

mercatum 308

mercatus 122

mercenary 205

merchandise 122

Mercury 97, 98, 104, 105, 117, 182, 183, 186, 367, 370

merenda 396

mergus 267

Merida 305

meridies 101, 126, 271

Merista 175

merle 268

merops 266

merula 268, 291

merum 398

merx 122

Mesfres 367

mesomelas 325

Mesopotamia 280, 286, 387

mespila 343

Messapia 304

messenger 160

Messiah 155

messis 338

messorium 399

mesticium 389

meta 367

metal 328–332

metalepsis 61

metallum 125

metalworker 373, 376

metamorphosis 244, 246

Metangismonite 177

metaphor 60, 85

   (of God) 155

metaplasm 55, 57–58

metathesis 58

metathesis 78

metatum 309

metempsychosis 179

meteorology 273–276

meter 49, 64–66

   musical 96

   heroic 65, 136

meters of Psalter 136

Methodical school of medicine 109

Methuselah 162

Metonic cycle 145

metonymy 61

metropolitan (bishop) 170

metrum 334

meu 350

mica

Micah 167

Michael (archangel) 161

midday 126

Milan 304

mile, Roman 315

miles 201

miliarium 315

Miliast 175

military

   origin of 201

   service, three kinds of 202

   terms 201–203

militia 202

milium 338

milk 236, 397

milking-pail 400

Milky Way 101, 273

millago 261

millenarius 201

millet 338

millhouse 311

millstone 378

milvus 268

mime 370

mina 333

mind 231–232

mine 125

Minerva 184, 187, 303, 368, 370, 377, 383

Mineus (river) 282, 292

minium 380

Miño (river) 292

Minorca 297

Minotaur 244, 246, 307

mint 354, 357

minutal 397

mioparo 374

mire 317

mirobalanum 115

mirror 391

mirteus 250

misdeed 122

missa 140, 147

missile 363

mist 274

mithrax 325

mithridax 320

mitra 376, 390

mixing-bowl 400

mode (musical) 96

moderation 109

modius 334, 375

modulation 95

modus (moderation) 109

modus (mood of verb) 45

moenia 306

Moesia 289

mola 378, 401

molar 234

molaris stone 378

molding 379

mole 254

molochinius 384

molochites 323

Molossia 290

molotius 321

moment 125

momentum (pledge) 122

monachus 172

monarch 201

monastery 309

monedula 266

moneta 329, 333

money 329

money-changing 141

monile 391

monk 172

monoceron 252

monodia 147

monogamous 211

mons 297

monster 243–246

monstrum 244

Montanist 176

Montanus 176

month(s) 127–128, 146

   names of 128

monument (history as) 67

monument 313

mood (of verb) 45

moon 102, 104

   distance from earth 103

   light of 102–103

   new 103

   path of 103

   period of 145

   phases of 102

Moors 198, 364, 386

moral philosophy 80

morals 179

morbus 109

   arcuatus 113

morning 126

mors 243

morsel 397

mortar 114, 232

mortuus 243

morus 344

mos, mores 73, 117

mosaic 379

Moschi (river) 288

Moses 39, 65, 67, 90, 95, 117, 135, 136, 140, 145, 149, 153, 164, 167, 168, 181, 282, 303, 332, 334

mosquito-netting 376

motacism 56

moth 270

mother 206, 211

moth-worm 259

mound 313

mountain 297–299

mouse 254

mouth 234

mozicia 401

mucro 362

mud 317, 378

mugilis 261

mulberry tree 344

mule 250

mulgarium 400

muliebria 240

mulier 242

mullei 393

mullein 354, 355

mullet

   gray 261

   red 261

mullus 261

mulsum 398

multipes 259

mundus 99, 271

munia 204

municeps 204

municipalis 204

municipium 306

munitum 312

munus 148

muraena (eel) 262

murena 262

murena (necklace) 391

murex (shellfish) 262

murex (rock) 319

muria 399

murra 325

murrina 325

murus 306

mus 254

   (muscle) 238

mus araneus 254

musca 270

muscatel 340

muscle 235, 238

musculus (boat) 373

   (military engine) 364

   (muscle) 235

   (mussel) 260, 262

Muse(s) 95, 189, 370

mushroom 356

music 39, 80, 89, 95–99

   inventors of 95

   liturgical 147–148

   three parts of 96

   three types of 96–98

musician, stage 369

musio 254

musmo 251

mussel 260, 262

mussel-shell 399

must (wine) 398

mustard 356

mustela 254

mustio 270

mute 40, 41

mutuum 121

muzzle 405

Mycenae 303

myrice 346

myrmecitis 327

Myrmidons 196

myrobalanum 354

myrrh 115, 348

myrrhites 323

Myrtilus 278

myrtle 346

   (color) 250

Mysia 353

myth 189

mythical monsters 244

Nabaioth 287

Nabateans 287

Nabathea 287

Nabla 136

Naevius 191

Nahum 167

naiad 189

Naid 301

nail (carpenter’s) 382

nail (of finger) 236

name 42

   appellative 160

   proper 160

   prophetic (biblical) 162–165

nanus 244

nape 235

napkin 388

Naples 304

napocaulis 356

napus 355

Narbonne 304

narcissus 351

nardus 349

naris 234

narrative (part of oration) 71

Nasmones 326

nassa 376

nasturcium 356

nates 237

Nathan 166

Nathanian 171

nation(s) 192–199

   fabulous 199

   fifteen from Japheth 193

   seventy-two 192–193

   thirty-one from Ham 193

   twenty-seven from Shem 192–193

native person 205

nativity (horoscope) 99

natrix 256

natron 318

natural philosophy 80

Nature 243

nature 231–241

nauclerus 373

nauta 373

navalia 299

navel 237

navew 355

navis 373

Naxos 296

Nazarene 157, 172, 175

Nazarite 157

Neapolis 302, 304

Nebroth 286

Nebuchadnezzar 165

nebula 274

neck 235

necromancy 181, 182

nefresis 112

negation 83

negotium 365

Nehemiah 137, 167

Nembroth 301

nemus 341

neomenia 146

neophyte 172

nepeta 354

nephrosis 112

nepos 207

Neptune 185, 196, 273, 367, 370

Nero 322

nervus 236

Nestorian 178

Nestorius 143

net 370, 376

   net-fighter 370

nettle 352

netus 389

newt 257

Nicea, Council of 143, 144

Nicomachus 89

Nicolaite 175

Nicomedes 303

Nicomedia 288, 303

Nicopolis 304

Nicostrate 40

night 127

nightingale 266

nightshade 354

nightshirt 385

Nile 93, 98, 199, 248, 260, 265, 266, 280, 281, 287, 324, 367, 376

nimbus 274, 390

Nimrod 163, 301

Ninus 185, 359

nipple 236

Nitria 318

nitrum 318

nix 274

Noah 162, 282, 339

   sons of 162

noctua 266

nodus 203

Noetian 177

nomen 42, 82

nominative 44

nomisma 329, 333

Nones 128, 150

Noricum 289

norma 381

north 101, 271

North Pole 315

nostril 234

nota 50, 51

notamen 42

notarius 51

notary 204

nothus 43, 207

noun(s) 42–44

   agent 43

   appellative 42

   common 44

   derivative 43

   diminutive 43

   epicene 44

   gendered 43

   homonymous 43

   mongrel 43

   neuter 44

   plurinomial 43

   proper 42

   relational 43, 160

   synonymous 43

   verbal 43

nourishment 395

novacula 404

novalis 314

Novatian 176

Novels (laws) 119

nox 127

nubes 273, 274

nucleus 344

Numa 329

Numa Pompilius 117

number(s) 89–93

   equal 91

   even 90–91

   finite 93

   grammatical 44

   infinite 93

   metrical 64

   musical 98–99

   names of 89

   odd 90–91

   perfect 90, 91, 95

   prime 90

   square 92

   types of 91

Numbers, Book of 136

Numidia 292, 322

Numidian marble 322

Numidians 198, 314

Numitor 304

nummus 89, 204, 329

nuntius 160

nupta 210

nuptials 211

nutriment 395

nux 344

Nyctage 178

nyctalopia 112

nycticorax 266

nymph 189

nympha 210

Nysa 301

oak 345, 346

oar 374

oarlock 374

oarsman 373

oath 202

oats 355

Obadiah 167

obelisk 367

oblaqueare 341

oblation 148

obol 333

obolus 50

obryzum 329

obsidian 320, 328

obstinacy 235

obstrigilli 393

occatio 337

occidens 101, 271

occiput 232

Ocean 277, 285

   Britannic 193

   names of 277

oceloe 262

ochre 381

ocimum 356

ocrea 393

Octavius (see Augustus Caesar)

octopus 262

oculus 233

   (tree) 341

odor 115

odoratus 232

oenomelum 398

oenophorum 400

oestrus 270

offa 396

offertory 148

office, holy 146–151

officials, titles of 199–201

offspring 207

Ogygus 282, 295

oica 325

oil 115

   of roses 115

   Spanish 347

oil-lamp 402

ointment 115, 155

ola 235

old age 242–243

   features of 243

old man 242

Old Testament (see Bible, Old Testament)

old woman 243

oleander 347

oleaster 347

oleomela 343

oleoselinon 357

oleum 115, 347

olfacere 234

olfactoriolum 391

olfactus 232

olisatrum 356

oliva 347

olive 347–348

   oil 347

olla 401

olor 264

olus molle 356

olympiad 129

Olympic games 129

Olympus, Mount 290, 298, 356

omen 244

omentum 239

omnimorbia 353

omnipotens 153

onager 249

onion 356

Onocentaur 246

onocrotalos 266

onomatopoeia 62

onyx 323

opacus 299

opal 324, 325

ophaz 329

Ophite 175

ophites 257, 321

opinion 79

opisphorum 376

opium 351

oppidanus 205

oppidum 305

opposite (logical) 88

Ops 187

opsius 320

optative 45

optio 202

opulence 395

opusculum 139

ora 387

orach 356

oracle 168, 181, 244

oratio 150

oration, parts of 69, 71

orator 69

oratorium 309

oratory 42

orb (insignia) 361

orbis (globe) 277, 285

   (fish) 260

orbit, astral, period of 104

orbita 316

orbus 241

orca 400

Orcades 294

orchas 347

orchella-weed 355

orchestra 369

orchid 352

orcibeta 354

Orcus 186

ordeolus 113

ordinance 73

oread 189

organ 97

   pipe 239

organicus 96, 97

Organum (Psalter) 136

organum (musical instrument) 97

orgia 148

oriens 101, 271

origanum 354

Origen 139, 177

Origenian 177

Orion 103, 105

Orkneys 294

ornament 390–393

Orontes (river) 281

orphan 241

Orpheus 98

orthodox 172

orthography 52–54

Ortygia 295

ortygometra 268

os (bone) 236

os (mouth) 234, 235

osae 393

oscedo 113

oscines 269

Oscobagum 351

osier 346

Osirus 337

osprey 268

ossifragus 268

ostentum 244

Ostia 304

ostiarius 172

osticium 389

ostium 300, 311

ostracites 321, 327

ostracus 312, 379

ostrea 262

ostrich 265

ostrum 262, 389

ounce 333

outrage 122

oven 311

Ovid 140

ovis 247

ovum 269

owl

   horned 266

   night 266

   screech 266

ox 248–249

oxifalus 334

oxymeli 398

oyster 262

Ozam 302

pace (measure) 315

Pachynum 297, 318

packhorse 249

packsaddle 405

pact 120

Pactolus (river) 281, 289

Padus (river) 282

paedagogus 226

paederos 324

paenula 387

Paeon 352

paeonia 352

pagan(s) 107, 126, 183

page 142

pagrus 261

pagus 306

pala 237, 405

palace 308

Palamedes 40

palate 234

palea 338

Pales 315

Palestine 287, 335, 356, 398

Palestinians 193, 195, 302

palestra 366

paling 404

paliurus 353

palla 387

Palladius 337, 356

Pallanteum 308

Pallas 308

Pallas Athene 188

pallet 403

pallium 386

palm

   (of hand) 235

   (measure) 315

   (plant) 342

Palm Sunday 146

palmatus 386

palmes 340

palmula 374

Palmyra 343

palpebra 233

paludamentum 386

palumbes 268

palus 233, 315, 404

Pamphagians 199

Pamphylia 288

pampinus 340

Pan 97, 188

panaces 351

panchrus 325

pandorius 97

panegyric 140

panel, wall 379

panicium 338

panis 396

Panitae 190

pannier 401

Pannonia 289, 291, 374

pannucius 385

Panotians 245

pan-pipes 188

panther 251

pantry 310

panulia 389

papaten 388

papavera 351

Paphos 295, 304, 347

papilio 270, 313

papilla 236

Papius 118

papula 113

papyrus 140, 141, 150, 355

   types of 141

parable 140

parabola 64

parabola 140, 168

Paraclete 149, 156, 158

paradiastole 76

paradigm (trope) 64

Paradise 280, 285

paradox 78

paragoge 57

paragraph sign 51

Paralipomenon 136

paralysis 112

paromoeon 59

paranympha 210

parapsis 399

parasangs 316

parastata 375

parathesis 78

Parcae 189, 190

parchment 140, 141

   types of 141

Pareantus 296

parent 206

   resemblance to 240

parenthesis 62

Parian marble 321

parias 257

paries 312

parietinae 312

parma 364

Parnassus, Mount 282, 290, 298

paro 373

paroemia 63

paronomasia 59

Paros 296, 321

parotid 112

parrhesia 78

parricide 123

parrot 265

pars 90, 361

parsley 356

Parthenii 304

Parthenope 304

Parthia 286, 301, 325

Parthians 194, 301, 346

participial 43

participle 42, 46

   perfect 243

partridge 268

parts of speech 42

pasch 144

Pasiphae 244

pass (mountain) 299

passenger (shipboard) 373

passer 268

passions, three 189

passive voice 45, 46

Passover 144

passum 398

pastinaca 355

pastinum 404

Pastor (name of Christ) 157

pastoral poem 65

patchwork 385

patella 401

paten 399

pater 206

patera 400

paterfamilias 206

Paternian 177

paternity 208

path 316

patibulum 125

Patmos 138

patratio 206

patres conscripti 204

patria 293

patriarch(s)

   (bishop) 170

   names, meaning of 165–166

Patrician (heresy) 177

patrician 201

patricius 393

Patripassian 177

patronymic 43

patruus 209

Paul (see also Saul) 71, 113, 135, 167, 169, 176, 207, 303

   Epistles of 138

Paulian 176

Paulus, Aemilius 139

Paulus, Julius 118, 121

paunch 240

Pausanias 303

pausia (olive) 347

pavement 312, 379

pavilion 313

pavimentum 379

pavitensis 384

pax 360

paxillus 233

payment 122

pea 339

peace 360

peach 343

peacock 267

pear 344

pearl 324

pebble 319

peccatum 123

pecores 247

pecten 236, 389, 404

pectoralis 384

pectus 236

pecudes 247

peculation 123

peculium 121

pecunia 318

pecus 247–251

pedes 368

pedestal 312

peduculus 259

peg 382

Pelagian 178

pelagus 278

pelican 265, 266

pellis 236

Peloponnensis 196, 304

Peloponnese 290

Pelops 196, 290, 303

peloris 262

Pelorum 297

pelta 364

pelvis 400

pen, reed 142

penalty 123, 125

Penates 189

penetralia 309

penicillus 264

penis, large 185

penitence 150

penna 383

pennyroyal 353

pensum 389

pentaphyllon 352

Pentapolis 287, 292

Pentateuch 136

Pentecost 130, 145

penteris 374

peony 352

peplum 387

pepo 356

pepper tree 349

percussion (instruments) 97

Perdix 382

perdix 268

peregrinus 205

perendie 127

perfect 154

pergamena 141

Pergamum 141

Perihermenias 82, 84

period 50

periodos 74

Peripatetic philosophers 179

periphrasis 62

peripleumonia 110

periscelis 391

perissology 57, 75

perizoma 384

perones 393

perpendiculum 382

Persepolis 301

Perses 139

Perseus 106, 303, 343

Persia 286, 301, 320, 325, 326, 327, 343

Persian language (see language, Persian and Medean)

Persians 194, 199, 316, 386, 390, 396

Persius 119, 180, 301

personification (see prosopopeia)

persons (of deity) 157, 159, 160

Persus 286

pertica 315

pervasio 123

pes 238

   (metrical) 47

   (of sail) 375

pessary 114

pestilence 110

pestle 114, 232

petalum 383

Petephres 303

Peter (see also Cephas and Simon) 137, 150, 168, 175, 177

Peter, Epistles of 138

petilus 250

petition 150

petorritum 403

Petra 348

petra 168

Petronius 122

petroselinon 356

Peucetius 304

peusis 78

Phaenicusa 296

Phaenon 105

Phaethon 104, 105, 126, 282, 323

Phalantus 304

phalanx 202

phalera 405

Pharaoh 163, 166

pharetra 363

Pharisee 174

pharmaceutics 113

pharus 307, 402

Phaselos 356

phaselus 356, 373

phasianus 267

Phasis (river) 288

pheasant 267

phengites 321

Pherecydes 64, 65, 67

phiala 400

Phidon 332

Philadelphia (Arabia) 302

Philargus 51

Philip (apostle) 169

Philippus (tetrarch) 201

Philistines 193, 195

Philo Judaeus 137

philosopher 178

philosophers

   Academic 179

   natural 179

   pagan 178–180

   schools of 174, 179–180

   three kinds of 178, 179

philosophy 79–80

   practical 80

   speculative 80

Phison (river) 280

phlebotomus 114

phlegm 109

phleumon 110

phlogites 326

phlomos 354, 355

Phocaeans 304

Phoebus (see Apollo)

Phoenicia 287, 328

Phoenicians 193, 195, 302, 305, 314, 316, 380

Phoenix 195, 287, 303

phoenix 265

Phoroneus 117, 307

Photinian 176

phrase 74, 83

Phrixus 278

Phrygia 97, 288, 320

Phrygians 183, 385

phrygius (stone) 320

phthisis 111

phu 350

physician 109

physics 79

physicus 179

Physiologus 246

piaculum 123

pica 267

pick-ax 383

pickle (fish sauce) 261

Pictavia 304

Picts 198, 386

picture 380

Picus 267, 337

piebald 250

pigmentum (drug) 114

pignus 121, 122

pike

   (fish) 260, 261

   (weapon) 362

pila 114, 232, 361, 371

pilaster 311

pilentum 403

pillage 360

pilleum 383, 390

pilleus 171

pillow 388

Pilosus 190

pilum 232, 363

Pilumnius 114

pilus 232

pimple 113

Pindar 136

pine 345

pine-thistle 353

pinna 142, 234, 264

pinnula 234

pinus 345

pipe (plumbing) 312, 379

piper 349

piperinus stone 378

pirates 359

pirula 234

pirus 344

Pisces 106

piscis 259–263

Pisistratus 139

pistachio 345

pistrinum 311

pistum 338

pisum 339

pitch 348

   (vocal) 49

pitchfork 405

placenta 396

placitum 120, 388

plaga 124

plagia 278

plague 110

plain 299

plaintiff 365

plane figures, five 93

plane surface 92, 93, 94, 95

plane tree 346

planet(s) 100, 104, 105

   names of 105

planta 238, 341

plantain 352

plantarium 341

plaster (medicinal) 114

plastice 379

platanus 346

platea 306

Plato 39, 79, 107, 175, 179, 180

Platonist 179, 180

platter 399

plaustrum 403

Plautus 64, 66, 180, 191

plebeian 203

pledge 122, 210

Pleiades 103, 105

pleonasm 56

pleurisis 110

Pliny 258

plow 404

   plow-beam 404

plowing 337

plowshare 404

plum tree 343

plumb-line 382

plumbum 332

plume 264

plunder 360

pluteus 364, 403

Pluto 128, 186

Po (river) 282, 291, 324, 346, 374

poculum 400

podagra 112

poderis 383

poem 64, 66, 180

poena 123

poenitentia 150

poesis 66

poet 180–181

   lyric 180

   theological 181

poetry, three modes of 181

point

   (geometric) 94

   (sword) 362

Poitiers 304

polar region 100, 272

pole (celestial) 100, 271, 272

polios 353

pollen 396

pollex 235

Pollio 139

Pollux 367

polus 272

polygonos 354

polymitus 385

polypodion 353

polyptoton 59

polypus 262

polysyndeton 60

pomegranate 343

pomelida 343

pompa 360

Pompeii 304

Pompeiopolis 56

Pompey 117, 198, 359

Pomponius 66

pomum 342

pondus 332

poniard 362

pons 375

pontica(stone) 325, 328

pontifex 171

Pontius Pilate 170

pontonium 374

Pontus (see Sea, Black)

Pontus (river) 320

pool 279

poplar 346

Poppaeus 118

poppy 351

populace 203

populus (tree) 346

porca 315

porcupine 253

porcus marinus 260

pore 236

Porphyris 295

Porphyry, Isagoge 79, 80–81

porphyry 321

porrum 356

porta 306

portal (celestial) 100, 271

portemia 374

portent 243–246

portentuosus 244

portico 307, 311

porticulus 375

portulaca 354

portus 299

positive degree 43

positura 50

possessio 314

possession (demonic, illness) 111

post 382

postela 405

posterior (of body) 237

posterity 207

posthumous child 207

postis 311

postliminium 125

pot 400, 401

potio 397

potions, medicinal 113

potter’s earth 399

pouch 401

poultice 114

pound 332, 333

Power (angelic order) 161

praecedentia (of stars) 89, 104

praecentor 171

praeceptum 140

praecisor 234

praecordia 239

praecox (fruit) 340, 343

praeda 360

praedicamentum 81

praedium 314

praefectus 201

praenomen 42

praenumeria 244

praepetes 269

praesentia 232

praeses 201, 204

praestigium 183

praetexta 387

praetor 201, 204

praetorium 307

praise 69, 86, 147

prandium 395

prasin 380

pratum 314

prayer 150

   hours of 150

precarium 121

precession (astral) 104

predicate 82

predication 81

predicative category 82

preface 140

prefect 201

prelum 405

preposition 42, 46

presbyter 170, 171

present 148

president 204

press, grape 311

prester 256

pretium 122

Priapus 185

pridie 127

priest 170, 171, 200

primitiae 338

primogenitus 207

prince 160, 201

princeps 201

principales 204

Principality (angelic order) 161, 175

principate 293

Principium 156

Prisca 176

Priscillianist 177

prison 124, 308

privatus 205

privignus 209

privilegium 119

privy 308

Proba 66

probatio 365

problema 140

procatalepsis 77

procella 276

procer 204

procession (pompa) 360

procession (of Spirit) 158

proclamation 120

proconsul 200

procurator 200, 205

procus 210

prodigy 244

produce (crop) 342

proelium 359

proem 140

profit, common 73

profundum 300

progenitor 206, 208

prognostic 114

proheres 206

prolepsis 58

Prometheus 184, 322, 391

promontory 297

promptuarium 310

promurale 306

pronoun 44–45

   definite 44

   demonstrative 44

   indefinite 44

   possessive 44

pronuba 210

propaginare 341

property 121–122

   kinds of 121

propes 375

prophecy, seven kinds of 168

prophet(s) 157, 166–168, 181

   major, four 137

   minor, twelve 135, 137

   names, meaning of 166

propina 308

propinquitas 210

propitiatorium 309

proportio 54

propositio 140

proposition 74, 83

proprium 81, 82

propugnaculum 306

prora 374

prorostra 307, 365

proscissio 337

proscription 125

prose 64

prosecutor 204

proselyte 172

Proserpina 187

prosnesium 376

prosodia 41

prosody 49

prosopopoeia 74, 78

Prosper of Aquitaine 143

prostibulum 369

prothesis 57

Proverbs, Book of 80, 136, 168

provinces 293

prow 374

prudence 79

pruina 274

pruna 377

pruning hook 404

psallere 98

psalm 147

psalmist (clerical) 171

Psalter 135, 136

   authors of 136

psaltery 97, 98, 147

psittacus 265

psoriasis 112

psychology 231

psyllios 353

ptisana 399

Ptolemais 303, 328

Ptolemies 200, 343

Ptolemy 99, 139, 307, 402

puberty 241

pubes 241

pubic hair 237

publican 205

pudenda 237

puella 241

puer 207, 241

puerpera 242

pugio 362

pugna 360

pugnus 235

puleium 353

pulex 259

pulla 241

pulley 375, 405

pullus 264

pulmentarium 397

pulmentum 395, 397

pulmo 239

pulp 397

pulpa 236

pulpit 310

pulpitum 310

pulse 239

   rhythm of 239

pulvillus 388

pulvinar 403

pulvinus 375

pulvis 317

pumex 319

pumice 319, 378

punctuation 50

Punic

   language 185, 324

   region 343

   wars 307, 365

   (see also Carthaginians)

punishment 123–125

   eight types of 124

pup 253

pupil 241

   (of eye) 233

puppis 374

purgative 114

Purim 137

purple (dye) 262, 270

purple-fish 262

purpura 389

purpurissum 381

purslane 354

pursuer 370

pustule 113

putare 341

puteolanus 317

puteus 280

pygmy 244, 245

pyramid 94, 313

pyre 402

Pyrenees 298

pyrethron 354

pyrgus 371

Pyrion 105

pyrite 320

pyritis 325

pyromancy 182

pyropus 330

pyrrhic foot 47

Pyrrhus 252, 290, 303

Pythagoras 40, 89, 95, 178, 180, 258, 296, 344

Pythian meter 65

Python 186, 361

Pythoness 182

pyx 401

quactum 397

quadrifinium 315

quadrigo 368

quadrilateral 94

quadrireme 374

quadrivium 89–99

quadruped 247

quaestio 140

quaestor 204

quail 268

qualities, four material (i.e. moist, dry, hot, cold) 128

qualus 405

quantity (metrical) 48

quarterweight 333

quercus 346

question 74, 140

quicklime 378

quicksilver 330

quill 142

quince 343

quinquefolium 352

Quinta Editio 139

quintana 306

Quintilian 69

Quintilis 128

Quirites 196

quisquilia 342

quiver 363

quotidie 126

rabbit 248

rabies 110

race(s)

   (contest) 366

   monstrous 244–246

   (nation) 203

racemus 340

racer 368

Rachel 163, 166

racing colors 369

rack 124

radiola 347

radish 356

radius 389

radix 341, 356

Raetia 289, 291

raft 373

rafter 383

ragadia 112

rain 274

rainbow 274

rain-cloud 274

raisin-wine 398

rallus 385

ram 247

rambling speech 75

rampart 306, 313

ramus 341

rana 263

rancidus 396

rapa 355

rape 123

Raphael 161

Raphaim 302

raptor 268

rasp 383

rastrum 404

ratio 73, 80, 179, 231

   (see also reason)

ratiocinatio 72

rationale 383

ratis 373

ratum 120

raucedo 111

raven 267

ray, electric 262

razor 404

reader (clerical) 171

reason 73, 80, 179, 231

Rebecca 163

receptus 361

recession, astral 104

recidivum 341

reclinatorium 388

reconciliation 150

rectus 384

red

   earth 380

   lead 380

   ocher 380

Red Sea (see Sea, Red)

reda 403

redimicula 390

redimiculum 392

reed 347

   (pipe) 97

reed-grass 355

refutation 73–74

regillum 387

regimen 113

region(s) 293

   (celestial) four 101

   (celestial) seven 101

registers of speaking 74

regius morbus 113

regnum 199

regression 76

regula 143

   (builder’s tool) 381

   (dietary) 113

regulus 255

reign 199

reinforcement 202

reins 405

relatives 206–211

relaxatio 114

relegatus 125

religion 173

reliquiae 243

relish (food) 397

remains (bodily) 243

remedies 113–114

remex 373

remora 261

remotio 104

remulcum 376

remus 374

renale 385

renes 237, 240

rennet 397

reno 385

renovation 377

repetundae 123

repletio 168

reproach 86

reptile 255, 259

repudiation (of wedlock) 211

reputation 124

res (property) 121–122

resident 205

resins 348

resolution

   (legal) 118

   (metrical) 48

response (legal) 118

responsory 147

restis 375

resurrection 144, 146, 174, 176, 180

rete 370, 376

retiarius 370

reticulum 391

retinaculum 405

retreat 361

retrograde (celestial motion) 104

reubarbara 352

reuma 111

reus 365

Revelation (see Apocalypse)

revelation 138

rex 171, 199, 200, 201

rhagades 112

rhamnus 347

Rhegium, Strait of 278

Rhenus (river; see also Rhine) 282

rhetoric 39, 69–79

rheum 111

Rhine 197, 282, 291

rhinoceros 252

Rhodanus (river; see also Rhone) 282

Rhodes 295, 304

Rhodians 193

rhoditis 324

rhododendron 347

rhodomelum 398

rhomphaea 362

Rhone 282, 291

rhubarb 352

rhythm 64, 96, 97–98

rhythmicus 96

rib 236

ricinium 387

ricinus 259

ricula 391

riddle 63

rider 368

ring 391–392

Riphaean mountains 298

rite 120

river 280–282

river-mouth 300

rivus 280

road 315–316

robigo 331

robur 346

rock 318

rocket (plant) 356

rod 404

   Roman 315

rogation 151

rogus 402

roller 404

Romans 196, 200

Rome 301, 304

Romulus 196, 204, 301, 304, 361, 386, 393

roof 312

   roof-tile 378

rooster 267

root 341

rope 375–376

ros 274

rosaceum 115

rose(s) 351

   oil of 115

roseum 398

rosemary 354

rosmarinum 354

rostratus 373

rot 342

rota 368, 403, 405

rubeta 263

rubia 353

rubidus 396

rubrica 380

rubus 344

rudens 375

rudus 319, 379

rue 357

rug 388

ruins 312

ruler (tool) 381

rumen 235, 249

ruminate 235

rumination 249

runcatio 337

runco 404

rus 314

rush (plant) 355

Rusicada 292

russata 384

rust 331

ruta 357

rutabulum 401

Ruth 135, 164

Saba 286

Sabaeans 348

sabanum 388

Sabaoth 153

sabbath 126, 146

Sabellian 177

Sabines 308

sabinus (stone) 321

sabucus 347

sabulum 317

saccatus 398

saccus 401

sacerdos 171, 200

sacrament (liturgical) 148–149

sacramentum 121, 202

sacrarium 310

sacrifice 148

sacrilege 123

sacrum 309

saddle 405

Sadducee 174

saeculum 130

saffron 260

saffron crocus 350

sagda 323

sage 357

Sages, Seven 79

sagitta 339, 363

Sagittarius 106

sagma 405

sagum 387

Saguntum 305

sail 375

sailor 373

sal 318

salamander 257

Salem 301

Salii 191

salinum 399

salisator 183

Salius 370

salix 346

Sallust 67

salsamentum 261

salsugo 399

salsus 396

salt 318

   Agrigentian 318

   Tragasean 318

saltator 370

salt-cellar 399

saltus 299, 341, 366

salvator 155

salver 399

salvia 357

Salvius 41

Samaria 287, 302

Samaritan(s) 175, 194

sambuca 97

Samian earth 317

Samian Sybil 296

samius (stone) 320

Samnium 320

Samos 296, 304, 317, 320, 399

Samothracian ring 392

sampsuchus 350

Samson 164

Samuel 136, 164, 182

sanctuary 309

sanctum 309

sanctus 158

sand 319, 378

sandal 393

sandarach 380

sandasirus 326

sanguis 239

sanguisuga 258

sanies 113

sanitas 109

sapa 398

Sapientia 156

sapling 341

sapphire 324

Sappho 65

sar 261

sarabara 385

Saracens 192, 195, 287

Saragossa 304

Sarah 163, 169, 195

sarcasm 63

sarcia 112

sarcitector 382

sarcophagus 313

sarcophagus (stone) 320

sarculus 404

sardine 261

Sardinia 397

Sardinians 323

sardius 323

sardonyx 323

Sardus 296

Sarmatians 197

sarmentum 339

sartago 401

Satan 184

satiety 395

satio 337

satire 118

satirist 180

satisfaction 150

satum 335

satura 118, 180

satureia 352

saturitas 395

Saturn 104, 105, 185, 188, 191, 304, 329, 337

Saturnians 196

satyr 181, 245

   (ape) 253

satyriasis 112

satyrion 352, 354

Saul 95, 115, 136, 164, 168

Saul (= Paul) 168, 169

saura 257

sausage 397

savior 155

savory (herb) 352

saw 382

saw-fish 260

saxifrage 352

Saxons 197

saxum 318

scabies 112

scabillum 403

scabra 299

scaffolding 382

scala 382, 400

scale (measure) 332

scale-armor 364

scalprum 383

scammony 353

scamnum 403

scandula 338

scansilium 403

scapha 373

scaphon 375

scaptus 363

scar 113

scarab 141, 269

scarus 261

scena 369

Scenopegia 146

scent 115

scheda 142

schema 56, 58–60

schesis onomaton 59

schism 174

schistos 320

schoeni 315

scholia 139

sciatica 112

scientia 39, 79

scindula 382

sciniphes 270

Sciopodes 245

Scipio(s) 303, 304, 360

scipio 360

scirpus 355

scissors 404

scitum 118

scobina 383

scopulus 318

scoria 331

Scorpio 106

scorpio 124

scorpion 246, 258

   (weapon) 363

scorpion-fish 260

scorpitis 327

scortia 401

scothomia 111

Scotia 294

scotica 124

Scotti 198, 386

scribe 142, 204

scrinium 401

scriptorium 141

scripulus 333

scroll 142

scrotum 237

scudicia 404

sculponeae 393

scutella 399

scutulatus 250

scutum 364

Scylla 74, 245, 279, 296, 359, 380

scymnus 251

scyphus 400

scytale 256

Scythia 288, 289, 324

Scythians 186, 193, 194, 195

sea 277

   open 278

   surface of 277

Seas

   Black 196, 325, 344, 350, 352, 353, 380

   Dead 279, 281, 317

   Great (= Mediterranean) 277

   Mediterranean 277–278

     names of 278

     parts of 277

   Red 278, 281, 302, 326, 327, 380, 381

   Salt 279

sea-dragon 261

sea-hare 261

sea-horse 260

seal (signet) 391

seal of Spirit 159

sea-monster 260

seasons, four 128–129

seat 403

sea urchin 263

seaweed 355

Saba 286

sebum 396

secessus 308

sect 173–178

sectio 382

secundae 240

securis 362, 382

secutor 370

sedes 403

sedge 355

sedition 123, 359

seed (see semen, germen)

seedling 341

seer (see vates)

seges 314, 338

segmentatus 384

segmentum 391

Segorbe 321

seiuga 368

selenite 320, 324

Seleucia 289, 302, 303

Seleucus Nicanor 139, 302, 303

sella 405

   curulis 403

selling 120

Sem 301

semen 206, 208, 232, 240, 255

semicinctium 392

Semiramis 301, 390

semispathium 362

semita 316

semivowel 40

senate 203

Senate House 307

senatusconsultum 118, 204

Seneca 51

senectus 242–243, 258

senex 242

senior 242

Sennacherib 302

Senones 198

senses 231

   character of 232

   five 232

sentence 74, 76

sententia 72, 73, 76, 232

sentinel 202

sentix 347

sepes 313

sepia 262

seps 256, 257

Septe 305

September 128

septentrio 101, 271, 275

Septentriones 104, 273

septimana 127

Septuagint 139, 167

sepulcher 313

sepultus 243

Seraphim 161

Serapis 188

serculus 341

Seres 194, 287, 331, 380, 384, 386, 388

serica 384

sericum 388

series (literary genre) 67

seriola 400

sermo 80, 140

serpedo 112

serpens 255

serpent(s) 245, 248, 252, 255–258

   character of 258

serpentum 391

serpigo 112

serra

   (fish) 260

   (saw) 382

serralia 356

serrula 404

serum 126

services, church 148–149

servitus 125

servus 205

sesame 338

seta 248

Seth 162

Sethian 175

seven, meaning of 144

Severian 176

Seville 198, 305

sewer 306

sexes, differences in 241

sextarius 334

Sextilis 128

sextula 333

sfungia 263

Shaddai 153

shadow 274

shallot 356

shallows 279

share-beam (plow) 404

sheaf 355

sheath 363

shed 313

sheep 247

sheepfold 313

shekel 333

shellfish 262–263

Shem 162, 192–193, 301

Shepherd (name of Christ) 157

shield 364

shin 238

shingle 382

ships 373, 375

shoal 279

shoe 393

shoemaker 248, 393

shoot 340, 341

shore 300

shorthand

   signs 51

   legal 51–52

shoulder 235

   shoulder blade 237

show 365

shrew 254

shrew-mouse 254

shrine 309

shuttle 389

sibilus 255

Sibyl(s) 181

   Cumaean 181

   Delphic 181

   Samian 296

   ten names of 181

sica 362

sicel 333

sicera 398

Sichem 302

Sicilians 196

sicilicus 54

Sicily 141, 296, 317, 318, 319, 325

sicinium 147

Siculus 296

side (of body) 237

sideritis 327

side-street 306

sidewalk 316

Sidon 287, 302

sidus 103, 104

sieve 401, 405

Sigeum 297

sigillum 391

signals, finger 52

signatory 119

signe de renvoie 51

sign(s)

   critical 50–51

   legal 51–52

   military 52, 361

   portent 244

   shorthand 51

signum (astral) 94, 104, 105

silex 318, 378

siligineus 396

siligo 338

siliqua 333, 345

silk 259, 384, 388

silkworm 259

silva 272, 341

Silvanus 188

silver 330

Silvii 200

simia 253

simila 396

similarity, medicinal 113

similitude 63

similitudo 64

Simon (= Peter) 169

Simon Bar-Jonah (= Peter) 168

Simon the Cananean 169

simones 260

Simonians 175

Simonides 40, 65, 66

simple (ointment) 115

simplex 154

simulacrum 184

sin 123, 179

sinapis 356

sindon 387

sinew 236

sinistra 235

Sinope 380

sinopis 380

sinus (gulf) 278

Sion 173, 301

siparum 375

siphnius 321

siphon 400

Siren 245

siren (snake) 257

sisamum 338

sister 209

sister-in-law 211

sistrum 98, 361

sitarcia 401

siting 377

situla 256, 400

skein 389

skiff 373

skin 236, 240

   disease 112–113

skirmish 359

skirmisher 202, 370

skull 232

Sky (god) 185, 188

sky 100–101, 271, 272–276

   parts of 101, 272–273

slag 331

slave 205

slavery 125

sleeping-chamber 308

sling 364

slip (writing material) 142

slipper 393

slug 259

smaragdus 322

smell 232

smithy 377

smyris 321

Smyrna 289, 303

snail, water 262

snake(s) (see serpent(s))

snow 274

soapwort 353

soccus 393

socer 209

societas 305

Socrates 79, 353

Sodomite 163

soil 285

Sol 185, 186

sol 104

solarium 309

soldier 201

sole

   (fish) 260

   (of foot) 238

soleae 393

solecism 56, 58

solid (figure) 93

solidus 333

solifuga 254

soliloquy 78

solis 324

solitarius 172

solium 403

sollemnitas 145

Soloe 56

Solomon 52, 65, 136, 137, 164, 165, 168, 302

   writings of 135

Solon 117

Solorius, Mount 298

solstice 128

   winter 273

solum 299

somnium 168

son 207

Son of God 155

song 96

Song of Songs 80, 137

son-in-law 209

Sonores 296

sonus 41

sophist 178, 179

sorex 254

soror 209

sorrel 356

sortilegus 183

Sotades 65

soul 231–232

sound 41, 234

   three forms of 96

sounding-lead 376

south 101, 271

southern-fish 261

sow 248

sowing 337

spade 404

spadix 250

spado 339

Spain 199, 282, 292, 313, 318, 320, 321, 326, 328, 331, 332, 380, 389

Spaniards (see also Iberians) 362, 363

sparrow 268

Sparta 303

Spartans (see Lacedaemonians)

spartus 355

sparus (fish) 261

spasm 110

spatha 362

spatium 368

spear 362–363

spectabiles 204

spectacle 365–371

specularis 321

speculatorium 373

speculum 391

specus 300

spelt 338

spelunca 300

sperm 237

spes 173

sphera 397

sphere 94, 272

   celestial 100

sphinga

   animal 253

   bed 403

spica 338

spice 348–349

spiculum 363

spider 258

spikenard 349

spina sacra 237

spinal cord 258

spindle 389

spine (human) 237

spira 375

spiraculum 300

spiramentum 236

Spirit, Holy 149, 157–159, 168, 173, 176, 178

spirit 154, 157, 231, 234, 236

spit 280

spleen 111, 239

spleenwort 354

splinter 342

spoils 361

spolia 361

sponda 403

spondee 47

sponge 263

spongia

   (bread) 396

   (pumice) 378

Sponsus (name of Christ) 157

sponsus 210

spoon 399

   spoonful 334

sporta 401

spotted 250

spouse 210

spring (season) 129

springs (of water) 276–277, 280

   thermal 307

spuma 280

spuma nitri 318

spur 405

spurcus 398

spurge 351, 354

spurius 207

sputum 280

squadron 202

squalidus 314

squama 364

square, carpenter’s 381

squatus 261

squid 262

squill 354

squinum 350

Sri Lanka 286, 294

St. John’s wort 354

stacten 115

stade

stadialis 315

stag 248

stage

   building 369

   musician 369

stages of life, six 241–243

stagnum 332

stagnus 279

stake 404

stalk 338, 355

stall 308

stamen 390

standards, military 361

staphysagria 354

star(s) 103, 104

   cluster 103

   falling 104

   motion of 94

   names of 104–106

   orbit of 104

starch 396

starting-gate 367

stater 333

statera 333

statio 299

station

   of a fast 150

   of planets 104

status

   of a case 70

   stellar 104

statutes, private 119

steelyard 333

stella 103, 104

stellio 257

stem 355

stemma 210

stenographer 51

stephanitus (grape) 340

Stephen 170, 175

stepson 209

stercus 337

Stercutus 337

steresios 244

stern 374

sternum 236

stibadium 395

Stilbon 105

stilla 280

stillicidium 280

stimulus 405

stipa 347

stipend 329

stipula 338

stipulation 121

stiria 280

stirps 207

Stoechades 296, 354

stoechas 354

Stoic 105, 176, 179, 180

stola 387

stomach 239

stone 318, 378

   bladder 112

stool 403

storax 348

storehouse 310

storeroom 310

storia 403

stork 264

storm 275

   cloud 274

stragulum 388

strainer 405

strait 278

strangury 112

strap 363, 376

strata 316

Strato, Tower of 302

stratus 402

straw 347

street 316

strictura 331

Striga 246

strigilis 406

string 382

strings (instruments) 97, 98

strix 266

Stromboli 296

strongbox 236, 401

Strongyle 296

strophium 392

struppus 376

struthio 265, 353

strychnos 354

stuffing (cushion) 388

Stumbling-stone (name of Christ) 157

stuppa 388

stuprum 123

style 74

   levels of 74

stylus, iron 140

stymphalis 265

Styx 276, 300

subbracchium 235

subcinctorium 384

subcinericius 396

suberies 345

subfibulum 392

subhircus 235

subjunctive 45

subligaculum 392

sublinguium 235

suboles 207

subpedaneum 403

subseciva 314

subsellium 403

Subsolanus 275

substance 81, 82

   (of deity) 157, 160

substantive 82

suburbs 306

succentor 147, 171

succidia 396

succinctorium 392

sucinacius 398

sucinus 323

sucker 341

sucus 399

suet 396

Suevi 197

suffrago 238

suillus

   (fish) 260

   (ichneumon) 254

suitor 210

sulcus 337

sulfur 276, 317

Sulla 359

sulphur 317

sulpuga 257

sulzica 399

summer 129

Sun (Apollo) 186

sun 101, 102, 104

   function of 102

   path of 102

Sunday 146

sun-roof 309

supercilium 233

superficies (see plane surface)

superlative degree 43

superstition 99, 106–107, 174, 327

superveniens 373

Supper, Lord’s 146

supplication 151

supplicium 123, 151

suprema 126

sura 238

surge 280

surgeon 114

surgery 113

sus 248

Susa 301

Susanna 166

suspirium 111

sutor 248, 393

swallow 268

swamp 315

swan 264

swelling 110

switch 124, 339, 342

sword 362

sword-cane 363

swordfish 260

sycamore fig 344

sycomorus 344

Syene 321

syenites 321

syllable 47

syllepsis 58

syllogism 71–73, 83–84

   hypothetical 84

symbols

   of evangelists 138

   for weights 335

symbolum 149

Symmachus 139

symphonia (instrument) 97, 98

symphony 96

symphytos 353

synachis 110

synaeresis 78

synagogue 173

synaloepha 48, 58

syncope 57

synecdoche 61

synochitis 327

synod 143

synonymy 76

synplagium 376

synpsalma 147

synthesis (trope) 62

Syracuse 296

Syria 286–287, 317, 320, 321, 328, 341, 342, 343, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 353, 380, 385, 400

Syrian language (see language, Syrian)

Syrians 39, 192, 194

syricum 380

syringio 113

syrius (stone) 320

Syrtes 279, 327

syrtitis 326

Syrus 286

systole 58

syzygy 47, 48

tabanus 270

tabellarius 119, 140

tabellio 204

taberna 308

Tabernacles, Feast of 146

tabernaculum 313

tabes 113

table (furniture) 395

table (list) 144

tablecloth 388

tablets, writing 119, 140

tabula (furniture) 371, 382

tabula (for writing) 119

tabulatum 309

tactus 232

taenia 391

Tages (diviner) 183

Tagus (river) 282, 292

tail-strap (horse) 405

Tajo (river) 282, 292

talaria 393

talaris 384

talent (coin) 333

talio 124

tally 405

talpa 254

talus 233, 238

Tamar 163

tamarisk 346

Tanais (river) 281

Tanatos 294

Tangiers 292, 305

Tanis 303

tankard 400

tantalus 265

Tanus 281

taos 327

taper 402

tapete 388

tapinosis 57

Taprobane 286, 294

Taras 304

taratrum 383

tarda 264

Tarentum 304

tares 355

tarmus 259

Tarquinius Priscus 307

Tarquinius Superbus 124, 191

Tarragona 304

Tarsus 193, 289, 303

Tartarus 300

taste 232

Tatianite 176

Taurus 105, 106

Taurus, Mount 298

taurus 248–249, 269

taxea 396

taxillus 233

taxus 346

tear 233

tegmen 383

tegula 312, 378

tela 389

telaria 389

telinum 115

Tellus (goddess) 187

tellus 285

telo 405

teloneum 308

Telos 115

telum 110, 362, 363

temperance 79, 179

tempestas 275

temple 309

   (at Jerusalem) 167

temple (of head) 233

tempus (season) 128

tenant 205

tendril 340

tenebrae 127, 274

Tenedos 295

Tenes 295

tenor 49

tent 313

tentorium 313

tephrias 322

Terce 150

terebinthina 348

terebinthus 347

terebra 383

teredo 259

Terence 66, 180

tergum 237

terminus 315

termite 259

terra 285, 293

terra Samia 317

Terracona 304

territory 293

Tertullianist 177

tesquum 314

Tessarescaedecatite 178

tessella 312, 379

tessera 371, 405

testa 262

testament 119

   types of 119

testicle 237, 249, 252, 267

testis

   (testicle) 237

   (witness) 119, 170, 365

testudo 262, 312, 364

tetanus 110

Tetragrammaton 153

tetraidos (formulae) 115

tetrarch 201

Teucer 198

Thaddeus 169

Thalamon 308

thalamus 308

Thales of Miletus 79, 180

Thanet 294

Thapsus 296

Thasian marble 321

theater 307, 369–370

thebaicus (stone) 321

Thebes (Boeotia) 290, 302, 303

Thebes (Egypt) 303, 321

theca 363

theft 123

Theodosian Code 117

Theodosian 178

Theodosius Augustus 117, 143

Theodotion 139

Theologus 179

Theophilus (Luke 1:3) 138

Theophilus of Alexandria 143

theoretica 80

theristrum 387

thermae 307

thesaurus 329

Theseus 303

thesis

   (of argument) 73

   (metrical) 48, 96, 99

Thessalians 195

Thessalonica 290, 304

Thessalus 290, 304

Thessaly 290

thicket 341

thigh 238

thistle 356

tholus 382

Thomas 169

thorax 236

thought 239

Thrace 289

Thracians 193, 196

thracius (stone) 320

thread 389

threnody 66, 147

threshing floor 314

threshing-sledge 404

threshold 311

throat 234, 235

Throne (angelic order) 161

throne 403

throw (game) 366

thrums 390

thrush 268

thumb 235

thunder 273

thunder-peal 276

thwart (boat) 374

thyites 321

Thyle ultima 294

thymallus 261

thyme 261, 350, 352

thymelicus 369

thymiama 115

Thynian ring 392

thynnus 260

tiara 383, 390

Tiber 282, 291, 304

Tiberius 197, 302, 321, 328

Tiberius, Lake 279

tibia 238

tibia 97

tibicen 97

tibracus 385

Tiburtine stone 378

tick 259

tide 278

tiger 251

tignarius 382

tignum 382

Tigris (river) 251, 280, 286

tile 312

Tiles 294

tilium 346

tiller 375

timber 382

time 185

   intervals of 125–130

tin 332

tinctio 149

tinctura 389

tinder 342

tinea 259

tintinabulum 98

Tiras 289

Tirassona 331

tiro 201

Tiro, Tullius 51

tisis 111

Titan 186

Titans 199, 296, 303, 361

tithymalus 354

“Titianus” 69

Titianus, Julius 195

Tityos 244

tityrus 251

tius 209

tmesis 62

toad 263

toast 396

Tobit 137, 161

today 126

toga 386

toles 234

tome 139

tomentum 388

tomorrow 127

tomus 142

tone (vocal) 96

tongs 377

tongue 234

   tongues, speaking in 158, 159

tonitrus 273

tonsil 234

tonsilla 375

tonus 49

tools 377, 381–383

tooth 234

topazion 323

Topazus 380, 381

tophus 378

topics 86–87

Torah 135, 138, 174, 175, 176

toral 388

torch 402

torchbearer 172

torcular 311

tormentum 124, 375

torpedo 262

torque 391

torrent 280

torris 342

Tors 289

torso 236

tortoise 262

tortoise-shell 98

torture 124, 125

torus 235, 238, 395

touch 232

tow 388

towel 388

tower 306

town 305

tow-rope 376

toxicus 351

trabea 386

traberia 374

trabs 382

trace-horse 368

track 316

tractatus 140

traducere 341

tragedian 180, 369

tragelaphus 248

tragum 376

trail 365

traiectus 374

trama 390

trames 316

tramosericus 384

Transalpine Gaul 291

Transfiguration 168

transfigured creatures (see metamorphosis)

transformatio 57

transitus 144

translatio imperii 199

transnominatio 61

transposition 62

transtrum 374

trapetum 405

treasury 204, 310, 329

   public 329

treatise 140

treatment, medical 109

   three types of 113

treaty 360

tree 341–349

tree, family 210

tribe 203

   (military) 202

tribulo 404

tribunal 310

tribune 201, 204

tribute 329

trichrus 325

triclinium 308

trieris 373

trifinium 315

trifolion 353

triga 368

trigonaria 371

trilix 385

trimestris 338

Trinacria 296

Trinity 153, 154, 158, 159–160, 177

   names of 160

triones 249

tripod 400, 401, 403

Tripodes 296

Tripolis 292

Triptolemus 337

trireme 373, 374

trisceles 400

Trismegistus, Hermes 117, 186

Tritheite 178

triticum 338

Tritonia (Minerva) 188

triumphus 360

Trivia (Diana) 187

trochee 47

trochlea 375

trociscos 114

Troglodyte language (see language, Troglodyte) 323

Troglodytes 199, 323, 325, 326

Trojan War 67, 198, 371

Trojans 195

trope 60–64

tropeum 360

trophy 360

tropic 101

Tros 195

trout 260

trowel 382

Troy 266, 289, 320

truce 360

tructa 260

trudis 362

truffle 356

trulla 382

trumpet 97

   war 361

truncus 236, 341

trunk 339, 341

trust (legal) 120

trutina 332

tuba 97, 361

Tubal 95, 97, 193

tuber 356

tuberculosis 111

tubrucus 385

tucus 268

tufa 378

tugurium 314

tumor 110

tumultus 299, 359

tumulus 313

tun 400

tuna 260

tunic 384

turban 390

turbidus 398

turbiscus 347

turbo 275

turdus 268

turf 341

turma 202

turning-post 367

turnip 355

   turnip cabbage 356

Turnus 363

turpentine 348

turpentine tree 347

turris 306

turtle dove 268

turtur 268

tus 348

Tuscan column 312, 379

Tuscans (see Etruscans)

Tuscia 291

tusculanus (stone) 321

tussis 111

tweezers 404

Twelve Tables 117, 191

twig 342

twin 207

tympanum 98

typhus (plant) 355

typus 111

tyrant 201

Tyre 198, 261, 287, 302

tyriaca 114

tyro 201

Tyrrhenians 361

Tyrrhenus 289, 366

uber 236

ulcer 113

uliginosus 314

uligo 320

Ulisippo 305

ulmus 346

ulna 235

ulpicum 356

Ultima Thule 294

ulula 266

ulva 355

Ulysses 246, 305

umbilicus 237

umbo 237, 364

umbra

   (fish) 260

   (shadow) 274

Umbria 291

Umbrians 196

umerus 235

uncia 333

unciarius (grape) 340

uncle

   maternal 209

   paternal 209

unctio 155

unction 149, 172

   (of Spirit) 159

unda 280

underarm 235

underwear 385

underworld 300

unguentum 115

unguis (shellfish) 262

ungula 124, 236, 392

unicorn 252

unigenitus 156

unio 324

unitas 89

universal 173

univocus (category) 81

unnatural 243–246

upupa 268

uranoscopus 261

urbanus 205

urbs 305

urceus 400

Uriel 161

urine 112, 240, 252

urn 335

Ursa Major (see Big Dipper)

ursus 252

urtica 352

urus 249

usage 73

usia 82, 259

usta 381

usucapio 118, 122

usufruct 120, 122

usura 121

usus 122

uter 240, 400

uterine brother 208

uterus 240

Utica 302

utilitas, communis 73

uva 269, 340

uxor 211

vacca 249

Vacceans 198

vadum 279

vagina 363

Valentinian 175

Valentinus 180

valerian 350

valley 299

vallum 313

valva 311

Vandals 197

variegated 250

Varro 39, 53, 64, 79, 113, 114, 139, 180, 182, 196, 234, 237, 243, 271, 295, 296, 299, 300, 304, 314, 337, 347, 355, 366, 370, 402, 403

Varro Atacinus 347

vas 399

vat 311, 405

vates 166, 171, 180, 181

vaticinius 180

vault 312

   celestial 100, 272

vectigal 329

vectis 124, 404

vegetable 355–356

veientana 325

Veii 325

velenensis 384

veles 202, 370

vellus 388

velum 375, 388

vena 239

venabulum 362

venditio 120

veneris crinis 325

venetum 381

venom 258

venter 240

ventilabrum 405

ventus 275

Venus 105, 128, 188, 245, 295, 320, 350, 370

Venus’s hair 353

ver 129

verb 42, 45–46, 82

   common-voiced 46

   deponent 46

   neutral 46

verbascum 354, 355

verber 124

Verbum (Christ) 156

verbum 45, 96

   (speech) 139

verdigris 331

veredus 250

verennis 405

veretrum 237

Vergil 44, 66, 181, 191, 216, 279, 298, 314, 337, 343

Vergiliae 105

vermiculus 389

vermin 258

   types of 259

verres 248

verriculum 376

Verrius Flaccus 299

verruca 112

verse 64, 142

vertebra 237

vertebra (of hip) 238

vertex

   (celestial) 271

   (human head) 232

vertibulum 236

vertigo 111

vervactum 337

vervex 247

vesica 240

Vesper 104, 126, 127

vesperna 396

Vespers 146

vespertilio 266

vesperum 127

Vesperus 105

vessel, blood 239

vessels (kitchen) 400–401

Vesta 187

vestibule 311

vestigium 316

vestimentum 383

vestitus 384

vestments, priestly 383

vetch 339

veteran 201

vetula 243

Vetus Latina 139

vexillum 361

via 306, 316

vicia 339

victima 148

Victorinus, Marcus 72, 81, 84

Victorius 143

victory 360

victus 395

vicus 306

vidua 211

vigil 202

vilicus 205

villa 205, 314

vimen 346

vinegar 398

vinegar-honey 398

vines 339–341

vinum 397

violet 351

viper 255

Vipsanius 51

vir 210, 242

vira 242

virago 242

virga 124, 342

virgin 242

Virgo 106

virgultum 341

Virtue (angelic order) 161, 176

virtues

   cardinal 79

   theological 173

virtus 242, 366

virus (sperm) 237

vis 122

viscera 238

viscus 236

vision 232

   prophetic 168

   three kinds of 168

visus 232

vita 231

vitals 238

viticella 354

viticiona 340

viticulture, origin of 197

vitis 339

vitium (verbal) 56

vitrum 328

vitta 391, 392

vitulus 249

vituperatio 69, 86

vocalis 40

vocative 44

voice 96, 234

   of verb 46

   types of 96–97

voices of verb 46

   active 45, 46

   passive 45, 46

vola 264

volucer 264

volumen 142

voluntas 233

   (legal) 119

volutabrum 317

vomer 404

vowel 40

vox 40, 96

Vulcan 183, 185, 188, 368, 370, 376

Vulgate 139

vulgus 203

vulnus 113

vulpes 253

vulture 264

Vulturnus 275

vultus 233

vulva 240

wages 235

wagon 403

wagon-maker 382

Wain (see Big Dipper)

walking stick 404

wall panel 379

wall 312

   city 306

walnut 344

war 359–361

warfare, three forms of 186

warp 390

wart 112

war-trumpet 361

water 276, 397

   bodies of 276–277

water-mead 398

watermelon 356

waterwheel 405

wave 280

wax tablets 140

weapons 362

weasel 254, 255

wedding 211

wedge (military) 203

weeding 337

week 127

weekday 126

weever 260

weevil 270

weft 390

weights 332–334

well 280

west 101, 271

wether 247

whale 260

wheat 338

wheel 368, 403

wheezing 111

whetstone 319

whip 124

whirlpool 280

whirlwind 275

white 250

   clay 317

   lead 380, 381

whiteness 243

whorehouse 369

wick 402

wicker-basket 401

widow 211

wife 211

   four reasons to choose 212

wilderness 299

will (legal) 119

will (volition) 231

willow 346

wind(s) 275–276, 280

   four principal 275

   twelve 275

   two principal 275

window 311

windpipe 234

wine 186, 397–398

wine-cup 400

wine-honey 398

wineskin 400

wing 264

   (military) 203

winnowing-shovel 405

winter 101, 129

Wisdom (name of Christ) 156

Wisdom, Book of 135, 137

witch 190, 246

witness 119, 365

wolf 252, 253

woman 242

   subjection of 212, 242

womb 240

wood 382

woodland 299

woodpecker 267

wood-pigeon 268

woodworker 382

wood-worm 259

wool 388

Word (Christ) 156, 176

word(s) 45

   origin of 55

workplaces 310–311

workshop 310

world 99, 271

   shape of 99

worms 258

wormwood 352, 353

wound 113

wrapper 401

wrestling 366

xenodochium 309

xerophagia 150

Xerxes 65, 139, 244, 277, 295, 339

xyliglycon 345

yardarm 374

yarn 389

year 129

   common 145

   embolismic 145

   intercalated 145

   solar 145

   three kinds of 129

yellow 250

yesterday 127

yew 346

youth 242

zebub 185

Zechariah (in Luke) 168

Zechariah (Old Testament) 167

zema 399

Zeno 179

Zenodotus of Ephesus 51

Zephaniah 167

Zephyrus 275

Zetus 95

zeugma 58

zinziber 350

Zion 173, 301

zizania 355

zmilampis 327

zodiac 101, 105, 182, 273

zona 392

zones (celestial) 101, 271, 273

Zoroaster 181, 194










Index of Greek words




This index aims to include all Greek words in the Etymologies (not those supplied by the translators). Unattested Greek words are preceded by an asterisk.

A 40, 156

῎AβƲδоς 295

ἀγγελία 138, 225

ἄγγελоς 168, 225

ἄγγоς 177

ἄγκυρα 375

ἀγκών 205

ἁγνός 247

ἄγρɩоς 249

ἀγρɩоϕαγῖτα 245

ἄγρωστɩς 355

ἀγών 366

ἄδɩψоς 351

ἀείρεɩν 273

ἄζυμоς 396

*ἀηρωας 189

᾿̕Aϑήνη 187, 303

ἀϑρоɩσμός 78

αἷμα 111, 112, 256, 323

αἴξ 278

Aἰоλίς 193

Aἰоλɩστί 191

αἰτɩоλоγία 86

αἰών 130, 175, 180

ἄκανϑα 269

ἄκανϑоς 348

ἄκρα 296

ἀλλόϕυλоς 193

ἀλώπηξ 112

ἅμα 195

ἀμόργη 348

ἄμπελоς λευκή 355

ἄμπελоς μέλαɩνα 354

ἀμϕί 261

ἄμϕω 214

ἀναλоγία 85

ἀνάνεоῦσϑαɩ 129

ἀνδρόγυνоς 244

ἄνεμоς 231

ἄνευ 195

ἄνευ ϕρίκης 299

ἄνησоν 357

ἄνϑоς 350

ἄνϑραξ 113, 326

ἀνϑρωπόμоρϕоς 351

ἄνϑρωπоς 231

ἀνταρκτɩκός 101, 273

ἀντί 184

ἀντɩκεῖσϑαɩ 88

ἀντίλεξɩς 85

ἀντίστɩχоν 312, 379

ἀντίϕρασɩς 189, 190

ἄνω 399

ἀπоδύεɩν 308

ἀπόπληξɩς 110

ἀπоχωρίζεɩν 332

ἀρά 310

ἀρετή 39, 42

ἄργυρоς 329, 330

Ἄρης 247, 362

ἀρɩϑμός 89

ἀρκτɩκός 101, 106, 273

ἄρκτоς 105

ἄρμενα 375

Ἄρτεμɩς 352

ἀρχή 201

ἀρχός 160, 165

ἄρχων 171

ἀστακός 270

ἀστήρ 50

ἀσϕάλαξ 254

ἀσϕόδελоς 224, 355

ἄτεχνоς 87

ἄτоμоς 85, 271, 272

ἀτρоϕία 112

αὐδή 234

αὐλή 313

ἀϕαίρεσɩς 85

ἀϕανɩσϑῆναɩ 218

ἀϕρός 188, 397

̕Aϕρоδίτη 128, 188, 244

̕Aχερόντεɩα 300

βαλά 98

βαλανεῖоν 308

βάλανоς 340, 346

βαλαύστɩоν 343

βαλεῖν 364

βάλλεɩν 260, 297

βαπτίζεɩν 175

βαρύς 49, 205, 235

βασɩλεύς 201, 310

βάτραχоς 257

βɩβλίоν 138

βίβλоς 142, 310

βόμβυξ 388

βоὸς оὐρά 404

βоυλή 181

βоῦς 248

βράγχоς 111

*βρατυν 329

βραχύς 47, 49, 129, 279

*βρεμετоν 329

βρѽμα 129

γάλα 198, 291, 397

γάμоς 211

γάνεɩα 220

γάρоς 399

γένεɩоν 233

γένоς 85, 244

γέρων 241

γῆ 93, 231, 244, 274, 280

γηγενής 244

γλαυκός 261

γλυκύς 345, 351

γλυϕή 399

γράμμα 42, 47, 66

γραμμή 320

γραϕή 119, 141

γρῦ 224

γυμνάσɩоν 307, 308

γυνή 311

δαήμων 184

δάκρυоν 233

δάκτυλоς 47

δασύς 50

δάϕνη 342

δέκα 89, 178

δέоς 153

δεσμός

δευτέρησɩς 174

δῆλоς 295

δɩάρρоɩα 112

δɩάστασɩς 229, 359

δɩαϕоρά 85

Δɩόνυσоς 186

Δɩόσκоυρоɩ 303

*δίσκɩν 399

δόξα 172

δоρκαδάζεɩν 239

δоρκάς 248

δόρυ 188

δράκων 255

δρόμоς 249, 373

δρόσоς 274

δρῦς 345

δύναμɩς 114

δύо 89

δύσπνоɩα 111

δῶμα 308

ἔϑνоς 183

εἶδоς 115, 184

εἷς 89

ἔλαɩоν 347

ἐλλεɩπής 85

ἕν 89

ἐναντίоς 85

ἐνɩαυτός 275

ἐννέα 89

ἐννоηματɩκός 85

ἔντερоν 239

ἕξ 89

ἐπαίνоς 86

ἐπί 66

ἐπɩληψία 111

ἐπίπλооς 239

ἑπτά 89, 127

ἔργоν 310

ἑρμαϕρоδῖτης 244

ἑρμηνεία 186

Έρμῆς 186, 244

ἐρῳδɩоς ´ 266

ἑτερоμоρϕία 244

ἕτερоς 291

ἑτερоύρɩα 291

εὖ 138

εὐγενής 205

εὐδαίμων 286

ζῶν 195

ζωνάρɩς 392

ἦϑоς 179

ἤλεκτρоν 323

ἡμέρα 175

ἡμερɩνός 101, 273

ἧπαρ 111

ἤπεɩρоς 300

Ἥρα 189

ἥρως 189

ἠώς 127, 275

Θ 40, 52

ϑάνατоς 40, 215

ϑερɩνός 101, 273

ϑερμός 307

*ϑες 329

ϑέσɩς 50, 74, 329

ϑεωρία 307, 369

ϑήκη 138, 310

ϑηρɩακός 255

ϑρɩάμβη 360

ϑρόνоς 403

ϑυάζεɩν 291

ϑύμоν 350

ϑῦσαɩ 291

ϑυσɩάζεɩν 196

ἰαμβόζεɩν 47

ἱερὸν ὀστоῦν 237

ἱερός 39

ἴʺκτɩς 254

ἰλύς 280

ἰός 256

ἵππɩоς 367

ἰσημερία 128

ἰσχίоν 112

ἰσχυρός 153

ἱστоρεῖν 67

῎ʺIχνоς 297

κάδоς 400

καϑоλɩκός 172

καϑ' ὅλоν 173

καίεσϑαɩ 254

καɩνός 146

καɩоμένης δρυὸς ὑγρόν 345

καλαμίνϑη 354

κᾶλоν 373, 389, 393, 400

καλόπоυς 393

*καμоυρ 249, 312

κάνναβɩς 388

καρδία 110, 238, 311

καρυωταί 342

καστάνɩα 344

κατὰ αἰτɩоλоγίαν 86

κατὰ ἀναλоγίαν 85

κατὰ ἀντίλεξɩν 85

κατὰ ἀϕαίρεσɩν τоῦ ἐναντίоυ 85

κατὰ δɩαϕоράν 85

κατὰ ἐπαίνоν 86

κατὰ μεταϕоράν 85

κατ' ἀντίϕρασɩν 189, 190

κατάρα 310

κατάσκоπоς 373

κατὰ τὸ πρός τɩ 86

κατὰ τὸν ὅρоν 86

κατὰ ὑπоτύπωσɩν 85

κατ' ἐλλεɩπὲς ὁλоκλήρоυ ὁμоίоυ γένоυς 85

κατηχоῦσϑαɩ 172

καῦμα 377

καῦσɩς 148

καχεξία 112

κεδρόμηλоν 343

κέδρος 345

κείρεɩν 233

κέλης 374

κέρας 248, 256

κεραύνɩоν 51

κεραυνός 298, 326

κεϕαλή 111, 168

κῆτоς 260

κɩϑάρα 98

κɩρρός 329

κλέπτεɩν 364

κλῆρоς 170, 373

κλίνη 308

κλυτός 220

κλωνία 348

κоɩνός 191, 309, 396

κόκκоς 389

κόμμɩ 348

κόρɩоν 353, 357

κόσμоς 271

κρατεῖν 378, 400

κρέας 396

κρεоβόρоς 245

κρίσɩς 220

κυάνεоς 277

κυεῖν 403

κυκλάς 387

κύκλоς 295

κύκνоς 264, 265

*κυρα 375

Kύρνη 297

κύτɩνоς 343

*κυτɩς 236

κύων 253, 259, 270

κῶλоν 112

κώμη 180

κῶνоς 345, 365

λάγηνоς 400

λαγώς 248, 267

λαός 172, 203

λατρεία 184

λεκτός 79

λευκός 236, 354, 355, 397

λέων 251

ληρεῖν 98, 180, 217

λɩϑάργυρоς 330

λίμνη 279

λɩμνήσɩоς 351

λɩνάρɩоν 388

λόγоς 80, 176, 179, 310

λόϕоς 252

λύεɩν 186

λύκоς 252, 253

λυχνίς 347

μαζός 195

μακρόβɩоς 245

μακρός 47, 49, 313, 362

μαλάσσεɩν 355

μαλλός 233, 354

μανεῖν 111

μανɩκός 111

μανός 190

μαντεία 182

μάραϑρоν 357

μαρσίπɩоν 401

μάσαɩ 95

μαῦρоς 199, 250, 292

μέλας 109, 111, 224, 261, 354

μελίκρατоν 398

μέλɩσσα 397

μεσίτης 156

μέσоς 229

μεταλλᾶν 328

μεταϕоρά 85

μέτρоν 64, 93, 334

μῆλоν 233

μήνη 127, 146, 240

μίσηϑρоν 346

μоνάς 172, 201

μόνоς 211, 309

μύραɩνα 262

μυρίνη 346

μύρμηξ 196

μυρμίζεɩν 239

ναρδόσταχυς 349

νεκρός 182

νέоς 280

νεῦρоν 236

νεϕρός 112

νоσоκоμεῖоν 309

νότоς 275

ξενоδоχεῖоν 309

ξύλоν 341, 345

ὀβоλɩσμένη 51

ὀβελός 50

ὀδоύς 234

ὁλоκλήρоς 85

ὀλоλύζεɩν 266

ὅλоς 119, 148, 173, 265, 384

̕Oμβρία 291

ὄʺμβρɩоς 196

ὁμо- 156

ὅμоɩоς 85

ὀμϕάκɩоν 347

ὀμϕακίτης 346

ὄʺνоς 249

ὄʺνυξ 236, 323

ὀξύς 49, 110, 364

ὀξυδερκέστερоς 248

ὀπή 349

ὁρᾶσϑαɩ 100

ὀρϑῶς 172

ὁρμή 298

ὄʺρоβоς 339

*ὁρоς 307, 402

ὄʺρоς 249

ὅρоς 86, 291, 387

ὄʺρτυξ 268, 295

ὀρϕανός 241

ὄʺρχɩς 347, 352

ὀστоῦν 237

ὄʺστρα 262, 312, 379

ὄʺστρακоν 262

оύδέ 224

оύρά 105, 404

оὐρανός 100, 234, 272

оὖς 112

оύσία 82, 156, 160

оὐσɩώδης 84

ὄʺϕɩς 175, 197

*ὀϕσκоυς 197

παϑεῖν 362

πάλη 237, 366

πάλλεɩν 188, 366, 387

πᾶν 245, 251, 396

πάνδεμоς 39

παράκλησɩς 158

παρωτίδες 112

πάσχεɩν 144

παχύς 297

πεδίоν 299

πεῖνα 308

πέντε 136, 145

πεντετηρίς 129

περɩεστɩγμένη 51

περɩσπωμένη 49

περὶ στίχоν 51

πεύκη 345

πεύκɩνоς 348

πίκρоς 114

πίσσα 348

πɩσσάσϕαλτоς 317

πɩτυίνη 348

πίτυς 345

πλάγɩоς 227

πλάνη 105

πλατύς 306, 346

πλεῖστоς 105

πλεύμων 110, 239

πλευρά 110

πνεῦμα 239

πоύς 238

πоɩκίλоς 179

πоɩότης 85, 180

πоμπεύεɩν 360

πоρϕύρα 389

πоτός 395, 397

πρᾶγμα 119

πράσɩоν 353

πρεσβύτης 241

πρός 49, 86

πτύσɩς 111

πύξоς 347, 401

πῦρ 94, 227, 274, 298, 313, 317, 345, 355, 402

πύργоς 371

ῥεῖν 348

῾Ρήγɩоν 279

ῥῆσɩς 69

ῥητίνη 348

ῥητоρίζεɩν 69

ῥήτωρ 69

ῥίπτεɩν 298

ῥɩϕή 298

σάρξ 112, 313

σέβεσϑαɩ 194

σεɩραϕόρоς 368

σɩγή 297

Σɩκελή 400

σɩός 181

*σɩτоασɩς 203

σκαɩός 229

σκέπεɩν 319

σκηνή 146

σκηνоπήγɩα 369

σκɩоπоύς 245

σκоπεῖν 171

σκоπός 373

σκύτоς 229

σоρός 188, 320

*σоυχναμоɩς 203

σоϕία 79

σπήλαɩоν 300, 319

σπλήν 111

σπоγγоεɩδής 285

σπόρоς 207

στάζεɩν 115

στακτή 115

στάσɩς 70

στεϕάνη 390

*στηρɩоν 309, 310

στίχоς 51

στоά 179

Στоɩχάδες 296

στоɩχεῖоν 272

*στоλα 140, 312, 379

*στόλɩα 97

στоλός 140

στυγερός 300

στύραξ 348

σύαγρоς 248

συζυγία 48

συλλαμβάνεɩν 47

σύμβоλоν 54

σύν 98

συνάγχεɩν 110

σϕαῖρα 397

σχоῖνоς 350

σχоίνоυ ἄνϑоς 350

σωτήρ 155

T 40, 52

ταραχή 300

ταρταρίζεɩν 300

τέκτων 377

τερήδων 383

τέσσαρες 178

τέτταρα 115, 201

τεῦχоς 136

τηλόϑεν 363

τηλόν 405

τίσɩς 199

τɩτάν 354

τоμή 114, 271

τόμоς 272

τоπάζεɩν 323

τράγоς 180, 263

τρία 89

τρίϕυλλоν 353

τρоπή 360

τρоπɩκός 101, 273

τρоχός 47, 114, 375

τυϕλός 239

Υ 40

ὕαλоς 400

ὑγρός 345

ὑδρоϕоβία 110

ὑδρоϕόβоς 223, 255

ὕδωρ 110, 112, 256, 400

ὕεɩν 105

ὑετός 105

ὕλη 272

ὑμήν 211

ὑπо- 220

ὑπоγραϕɩκή 85

ὑπόϑεσɩς 74

ὑπоπόδɩоν 403

ὑπόστασɩς 160

ὑπоτύπωσɩς 85

ὑϕέν 50

ϕαγεῖν 313, 320, 339, 345, 397

ϕάγρоς 261

ϕέρεɩν 403

ϕέρετρоν 403

ϕϑίσɩς 111

ϕϑόγγоς 47

ϕɩλάνϑρωπоς 353

ϕɩλо- 79

ϕλέγεɩν 110

ϕλεγμоνή 110

ϕόβоς 110, 153

ϕρήν 109

ϕρίκη 299

ϕρоντίς 51

ϕυλάκɩоν 401

ϕύλλоν 342

ϕύσɩς 179

ϕωνή 189

ϕῶς 307, 311, 317, 355, 356, 377, 402

ϕώς 97

Фωσϕόρоς 402

χαῖρε 265

χαλκός 330

χαμαί 249, 299, 403

χαρακτήρ 406

χαρώνεɩα 300

χεɩμερɩνός 101, 273

χείρ 113, 114

χεɩρίζεσϑαɩ 114

χεɩρоδύτη 384

χέρσоς 256

χоλή 109, 111

χρόνɩα 110

χρόνоς 110, 111, 125

χρῶμα 216

ψɩλή 50

ψόγоς 71

Ω 40, 156

ᾠδή 49

ὤʺλενоς 235

ὠμός 216

ᾠόν 269

ὦτα 245










Index of citations




Enclosed in square brackets are references not made explicit by Isidore (a few times by error) but supplied by the translators, as well as citations of texts referred to but not quoted by Isidore. References to authors cited by name but without quotation or a specific place in question are listed in the General Index. Citations from the Bible and from unidentified sources fall at the end of the list.

Classical authors

Aelius Stilo

   fr. 223

Afranius

   Lucius

     fr. 407 270

   Rosa

     fr. 284 396

   fr. 415 263

   fr. 416 228

Alexander (historian)

   fr. 197

Ambrose

   On Faith 1.4 246

Apuleius

   God of Socrates 153 190

Atta

   Satura 12 141

Augustine

   Christian Doctrine

     3.7.11 60

   City of God

     21.4 319

Caecilius

   fr. 246 215

   fr. 256 375

Caesar, Julius

   Courtney fr. 2 115

   fr. on grammar. 243

Calvus

   Against Vatinius, fr. 23 78

Cassiodorus

   [Institutes 2.3.5] 80

Cato

   Orations 73 398

   Origins 1. 18 305

   fr. 18 (Jordan) 375

Catullus

   Poems

     1.1 141

     [64.65] 392

Cicero

   Caelius, Defense of

     [33–34] 78

   Catiline, Against

     1.2 72, 75

     1.8 76

     1.9 77

     1.10 76

     1.27 74, 78

     2.1 59

     2.25 76

     3.1 78

     3.8 235

   Cluentius, Defense of

     146 86

   Deiotarus, Defense of King

     15 87

   Divination, Against Caecilius

     1 77

   Flaccus, Defense of

     1 78

     76 265

   Invention, On

     1.8 71

     1.12 72

     1.42 86

   Ligarius, Defense of

     19 76

     22 122

   Marcellus, Defense of

     26 86

   Metellus, Against the Speech of

     fr. 5 76

   Milo, Defense of

     1 75

     44 87

     59 76

     72 78

     79 72, 78

   Nature of the Gods, on the

     2.72 227, 228

   Orator, on the

     [1.194] 124

   Philippics

     2.1 72

     2.113 86

     3.10 389

     4.8 76

     8.3 359

   Piso, Against

     19 86

   Poems

     fr. 8 373

   Prognostics (translating Aratus)

     fr. 6 266

   Republic

     2.16 222, 226

     3.35 359

   Scaurus, Defense of

     2.7 252

     45 385

   Sestius, Defense of

     77 263

   Topics

     32 85, 300

     35 88

   Tusculan Disputations

     1.5 224

   Verres, Second Action Against

     1.49 295

     2.52 86

     [2.89] 226

     5.110 235

   unassigned fr. 227

Cinna

   fr. 2 375

   fr. 3 376

   fr. 11 141

Clementine Recognitions

   8.45 102

Comedy, Roman

   fr. 21 (Ribbeck) 374

Dorcatius

   fr. 1 371

Dracontius

   Praises of God

     1.515 254

   Satisfactio

     63 140

Ennius

   Annals

     33 58

     109 59

     179 57

     329 58

     478 374

     483 375

     492 374

     499 375

     558 368

     607 230

   Satires 27 355

   Courtney fr. 41 238

Fronto

   fr. 12 308

Gracchus, Sempronius

   Against Maevius (unique fr.) 392

   fr. 43 76

Homer (Latin)

   Iliad

     8.597 390

     20.215 288

Horace

   Art of Poetry

     220 180

   Epistles

     1.2.26 248

     1.2.56 214

     1.17.25 387

   Epodes

     1.1 373

     2.1 66

     12.1 322

   Odes

     1.16.20 305

     2.18.1 312, 379

     3.18.1 190

     3.29.4 115

     4.5.23 242

   Satires 1.6.104 403

Jerome

   Ad Galatas

     3.5, col. 445, l. 48, 52 397

   Epistle 25, to Rusticus

     15 77

   Life of Paul the Hermit

     8 245

   Site and Names of Hebrew Places

     202 281

Josephus (Hegesippus)

   History

     5.15.1 374

Juvenal

   Satires

     2.124 391

     6.89 391

     6.590 363

     10.153 298

     12.34 252

     13.83 310

     13.93 98

     14.139 59

Juvencus

   Gospel Poem

     1.549 124

Livius Andronicus

   Odyssey

     10 376

Livy

   (= Quintilian, Inst. or. 8.3.53) 57

Lucan

   Civil War

     1.7 361, 363

     1.15 49

     1.62 311

     1.151 64

     1.205 64

     1.296 202

     1.382 224

     1.396 197

     1.555 298

     1.563 244

     2.15 56

     2.51 197

     2.54 197

     2.150 359

     2.151 359

     [2.271] 298

     3.220 39

     [3.236] 281

     4.58 106

     4.106 101

     [4.108] 402

     4.136 141

     5.428 375

     5.553 265

     5.716 264

     6.198 363

     6.427 181

     6.457 182

     6.490 255

     6.689 266

     7.819 335

     [8.227] 281

     9.614 258

     9.711 256

     9.712 257

     9.714 257

     9.717 256

     9.719 256

     9.720 257

     9.722 256

     9.723 257

     9.737 257

     10.117 346

     10.201 104

Lucilius

   Satires

     13 388

     139 58

     [139] 400

     1143 390

     1165 377

     1191 376

     1290 312, 379

Lucretius

   On the Nature of Things

     1.314 404

     1.315 316

     1.715 274

     2.152 280

     4.133 272

     4.1129 206

     5.503 275

     5.516 405

     5.743 275

     5.905 66

     5.1036 251

     5.1192 59

     [5.1275] 330

     6.555 285

Macer, Aemilius

   fr. 4 265

   fr. 8 256

Maecenas

   fr. 1 392

Marcius

   fr. 1 140

Martial

   Epigrams

     4.8.6 396

     12.98.1 282

     13.24 343

     13.49 269

     13.70 267

     13.72 267

     13.94 248

     14.34 404

     14.42 402

     14.50 362

     14.58 318

     14.73 265

     14.76 267

     14.121 400

Munatius

   fr. 224

Naevius

   Comedies

     75 52

   Punic War

     22 384

   Tragedies

     62 249

   fr. 55 123

   fr. 58 299

Nigidius

   fr. 108 236

   fr. 109 395

Ovid

   Art of Love

     2.24 246

   Fasti

     3.377 364

     6.291 187

   Heroides

     5.149 77

   Metamorphoses

     1.19 60

     1.84 231

     2.53 77

     2.246 281

     5.341 338

     5.460 257

     5.549 266

     10.93 346

     10.95 346

     12.464 242

     15.369 246

     15.389 258

Pacuvius

   fr. 13 280

Paulinus of Nola

   Poems

     17.17 197

     17.250 197

Persius

   Satires

     1.42 345

     1.113 255

     2.51 400

     3.10 141

     3.11 61

     3.56 40

     3.84 59

     4.2 353

     4.13 52

     5.79 60

     5.181 402

Petronius

   Anth. Lat.

     690.3 122

   Satyricon

     108 77

Plautus

   The Ass-Dealer

     518 375

   The Braggart Soldier

     436 123

     628 403

   The Casket

     728 259

   Epidicus

     371 230

   The Haunted House

     562 203

     644 333

   The Little Carthaginian

     348 390

     529 308

   fr. 159 61

   fr. 175 376

   fr. 176 385

   fr. 177 386

   fr. 181 401

   fr. 188 123

Pliny

   Natural History

     8.42 252

     8.43 252

     8.148 253

     32.7 262

     32.142 268

Poem about Weights and Measures

   3 332

   69 334

Propertius

   Elegies 4.1.13 361

Prudentius

   Against Symmachus

     1.90 182

     1.365 187

   Crowns of Martyrdom

     4.25 392

Publilius

   Maxims

     fr. 19 385

Rutilius Lupus

   Schemata Lexeos

     1.4 76

Rutilius Rufus

   On His Own Life

     13 403

Sallust

   Histories

     1.52 240

     2.2 297

     2.28 285

     3.29 360

     3.36 364

     3.104 385

     4.7 201

     4.39 297

Sallust

     4.77 281

     4.26 278, 296

   unassigned fr. 360

   War with Catiline

     6 204, 301

     11.3 214

   War with Jugurtha

     78.3 279

Scipio Africanus Minor

   fr. 33 76

Sedulius

   Paschal Poem

     prol. 16 399

     1.115 247

Statius

   Thebaid

     1.363 299

     6.241 105

Suetonius

   History of Games

     195 362

   On Poets

     2 180

   Prata

     109 360

     171 248

Terence

   Andria (The Girl from Andros)

     68 58, 72, 73, 76

     218 86

     582 87

     648 225

   The Brothers

     397 234

   The Eunuch

     357 243

     478 228

     732 61

   The Mother-in-Law

     11 242

   Phormio

     856 217

   The Self-Tormentor

     825 217

Terentianus

   On Meter

     1591 65

     1799 65

Turpilius

   fr. 216 375

Valgius

   fr. 4 376

Varro

   Latin Language

     7.22 278

   fr. 180

Varro Atacinus

   fr. 20 347

Vergil

   Aeneid

     1.2 57

     1.3 58

     1.11 76

     1.58 300

     1.69 360

     1.70 360

     1.107 62

     1.118 57

     1.135 78

     1.140 63

     1.148 64

     1.159 60

     1.165 60

     1.176 342

     1.184 63

     1.252 227

     1.257 77

     1.259 228

     1.263 57

     1.288 200

     1.295 59

     1.374 127

     1.383 216

     1.387 62

     1.403 354

     1.412 62

     1.425 305

     1.449 331

     1.475 61

     1.489 127

     1.499 57

     1.529 87

     1.546 57

     1.553 58

     1.589–92 225

     1.597 70

     1.605 69

     1.607 70

     1.643 62

     1.693 350

     1.708 395

     1.723 395

     1.724 400

     1.744 105

     2.16 48

     2.20 59

     2.27 56

     2.30 203

     2.234 306

     2.250 127, 271

     2.256 62

     2.262 75

     2.311 61

     2.348 62

     2.417 127

     2.502 219

     2.547 63

     2.719 280

     3.30 219

     3.44 196

     3.56 77

     3.61 60

     3.75 62

     3.109 202, 305

     3.126 296

     3.127 222

     3.157 59

     3.183 59

     3.243 226

     3.409 57

     3.423 62

     3.484 385

     3.520 375

     3.556 96

     3.619 61

     3.662 62

     3.677 230

     3.680 345

     3.687 262

     3.689 296

     3.699 226

     [3.704] 296

     4.11–14 212

     4.13 87

     4.41 221

     4.42 198

     4.68 274

     4.73 351

     4.137 393

     4.138 57

     4.174 124

     4.223 76, 223

     4.359 234

     4.367 288

     4.373 76

     4.381 77

     4.483 199

     4.487 181

     4.511 187

     4.558 64

     4.569 86, 365

     4.584 62

     4.588 78

     4.660 59

     5.20 273

     5.157 61

     5.199 299

     5.208 362

     5.273 316

     5.287 56

     5.407 61

     5.588 77

     5.683 110

     5.817 61

     6.19 61

     6.86 359

     6.119 64

     6.160 140

     6.204 329

     6.311 61

     6.365 77

     6.411 374

     6.412 311, 374

     6.631 219

     6.646 98

     6.773 58

     6.781 301

     7.133 148

     7.162 202

     7.188 364

     7.266 201

     7.363 86

     7.519 361

     7.637 361

     7.732 364

     7.741 363

     7.759 59

     7.817 363

     8.83 49

     8.112 77

     8.147 87

     8.232 219

     8.313 301, 304

     8.364 77

     8.405 62

     8.430 276

     8.446 331

     8.526 97, 361

     8.560 77

     8.641 360

     8.660 198

     8.666 403

     9.1 58

     9.26 58

     9.76 61

     9.95 87

     9.459 62

     9.503 96, 361

     9.535 201

     9.582 389

     9.609 57

     9.705 363

     9.747 363

     10.13 298

     10.81 87

     10.88 51

     10.142 281

     10.149 58

     10.314 55, 368

     10.333 86

     10:361 319

     10.370 201

     10.581 86

     11.588 223

     11.644 362

     11.683 226

     11.718 226

     12.161 58

     12.354 273

     12.898 365

     12.903 59

   Eclogues

     1.62 281

     1.66 198

     1.80 59

     2.29 308

     2.32 97

     3.38 347

     3.64 343

     3.71 63

     3.90 63

     3.92 222

     4.4 181

     4.10 104

     4.42 355

     4.44 389

     6.80 60

     8.13 351

     8.44 199

     8.55 59

     9.30 297

     9.45 64

     10.67 142

   Georgics

     1.44 275

     1.47 314

     1.75 339

     1.78 351

     1.93 274

     1.178 404

     1.187 344

     1.267 311

     1.299 77, 140, 337

     1.309 297

     1.340 129

     1.388 267

     1.470 61

     2.1 56

     2.12 348

     2.68 345

     2.112 346

     2.117 193

     2.126–35 343

     2.131 61

     2.299 77, 140

     2.325 187

     2.402 129

     2.430 299

     2.448 344, 346

     3.1 339

     3.67 243

     3.97 188

     3.113 368

     3.231 355

     3.344 60

     3.474 298

     4.1 397

     4.124 346

     4.168 269

     4.169 115, 350

     4.255 243

     4.289 373

     4.558 347

The Bible (in Vulgate order)

   Genesis

     [1:2] 149, 159

     1:3 192

     1:5 126

     1:6, 8 162

     1:10 277, 285

     1:28 212

   Genesis

     1:31 177

     2:7 231

     2:22 242

     3:1 258

     3:19 174

     4:1 162

     [4:23–24] 162

     4:26 162

     [5:17] 162

     5:29 162

     [6:4] 245

     [9:25] 163

     13:8 208

     16:11 163

     [16:11] 165

     17:5 165

     17:16 163

     [19:24–25] 287

     [21:6] 165

     22:12 168

     27:36 165

     [28:17] 302

     29:32 165

     29:33 165

     29:35 165

     30:6 166

     30:8 166

     30:11 166

     30:13 166

     30:18 166

     30:20 166

     [30:32–42] 250

     32:30 165

   Exodus

     [3.2] 161

     3:14 153

     [8:16–18] 270

     8:19 164

     [21:5–6] 130

     [25:30] 145

     26:14 388

     [33:20] 154

   Numbers

     [6:2–5] 225

     [16:46–48] 164

     [25:6–15] 164

     [33:1–49] 136

   Deuteronomy

     6:4 178

     15:12 208

     [32–33] 65

     33.6 57

   Joshua

     [9:3–15] 193

   Judges

     9:8 67

     14:14 63

   Ruth

     1:16 164

   I Kings

     [3:1] 322

     9:9 166

     [28:7–19] 182

   II Kings

     11:2 309

     [12:25] 165

   III Kings

     10:16–17 364

     [12:28] 302

     [13:2] 165

     17:24 167

     18:39 166

   IV Kings

     9:37 165

   I Chronicles

     9:6 163

   Job

     1:1 192

     3:3 136

     21:33 300

     38:3 237

     42.6 136

   Psalms

     1:4 317

     9/10:14 241

     23:10 153

     30:13 313

     61:12 189

     78:2 272

     79:2 161

     79:4 155

     80:4 97, 146

     80:7 401

     81:6 160

     82:6 119

     98:1 155

     101:28 155

     103:3 160

     103:6 155

     103:12 272

     103:25 259

     109:4 138

     112:4 153

     113:16 154

     132:1 208

     138:8 155

   Proverbs

     1:5 373

     6:13 52

     8:15 201

     9:1 173

     14:17 222

     31:22 388

   Song of Songs

     1:10 391

     8:5 149

   Wisdom

     [10:6] 287

     11:21 90

     [11:21] 332

   Ecclesiasticus

     24:19 346

     33:15 76

     50:16 148

   Isaiah

     3:23 387

     6:1 , 168

     [6:1] 166, 168

     6:2 161, 162

     6:3 162

     9:6 157, 241

     [11:2–3] 158

     23 287

     30:8 347

     33:21 373

     [40:3] 137

     45:7 177

     52:7 164–168

     63:4 178

     66:5 208

   Jeremiah

     1:5 138, 168

     1:6–8 241

     1:10 166

     51:14 155

   Ezekiel

     1:1 166

     1:10 138

     3:17 167

     9:4 40

     [40:3] 315

   Daniel

     1:4 191

     3:94 385

     6:13 150

     7:10 161

     [9:23] 167

     10:13 161

   Amos

     2:13 155

     3:7 167

   Obadiah

     1:1 167

   Jonah

     2:3 260

   Nahum

     1:15 167

     3:1 167

   Zephaniah

     3:18 225

   Zechariah

     2:3–4 160

     3:1–2 149

     [3:1] 137

     [8:19] 150

   Malachi

     1:1 167

   Matthew

     1:1 137

     1:21 155

     [4:16] 238

     5:38 124

     5:5 158

     8:12, etc. 300

     9:15 150, 158

     [10:3] 169

     10:16 159

     12:28 159

     12:40 300

     16:16 168

     16:18 168

     [26:7–13] 149

     27:9 169

     27:24 170

     27:44 59

     28:19 149

   Mark

     1:3 137

     1:11 192

     [3:17] 169

     12:29 160

   Luke

     1:5 138

     1:72 168

     3:8 207

     [7:37–50] 149

     [7:37] 321

     11:20 159

     11:23 173

     18:12 150

   John

     1:1 138

     1:9 172

     1:10 271

     1:18 154

     4:24 158, 176

     7:37–38 159

     [8:44] 207

     10:18 231

     10:30 157, 177

     12:13 146

     13:1 144

     13:5 227

     14:16 157

     14:28 157

     16:12–13 158

     16:13 158

     16:28 157

     [19:20] 191

     19:30 231

     [19:32] 125

     21:15 166

   Acts

     [2:1–4] 173

     [2:3] 159

     [2:15] 150

     [3:108] 150

     4:27 155

     [8:18–23] 175

     9:4 168

     [10:1] 302

     [10:9–16] 150

     [10:11–12] 168

     13:2 169

     [21:8-9] 302

     [22:3] 303

   Romans

     1:8 173

     8:9 158

     8:15 172

     9:3 208

     9:20 399

     [9:33] 157

     13:10 174

   I Corinthians

     1:23 157

     2:8 157

     3:7 149

     3:10 377

     5:7 144

     7:9 212

     8:6 160

     10:4 168

     11:20 268

     12:2 183

     12:11 159

     13:1 192

     13:8 192

     [13:12] 155

     15:8 169

     15:9 169

   II Corinthians

     5:17 135

     11:20 268

   Galatians

     2:9 235

   Ephesians

     [1:21] 161

     3:8 169

     6:15 164

   Philippians

     [2:7] 155, 157

   Colossians

     [1:16] 161

   I Thessalonians

     5:17 150

   I Timothy

     3:15 173

     6:16 154

   Hebrews

     [1:9] 159

     9:17 119

   I John

     2:1 156

     2:27 159

   Apocalypse (Revelation)

     1:1 138

     [1:4] 173

     2:6 175

     [4:4] 135

     12:10 184

     19:4 148

     22:13 40, 156

Unidentified citations

   Lindsay (1) 40

   Lindsay (2) 100

   Lindsay (3) 345

   “Petronius” 122

   Courtney fr. 1 77

   Courtney fr. 3 241

   Courtney fr. 4 60

   Courtney fr. 5 60

   Courtney fr. 6 60

   Courtney fr. 7 194


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