Cambridge Catalogue  
  • Help
Home > Catalogue > Northern English
Northern English
Google Book Search

Search this book

Details

  • 1 b/w illus. 19 maps
  • Page extent: 0 pages

Adobe eBook Reader

 (ISBN-13: 9780511223167 | ISBN-10: 0511223161)




Index of Northern English features


‘a’ 29, 31, 103, 150–1, 165

(See also BATH, etc.)

aboon (‘above’) 116

aboot (‘about’) 122

ache 148

addle (‘earn’) 55, 156, 197

aha (‘yes’) 191, 195

airly/urrly (‘early’) 120

allies/liggies (‘marbles’) 195

alveolar affrication (initial) 163

-and (‘-ing’) 52, 55, 72, 80

ant 173

any road (‘anyway’) 162

'appen (‘perhaps’) 162

are 57, 89

as/at 55, 180–181

aspiration/affrication 119, 167

atanes (‘at once’) 72

atayin (‘going out for tea’) 123

attercob (‘spider’) 81

aud (‘old’) 81

awa (‘away’) 122

ay up/ey up 30, 197

aye (‘yes’) 5, 55, 147, 162, 191

backend (‘autumn’) 198

backovermen 125

badly (‘ill’) 196

bairn/bearn (‘child’) 42, 52, 81, 198

bait (‘snack’) 126, 156

baith(e)/bathe/byeth (‘both’) 52, 72, 132

bake 48, 173

barley (truce term) 156

barm (‘yeast’) 196

bath/BATH 20, 29, 31, 103, 104, 148, 150–151, 210

beck (‘stream’) 54

beeats/byuts (‘boots’) 124, 168

beer 170

bert (‘boat’) 173

black bullets 198

bleb (‘blister’) 81, 198

blind 48, 168, 194, 195

blobs (‘globe-flowers’) 196

bluid (‘blood’) 123

blurks (‘blokes’) 31

boan/bone 122, 173, 175

bones (‘bobbins’) 127

bonny 52, 132, 193, 196

bonny lad 193

boodies (broken crockery) 195

book 103, 120, 162, 173, 207

bool (‘bowl’) 198

brambles 198

brant (‘steep’) 55

brash (‘brittle’) 156

bray (‘hit’) 198

breadbun 198

brew 120

brief (‘strong’) 156

broide (‘bride’) 123

bugger 29

bullies (‘mates’) 90

bull week 192–193, 196

bumblekites (‘blackberries’) 81

burn (‘stream’) 54

but (‘however’) 150, 157, 192

butter 20, 29, 150, 210

butty 163

bworn (‘born’) 111

by (‘farmstead’) 55

(ee) by/ba gum 30, 192

cadger (‘huckster’) 106

calf 103

canno (‘cannot’) 51

canny 81, 132, 133

cart 103

caud (‘cold’) 81

chaffes (‘jaws’) 81

chaldron (measure of coal) 90

chats (‘sycamore keys’) 81

chaver/charver/chava (‘boy’) 190, 198

childher 131

chuck (term of address) 163, 193

chuck (‘throw’) 156, 198

chum/teum/toom (‘coal tub’) 125

claggy (‘heavy bread’) 156

clarty (‘dirty’) 197

claw 171

clod (‘throw’) 156

coal 48, 168, 175

‘coal’ words 125

coat 171

coil hoil (‘coal hole’) 171

conks (‘private talks’) 121

conscience (‘judgment’) 156

corf (‘basket’) 125

cots (‘tangles’) 198

cow 48, 168, 171

crankie/-y 135

cr(h)oup (‘cough’) 102

croggy 198

cuddy-wifter (‘ left-handed’) 198

cworn (‘corn’) 111

daft 29, 31, 81, 139

dairty 120

dance 103, 158, 210

dang (‘struck’) 55

dazed (‘very cold’) 81

dead (‘very’) 163

dee (‘die’) 79

definite article reduction (DAR) 31, 42, 57, 96, 122, 187

dental articulation 119

dhrunken 131

dinna(t) (‘don't’) 52, 174

dinner (‘lunch’) 28, 148, 156

discourse markers 30, 191–193

divvent (‘don't’) 31, 132, 146, 170, 189, 190

dobby (‘house spirit’) 156

dolly-pawed/-handed (‘left-handed’) 197

dondinner (‘afternoon drinkings’) 81

done 173

double modals 189

drought 169

drouth 156

duds (‘working clothes’) 126

eale (‘ale’) 68

eat 48, 168

(by) eck (as like) 29, 30, 162, 192

ecky thump 162

-en participles 122

eneaf 122

er/eawr (‘our’) 131

eyne (‘eyes’) 80

FACE 174

fain (‘glad’) 193

fair/fir (fur) 120

fash (‘trouble’) 156

fayther 131

feace (‘face’) 112

fell (‘hillside’) 55

finnie haddie (‘haddock’) 198

first 102

first-footer 156

flig (‘fly’) 197

flit (‘move’) 55, 156

fonne (‘fool’) 80

fooak/folk 132

for to 51

frayne (‘ask’) 81

front rounded vowels 3, 175

[g]-articulation 104, 120, 162, 173, 205

gadgie (‘old man’) 198

gait (‘way’) 68

galluses (‘braces’) 156, 195

gang (‘go, walk’) 52, 66, 146, 80

ganzie (‘sweater’) 198

garth (‘yard’) 55

gate 48

gawp (‘stare’) 156

gay (‘very’) 193

gear (‘best’) 163

geet (intensifier) 175

ger/gar (‘make’) 79

gerraway/geron with you 162, 192, 196

gilt (‘young sow’) 156

gin (‘if’) 66

give 57

glass 150

glottalisation 175, 176

gob (‘mouth’) 156

goodies (‘sweets’) 197

goose 48, 168

goosegogs (‘gooseberries’) 197

goosegrass 156

gormless 139

gowk (‘cuckoo’) 197

gowlands (‘king-cups’) 196

gradely (‘fine, proper’) 131, 133, 193

grammar 178–190

grass 29, 31

greetings and partings 192–193, 196

grotty (‘bad’) 163

grund (‘ground’) 48, 168

gude 68

H-dropping 30, 42, 148, 177–178

haddles (‘loops of cord’) 127

hame/hyem(‘home’) 48, 51, 132

happY- tensing/vowel 165, 166, 207

harns (‘brains’) 81

headsmen 125

her (as kinship term) 186

herd (‘shepherd’) 197

hinnie (‘honey’) 132, 193

hod (‘hold’) 81, 116

hoggars (‘pumps’) 127

ho(o)/(w)hoo/he (‘she’) 77, 81, 131, 180

hoosht (‘she shall’) 97

hoo ye gannin? 193

hope (‘think’) 71

hoppin(g) (‘dance’) 136

howay (the lads) 30, 192

howky 135

how yer diddlin? 193

I 83, 73

ice-shockle (‘icicle’) 197

I is 57, 72–81, 73, 79, 188

Ik (‘I’) 73

ill 72

-ing forms 104

intiv/intev (‘into’) 132, 170

intonation 100, 119, 124, 201–202

I'se (‘I shall’) 68, 188

iv (‘in’) 132, 170

keel-bullies 127

kelp 157

ken (‘know’) 52

kets (‘sweets’) 197

kirk (‘church’) 52, 57

kist (‘chest’) 57

knack (‘speak posh’) 143

l- vocalisation 156

lad/laddie 132

ladthur 131

laik/lake (‘play’) 55

laithe (‘barn’) 55

lap (‘wrap’) 156

laugh 29

law 171

letter 174

leveryng (‘lightning’) 55

lig(gen) (‘lie’) 80, 112, 197

like (‘so to speak’) 30, 123, 192

likely (‘probably’) 192, 196

linderins 127, 128

loaf 48, 168, 173

loan (‘lane’) 193, 197

loch 51

loight 123

loik 123

look 103, 207

lop (‘flea’) 55, 197

loup (‘jump’) 55

love 148, 184, 193

lug (‘ear’) 55

luke 79

Mackem 205

maer/mair/mare (‘more’) 52, 68, 79, 174

mak (‘make’) 122, 131

make 132, 206

man 73, 90, 73, 132, 193

marra/marrow (‘mate’) 132, 193

mash (‘brew’) 197

me (as tag) 186

mebbies (‘maybe’) 198

meeghty 68

mickle/muckle (‘much’) 52, 68, 79, 111

might could 155

mind (‘however’) 192

mind (‘remember’) 156

mowdyrat (‘mole’) 197

mucky 197

mud 173

mun/munna (‘must (not)’) 77, 79, 180

mus (‘mouse’) 51

mustn't (‘can't’) 157

na/no 51, 72

name 173

nay (‘certainly not’) 55, 191

nebby (‘nosy’) 156

neegh (‘nigh’) 77

neet (‘night’) 79, 112, 132

negation 188–90

nesh (‘tender’) 156

nicker (‘neigh’) 156

night 51, 169

nithered (‘cold’) 197

noo then 157, 192

nor (‘than’) 81

Northern subject rule 45, 155, 157, 187–188

Northumbrian ‘burr’ 51, 100–102, 102, 170

now 171

now (‘no’) 191

nowt 29, 30, 34, 98, 169

NURSE/NORTH vowel merger 173

oop (‘up’) 104

oot (‘out’) 132

orndorns (‘afternoon drinkings’) 81

our (as kinship term) 186

outcumling (‘stranger’) 81

owd (‘old’) 120, 169

owt 34, 162

oxter (‘armpit’) 192

P. D./pee-dee (‘boy on keel-boat’) 127

paddock (‘frog’, ‘toad’) 156

paigles (‘cowslips’) 196

panhaggerty (‘meat and potato dish’) 198

parky (‘cold’) 197

partles (‘rabbit droppings’) 197

paste eggs 198

perished (‘cold’) 197

pet 193

phraseology 194–5

picking over (‘weaving’) 127

pikelets (‘crumpets’) 158

pisshead (‘dandelion’) 156

pitmatic 79, 124, 136, 182, 193

pit-yacker 135

poke 175

poke (‘bag’) 156

poss (‘scrub’) 156

PRICE vowels 174, 175

pronunciation 168–178

prosody 201–203

proverbs 194

put t’wood in t'hoil 195

qu- (‘wh-’) 72

quhen (‘when’) 51

‘r’ (linking prosody) 162

‘r’ (post-vocalic) 119, 155

‘r’ (rhoticity) 170–173

reeght/reet 169, 193

riding 13, 55

rigg (‘ridge’) 57

road 177–178

robin-run-up-the-dyke (‘goosegrass’) 197

roond 132

roving off (‘drawing out a sliver of cotton’) 127

ruddick (‘robin’) 197

rum-gum-shus (‘sharp, witty’) 102

-s 57, 72, 83, 84, 92

sae (‘so’) 111, 68, 72

sandshoes (‘gymshoes’) 198

scallion (‘onion’) 156

scathe (‘hurt’) 81

sec/sic (‘such’) 52, 111

secondary contractions 189

-sell/sen (‘self’) forms 43, 185

ser (‘various’) 55

seun (‘soon’) 132

shanno 51

shart (‘short’) 97

she/sh- pronoun forms 58–59, 83, 89, 92, 83

sheep-scoring numerals 44

shirt 170

shoddy 126

shoine (‘shoes’) 80

shuggie-boats (‘swings’) 198

shurrup 162

similes 161, 191, 194

singing 120

skerrick (‘nothing’) 157, 192

skrike (‘shriek’) 57

slape (‘bald’) 198

slyke (‘such’) 73

smoggy 208

sna (‘snow’) 168

snap (‘snack’) 126

snod (‘smooth’) 123

son 193

soom (‘some’) 150

spells/spelks (‘splinters’) 197, 198

spice (‘sweets’) 196, 197

sploiced 123

spuggy (‘sparrow’) 196

SQUARE/NURSE vowel merger 162

starved (‘cold’) 197

statesman (‘smallholder’) 112

stee (‘ladder’) 55

steg (‘gander’) 55, 193, 197

sthrange 131

stone 48, 173, 175

stook (of coal) 125

strut/ STRUT 103, 150, 210

stuid (‘stood’) 111

stuil 132

sure/shore/Shaw 173

t' (‘the’) 31, 42, 96, 131

T-glottalling 143, 148, 175–177

tag questions 190

tak (‘take’) 131

take 206

tald (‘told’) 72

tanklet (‘icicle’) 197

tata/tara 193

teawn (‘town’) 131

terms of address 193

th' (‘the’) 96, 122, 131

TH-fronting 175, 177

theaw (‘thou’) 131

theer (‘there’) 131

there where 169

the which 92

they/th- pronoun forms 83, 89, 92

tho/thae (‘those’) 186

thon/thonder 186

thor/thr/thir (‘these’) 186

thorsels (‘themselves’) 132

thou- forms 132, 181–185

throssen up (‘posh’) 143

thryin (‘trying’) 131

tike/tyke 30, 133, 139

til 57, 72, 79

till and fra (‘to and fro’) 180

tiv/tuv (‘to’) 122, 170, 190

tl- (‘gl-’) 169

tnee (‘knee’) 112

tnit (‘knit’) 112

toneeght 77

toon 174

t'oother 122

tram (‘coal truck’) 127

trapper 125

tuke/tyeuk (‘took’) 79, 132

twa 52

‘u’ (long) 48, 162, 171, 173, 174, 206

up 29

us (‘me’) 186

us (‘our’) 162, 186

[uz] 148

v-linking prosody 132, 170

velarisation 119

vocabulary 195–199

vowels (long) 210

w-insertion/formations 111, 131, 170

waat (‘know’) 72

wack(er) 193

wailer 125

waimb (‘womb’) 68, 180

walme (‘heat’) 81

wanges (‘molars’) 72

wapentake 55

wark (‘work’) 68

warty (‘weekdays’) 123

a way bit (‘a little bit’) 81

weekend 137

weel (‘well’) 79

wellers 127, 128

werkes (‘aches’) 72

we'se/ye'se (‘we shall/you shall’) 188

what cheer 193

what fettle the day, lads? 193, 197

wheer (‘where’) 131

whiat (‘quite’) 68

which 169

why-aye/way-eye 195

winnat (‘won't’) 174, 189, 196

word 102

wouldn't could 51

wor (‘our’) 132, 185

wors (as kinship term) 186

worselves 185

wrang (‘wrong’) 52, 48, 168

yacron (‘acorn’) 116

yak (‘oak’) 170

yance (‘once’) 81

yan(e) (‘one’) 81, 170

ye (singular) 181

yealdhook 127, 128

yem (‘home’) 48, 124

yigh (‘yes oh but’) 191, 194, 191

yod-formation 131, 170

yon 186

youse 119, 155, 157, 165, 181

yuks (‘hooks’) 124







General Index


ABZ of Scouse 163

accent/dialect levelling 69, 86, 167, 168, 172, 178, 203, 208

Adams, James 99, 100

Adamson, S. 99, 113

Addy, S. 96, 126, 177, 180, 186, 187, 188, 192, 195

   advertising 28, 166

Aelfric 40

Aidan of Iona 40

Ainsworth, William Harrison 78

Alcuin of York 39

(King) Alfred of Wessex 40, 54

Allan, Thomas 130, 133, 135

almanacs 128, 129

America/American English 152–156

anachronistic fallacy 6, 69, 83

Anderson, B. 209

Anderson, Robert 52, 111, 113

Andy Capp 9

Anglian 34

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 43, 54

Anglo-Scandinavian 6, 58–61, 86

Anglo-Scottish wars 72–73

Ardrossan 32

Armitage, Simon 11, 12, 13, 16, 30, 98, 161, 207

Armstrong, Tommy 127

Arnold, Matthew 27

Ashington 27

Auden, W.H. xi, 11

Auf Wiedersehen Pet 163

Australia/Australian English 151–152, 154–155, 157–158

   austrocentrism 2, 12, 29

Axon, W. E. 81

Bailey, Nathan 81, 79

Bailey, R. W. 40, 49, 51, 60, 62, 63, 64, 98, 105, 113, 139, 176

Bainbridge, Beryl xi--xii, 27, 28, 149, 167

Baker, A. and Billinge, M. 5, 210

Baker, Hylda 139

Baker, S. J. 157

Bakewell, Joan 149

Bakhtin, M. 5, 68

ballads/songs 8, 52, 79, 94, 112, 124, 127, 128, 129–133, 134, 139, 152, 170

Bambas, R. C. 92

Bamford, Samuel 97, 116, 117, 125

Banton, M. 6

Barnard Castle 122

Barnsley 184

Barrel, J. 105

Barry, M. 187

Barry, P. 147, 163

Barstow, Stan 161, 185

Bartholomew Fair 68, 79

BATH-broadening/lengthening 20, 103–104, 123, 165

Bauer, L. 158

Baugh, A. C and Cable, T. 34, 36, 43, 46, 49, 57, 60, 68, 70, 82, 84, 92

Beadle, R. 73

Beal, J. 11, 31, 42, 48, 50, 51, 99, 101, 102, 103, 119, 125, 128, 130, 166, 170, 171, 174, 175, 178, 180, 185, 186, 188, 189, 190, 192, 193, 198, 200, 202, 206, 207

Beatles 140, 151, 161, 162–163

Beattie, James 99

Bede of Jarrow 32, 34, 39, 40, 41

Belchem, J. 12–13, 119, 120

Bell, I. 28

Bell John, Jr. 102, 130, 133, 134, 137

Bennett, Alan xii, 29–30, 118–119, 148, 201

Bennett, W. 99

Bernicia 17, 42, 44

Berwick-upon-Tweed 1, 12, 16, 108, 198, 205

Beverley 85, 86

Biber, D. et al. 179

Billy Elliot 167

Birmingham xi, 10, 104, 150, 202, 210

Bjorkmann, E. 58

Black, Cilla 163

Black, M. 83

Blackburn 180, 185

Blackpool xi, 137

Blair, P. H. 32, 40

Blair, Tony 190

Blake, N. 72, 77, 79

Blamire, Suzanna 112

Blank, P. 52, 66, 67–68, 75, 78, 80

‘Bobbin, Tim’ (John Collier of Urmston) 96–97, 118, 122, 133, 139

Bokenham, Osbern 49, 66

Bolton 137, 182, 183, 186, 189, 190–191

Bolton, W. F. 76, 129

Boroughbridge 107–108

Boston, Lucy 149–150

Bourdieu, P. 137, 138–140, 145

Bowers, A. 108, 110

Bracewell, M. 139

Bradford 27, 115, 117, 126, 172, 189

Bradley, H. 34, 61, 93

Bragg, Melvyn 1, 55, 70, 112, 148, 182, 198, 199, 200, 207

Braine, John 9, 161

Branford, W. 157

Brassed Off 167

Brathwaite, Richard 106

Bratton, J. 139

Brierley, Ben 127, 131

Brighouse, Harold 160

Brinton, L. and Fee, M. 155

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) 145, 150

British National Corpus 12, 165

Brockett, John Trotter 90, 101, 106, 135, 191

Brontë, Charlotte 121

Brontë, Emily 9, 26, 121

Brook, G. L. 198–199

Brown, John 104

Bruce, John Collingwood and Stokoe, John 130

Bryson, Bill 23, 28

Buchanan, James 99, 104

bucolic dialogues 94–98

Bullein, William 51, 91

Bullokar, John 66

Burbano, L. 196, 198

Burgess, Anthony 143, 148

Burnett, Frances Hodgson 123

Burlend, Rebecca 153

Burnley 170

Burnley, D. 2, 57, 58, 61, 71, 73, 74, 84, 86, 183

Burns, Robert 52, 111, 112, 129

Butters, R. 155

Byrne, D. 40

Cade, V. 193, 196, 197

Caedmon's Hymn 40, 41, 57

the Calder 44

California 151–152

Cambridge History of the English Language 2

Campbell, A. 34

Campbell, B. 48

Campbell, Beatrix 3, 27, 28

Canada/Canadian English 152, 155

Canny Newcassell 102

Canterbury Tales 72, 74

Carew, Richard 66

Carlisle 1, 62, 85, 109, 111, 112, 154–155, 172

Carr, William 96

Cassidy, F. G. and Hall, J. H. 156 (See also DARE)

catchphrases 139

Cawley, A. C. 70, 94, 95

Caxton, William 33, 66

Celtic 43–45

Chambers, J. K. 177

Chambers, J. K. and Trudgill, P. 21, 29, 85, 87, 171, 200

Chancery English 68–69, 83, 92

Chaplin, Charlie 140

Chaplin, Sid 142, 164

Chase, M. 119, 124, 151

Cheshire 12–13, 81, 180

Cheshire, J., Edwards, V. and Whittle, P. 16, 179, 189

Cheshire, J. and Stein, D. 5, 7

Chesshyre, Robert 26, 28, 208

Chester-le-Street 41

‘Chester–Wash line’ 45

Clark, C. 51

Cleveland 10, 16

Clyde 7

Code-crossing/-switching 143, 148, 179, 187

Cohen, A. P. 208, 209

Coleman, Ann Raney 153

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor 112, 113

Coles, Elisha 81

Collier, John of Newcastle 90

Collins English Dictionary 13, 22

Colls, R. 4, 10, 28, 128, 211

Colls, R. and Lancaster, B. 29, 134, 143

Common, Jack 139, 146

Compleat Collier 90, 125

Cooke, Alistair 146

Cookson, Catherine 117, 149

Coronation Street 9, 29, 30, 96, 160–162, 163, 192, 194, 203

Corpus of Sheffield Usage 180

Corvan, Ned 134,

135, 152

Coupland, N. 9

Cowley, B. 116

Craigie, W. A. 8

Crawall, Joseph 130

‘Crankey/-ie, Bob’ 133, 135

Craven 43, 44, 96

Cressy, D. 153

Crewe Junction 11

Crowley, T. 1, 35, 98, 100, 104, 126, 144, 146

Cruttenden, A. 201, 202

Crystal, D. 1, 3, 12, 16, 37, 46, 57, 72, 86, 112, 171, 172, 203

Cumberland (dialect) 12–13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 43, 48, 51, 55, 81, 111, 114, 118, 124, 162, 168, 178, 180, 182, 184, 185, 189, 190, 192, 194, 197, 207

Cumbria/Cumbrian dialect 12, 14, 16, 20, 26, 43, 44, 48, 54, 60, 109, 159, 171, 208

Cunningham, L. 196

Currie, Edwina 164

Cursor Mundi 65, 89

Curzan, A. 56, 59

Cuthbert, Saint 73

Daines, Simon 103

Dalton, John 112

Danelaw 55, 84, 88

Darlington xi, 106, 154–155, 166

Davies, R. 75

Davis, L., Houck, C. L., and Upton, C. 17

Dean, C. 95

De Camp, D. 34

Defoe, Daniel 101–102, 109, 118

Deira 17, 42

Dellheim, C. 62, 76, 115

Dennis, N., Henriques, F., and Slaughter, C. 145

Derbyshire 13, 180

devolution 211

Dewhirst, I. 128, 152

dialect literature 94–98, 110–112, 127–133

dialect orthography/spelling 8, 94, 98, 130–131

Dickens, Charles 122–123

‘Dick Whittington’ trope xi, 141

Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE) 156

Dieth, E. 59

diffusion 83, 86, 90

Dillard, J. L. 154, 156

Disraeli, Benjamin 28, 118, 123

Dobson, B. 72, 73, 74

Dobson, S. 102, 163, 170, 193

Doctor Who 166

Dodd, Ken 139

Dodd, P. 115, 160, 211

Doncaster xi, 11, 10, 52

Dougglas, D. 207

Doyle, B. 146

Duncan, P. 180

Dunsop Bridge 1

Durham (dialect) xi, 12, 13, 109, 124, 173, 174, 182, 183, 185, 189, 192, 193, 198, 207

Durham and Tyneside Dialect Group 209

Easson, A. 121, 122

Easther, A. 126, 131, 169, 188, 192

East (Riding of) Yorkshire (dialect) (see also Yorkshire) 15, 17, 42, 54, 55, 58, 168, 170, 193, 197

East Riding Dialect Society 209

Edgar, Marriott 140

Edinburgh 6, 49, 50, 52–53

Education Acts 144–145

   (King) Edwin of Northumbria 43

Ekwall, E. J. 91

Ellis, A. J. 18, 50, 100, 102, 122–150, 175, 176, 184, 187, 192, 193, 199, 207

Ellis, S. 16, 207

Ellwood, Rev. T. 207

Elmes, S. 34, 44

Elmet 43, 44, 153

English Dialect Dictionary (EDD) 24, 81, 102, 121, 135, 191, 192

English Dialect Society 13, 126, 128

Ermine Street 32, 86

‘erosion’/‘attrition’ 195–199

‘Estuary English’ 165, 171–172, 174, 177

‘far North’ 12, 24, 31, 49–52, 68, 74, 79, 100, 108, 155, 168

Farrar, K., Grabe, E. and Nolan, F. 201

Fellows-Jensen, G. 63

Fennell, B. 2, 43, 45, 61, 80, 83, 84, 85

Fields, Gracie 140

Fiennes, Celia 107, 118

Filey 173

Findlay, A. 78

Fisher, Ann 99

Fisher, J. H. 155

Fisiak, J. 82

Fleetwood 32

FOOT-STRUT split 20, 21, 103–104, 150

Formby, George Jr. and Sr. 139, 140

Foulkes, P. and Docherty, G. 2, 3, 164, 166, 168, 172, 175, 176

Frantzen, A. J. and Venegoni, C. L. 63

Freeborn, D. 34, 41, 43, 45, 49, 66, 67, 75, 103

French, P. et al. 168, 170, 194

The Full Monty 167

Fulwell, Upian 124

Gammer Gurton's Needle 67, 77

Garner, B. 145

Gaskell, Elizabeth 118, 121, 122

Gaskell, William 121

Gateshead 90, 171, 173, 202, 208

Geeson, C. 137, 183, 186, 189

Geipel, J. 60, 61

Geoffrey of Monmouth 32

Geordie (dialect) (see also Newcastle-upon-Tyne; Tyneside) 24, 30, 31, 41, 48, 97, 102, 133–135, 152, 166, 170, 173, 185, 186, 192, 193, 201, 203, 204

German, G. D. 44

Gibson, A. C. 111

Gill, A. A. 10, 27

Gill, Alexander 66, 80

Gilpin, Rev. William 110

Giner, M. F. G and Montgomery, M. 153

Gladstone, William 119

Glasgow 176, 189

Glauser, B. 8, 17, 96, 189

Goodman, A. 74

Gordon, E. and Sudbury, A. 157

Gordon, E. V. 60

Gordon, P. and Lawton, D. 144

Görlach, M. 33, 66, 76, 81, 103, 116, 117, 123, 131, 156

Gould, P. and White, R. 10

Graddol, D., Leith, D. and Swann, J. 181

Gray, Thomas 110, 111

Great Vowel Shift 48, 51

Greenwell, George C. 125, 134

Greenwood, Walter 160

Griffiths, B. 134, 181, 182, 199, 207

Grose, Francis 81, 90, 95, 97, 101, 105, 135

Grose, M. W. and McKenna, D. 44

Guest, H. 117

Hadrian's Wall xi, 11, 49, 202

Hague, William 29, 167

Haigh, W. 169

Halifax 126, 150

Halliwell, J.O. 130, 131

Harker, D. 128, 130, 152, 157

Harland, John of Manchester 130

Harris, J. 103

Harrison, Rowland 127, 135

Harrison, Tony xii, 11, 30, 114

Harrison, William 76, 106

Hart, John 67, 75

Hartlepool 14, 32, 117

Hartley, John 129, 152–153

Haugen, E. 93–94

Henri, Adrian 163

Heslop, R. O. 41, 100, 124, 158, 170, 180, 186, 188, 196

Hewitt, M. and Poole, R. 97

Hexham 40

Hiberno-/Irish English 119, 192, 202

Higden, Ranulph 33, 49, 61, 64, 65, 67

Higham, N. J. 44, 50, 54

High Level Ranters 164

Hill, D. 109, 110

Hines, Barry 182, 185

Hitchin, G. 124–125, 136

Hogg, R. 34, 35, 36, 43

Hoggart, Richard xii, 143, 146, 147, 148, 160–161, 194

Holderness 74, 187

Holderness, G. 124

Hollingworth, B. 128, 133

Holman, K. 53

Holroyd, Abraham of Bradford 130, 133

Holtby, Winifred 15

Home Counties 75, 158, 209

   The Honest Yorkshireman 96, 133

Honey, J. 142, 145, 151

Horobin, S. and Smith, J. 33, 48, 70, 73, 74, 85, 92, 155

Hotspur 73, 76, 100

Houck, C. 172

Houghton, Stanley 160

Huddersfield 18, 107, 115, 131, 164, 169, 188, 192

Hudson, D. 179

Hudson, M. 25, 124, 193

Hughes, E. 154, 202

Hughes, Ted 25, 44

Hull 27, 118, 172, 173, 174, 175, 177

Humber 6, 7, 11, 12, 39, 40, 42, 86, 90, 181, 185

‘Humber–Mersey line’ 10

‘Humber–Ribble line’ (see also ‘Ribble–(Calder–Aire–)Humber line’ 18

Humberside 16, 20, 42, 87, 89, 166, 173, 207

Hutton, William 107, 108, 137

hypercorrection 148

iconography 27, 160–161

Ihalainen, O. 18, 45, 66, 96, 101, 150, 166, 170, 173, 181, 187

Industrial Revolution 27–38, 115–128

Ingham, P. 121, 122

Ireland 32, 119, 157, 165

Isle of Man 13, 54

Iter Lancastrense 32

itinerant's peregrination 106–108

Jackson, P. 4

Jarrow 40, 54, 176

Jennings, C. 11, 26, 28, 166

Jespersen, O. 176

Jewell, H. 4, 5, 13, 32, 33, 43, 50, 53, 62, 65, 71, 76, 77, 89, 100, 109, 118, 129

John of Trevisa 33, 49, 61, 62, 64, 65–66, 67

Johnson, Samuel 105

Johnston, William 67

‘Jone o' Grinfilt’ 133

Jones, C. 52

Jones, G. S. 140

Jones, Hugh 67, 75, 101

Jones, M. 96, 187

Jones, W. E. 187

Joyce, P. W. 112, 116, 122–148, 212

Kastovsky, D. and Mettinger, A. 45

Keene, D. 86, 90, 91

Keller, R. 83, 92

Kellett, A. 152

Kelly, S. F. and Jones, J. 160

Kendel 98, 106, 107, 108, 109

Kenrick, William 102

Kerswill, P. 174, 182, 189

Kerswill, P., Llamas, C. and Upton, C. 208

Kerswill, P. and Williams, A. 174

King Lear 67, 68, 77

Kingston-upon-Hull 16

Kirk, H. 4

Kirk, Thomas of Cookridge 108

Kirkby, John 103

Klemola, J. 45, 91

Klemola, J. and Jones, M. 73, 188

Knowles, G. 34, 35, 45, 48, 57, 58, 61, 84, 87, 104, 117, 119, 120–139, 139–158, 172, 173, 201, 202

Kökeritz, H. 80

Kretzschmar, W. Jr. 154

Kristensson. G. 43, 68, 74, 85

Labov, W. 31, 132

Lake District / Lakeland xi, 25, 32, 60, 62, 107, 109, 110, 171, 180, 204, 205

Lakeland Dialect Society 209

Lancashire (dialect) 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 20, 31, 32, 54, 77, 80, 96, 103, 109, 111, 116, 118, 119, 120, 122, 123–150, 153, 154–155, 157, 170, 180, 181, 185, 187, 192, 193, 194, 204, 207

Lancashire Dialect Society 209

Lancashire Witches 77–78

Lancaster 1, 46, 172, 176

Langton, J. 32

Larkin, Philip 26

Lass, R. 2, 58, 73, 82, 83, 84, 85, 159

Late Lancashire Witches 77, 78

Learmouth, Jimmy 139

Leask, N. 112, 113

Lecercle, J. 147

Leeds (dialect) xi, xii, 109, 117, 126, 137, 166, 167, 172, 182, 202, 206, 211

Leeds Archive of Vernacular Culture 168

Leith, D. 37, 43, 58, 103

Leland, John 106

Le Page, R. and Tabouret-Keller, A. 58

levelling 82–93, 116, 167, 188, 199–200, 206

The Likely Lads 11, 163

liminality 143–144, 148

Lincoln 85, 86–87

Lincolnshire (dialect) 18, 66, 76, 88

Lindisfarne 40, 54

Lindisfarne Gospels 41, 72, 82

Lindkvist, H. 61, 86

Lindsey 18, 36, 42, 48, 86–88

The Liver Birds 163

Liverpool (dialect) (see also Merseyside; Scouse) xi, 7, 104, 115, 116, 117, 118–120, 135–157, 162–163, 165, 172, 193, 202, 206, 207

Llamas, C. 15, 175–176, 177, 199, 205

Lloyd, B. 130, 131, 133, 164, 182

Lloyd, R. J. 4, 150

Local, J. 202

London (dialect) 2, 3–4, 49, 52–53, 64–66, 67, 69, 70, 75, 82–92, 93, 98, 100, 104, 117, 138, 158, 166, 171, 209, 210

Long, D. 16

Lonsdale Dialogue 96

Lothian 50

The Lovesick King 90, 142

Lowland Scots (see also Scots) 12, 50, 111, 154–155

‘Lowryesque’/‘Lowryscape’ 115, 160

Lucas, J. 105, 110, 113

M62 11

Macafee, C. 195

Maidment, B. 158

Manchester (dialect) 10, 16, 43, 104, 116–139, 154, 163, 170, 203, 205, 206, 211

Mander, R. and Mitcheson, J. 138

Marckwardt, A. 80

Marshall, William 131, 135, 170, 206

Martin, B. 143, 194

Martin, R. 200

Mathews, M. 156

Mathisen, A. 176

Matless, D. 28

McArthur, T. 5, 12, 49, 51

McCauley, L. 132

McCrum, R., Cran, W. and MacNeil, R. 45, 55, 120

McDavid, R. I. and McDavid, V. 155

McGough, Roger 163

McIntosh, A. 45, 65, 188

Melchers, G. 184, 186

Mellor, G. J. 137, 139

Mercia 18, 34, 37, 43

the Mersey 11, 12, 32, 45, 54, 91, 181

Merseyside (dialect) (see also Liverpool; Scouse) 12, 16, 18, 20, 24, 162–163, 166, 171, 172, 173, 174, 198

‘Mersey–Wash line’ 49

metonymy/synecdoche 28, 29, 135

metrocentrism 2, 29, 75

Michael, Livi 199

Middlesbrough (dialect) (see also Teesside) 15–20, 118–120, 151, 175–176, 177, 198, 205, 209

Milburn, Alan 186

Millar, R. McC. 61, 83

Milroy, J. 1, 58, 61, 63, 82, 84, 85, 91, 174, 203

Milroy, J., Milroy, L. and Hartley, S. 175, 176, 177

Milroy, L. 91, 167, 173, 208

Mitchell, W. R. xi

Mobärg, M. 166

Moir, E. 106, 110, 124

Montgomery, M. 156

Moorman, F. W. 11, 196

Morpeth 135, 158

Mugglestone, L. 114–66, 67, 72, 100, 103, 119, 121, 146, 150, 151

Murray, J. A. H. 8, 45, 56, 102, 169, 187

Musgrove, F. 4, 7, 11, 33, 38, 55, 62, 76, 89, 117, 118, 129, 162, 210

music-hall 8, 29, 128, 133, 135, 136, 141, 192

National Centre for English Cultural Tradition (NATCECT) 196

Nevalainen, T. and Raumolin-Brunberg, H. 91, 92

Newbolt Committee 146

Newbrook, M. 135, 172, 173

Newcastle Electronic Corpus of English (NECTE) 172, 180, 188

Newcastle-upon-Tyne (dialect) (see also Geordie, Tyneside) xi, 7, 16, 27, 85, 90, 99, 115, 118, 119, 129, 130, 135–157, 165, 173, 174, 175, 176, 184, 189, 198

Newfoundland English 155

New Zealand (English) 154–155, 157–158

Nielsen, H. F. 34, 86

‘non-standard’ 2, 4, 5, 64, 69, 70, 94, 120, 137, 167, 179

North, G. 174

the North-east (dialect) 5, 12, 20, 24, 72–73, 111, 117, 124, 126, 127, 132, 135, 157, 170, 179, 182, 186, 191, 192, 193, 197, 203, 211–212

Northern History 3–4

The Northern Lass 78–79, 81

Northern Review 4

the North (Riding of) Yorkshire (dialect) (see also Yorkshire) 15, 131, 170, 182, 197, 204

‘North-South divide’ xi, 10, 12, 18, 20, 23, 25, 31, 33, 40, 75, 103, 104, 150, 202, 209–210

Northumberland (dialect) 12–13, 13, 18–20, 43, 48, 54, 55, 107, 124, 168, 170, 173, 175, 180, 181, 185, 186, 188, 195, 197, 207

Northumbria/Northumbrian dialect 6, 12, 16, 18, 34, 37, 41, 42, 43, 44, 48, 49, 50, 51, 62, 63, 82, 155, 196

Northumbrian Language Society 196, 207, 209

the North-west (dialect) 5, 12, 32, 44, 81, 111, 120, 186, 203, 205

Nottinghamshire 13

Notting Hill 10

Nowell, Dean Laurence 80

Oasis 163

O'Connor, J. D. 176

Ogilby, John 108

Oldham 116, 129

Oldham Dialect Society 209

The Oldham Weaver 122, 123

Old Northumbrian/Northumbrian Old English 44, 49, 100, 191

On Ilkley Moor baht'at 131, 152, 188

Ormulum 89

Orton, H. xi, 13, 17, 24, 125, 168, 173, 175

Orton, H. and Wright, N. 17, 191

Orwell, George 10, 27, 28, 118, 142

(King) Oswald of Northumbria 40

Oxford English Dictionary (OED) 4, 10, 66, 74, 101, 102, 127, 133, 157, 158, 162, 188, 191, 192, 206

Påge, R. I. 60

Påhlsson, C. 54, 93, 170, 178, 203

Palmer, R. 131, 170

Paris, Matthew of St. Albans 32

Patten, Brian 163

Paxman, J. 16, 23, 28, 206

Payne, K. J. 194, 196, 197

Pearce, L. 1

Pearsall, D. 70

Pease, Sir A. E. 116, 126, 131, 170, 201, 202

Pellowe, J. and Jones, V. 172, 202

Penhallurick, R. and Willmott, A. 70

the Pennines xi, 17, 25, 32, 43, 106, 187, 205

Percy, Bishop Thomas 111, 130

Peterborough Chronicle 58

Petyt, K. M. 121, 126, 180, 189, 201

Phillips, Edward 104

Pickles, Wilfred 150–151, 192, 194

Pietsch, L. 45, 188, 155

Plater, Alan xi, xii, 163

Platt, Ken 116–139

Pocock, D. C. 8, 9

Pollard, A. J. 50, 53, 63, 65, 71

Poole, A. 77

Potter’s Bar 10

Potts, A. 211

Poussa, P. 56, 61

Powell, Sandy 139

Prescott, John 29, 167

Preston 18, 122, 137

Prevost, E. W. 112, 180, 189, 190, 192, 194

Priestley, J. B. xi, xii, 115, 116, 124, 138, 140, 201

prince bishops of Durham 8, 73

Private Eye 31, 211

provincialisms 99, 102

Pullen, Jimmy 139

Purvis, Billy 134–135

Puttenham, George 75–76, 80, 94

the ‘Pygmalion’ trope 142

Pyles, T. and Algeo, J. 43, 45, 82, 85

the Quakers 154

Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) 5

Quirk, R. 154–155

Radcliffe, Mrs 110

Radford, George 117, 137

Rampton, B. 143

Ramsay of Ochertyre 113

Ramsay, Allan 52, 111, 130

Rawnsley, S. 117

Ray, John 53, 66, 81–82, 95, 107, 108, 194

Read, A. W. 154

Received Pronunciation (RP) 2, 5, 94, 103, 143, 144, 145, 151, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 178, 202

recession 102, 168–171, 177, 178, 182

Redcar 137

Redcar and Cleveland 14

Reed, Fred 201, 212

Reeve's Tale 50, 70–75, 79, 188

Reginald of Durham 32

regional standards/supra-local norms 5, 86, 116, 171, 172, 174, 203

Relph, Rev. Josiah 110–111

Retford 11

Rhodes, B. M. 196

Ribble, the 45, 47

‘Ribble–(Calder–Aire–)Humber line’ 48, 72

Richards, J. 138, 140

Ridley, George 141

Ripon 40

Ritson, Joseph 130, 134

Robinson, F. N. 73, 74

Rochdale 128, 129

Rollason, D. W. 73

Romaine, S. 116

Romanticism 105, 110, 124, 129

Rosewarne, D. 171

Rowe, C. 189, 190

Royle, E. 14

Russell, D. 121, 140, 163

Ruthwell Cross 41, 44

Ryan, J. S. 157

Rydland, K. 168, 175

Saddleworth 16

The Sad Shepherd 77

Salford 160

salience 31, 132

Samuel, R. 5, 27, 50, 124, 143, 208

Samuels, M. L. 41, 48, 57, 84, 91, 92

Scandinavian languages 53, 55–57, 60

Scandinavian settlements (see also the Vikings) 62, 181

Scarborough xi, 108, 118, 137

Schama, S. 26

Schiffman, H. F. 9

Scotland xi, 10, 32, 43, 49, 50, 99, 158

Scots 5, 51, 52, 55, 77, 100, 103, 111, 155, 190

Scottish border (dialect) 13, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 72, 106, 111, 168, 181, 189, 197, 198

Scottish Chaucerians 52, 79

Scottish English 51, 52, 176, 186, 188, 202, 203

Scouse (dialect)/Scousers (see also Liverpool; Merseyside) 25, 30, 120, 135, 139, 151, 158, 162, 164, 166, 173, 178, 201, 205–206

Seabrook, J. 180, 185

sea-side resorts 137

Second Shepherd's Play 69–70

Seppänen, A. 56

‘Severn–Wash’ line (see also ‘Wash–Severn line’) 10, 104

Shaklee, M. 89

Sheard, J. 20, 202

Sheffield (dialect) 11, 20, 71, 85, 117, 118, 126, 166, 169, 171, 172, 175, 176, 177, 180, 182, 185, 186, 187, 188, 192, 195, 196, 197, 207

Sheridan, Thomas 98, 99, 103, 104

Shorrocks, G. 94, 99, 127, 128, 179, 182, 183, 186, 189, 190–191

Short, J. R. 25

Shuttleworth, R. 10

Simmelbauer, A. 178, 190, 195, 196, 197, 198

Simpson, Matt 147

Simpson, P. 163

Sisam, K. 63

Skeat, W. W. 64, 95

Smith, D. 11, 12, 13, 16, 22, 117, 118, 123

Smith, Dodie 149

Smith, Elizabeth 112

Smith, J. 48, 59, 69, 70, 72, 86

Smith, O. 99, 113

Smollett, Tobias 52

Snell, K. D. M. 8, 110

South Africa/South African English 152, 124

South Yorkshire (dialect) (see also Yorkshire) 15, 18, 20, 180, 185, 193, 204

spa towns 108, 137

Spence, Thomas 99, 103

Spencer, B. 121

Spenser, Edmund 66, 79, 80, 111

‘spokes of a wheel’ theory 85

Staffordshire 13

Stagg, John 112

Standard English/standardisation 2, 3, 4, 6, 68, 84, 93, 97, 98, 120–121, 125, 128, 158, 167, 178, 179, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 191, 200, 203

stereotypes 24, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 65, 67, 68, 132–133, 139, 151, 162, 164, 167, 174, 186, 187, 192, 195

Stockton-on-Tees 14

Stoddart, J., Upton, C., and Widdowson, J. 169, 175, 177, 183, 185

Storey, David 185

Strang, B. M. H. 43, 58, 62

Strathclyde 50, 54

Strother 74

Sunderland (dialect) 126, 178, 189, 197, 206

Th' Surat Weyver 133

Survey of English Dialects (SED) xii, 13, 17, 22, 66, 73, 78, 80, 168, 169, 175, 176, 177, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 188, 189, 191, 193, 194, 196, 197

Survey of Regional English (SURE) 198

Swaledale 44

Sweet, Henry 176

Takeda, R. 69, 89, 92

Taylor, John 106

Taylor, P. 210

Taylor, Rev. W. V. 146

the Tees xi, 11, 17, 42, 55, 62, 73, 126, 171, 177, 187

Teesdale 44, 54, 109

Teesside (see also Middlesbrough) 12, 16, 176, 188, 192, 197, 199, 209

Thomas of Reading 68, 78, 89

Thomason, S. G. and Kaufman, T. 43, 56, 60, 83, 88, 91

Thoresby, Ralph 81, 108

Thrupp, S. L. 91

Tidholm, H. 182, 187

Tinker, J. 161

Tolkien, J. R. R. 18, 72, 73, 74

Tomaney, J. 4

Toolan, M. 24

Townsend, A. R. and Taylor, C. C. 206

TRAP vowel 165

the Trent 11, 42, 76–77, 86, 109, 210

Tristram, H. 44

Trollope, Frances 120–121

Trudgill, P. 3, 6, 18, 20, 24, 30, 34, 42, 45, 57, 58, 73, 86, 111, 132, 135, 157–158, 162, 164, 165, 166, 170, 173, 175, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 186, 189, 195, 199, 203–205, 209, 210

Trudgill, P. and Chambers, J. K. 51, 172, 165

Trudgill, P. and Watts, R. 3

Tuck, A. 74

Turner, G. W. 158

Turner, J. M. W. 110

Turner, V. 143

the Tyne 124

Tyne and Wear 14, 173

Tyneside (dialect) (see also Geordie; Newcastle) 3, 16, 48, 127, 149, 152, 162, 163, 171–172, 174, 175, 180, 181, 186, 202, 208

Tyneside Linguistic Survey (TLS) 172, 180, 189, 208

Upton, C. 17, 165, 166, 171

Upton, C. and Llamas, C. 198

Upton, C., Parry, D. and Widdowson, J. 181

Upton, C., Sanderson, S. and Widdowson, J. 181

Upton, C. and Widdowson, J. 13, 14, 181, 198

Verstegan, Richard 66

Vicinus, M. 122

Viereck, W. 45, 171, 173

Viz 31

the Vikings (see also Scandinavian settlements) 6, 42, 43, 53–54, 63

Waddington -- Feather 153

Wakefield (dialect) 69, 85, 89, 95, 206, 208

Wakelin, M. F. 18, 20, 21, 33, 44, 47, 48, 54, 57, 58, 70, 73, 80, 85, 89, 91, 95, 101, 104, 168, 169, 173, 177, 180, 186

Wales, K. 10, 16, 25, 52, 102, 109, 165, 171, 181, 183

Walker, John 103, 166

Wallace and Gromit 28

Waller, P. J. 144

Walmesey, Fred 139–158

Walton, William 144

Wardale, E. E. 43, 50, 85

‘Wash–Severn line’ (see also ‘Severn–Wash line’) 22, 34

‘Wash–Shropshire line’ 20

Watford 10, 27, 76

Watford Gap 11, 171, 210

Watson, I. 127

Watt, D. and Milroy, L. 48, 171, 172, 173, 174, 190, 205

Waugh, Edwin 128, 131, 141

Wearmouth 40

Webb, Beatrice 123

Weiner, E. and Upton, C. 165

Weinreich, U. 31

Wells, J. C. 20, 24, 31, 103, 104, 119, 120, 144, 150, 165, 170, 171, 173, 202, 210

Werner, O. 56, 58, 60

Wesley, John 107

West, Thomas 110

Westmorland (dialect) (see also Cumbria/Cumbrian dialect) 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 55, 96, 98, 109, 178, 185, 188, 197, 207

West (Riding of) Yorkshire (see also Yorkshire) 15, 18, 44, 89, 109, 161, 162–163, 170, 177, 180, 181, 182, 184, 185, 188, 189, 193, 194, 198, 202, 79.237

Wheeler, Ann Coward 98

When the Boat Comes In 163

Whitby 40, 118, 121

Whitehaven 7, 44, 153, 154

Widdowson, J. D. A. 102, 166, 169, 171, 172, 173, 183, 185, 195, 196, 197, 199, 209

Wigan 139, 208

Wigton 1, 112, 182, 198, 207

William of Malmesbury 33, 62, 65, 67

Williams, A. and Kerswill, P. 173, 175, 177

Williams, C. H . 6

Williams, J. 71

Williams, R. 105, 117

Wilson, Harold 164

Wilson, Joe 134, 138, 141

Wilson, Thomas 66

Wilson, Thomas of Tyneside 141

Witty, J. R. 44

Wordsworth, William 8, 110, 112–114

Wright, J. (see also English Dialect Dictionary) 24, 125, 128, 143, 177, 180, 181, 182, 185, 187, 188

Wright, J. and Wright, E. M. 45, 58, 82, 85

Wright, L. 91, 93

Wright, P. 125

Wright, S. 48

Wyld, H. C. 2, 84, 116, 144

York 6, 16, 49, 54, 60, 62, 85, 86–89, 99, 108, 211

The York Minster Screen 96

Yorkshire (dialect) 12, 13, 17, 18, 24, 31, 43, 55, 81, 105, 124, 126, 133, 157, 165–211

Yorkshire and Humberside 12

Yorkshire Dialect Society 125, 209

Yorkshire Dialogue (George Meriton's) 95–96, 187

Yorkshire Dialogue between an Awd Wife… 95

Yorkshire Tourist Board 208

Young, Arthur 109

Zachrisson, R. Lair, E. 3

Z-Cars 163


printer iconPrinter friendly version AddThis