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Landscape and Power in Early China
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Index of inscribed bronzes




Ban gui ⃞ (JC: 4341) 210, 230

Bingong xu⃞(Zhongguo lishi wenwu 2002.6, 4) 287

Bo Jifu ding ⃞ (JC: 2656) 153

Bo Jifu gui ⃞ (JC: 4035) 153

Boju li ⃞ (JC: 689) 335

Buqi gui ⃞ (JC: 4328) 119, 124, 153, 154

Cai gui ⃞ (JC: 3732) 93, 328

Caobo Di gui ⃞ (JC: 4019) 73

Chenchen he ⃞ (JC: 9454) 56, 58

Chenjian gui ⃞ (JC: 4237) 68, 70

Da ding y (JC: 2806) 133

Da gui ⃞ (JC: 4298) 124, 133

Da gui ⃞ no. 1 (JC: 4165) 247

Da Ke ding ⃞ (JC: 2836) 46, 123, 131, 225

Da Yu ding ⃞ (JC: 2837) 46, 127

Denggong gui ⃞ (JC: 3775) 69

Dong gui ⃞ (JC: 4322) 96

Duoyou ding ⃞ (JC: 2835) 44, 105, 130, 147

Ehou gui ⃞ (JC: 3929) 330

Ehou Yufang ding ⃞ (JC: 2810) 103, 331, 334–35

Emperor Wu of Han 284

Eshu gui ⃞ (JC: 3574) 76

Fansheng gui ⃞ (JC: 4326) 209

Fengshu yi ⃞ (JC: 10282) 305

Fifth Year Qiu Wei ding ⃞ (JC: 2832) 98, 101, 225

Fifth Year Shi Shi gui ⃞ (JC: 4216) 97

First Year Shi Dui gui ⃞ (JC: 4274) 106

Forty-Second Year Lai ding ⃞ (Wenwu 2003.6, 16–17) 125, 156, 173, 193, 344

Fu ding ⃞ (JC: 2507) 335

Guaibo gui ⃞ (Qiangbo gui ⃞ or Guijiang gui ⃞) (JC: 4331) 97, 183

Guo Wengong Zizhi ding ⃞ (JC: 2634–6) 260

Guo Xuangong Zibai ding ⃞ (JC: 2637) 154, 260

Guobo gui ⃞ (JC: 3907) 93, 328

Guoji shi Zizhi li ⃞ (JC: 683) 255, 260

Guoji Zibai pan ⃞ (JC: 10173) 153, 154, 156, 159, 253, 259

Han Huangfu ding ⃞ (JC: 2548, 2745) 12, 204

Han Huangfu gui ⃞ (JC: 4143) 204

Han Huangfu pan ⃞ (JC: 10164) 204

He zun ⃞ (JC: 6014) 62, 63

Hongshu gui ⃞ (JC: 3950) 93, 328

Hu ding ⃞ (JC: 2838) 125

Hu gui ⃞ (JL: 491) 55, 95

Hu gui ⃞ (JC: 4317) 46

Huan you ⃞ (JC: 5407) 93, 106–07, 110

Jian zun ⃞ (JC: 6008) 96

Jifu hu ⃞ (JC: 9721) 107

Jin ding ⃞ (JC: 2703) 117, 336

Jing gui ⃞ (JC: 4273) 229

Jinhou Su zhong ⃞ (JL: 35–50) 65

Jufu xu ⃞ (JC: 4464) 135

Kanghou dao ⃞ (JC: 11812) 67

Kanghou fu ⃞ (JC: 11778) 66, 67

Kanghou gui ⃞ (JC: 4059) 67

Ke he ⃞ (JL: 942) 335

Ke lei ⃞ (JL: 987) 93, 106–07, 110, 335

Ke zhong ⃞ (JC: 204) 160

Lai pan ⃞ (Wenwu 2003.6, 32–3) 15, 48, 95

Li fangyi ⃞ (JC: 9899) 95

Li fangzun ⃞ (JC: 6013) 95

Li gui ⃞ (JC: 4231) 48

Ling fangyi ⃞ (JC: 9901) 63, 313

Lu Dong you ⃞ (JC: 5419) 96

Lü Fuyu pan ⃞ (JC: 10169) 230

Lü Jiang gui ⃞ (JC: 3348) 230

Lü Jijiang hu ⃞ (JC: 9610) 230

Lü Xing hu ⃞ (JC: 9689) 229

Luobo xu ⃞ (JC: 4346) 180

Mai zun ⃞ (JC: 6015) 56, 57, 114

Mao gui ⃞ (JC: 4327) 123

Maogong ding ⃞ (JC: 2841) 122

Mei’ao gui ⃞ (JC: 4213) 185

Mian zun ⃞ (JC: 6006) 247

Miaosheng xu ⃞ (JC: 4459) 103, 331

Mibo gui ⃞ (JC: 4257) 48

Minggong gui ⃞ (JC: 4029) 313

Mishu gui ⃞ (JC: 4253) 48

Mugong guigai ⃞ (JC: 4191) 95

Mu gui ⃞ (JC: 4343) 100

Nangong Liu ding ⃞ (JC: 2805) 130

Ninth Year Qiu Wei ding ⃞ (JC: 2831) 97, 185

Qi you ⃞ (JC: 5410) 117, 308

Qi zun ⃞ (JC: 5983) 117, 308

Qian you ⃞ (JC: 5402) 94, 123

Qin gui ⃞ (JC: 4041) 307

Qingong gui ⃞ (JC: 4315) 289

Qiu Wei he ⃞ (JC: 9456) 45, 125

Ran fangding ⃞ (JC: 2739) 305, 307

Sanbo gui ⃞ (JC: 3779) 186

Sanshi pan ⃞ (JC: 10176) 110, 186

Shan ding ⃞ (JC: 2820) 112

Shao huanqi ⃞ (JC: 10360) 94, 123

Shaobo Hu gui ⃞ (Kaogu 1995.9, 790) 136

Shi Cheng zhong ⃞ (JC: 141) 255

Shi Hu gui ⃞ (JC: 4316) 95, 101

Shi Hui gui ⃞ (JC: 4311) 105

Shi Li gui ⃞ (JC: 4324.2) 107

Shi Mi gui ⃞ (Kaogu yu wenwu 1989.3, 7–9) 55

Shi Qiang pan ⃞ (JC: 10175) 46, 225, 328, 329

Shi Song gui ⃞ (JC: 4229) 46

Shi You gui ⃞ (JC: 4288) 268, 286

Shi Yu ding ⃞ (JC: 2723) 308

Shi Yu gui ⃞ (JC: 4277) 308

Shi Yuan gui ⃞ (JC: 4314) 135, 316

Shi Yun gui ⃞ (JC: 4283) 101

Shi Zai ding ⃞ (JC: 2812) 255

Shichen ding ⃞ (Hanshu 25, p. 1251) 161

Song hu ⃞ (JC: 9731) 272

Third Year Shi Dui gui ⃞ (JC: 4318) 106

Third Year Xing hu ⃞ (JC: 9726) 247

Tong you ⃞ (JC: 5398) 186

Wu gui ⃞ (JC: 4323) 103, 124, 130

Wuhu ding ⃞ (JL: 364) 56, 58, 133

X ding ⃞ (JC: 2741) 313

X you ⃞ (JC: 5411) 96

X zun ⃞ (JC: 5986) 114

Xi Jia pan ⃞ (JC: 10174) 123, 151, 286

Xianhou ding ⃞ (JC: 2626) 46

Xiao Ke ding ⃞ (JC: 2797) 131, 272

Xiao Yu ding ⃞ (JC: 2839) 54, 127, 128

Xiaochen Lai gui ⃞ (JC: 4239) 313

Xiaochen X ding ⃞ (JC: 2556) 110

Xiaochen Zhai gui ⃞ (JC: 4201) 45

Xing ding ⃞ (JC: 2742) 45

Xun gui ⃞ (JC: 4321) 48, 268

Ya he ⃞ (JC: 9439) 338

Yan’er zhong ⃞ (JC: 203) 242

Yanhou Zhi ding ⃞ (JC: 2628) 46, 114, 337

Yi gui ⃞ (JC: 4287) 225

Yihou Ze gui ⃞ (JC: 4320) 76, 110, 322

Yin Ji li ⃞ (JC: 754) 95, 128

Yinghou zhong ⃞ (JC: 107) 119

Yingjian yan ⃞ (JC: 883) 113

Yiyu gui ⃞ (JC: 3976) 93, 328

Yong yu ⃞ (JC: 10332) 48, 123, 172

You gui ⃞ (JL: 3906) 335

Yu ding ⃞ (JC: 2721) 96

Yu ding ⃞ (JC: 2834) 103, 130

Yu fangding ⃞ (JC: 2505) 335

Yu gui ⃞ (JC: 3825) 336

Yu yan ⃞ (JC: 948) 96, 308

Yu you ⃞ (JC: 5374) 117

Yuan pan ⃞ (JC: 10172) 135, 248

Zewang guigai ⃞ (JC: 3871) 186, 248

Zewang ding ⃞ (JC: 2149) 186

Zewang zhi ⃞ (JC: 6452) 186

Zha zhong ⃞ (JC: 133) 129

Zhabo gui ⃞ (Wenwu 1998.9, 54) 118

Zheng Qiangbo li ⃞ (JC: 659) 210

Zheng Yi Qiangfu xu ⃞ (JC: 4392) 210

Zheng Yibo xu ⃞ (JC: 4391) 210

Zhong Chengfu gui ⃞ (JC: 4188) 225

Zhong fangding ⃞ no. 1 (JC: 2785) 94, 123

Zhong fangding ⃞ nos. 2–3 (JC: 2751–2) 325, 328

Zhong Jifu gui ⃞ (JC: 3954) 113

Zhong Shengfu li ⃞ (JC: 729) 180

Zhong yan ⃞ (JC: 949) 325

Zhousheng dou ⃞ (JC: 4682) 107

Zhousheng gui ⃞ (JC: 4292–3) 107, 112, 136

Zuoce Da fangding ⃞ (JC: 2758) 204

Zuoce Hu you ⃞ (JC: 5432) 45, 327



General index




Allan, Sarah, 22

Ancient Duke (or Danfu ⃞), 47

   migration to Qiyi, 143

Anding Commandery ⃞, 51

Ankang ⃞, 55

Anyang: as Shang capital, 19, 27, 55

appointment inscriptions, 9

   earliest examples, 95

   geographical distribution, 117

   as institutional invention, 95

   see also bronze inscriptions

archaeological material

   classification, 7–8

   disadvantage of, 8

   use of, in different disciplines, 21–22

archaeology

   implication for recovering social conditions, 23–24

   importance to the study of Western Zhou state, 23–24

   as link between history and geography, 21–22

   possibility for revealing Zhou’s weakening, 116–17

   special relation to history, 22

   of Zhou heartland, 40–49

   see also Qin, regional states, Shandong, Yan, Yangzi River

Arian, 15

aristocratic families

   history, 127–29

   power of, 126–27, 129–31

   of Wei River valley, 121

   see also landed properties

Ba ⃞River, 32, 50

Baicaopo ⃞, 50

Bailizhen ⃞, 51

Baiquan ⃞, 169

Baishui ⃞, 169

Baiyu ⃞ Mountain, 227

Bamboo Annals (or Zhushu jinian ⃞), 13, 16, 17, 99, 105, 198–202

   authenticity of, 13–14, 347

   chronology of King You’s reign, 347

   chronology of second conquest, 307

   discrepancies between Ancient and Current versions, 347–49

   general historical value of, 13

   on fall of Western Zhou, 218–20

   importance to Western Zhou history, 13–14

   on late King Xuan, 138

   on war with Xianyun, 150

   see also textual records

bangjun ⃞, 121

Bangjun Li ⃞, 125

Bao ⃞

   location of, 203

Bao Si ⃞, 26, 195

   accused of destroying Zhou, 201

   demonized, 202

   as “female weapon,” 200

   historiographical development of her role, 198–202

   story of, 199–200

Bao Si bian ⃞ (Debating Bao Si) 196

Baofeng ⃞, 74

Baoji City ⃞, 35, 253

Baoji County ⃞, 254

Baozhong County ⃞, 203

Beidongcun ⃞, 338

Beipinggao ⃞, 72

Beiyao ⃞, 63

Beizhao ⃞, 173

Benrong ⃞, 139

Bi ⃞, 56, 60, 123

Bianjiazhuang ⃞, 275

Bin ⃞ (or Jingshi ⃞)

   location, 160, 161

   as pre-dynastic Zhou center, 143, 149, 160

   relation with Xun, 161

Bin Plateau ⃞, 161

Bingbo ⃞, 50

Binting ⃞, 160

Binxian ⃞, 33

Binxiang ⃞, 160

Biyang ⃞, 317

Blakeley, Barry, 112

   on Danyang as Chu center, 328

Bo ⃞ (or Dangshe ⃞), 274

Bo Fu ⃞ (or Bo Pan ⃞), 197, 214

Bo Hefu ⃞ (or Shi Hefu ⃞), 106

   career constructed from inscriptions, 93, 106–07, 110

   date suggested by inscriptions, 107

   see also Gongbo He

Bo Maifu ⃞, 328

Bo Maofu ⃞, 229, 313

Bo Xian ⃞, 304

Bo Yangfu ⃞, 208

Bofu ⃞ (Shifu ⃞) of Qin, 350

Bogu ⃞ (or Pugu ⃞), 307

Boju ⃞, 338

Book of Documents (or Shangshu ⃞), 11, 202

Book of Poetry (or Shijing ⃞), 11, 50, 51, 54, 115

   on aftermath of Zhou’s fall, 237–39

   challenge to use as historical sources, 12–3

   date of, 12, 207–08

   on politics of King You’s reign, 205–13

   reflection on Zhou institution, 208

   on state of Shen, 137

   see also textual records

Border Protector (or yufang ⃞), 103, 331

   meaning of, 330

   see also Ehou

Boshan ⃞ Mountains, 308

Boshi ⃞: as Quanrong chief, 145

Boshi ⃞: as Zhou commander in Buqi gui 153

   identification of, 153

Bronze Age, 7

bronze inscriptions, 21

   bias of, 9–10

   on communication between royal court and regional states, 117–19

   as historical sources, 9–10

   on land-granting, 123–24

   rules determining women’s names, 186

   silence on the fall of Western Zhou, 194

   Western Zhou, relation to geography, 19

   see also appointment inscriptions; inscribed bronzes

Cai ⃞, 74

   location of, 74

Caishu ⃞, 65

Cambridge History of Ancient China 22, 293

Cao ⃞, 73

   location of, 73

Cen, Zhongmian ⃞, 172

Central Plain (or eastern plain) 24, 58, 70, 72, 73

   cultural integration with Wei River valley, 81–82

   local culture of, 77–80

Chai, Xiaoming ⃞: on Hebei pottery, 340

Chan ⃞ River, 63

Chang, Kwang-chih, 7

Chang’an: invaded in AD 765 39

   as ancient Chinese capital, 40

Changfu ⃞: as ruler of Yang, 158, 173

Changle ⃞, 311

Changwu ⃞, 33

Changyi County ⃞, 73

Changzhi ⃞, 61, 322–23

Changzi Gou ⃞, 325

Changzi Kou ⃞, 76

Chao Cuo ⃞, 282, 284

Chaoxian ⃞, 322

Chaoyu ⃞-Shizuitou ⃞ type: as local culture in Baoji area, 37

Chen ⃞, 48, 75

   location of, 75

Chen, Huan ⃞: on location of Taiyuan, 167

Chen, Mengjia ⃞, 46, 93

   on Lai, 316

Chen, Pan ⃞, 73, 89

   on Zheng lineage, 248

Chen, Xingcan ⃞: on sources of bronze, 318

Chencang County ⃞, 254

Chenchen ⃞, 62

Cheng ⃞, 73, 308

   location of, 308

Chengfu County ⃞, 70

Cheng-Kang Peace, 91, 281, 283

Chengwu County ⃞, 73

Chengzhou ⃞, see Luoyi

Chongling ⃞ County, 329

Chu ⃞: location of, 304, 328

Chunhua ⃞, 39, 179

Chuxian ⃞, 318

Cixian ⃞, 68, 82

Clarke, David

   on relation between textual records and archaeology, 22

   on relation between tribal units and archaeological cultures, 23

climate: Shang–early Western Zhou, 60

Cohen, David: on Dongyi, 313

commandery-county system, 281, 283–84

Confucius

   on Book of Poetry 12

   on Western Zhou dynasty, 1, 194

Cook, Constance, 125

Creel, Herrlee, 7

   dilemma theory about Western Zhou state, 280

   on historical value of bronze inscriptions, 9

   on Zhou finance, 122

Cui, Shu ⃞, 65

   on fall of Western Zhou, 196–97

   on founding of Lu, 306

Cui, Shu ⃞ (cont.)

   on relation between Western Rong and Shen, 223

   see also Feng Hao kaoxin lu

Cui Lequan ⃞: on Qufu pottery, 315

Da Ji ⃞, 202

Dabi ⃞: as Quanrong chief, 145

Dabuzishan ⃞, 266

   bronzes and their date, 271–72

Dadiwan ⃞, 35

Dafanzhuang ⃞, 249

Dahong ⃞ Mountains, 319

Dai ⃞, 75

   location of, 75

Dali ⃞, 169, 171

Dali ⃞ River, 40

Daling ⃞ River valley, 338

Dalu Marsh ⃞, 56, 60

Daluo ⃞ lineage

   extermination by the Western Rong, 270

   as forerunner of Qin, 236

   location of, 266

   marriage with Western Shen, 263

   relation to Zhou, 268–70

   see also Qin

Dan ⃞ River, 61

Danfeng ⃞, 55

Danfu ⃞, see Ancient Duke

Dantu ⃞, 322

Danyang ⃞

   as Chu center, 328

   see also Blakeley

Danyang ⃞: in Jiangsu, 323

Daqing ⃞ River, 334

Daqinggong ⃞: new archaeological excavations and implications for Song, 75–76

Dawen ⃞ River fault, 303

Daxi ⃞ River, 32, 230

Daxinzhuang ⃞, 19, 306

Dayi Shang ⃞, 55

Dayuancun ⃞, 41

dazong ⃞, see Zongfa

decline of Western Zhou

   definition of decline, 6, 92–93

   first foreign invasion, 96

   mid-Western Zhou transition, 3, 95–96

   political disorder, 97–101, 102

   reasons for decline, 91–92

   spatial crisis in the west, 187–88, 189

   see also Western Zhou state

Deng ⃞, 328

Denggong Cheng ⃞, 329, 330

Di ⃞, 68

Di Cosmo, Nicola

   on King Mu’s campaign against Quanrong, 145

   on nature of frontier, 174–75

   on Northern Zone communities, 144, 291

   see also Northern Zone Complex

“Dili zhi” ⃞ (or “Geographical Records”) 20

Ding, Shan ⃞, 328

Dingtao County ⃞, 73, 75

Dong Commandery ⃞, 72

Dong, Zuobin ⃞: on Shang campaign against Renfang, 306

Dongjiacun ⃞, 46

Dongjialin ⃞, 335

Dongquanxiang ⃞, 264

Dongyi ⃞, 95, 307, 313

Dongzhi Plateau ⃞, 32

dou ⃞, 78

Doumenzhen ⃞, 43

Du Yu ⃞, 71

Duanjing ⃞ (Cutting off the Jing River) 33

Duke Ai of Qi ⃞, 98

Duke Grand Scribe (or Gong Taishi ⃞), 118, 327

   identification, 327

Duke Huan of Zheng ⃞ (or Prince Duofu ⃞), 214, 235, 246, 247

   heritage of, 246

Duke Mu ⃞, 95, 128

Duke Ming ⃞ (or Mingbo ⃞), 63, 313

Duke of Bi ⃞, 327

Duke of Guo ⃞

   campaign against Quanrong, 146

    see also Western Guo

Duke of Guo, Chou ⃞, 261

Duke of Guo, Gu ⃞ (or Han ⃞, or Guo Shifu ⃞), 195, 200, 242, 261, 291

   identified with Han, 242

Duke of Guo, Jifu ⃞, 261

Duke of Guo, Linfu ⃞, 261

Duke of Qin ⃞, 265

   identification of bronzes, 271–73

Duke of Shao ⃞ (or Grand Protector) 66, 204, 335, 336–37

   heritage of, 336

Duke of Teng ⃞, 305

Duke of Zhai ⃞, 145

Duke of Zhai, Dun ⃞, 215

Duke of Zhou ⃞, 11, 21, 93, 111, 204

   possible family cemetery of, 48

Duke Wen of Guo ⃞, 260

Duke Wen of Qin ⃞: move to Wei River plain, 275

Duke Wu ⃞, 147

   date of, and related inscriptions, 131–32

   power of, 130–31

Duke Wu of Zheng ⃞, 249, 353

Duke Xiang of Qin ⃞: campaign into Wei River plain, 275

Duke Xuan of Guo ⃞, 260

Duke Yi ⃞, 97

Duke Zhuang of Qin ⃞, 270

Duoyou ⃞

    date of, 132, 150

   road to battleground, 165

E ⃞

   archaeology of, 330–31

   location of, 330

   see also Ehou

E ⃞ garrison, 328

early Chinese state, 1, 193–95

   defined, 1

Eastern Guo ⃞

   location of, 74, 249

   see also Guo

Eastern Shen ⃞: location and historical origin, 226

Eastern Zhou ⃞, 233

   political transition to, 241–43

   time defined, 233

eastward migration

   impact on politics of Central Plain, 277

   impact on Zhou court, 277

   as massive movement, 245–46, 277

   of Qin, 273–76

   of Western Guo, 258–61

   of Zheng, 246–50

   of Zhou court, 243–45

   see also Qin, Western Guo, Western Zhou state, Zheng

Ehou ⃞ (ruler of E) 3, 330

   rebellion of, 103–05, 331

Eight Armies of Chengzhou ⃞, 94, 103, 313

Ezhou City ⃞, 330

Falkenhausen, Lothar von

   on cultural homogenization during Eastern Zhou, 293–94

   on Guo tombs, 255

   on Qufu material, 315

   on religious use of bronzes, 10

   on transfer of inscriptions onto bronzes, 9

fall of Western Zhou, 4

   compared to the fall of Qin Empire, 281, 283

   final combat reinterpreted, 219–21

   geography of the fall reconfigured, 230–31

   historical consequences, 193

   impact on Wei River society, 239–40

   problems in Confucian interpretation, 202–03

   problems in geography of, 223–24

   as subject of political discourse, 194–96

   see also Western Zhou state

Fan ⃞, 72

Fan ⃞, 209

Fan, Shifeng ⃞, 163

Fang ⃞, 328

Fang, Shanzhu ⃞, 208

Fangcheng ⃞, 319

   construction of, 319

Fansheng ⃞, 209

Feizi ⃞, 263

Fen ⃞ River (valley) 30, 82

   communication with eastern plain, 83–84

   communication with Wei River valley, 83

   cultural relation to Wei River valley, 88

Feng ⃞

   destruction of, 240

   as Zhou capital, 30, 44

Feng Ren ⃞, 48

Feng ⃞ River, 32, 41

Fengbo ⃞, 307

Fengchu ⃞, 46

Feng Hao kaoxin lu ⃞, 196

   see also Cui Shu

Fenghaocun ⃞, 43

“Fengjian” ⃞, 25, 116

   as institution, 110–11, 281, 283, 341

   meaning of, 110

Fengjing ⃞, 247

Fengxiang ⃞, 39, 49

Fengyang ⃞, 318

Ferrill, Arther, 92

feudalism

   criticism of, 110

   of Europe, 110

   of Western Zhou, 110–11, 280, 281, 282

feudo-vassalic institution, 112

Finley, M. I.: on relation between history and archaeology, 22

First Emperor, 2, 282, 284

Five Cities (or wuyi ⃞), 56, 130

frontier of Western Zhou

   complexity of, 187

   cultural symbiosis in, 176–83

   political relations in, 183–87

   as zones of co-existence, 174–75

   see also Di Cosmo

Fu, Sinian ⃞: on move of regional states, 89

Fu Chen ⃞, 71

Fucheng County ⃞, 70

Fufeng ⃞, 46

Fuhou ⃞ (or Lühou ⃞), 230

Fushan Guoyuan ⃞, 323

Fuxian ⃞, 35

Fuyang ⃞, 96

Ganquan ⃞, 35, 171

Gao ⃞, 73

   location of, 73

Gaoling ⃞, 173

Gaolu ⃞, 40

gaoping ⃞, 167

Gaoyin ⃞, 155, 169, 173

Gaozu of Han, Emperor, 284

Ge ⃞, 75

   location of, 75

Geng ⃞, 87

geography

   approaches to historical geography, 19–20

   possibility and methods to recover Western Zhou geography, 19, 20

   relation to human society, 18

   value of geographical records, 20–21

   see also Fen River valley, Hebei, Jing River valley, landscape, Shandong, Shang, Wei River valley, Western Zhou state, Yangzi

Gezhuang ⃞, 68

Grand Protector, see Duke of Shao

Gong County ⃞, 72

Gong Pool, 164

Gong Taishi ⃞, see Duke Grand Scribe

Gong ⃞: in Henan, 51

Gong ⃞, 149

   location in upper Jing River valley, 164

Gongbo He ⃞

   identified with Bo Hefu, 106

   as regent, 105–07, 132, 134

    see also Bo Hefu

Gonggu ⃞, 158

Gongqiu County ⃞, 305

Great Wall of Qin, 167

Great Zheng Palace ⃞, 246

Gu, Yanwu ⃞: on location of Taiyuan, 165

Gu ⃞ garrison, 96

Guai ⃞

   as foreign state, 185

   relation to Zhou, 185

   royal campaign against, 97

   see also Guaibo, Guaishu

Guaibo ⃞ (or Mei’ao ⃞)

   relations to Zhou, 185–86

   as ruler of Guai, 97, 185

Guaishu ⃞, 183

Gu’an ⃞, 337

guan ⃞, 78

Guangping Commandery ⃞, 68

Guangyang Commandery ⃞, 337

Guanshu ⃞, 65

Guanzhong ⃞ (Land within the Passes) 32

Gucheng ⃞, 83, 306

gui ⃞, 78

Guicheng ⃞, 309

Guifang ⃞: campaign against, 54, 128

Guo, Moruo ⃞

   on date of Guoji Zibai pan 154

   on identification of Fan with Fangsheng, 209

Guo County ⃞, 254

Guo ⃞ lineage, 49

   debate about geography of, 257–58

   historiographical tradition on origin of, and criticism, 251–52

   history of, 128

   segmentation of, 251–53

   see also Eastern Guo, Western Guo

Guo Palace ⃞, 254

Guo Shifu ⃞, see Duke of Guo, Gu

Guo Yan ⃞, on the fall of Western Zhou, 195

Guobo ⃞, 252

Guochuan ⃞, 253

Guochuansi ⃞, 253

Guoji ⃞, see Western Guo

Guoji Gonggong ⃞, 255

Guoji shi Zizu ⃞, 253

Guoji Yifu ⃞, 255

Guoji Zibai ⃞, 259

guoren ⃞ (people of capital) 105

Guoshu ⃞, 128, 251

Guoyu ⃞ (Speeches of the States) 14, 17, 105, 199

   on political geography of early Eastern Zhou, 235

   see also textual records

Guozhen ⃞, 254

Guozhong ⃞, 251

Gushibian ⃞ (Discriminations on ancient history) 16

   evaluation, 16

Guyuan ⃞, 37, 52, 167

   landscape of, 167

Hai ⃞ River, 334

Han Empire: institutional relation to Western Zhou state, 281, 283–84

Hancheng ⃞, 87

Handan ⃞, 68

Hangu ⃞ (Container Valley) 32, 60

Hann ⃞: in Hebei, 137, 337

Hann ⃞: in Shanxi, 87

Hanyuan ⃞, 87

Hanzhong Commandery ⃞, 203

Hao ⃞ (or Zongzhou ⃞)

   destruction of, 240

   targeted by Xianyun, 48

   as Zhou capital, 30, 44, 46, 112

Hebei plain

   communication with Fen River valley, 331, 334–35

   landscape of, 332–34

   Zhou expansion into, 337

Hedong Commandery ⃞, 87

Hei ⃞ River, 32

Heibo ⃞, 50

Hejiacun ⃞, 46

Hejin County ⃞, 87

Helan ⃞ Mountains, 37

Henan Commandery ⃞, 74

Henan County ⃞, 66

Henei Commandery ⃞, 62, 72

Hidouzui ⃞, 179

Higuchi, Takayasu ⃞: on Guo tombs, 256

Hill of Zhengfu ⃞, 352

Hong, Liangji ⃞, 164

Hongdong ⃞, 173

Houma ⃞, 82

Hsu, Cho-yun, 7, 89

   on Zhou government, 95

   on Zhou move east, 245

Hu ⃞ (Hu ⃞): as state, 96

Hu, Wei ⃞: on location of Taiyuan, 167

Huai ⃞ River (valley) 3

   archaeological sites, 322

   landscape of, 318

   relation to Zhou, 324

Huaibin ⃞, 74

Huaili ⃞, 99

Huaili County ⃞, 267

Huaiyang ⃞, 73, 75

Huaiyi ⃞

   invasion, 96, 103

   see also Southern Huaiyi

Huang, Shengzhang ⃞, 156, 159

   on Yihou Ze gui 322

Huangfu ⃞ (August Father) 25, 209, 245

   bronzes cast by, 204

   departure from capital, 204

   party of, 209, 210

   prominent role of, 203–04

   reason behind retirement, 208–09

   struggle with King You-Bao Si party, 205–14

Huangpi ⃞, 325

Huangxian ⃞, 117

   archaeology in, 308–09

Huaxia ⃞

   concept of, 285

   as cultural distinction, 287–89

   reasons behind concept, 290–92

   reflected in bronze inscriptions, 289–90

Huaxian ⃞, 246

Hufang ⃞, 94, 328

Huixian ⃞, 72

Huizhong ⃞ Palace, 45

Hukou ⃞, 169

Hunan region

   local bronze culture, 327

   relation to Zhou, 327

   see also Kane

Hunyu ⃞, 142

Huolinhe ⃞, 323

Huoqiu ⃞, 322

Huoshan ⃞ (or Huotaishan ⃞), 83, 87

Huoshu ⃞, 65

Huoxian ⃞, 87

Huozhuang ⃞, 74

Hushu ⃞ culture, 323

Huxizhuang ⃞, 49

Huzhong ⃞, 169, 171

Iijima, Taketsugu ⃞: on Qufu pottery, 315

inscribed bronzes

   as archaeological evidence, 8–9

   locally excavated, 23

   see also bronze inscriptions

Ito, Michiharu ⃞

   on archaeological discovery of bronzes, 117

   on Jing lineage, 247

   on land ownership, 125

   on regional states, 111–12

Jackson, John Brinckerhoff: on definition of landscape, 17, 18

Ji Commandery ⃞, 72

Ji ⃞, 337

Ji ⃞: archaeology of, 315–16

Ji County ⃞, 72

Ji County ⃞, 337

Ji Huafu ⃞, 315

Ji Yu ⃞, 325

Jiabo ⃞ (or Jiafu ⃞), 209, 210

Jian ⃞ River, 63

Jiang ⃞, 74

   location of, 74

Jiang, Yong ⃞, 73

Jiang ⃞ clan, 186

Jiang Prefecture ⃞, 86

Jiangjia ⃞, 308

Jiangling ⃞, 327

Jiangrong ⃞, 139

jianju ⃞, 291

Jiao ⃞, 214, 261

Jiao ⃞, 103

Jiao Ju ⃞, 218

Jiao Xun ⃞: on Bao Si, 196

Jiaodong ⃞ peninsula, 95, 301

Jiaohuo ⃞, 153, 169, 172

   location of, 169

Jiaolai ⃞ River, 301

Jiaoxian ⃞, 309

Jie ⃞ River, 33

Jihou ⃞, 119

Jihou ⃞ (ruler of Ji) 315

Jijiachuan ⃞ type, 37

Jing ⃞, 62

Jing Prefecture ⃞, 164

Jing ⃞ lineage, 49

   differentiated from Xing ⃞, 128

   history of, 128–29

   see also Jingbo, Jingshu, Zhengjing

Jing ⃞ River (valley or region) 30, 49

   cultural break during late Western Zhou, 189

   geographical context of Xianyun war, 164–65

Jing ⃞ River (valley or region) (cont.)

   landscape of, 32–33

   relation to Wei River valley, 57

Jingbo ⃞, 129

Jingchuan ⃞, 164

Jingdang ⃞, 255

Jing Ji ⃞, 49

Jingjing ⃞ (Path of Jing) 335

Jingshan ⃞, 330

Jingshan ⃞, 319

Jingshi ⃞, see Bin

Jingshu ⃞, 43, 129

   date of tombs of, 252–53

   of Feng, 129, 252

Jingshu Da ⃞, 252

Jingshu Shucai ⃞, 252

jingtian ⃞ (Well Field): system of, 123

Jingyang ⃞, 153

Jingyang County ⃞, 169

Jining ⃞, 305

Jinxiang ⃞, 73

Jitou ⃞ Mountain, 33

Jiuzhan ⃞, 176

Jiyang ⃞, 304

Jiyin Commandery ⃞, 73

Jiyuan ⃞, 73, 83, 204

Ju ⃞, 317

Juefu ⃞ (or Jue ⃞), 209

   mission to Hann, 137

    see also Hann, in Hebei

Julu ⃞, 75

Juye Marsh ⃞, 60

Juzhi ⃞: as chief of Jiangshi, 288

Kaizuka, Shigeki ⃞: on early history of Yan, 304, 338

Kane, Virginia, on bronze culture of Yangzi, 324

Kang Gong ⃞, 46, 47

Kang Mu Gong ⃞, 47

Kang Shao Gong ⃞, 47

Kangbo Mao ⃞, 313

Kangshu Feng ⃞, 67

Kazuo ⃞

   archaeological discoveries and cultural setting, 338

   see also Yan

Keightley, David

   on oracle-bone inscriptions, 1

   on Shang capital, 55

   on Shang geography, 18–19

   on Shang state, 2, 14

Keshengzhuang ⃞, 41

King Cheng ⃞, 3, 63

King Jing of Zhou ⃞, 241

King Kang ⃞, 3, 30, 54

   temple of, 47

King Li ⃞, 3, 91

   exile, 105

   exile reinterpreted, 131–34

   as fenwang ⃞, 137

King Mu ⃞, 3, 91, 95, 96

   attack on Quanrong, 145

King of Xie ⃞ (or Prince Yuchen ⃞), 241, 242, 243

   death of, 245

   identity of, 241–42

King Ping ⃞ (or Prince Yijiu ⃞), 4, 193, 197, 200, 216

   date of exile, 349

   exile from capital, 202, 214

   role in the fall of Western Zhou, 220

   trip to Luoyi, 244

King Wen ⃞, 2, 61–62

King Wu ⃞, 2, 93

King Xiao ⃞, 101

   granting of Qin, 263

   irregular succession of, 99

King Xuan ⃞, 4, 91

   against Huaiyi, 135–37

   campaigns in the west, 135, 150

   diplomacy in the east, 137

   restoration of, 135–37

King Yi ⃞, 3, 98

King Yih ⃞, 3, 99

King You ⃞, 4, 203

   alliance with regional rulers, 217–18

   death, 219–20

   politics reinterpreted, 215

King Zhao ⃞, 3

   revealed by inscriptions, 94

   southern campaign, 93–94, 327–29

Kong Yingda ⃞: alteration of Ancient Bamboo Annals 220–21

Kuai ⃞, 75, 202

   location of, 75, 249

Kunming Lake ⃞, 43

Kunyi ⃞, 143

Lai ⃞, 316

Laiyang ⃞, 119, 315

Laiyi ⃞, 306

landed properties, 122

   changing pattern of granting, 124–26

   granting by the king, 123–24

   piecemeal granting, 125, 126

   small land ownership, 125

   see also aristocratic families

landscape, 5, 71

   in context of the fall of Western Zhou, 221

   definition of, 17–18

   see also Jackson, geography

Lanqiao ⃞, 176

Lantian ⃞, 48

Laoshan ⃞, 303

Lattimore, Owen, 175–76, 291

law of diminishing returns, 108, 109

li ⃞, 78

Li ⃞, 61

Li, Feng (previous)

   on appointment inscriptions, 9

   on aristocratic titles, 56, 57

   on bronze culture in northern Shaanxi, 54

   on date of Guo tombs, 256

   on “feudalism,” 110

   on Mu gui 10

   on pre-dynastic Zhou culture, 35, 41

Li, Ling ⃞: on burials of Qin dukes, 273

Li, Xueqin ⃞

   on date of Duoyou ding 132

   on identification of Buqi, 156

   on identification of Zeng with Sui, 329

   on identification of Zhai Gong, 146

   on Zhou capitals, 46, 47

Li, Zhongcao ⃞

   on battle of, 823 BC 169, 171

   on rules determining women’s names, 186

Li, Boqian ⃞, 86, 87

Li Ji ⃞, 194, 195

Li Shang ⃞, 161

Li Si ⃞, 281, 282

Li Zhi ⃞, 196

   on Bao Si, 196

Liangshan ⃞, 304

Libo ⃞, 316

Licheng County ⃞, 62

lieding ⃞ system, 255

   see Zhou sumptuary system

Liji ⃞, 112

Lijiacun ⃞, 48

Lijiaya ⃞, 54

Lijin ⃞, 56, 58

lijun ⃞, 121

Linduff, Katheryn, 7, 95

Lineage Law, see Zongfa

lineage segmentation, 251, 252

Lingbao ⃞, 58, 60

Lingtai ⃞, 39, 50

Lintong ⃞, 48

Linyou ⃞, 172

Linzi County ⃞, 308

Lirong ⃞, 194

Lishan tribe, 263

Lishan ⃞ Mountain, 4, 32

Lishui ⃞, 323

Liu, Li: on sources of bronze, 318

Liu, Yu ⃞, 9

   on Ke zhong 160

Liu Xin ⃞, 27

Liu Zongyuan ⃞: on the fall of Western Zhou, 196

Liulige ⃞, 294, 295–96

Liulihe ⃞, 78, 335

Liulin ⃞, 54

Liupan ⃞ Mountains, 2, 32, 54

Liutaizi ⃞, 117

   archaeological excavation at, 304, 305

Lixian ⃞, 265

Loess Plateau, 18, 31, 32, 54

   of northern Shaanxi, 35

Loewe, Michael, 7, 11

   on principle of government, 280

Long Pass ⃞, 32, 37

Longde ⃞, 228

Longshan ⃞, 35, 37

Longxian ⃞, 37, 49

Lü ⃞ (or Fu ⃞), 230

   in bronze inscriptions, 229–30

   location before move to Nanyang, 230

   relocation in Nanyang, 137, 228–29

Lu ⃞, 73, 307

   archaeology of, 314–15

   date of founding, 306

Lu, Liancheng ⃞, 45

   on date of Jingshu tombs, 253

   on location of Zheng, 246

Lü Gang ⃞, 49

Lübo ⃞, 230

Lüliang ⃞ Mountains, 82

Luo ⃞, 155

Luo ⃞ River (valley, in Henan) 30, 63

Luo ⃞ River (valley, in Shaanxi) 32, 35, 40

   as battleground in, 816 BC 154, 172

Luo, Xizhang ⃞: on bronze caches in Zhouyuan, 241

Luo zhi Yang ⃞, 171

Luobo ⃞, 173

Luochuan ⃞, 55

Luoyang County ⃞, 66

Luoyang ⃞ plain, 58, 62–63

   communication with Wei River valley, 60–61

   as new site of royal court, 234

Luoyi ⃞ (or Chengzhou ⃞/ Wangcheng ⃞):

   construction of, 63, 65

   days for travel to capital Hao, 65

   debate about its composition, 65–66

   as eastern capital, 4, 6, 30, 62

   geographical setting, 234–35

   identification of Wang ⃞ with Wangcheng, 66

   importance in Zhou strategy, 65

   political geography perceived by Zhou people, 235–37

Lushan ⃞, 73

Lushan ⃞ Mountain, 303

Lüshi chunqiu ⃞, 200

Lutaishan ⃞, 118

   archaeological excavation at, 325–27

   date of tombs, 325

   relations with Panlongcheng, 327

   see also Panlongcheng

Luyi ⃞, 75

Ma, Chengyuan ⃞, 12

   on local bronze culture in Yangzi delta, 323

Machanggou ⃞, 338

Majiayao ⃞ culture, 35

Majiazhen ⃞, 48

Malian ⃞ River, 32

Mandate of Heaven, 2

Manyi ⃞, 317

Mao ⃞, 73

   location of, 73

Mao ⃞ family, 128

Maobo ⃞, 230

Maojiaping ⃞, 54, 264

   excavation at, 264, 265

Maoqinggou ⃞, 182

Maoxiang ⃞, 73

Mapo ⃞, 62

Matsumaru, Michio ⃞, 76

   on Shang state, 2

Mawangcun ⃞, 41

Meixian ⃞, 48

meng ⃞: as covenant of alliance, 218

Mengji ⃞, 329

Mengjin ⃞, 62

Mengshan ⃞, 303

Mengyugou ⃞, 183

Mi County ⃞, 51

Mi ⃞, 51

   location of, 51

Mi ⃞: as family, 48

Mianxian ⃞, 203

Miaogou ⃞, 62

Mingbo ⃞, see Duke Ming

mingqi ⃞, 294

Minor Guo ⃞, 274

Minquan ⃞, 75

Mixian ⃞, 75, 235

Mixu ⃞, 51

Motianling ⃞, 303

mound-tombs (or tudunmu ⃞), 323

Mu tianzi zhuan ⃞, 145

Mufu ⃞ Mountains, 319

Muye ⃞, 27

Muzidun ⃞, 323

Nangong ⃞ lineage: history of, 127–28

Nangong Kuo ⃞, 54

Nanguanwai ⃞, 81

Nanhuangzhuang ⃞, 313

Nanpo ⃞, 49

Nanshangen ⃞, 323

Nanyang Commendery ⃞, 137, 329

Neishi ⃞ (Interior Scribe) 206

Neishi Wu ⃞, 101

Neishiyin ⃞ (Chief Interior Scribe) 203

Nianzipo ⃞, 41

Niaoshu ⃞ Mountain, 33

Ningcheng ⃞, 338

Ningxian ⃞, 173

Ningyang ⃞, 73, 308

Nishan ⃞, 303

Niutou ⃞ River, 268

Nivison, David

   on historical value of Bamboo Annals 13

   on Zhou conquest of Shang, 27

Northern Mountain system, 31, 39

Northern Zone Complex, 144, 175, 183

   cultural influence on Zhou, 179–83

   definition of, 144

   during middle-late Western Zhou, 182

   see also Di Cosmo

Nylan, Michael, 11

oracle-bone inscriptions, 18, 19

   of Shang, 1, 19

   of Zhou, 46

overseers of states (or zhujian ⃞), institution of, 113

Pang ⃞

   possible location of, 56

   as Zhou capital, 56

Pangcun ⃞, 67

Pangjiagou ⃞, 63

Pankenier, David

   on accuracy of astronomical records in Bamboo Annals 14

   on historical value of Bamboo Annals 13

   on Zhou conquest of Shang, 27

Panlongcheng ⃞, 309, 322

Pei Commandery ⃞, 305

pen ⃞, 78

Penggong ⃞, 189

Pengya ⃞, 169

Pengyang ⃞, 169

pin ⃞: as interstate visit, 216

Pines, Yuri: on historical value of speeches in Zuozhuan 14

Pingdingshan ⃞, 61, 69

Pingliang ⃞, 33

Pinglu ⃞, 84, 258

Pingyang ⃞, 276

Plutarch, 15

pottery wares:

   of Central Plain, 78–80

   of Eastern Zhou, 294, 295–96

   from Fen River valley, 88

   from Hebei plain, 340

   importance in archaeology, 7–8, 23

   local types in Shandong, 312

   from Luoyang, 78, 80–81

   from middle Yangzi, 331–32

   periodization, 41, 43

   from Qufu, date and periodization, 314

   from Shandong, 310–12

   from upper Wei River valley, 264–65

   late Western Zhou set, 264

   from Xingtai, 81

   of Zhou styles, 78

pre-dynastic Zhou, 40

   different schools on the location of, 41

   relation to upper Jing River, 10

   tombs, 46

   see also Bin

pre-imperial states, 1, 245

Prince Duofu ⃞, see Duke Huan of Zheng

Prince Yijiu ⃞, see King Ping

Prince Yuchen ⃞, see King of Xie

Prince Zhao ⃞, 241

Pr&rrri;ušek, Jaroslav, 165

   on location of Jingyang, 171

   on origin of Xianyun, 144

   on Quanhou, 344

   on roads of Xianyun invasion, 159

Pu ⃞ River (northern) 32

Pu ⃞ River (southern): location of, 230

Pulleyblank, Edwin: on relation between Xianyun and Xiongnu, 143

Qi ⃞, 75

   location of, 75

Qi ⃞, 149

   location of, 161–64

Qi ⃞, 3, 55, 308

   archaeology of, 315

   conflict with royal interest, 98–99

   royal campaign against, 97–98

Qi, Sihe ⃞: on pre-dynastic Zhou, 41, 43

Qi County ⃞, 160, 161

Qi ⃞ River, 67

Qi ⃞ River, 39, 161, 163

Qian, Mu ⃞, 41

   on the fall of Western Zhou, 223–24

Qian ⃞ River, 32, 39

Qiang ⃞ people, 274

Qiangjiacun ⃞, 254

Qianmu ⃞, 139

Qianshui Plateau ⃞, 33, 164–67

Qianyang ⃞, 172

Qianzhangda ⃞, 306

Qiguo ⃞, 62

Qijia ⃞ culture, 35

Qijiacun ⃞, 46

Qin ⃞, 26, 221

   allied with Zhou, 135, 270–71

   archaeological search for, 263

   background for move east, 274

   control over Wei River plain, 276

   founding of, 262–63

   move to Quanqiu, 271

   new discovery in Lixian, 265–66

   origin of, 264

   original location, 268

   struggle with Rong people, 150, 270–71

   as sub-lineage of Daluo, 263

   see also Daluo lineage

Qin Empire, 281, 283

Qin Prefecture ⃞, 268

Qin ⃞ River, 61

Qin’an ⃞, 179

Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau, 33

Qingjian ⃞, 54

qingshi ⃞ (Prime Minister) 214

Qingshui ⃞: in Gansu, 268

Qingshui ⃞ River (valley): in Ningxia, 37, 52, 167

Qingyang ⃞, 32

Qinling ⃞ Mountains, 31

Qinshui County ⃞, 72

Qinyang ⃞, 62, 72

Qinyi ⃞, 268

Qinzhong ⃞, 150, 270

Qishan ⃞ Mountain, 31, 46, 47

Qisi County ⃞, 74

Qiu, Xigui ⃞: on identification of shen ⃞ with shen ⃞, 225

Qiu Shang ⃞, 55

Qixian ⃞, 75

Qixian ⃞, 67

Qiyi ⃞ (or Zhou ⃞/Zhouyuan ⃞), 46, 47

   Zhou migration to, 47

Qizhong ⃞, 309

Qu, Wanli ⃞, 239

Quanhou ⃞, 344

Quanqiu ⃞

   as base of Daluo-Qin, 263, 266

   see also Daluo lineage

Quanrong ⃞, 4, 142, 219

   as a later term, 343–44

   relation to Xianyun, 343–46

   see also Xianyun, Western Rong

Quanyi ⃞, 142

Qucun ⃞, 84

Qufu ⃞, 73

Quma ⃞ (Master of Horses) 206

Rawson, Jessica, 7

   on pre-dynastic Zhou pottery, 41

   on uniformity of Western Zhou bronzes, 77

regional kings of Han, 283–84

regional rulers (or zhuhou ⃞), 113

   visits to royal court, 114

   see also regional states

regional states, 2, 3

   archaeological discovery of, 5, 66–70

   contributions to Zhou power, 281, 283

   definition of, 2

   locations of Ji ⃞ states, 72–74

   locations of non-Ji states, 75–76

   number of Ji states, 71–72

   significance in Zhou strategy, 70–71

   status and power under “Fengjian” institution, 111–12

   see also Fen River, Hebei plain, regional rulers, Shandong, Yangzi River

Renfang ⃞, 306

Renfrew, Colin

   on archaeological materials, 7

   on relation between archaeology and history, 22

Renfu ⃞, 315

Rizhao ⃞, 316

Road by Yanzhou ⃞, 40, 169, 172

Road of Huizhong ⃞, 39, 173

Road of Zhi ⃞, 83

Road to Lingzhou ⃞, 40

Road to Xiao Pass, 37–39, 40, 167, 188, 221

Roman Empire, 92, 108, 285

Rome: fall of, 109

Rong ⃞ family, 128

Rong of Dali ⃞, 275

Rong of Jiangshi ⃞: relation to Jin, 288–89

Rong of Liuji ⃞: Zhou campaign against, 350–51

Rong of Pengxi ⃞, 275, 276

Rong ⃞ people, 239, 240–41

   cultural prejudice against, 287–88, 290

   incursion into Zhou territory, 274–75

Rong Yigong ⃞, 132

Rongbo ⃞:

   of late Western Zhou, 131

   of mid-Western Zhou, 119

Rongdi ⃞: concept of, 286

royal domain (or wangji ⃞), 30, 55–57

Ruan ⃞, 51

Rui ⃞, 51

   location of, 51

Rui ⃞ River, 51

Ruicheng ⃞, 87

Rujiazhuang ⃞, 49

Runan ⃞, 96

Runan Commandery ⃞, 74

Rushan ⃞, 312

San ⃞, 49

San Pass ⃞, 32

Sanguankou ⃞, 39

Sanjian ⃞, see Three Overseers

Sanmenxia ⃞, 60, 255

Sanshui County ⃞, 161

Schaberg, David, 12, 22

   on speeches in Zuozhuan, 14, 15

second conquest, 65, 93, 306

Shan County ⃞, 257

Shandong ⃞ (peninsula and region) 2, 17

   archaeology in eastern peninsula, 308

   archaeology of, 304–06

   “Dongyi” origin of non-Ji states, 317

   establishment of Zhou states, 307–08

   landscape, 301–03

   later political relation with Zhou, 316

   local bronze culture, 119–21

   non-Ji states in, 317–18

   Zhou expansion into, 306–08

   Zhou expansion into eastern, 313

Shanfu ⃞ (Provisioner) 206

Shang ⃞:

   archaeological sites in Shandong, 306

   capital of, 2

   as dynasty, 1

   geography of, 18–19

   as state, 2

Shangcai ⃞, 74

Shangcai County ⃞, 74

Shangkuangcun ⃞, 315

Shangma ⃞, 294

Shangqiu ⃞, 75

Shangshu ⃞, see Book of Documents

Shanhai jing ⃞, 227

Shanrong ⃞, 142

Shanwan ⃞, 329, 330

Shanwanzi ⃞, 338

Shanxian ⃞, 60

Shanyang County ⃞, 72

Shao ⃞ lineage, 128

Shaobo Hu ⃞, 63, 82

Shaochen ⃞, 46

Shaughnessy, Edward, 7

   on Bamboo Annals 14

   on date of Da ding 133

   on Huiyi invasion, 96–97

   on nature of bronze inscriptions, 10

   on Zhou conquest of Shang, 27

Shen ⃞ River, 228

Shenji ⃞, 225

Shenhou ⃞ (ruler of Western Shen) 216, 227, 263

Shenhou ⃞, 214

Shenrong ⃞ (Rong of Shen) 226

Shenshou zhi shan ⃞ (Mountain of the fountainhead of Shen River) 227

Shi Bo ⃞, 199

   geographical analysis, 235

   predicting Zhou’s fall, 216–17

Shi Su ⃞: on the fall of the Western Zhou, 194, 195, 200

Shi ⃞, 149

Shi ⃞ (Scribe) 206

Shi, Nianhai ⃞:

   on communications in Yangzi region, 319

   on roads through Jing River valley, 39

   on roads through northern Shaanxi, 40

   on Xiyu, 172

   on Zhouyuan, 31

Shi, Quan ⃞, 224

   on communications in Yangzi region, 319

   on Tang, 329

   on Wu invasion of Chu in, 506 BC 319

Shi Hefu ⃞, see Bo Hefu

Shi Yongfu ⃞, 96

Shi Yu ⃞, 308

Shiben ⃞, 246

Shiji ⃞ (The Grand Scribe’s Records) 15

   as secondary source, 17

Shijing ⃞, see Book of Poetry

Shilou ⃞, 54

Shim, Jae-hoon, 84

   on the fall of Western Zhou, 197–98, 215

Shishi ⃞ (Marshal) 206

Shouguang ⃞, 315

Shouxian ⃞, 328

Shu Yu ⃞, 86

Shu Ze ⃞, 87

Shuijing zhu ⃞, 228, 258

Shuilian ⃞, 162, 163

Si ⃞ and Beng ⃞ River fault, 303

sifang-center cosmological model, 236–37, see also Wang Aihe

Sihong ⃞, 322

Silk Road, 39

Sima Qian ⃞:

   account of Bao Si, 200–01

   account of early Zhou history, 143

   on fall of Western Zhou, 195–96

Sipo ⃞, 48

Situ ⃞ (Minister of Multitudes) 206

Siwa ⃞ culture, 35, 176

   coexisting with Zhou culture, 176–79

   date of, 176

   economy of, 176

Six Armies of the West, 94, 103

Skosey, Laura, 125

solar eclipse of, 780 BC 208

Son of Heaven (or Tianzi ⃞), 2, 94

Song ⃞, 75

   location of, 75

   see also Daqinggong

Songcun ⃞, 272

Songshan ⃞ Mountain, 58, 235

Southern Huaiyi ⃞, 103, 136; see also Huaiyi

Southern Shen ⃞, 25, 113, 225

   in bronze inscriptions, 225–26

   location of, 137

   relocation in Nanyang, 137

   see also Western Shen

Su ⃞ River, 83

Suanli ⃞, 50

Subutun ⃞, 306

Sui ⃞ (or Zeng ⃞), 329

   on identification of Zeng with Sui, 329

Sui County ⃞, 325, 329

Suide ⃞, 54

Sui–Zao ⃞ corridor, 319, 325

Sun, Xingyan ⃞, 66

Sunjiazhuang ⃞, 52, 167

Suyi ⃞, 86

Taihang Mountains, 58, 82

Taihang–Yellow River belt, 62, 70, 72, 334

Taijiang ⃞, 224

Taikang diji ⃞, 259

Tainter, Joseph

   on causes of collapse, 108, 124

   on decline of Western Zhou, 108

Taiping huanyu ji ⃞, 230

Taishan ⃞ Mountain, 303

Taiyuan ⃞:

   as center of Xianyun/Quanrong, 145, 346

   as destination of Zhou campaign, 153

   location of, 165–69

   Rong of, 139, 146

Taiyuan ⃞ Basin, 82

Taiyuan Superior-Prefecture ⃞, 165

Tan ⃞, 317

Tan, Qixiang ⃞, 20, 74

   on Hebei plain, 334

Tang ⃞, 86, 329

   location of, 86–87, 329

Tang, Lan ⃞, 12, 66, 67

   on bronzes related to southern campaign, 328

   on date of Guoji Zibai pan 154, 259

Taniguchi, Yoshisuke ⃞: on fall of Western Zhou, 197, 215

Taoguochuan ⃞, 253

Teng ⃞, 73, 308

   archaeology of, 305

   location, 305

Tenghou ⃞ (ruler of Teng) 305

Tengxian ⃞, 73, 305

Tengxian jinshi zhi ⃞, 305

textual records:

   reasons for using in present study, 15–17

   value for Western Zhou history, 10–15

Thatcher, Melvin, 113

Three Overseers (or Sanjian ⃞), 65

   institution of, 65

Tianma ⃞, 84

Tianshui ⃞, 33

   communication with Baoji, 37

Tianzi ⃞, see Son of Heaven

Tiaorong ⃞, 139

Tong, Shuye ⃞, 224

Tongzhi ⃞, 201, 220

Town of Guo ⃞, 254

tudunmu ⃞, see mound-tombs

tuien ⃞ (extending imperial favor) 284

Tunxi ⃞, 323

Turmoil of the Eight Kings, 285

Tuyu ⃞, 169, 171

upper Wei ⃞ River (valley)

   landscape of, 33–35

   see also Qin

Upper Xiajiadian ⃞ culture, 323, 338

Waifang ⃞, 58

Wan County ⃞, 137, 222

Wang, Aihe: on Shang–Zhou cosmology, 236, 300

Wang, Entian ⃞: on Qufu pottery, 315

Wang, Guowei ⃞, 169

   on identification of gai with quanqiu 351

   on identity of Xianyun, 143

   on regional rulers calling themselves king, 187

   on relation between Xianyun and Quanrong, 344

   on roads of Xianyun invasion, 159

Wang Jiang ⃞, 117, 304, 305

Wangcheng ⃞, see Luoyi

Wangchuan ⃞, 48

Wangfu ⃞, 306

Wangji ⃞, 330

wangji ⃞, see royal domain

Wanquan County ⃞, 87

war with Xianyun, 6

   battle of, 823 BC 151–53

   battle of, 816 BC 154, 156

   battle of, 815 BC 154–56

   battle of, 786 BC;

   battle of Duoyou ding 147–49

   as chariot warfare, 159

   geography of, 165–71

   impact on Zhou society, 190–91

   short line of defense, 188–89

   see also Xianyun

Wei ⃞, 87

Wei ⃞ family, 128

Wei ⃞ River (valley or plain) 2, 27

   destruction of Zhou center on, 239, 240–41

   geopolitical disadvantage, 141

   landscape of, 30–32

   political landscape at beginning of Eastern Zhou, 274–75

Wei ⃞ River, 303

Weiyingzi ⃞: archaeological excavation, 338

Weizi Qi ⃞, 76

Wenxian ⃞, 72

Western Guo ⃞ (or Guoji ⃞), 21–22, 25, 252

   archaeological discovery in Sanmenxia, 255, 256

   date of Guo tombs of, 256, 260

   date of move east, 259–61

   genealogy of, 255, 260–61

   residence in Zhouyuan, 254–55

   as sub-lineage of Guo, 253, 256, 258

   as supporter of King You–Bao Si party, 260–61

   see also Guo

Western Rong ⃞ (or Quanrong ⃞, or Xianyun ⃞), 142, 150, 193, 216, 219, 270

   location of, 221–22

   as Quanrong, 343

   as Xianyun, 345

   see also Quanrong, Xianyun

Western Shen ⃞, 216

   alliance with Western Rong and Zeng, 216

   attacked under King Xuan, 226

   in bronze inscriptions, 195, 225

   historiographical tradition on, 224–25

   location of, 227–28

   relation to Qin, 225, 228

   see also Southern Shen

Western Zhou state, 2, 3, 4, 5, 18, 20, 21, 30

   bureaucratization of Zhou government, 95

   definition of, 2

   economic relations, 122–23, 124

   expansion and geographical extent, 3, 236, 300, 341–42

   as force of cultural assimilation, 292–93

   geopolitical reconfiguration of, 233–34

   impact on China, 285

   methods of government, 92

   official appointment and career, 122

   political control over regional states, 115–16

   as political lesson for empires, 283–85

   power axis of, 30, 60

   state and royal power compared to Shang, 55–57

   see also decline of Western Zhou, fall of Westen Zhou, regional states

Wey ⃞: location of, 67

Wey furen ⃞ (Lady of Wey) 67

Whittaker, C. R.: on nature of frontier, 175

Wu, Hung, 10

Wu Geng ⃞, 65

Wu Pass ⃞, 32

Wubo ⃞, 230

Wuding ⃞ River, 39

Wugong ⃞, 49

Wuling ⃞, 319

Wuqi ⃞, 172

wuyi ⃞, see Five Cities

Wuzhong ⃞, 287

Xi ⃞, 219

   location of, 220

Xi County ⃞, 266

Xia ⃞ Dynasty, 1

Xi’an ⃞, 309

Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project, 27

Xiang ⃞: in Shandong, 317

Xiang ⃞: in Henan, 204

   location of, 204

Xiangguo County ⃞, 68

Xiangxian ⃞, 74

Xiangyang ⃞, 70

Xianyun ⃞, 4, 103, 105, 142

   cultural background and geographical setting, 144–45

   in historiographical context, 142–44

   incursion into Zhou territory, 188–89

   possible relation to archaeological cultures, 187–88, 189

   see also Quanrong, Western Rong

Xiao Pass ⃞, 32, 37, 39

Xiaobotaigou ⃞, 306, 338

Xiaogan ⃞, 325

Xiaoling ⃞ River valley, 338

Xiaoliuzhuang ⃞, 308

Xiaoqinling ⃞, 58

Xiaoshan ⃞, 58

xiaozong ⃞, see Zongfa

Xiaquancun ⃞, 44

Xiayaocun ⃞, 81

Xibo Jifu ⃞, 153

Xichui ⃞ (Western March) 271

Xicun ⃞, 49

Xi’e County ⃞, 330

Xie ⃞: as site of rival king, 242

Xiexian ⃞, 74, 96

Xifeng City ⃞, 33

Xigaoquan ⃞, 182

Xihan ⃞ River, 266

Xihexiang ⃞, 55

Xincun ⃞, 67

Xindian ⃞ cultures, 35

Xinfeng County ⃞, 220

Xing ⃞: location of, 68–69

Xinghou furen ⃞, 68

Xingping ⃞, 223

Xingtai ⃞, 68

Xingyang ⃞, 61, 235

Xingyang County ⃞, 74

Xinji ⃞, 50

Xinping Commandery ⃞, 160

Xinping County ⃞, 162

Xintai ⃞, 76

Xinwangcun ⃞, 41

Xinxiang ⃞, 72

Xinyang ⃞, 226

Xinzheng ⃞, 82, 235

Xiong’er ⃞, 58

Xiongnu ⃞, 39, 142

   invasion, 39

Xiuwu ⃞, 72

Xiyu ⃞, 155, 172

Xizhangcun ⃞, 68

Xu ⃞, 75

   location of, 75

Xu, Shaohua ⃞

   on Eastern Shen, 226

   on state of Lü 229

Xu, Xitai ⃞, 46

Xuchang ⃞, 75

Xue ⃞, 317

   location of, 317

Xuefeng ⃞ Mountains, 319

Xujianian ⃞, 176

Xun ⃞, 149, 161

   location of, 161

   road to, 164

Xunxian ⃞, 67

Xunyi ⃞, 39, 160, 161

Xunyi County ⃞, 160

Xunyu ⃞, 143

Xunyu ⃞, 200

Xunzi ⃞, 71

Xurong ⃞, 96

Yan ⃞, 78

   archaeology of, 335

   expansion into southern Liaoning, 338–39

   founding of, 336–37

   interruption of communication, mid-Western Zhou, 339–40

   location, 337

Yan ⃞ (or Gai ⃞): as Shang ally, 307

Yan County ⃞, 72

Yanchang ⃞, 180

Yandunshan ⃞, 322

Yang ⃞, 173

Yangjiacun ⃞, 48

Yangjiatai ⃞, 189

Yangqu County ⃞, 165

Yangwen ⃞, 63

Yangzhong ⃞, 149

Yangzi River (valley or region) 2, 3

   communication between middle Yangzi and Yangzi delta, 319

   delta, archaeological discoveries and cultural setting, 322–23

Yangzi River (valley or region) (cont.)

   delta, communication with north, and interruption, 324

   delta, local bronze types, 323

   geography of Zhou campaign in middle Yangzi, 328–29

   middle Yangzi in archaeology, 325

   natural condition of, 319

   Zhou expansion into, 327–29

Yanjin ⃞, 72

Yanmen ⃞, 172

Yanshan ⃞ Mountains, 2

Yantai ⃞, 316

Yaojiahe ⃞, 183

Ye, Wansong ⃞, 78

Yewang County ⃞, 62

Yi ⃞ (Yu ⃞), 51

   location of, 51, 322

Yi Zhoushu ⃞, 224

Yicheng County ⃞, 86

Yifu ⃞ (Yi Prisoner) 317

Yihu ⃞, 328

Ying ⃞, 69, 70

   location of, 74

Ying ⃞ River, 61

Ying Bo ⃞, 70

Ying Man ⃞, 69

Ying Shi ⃞, 69

Yingcheng ⃞, 70

Yingchuan Commandery ⃞, 70

Yinghou Cheng ⃞, 70

Yingqiu ⃞, 308

Yingxiang ⃞, 70

Yishan ⃞ Mountain, 303

Yiyang ⃞, 60, 322

Yiyang Commandery ⃞, 74

Yiyang Commandery ⃞, 329

Yong ⃞, 72

   location of, 72

Yong County ⃞, 259

Yong’an County ⃞, 87

Yongningbao ⃞, 87

Yongshou ⃞, 39

youzhe ⃞: status of, 130

Yu ⃞, 209

Yu ⃞, 62, 72

   location of, 62

Yu ⃞: 49

   local cultural characters, 183

Yu, Fuwei ⃞, 78

Yu zhi guan deng ⃞, 172

Yuan ⃞, 72

   location of, 72

Yuan Prefecture ⃞, 167

Yuanbo ⃞, 50

Yuanqu ⃞, 83

Yuanxiang ⃞, 73

Yubo ⃞, 49

Yucun ⃞ tomb, 180

Yufang ⃞, see Border Protector

Yuhou ⃞ (ruler of Yu or Yi) 322

Yujia ⃞, 311

Yujiawan ⃞, 50

Yulin ⃞, 96, 246

Yumi County ⃞, 172

Yunmeng ⃞ Marsh (or Great Marsh) 319

Yuquan ⃞, 146, 147, 172

Yushan ⃞ (or Wushan ⃞) Mountain, 51

Yuyang County ⃞, 337

Yuyang Palace ⃞, 247

Zai ⃞ (Superintendent) 206

Ze ⃞, 49, 248

   relation with Zhou state, 186–87

   surname of, 186, 248

zeng ⃞: as silk, 202

Zeng ⃞: in Shandong, 317

Zeng ⃞ (or Zeng ⃞)

   royal attack on, 216

   as state in the west, 25, 202

Zenghou Yi ⃞, 329

Zhai ⃞ (lineage) 146

Zhaigong ⃞, 146

Zhaizhong ⃞, 146

Zhang, Changshou ⃞, 54, 86

Zhang, Yachu ⃞, 325

Zhang Han ⃞, 161

Zhangjiapo ⃞, 41, 252

Zhao, Guangxian ⃞, 112

Zhao, Songqiao, 56, 58

Zhaoge County ⃞, 67

Zhaojialai ⃞, 49

Zhaoyuan ⃞, 309

Zhenduo ⃞, 73

Zheng ⃞ (as city) 56

   as base of former Zheng lineage, 247–48

   as base of Jing lineage, 247

   in bronze inscriptions, 247

   location of, 246–47

   as royal site, 247

Zheng ⃞ (as state) 25

   date of move east, 248–49, 351–54

Zheng County ⃞, 246

Zheng Guo Canal ⃞, 169

Zheng Ji ⃞, 248

Zheng Jiang ⃞, 186, 248

Zheng Qiao ⃞: on fall of Western Zhou, 196

Zhengbo ⃞, 248

Zhengjiawa ⃞, 50

Zhengjing ⃞, 247

Zhenyuan County ⃞, 167

Zhi ⃞, 105

Zhi County ⃞, 83, 204

Zhifangtou ⃞, 49

Zhiyangzhen ⃞, 69

Zhong Chengfu ⃞, 225

Zhong Shanfu ⃞: mission to Qi, 138

Zhong Shang ⃞, 55

Zhong Yun ⃞, 209

Zhongning ⃞, 179

Zhongshan ⃞ Mountain, 169, 173

Zhongtiao ⃞ Mountain, 83, 84

Zhongzi Youfu ⃞, 330

Zhou conquest of Shang, 27

   campaign, 62

   date of, 27

   road of, 62

   see also Nivison, Pankenier, Shaughnessy

Zhou–Daluo–Qin triangle, 270

Zhou–Shen–Daluo triangle, 270

Zhou sumptuary system

   popularization of, 295–96

   spread of, 294–95

   see also lieding

Zhougongmiao ⃞, 21, 48

Zhoujiacun ⃞, 311

Zhouxianzhen ⃞, 55

Zhouyi ⃞ (Book of Changes) 13

Zhouyuan ⃞, see Qiyi

Zhu ⃞ (or Zou ⃞), 76, 317

Zhu ⃞, 317

Zhu, Fenghan ⃞

   on aristocratic lineage, 129

   on royal power, 129

Zhu, Youzeng ⃞: reconstruction of Ancient Bamboo Annals 347

Zhu Xi ⃞: on location of Gong, 164

Zhuanyu ⃞, 317

zhuhou ⃞, see regional rulers

zhujian ⃞, see overseers of states

Zhushu jinian ⃞, see Bamboo Annals

Zhuyuangou ⃞, 49, 175, 183

Zi Shang ⃞, 55

Zi Yafu ⃞, 185

Zibai ⃞, 153

Zigui ⃞, 185

Ziwu ⃞ Mountains, 32

Ziya ⃞ River, 334

Zizhi tongjian waiji ⃞, 220

Zizhou ⃞, 55

Zongfa ⃞ (Lineage Law) 112–13, 115

   differentiation between primary line (dazong ⃞) and minor lines (xiaozong ⃞), 112

   practice in Guo lineage, 252

   seniority order under, 251

   see also Guo lineage, zongjun, zongzi

zongjun ⃞: as head of the primary line, 112

Zongzhou ⃞, see Hao

zongzi ⃞: as first son of the primary line, 112

Zou, Heng ⃞, 41, 84

Zouzi ⃞, 209

zun ⃞, 80

Zuo ⃞, 72

   location of, 72

Zuoceyin ⃞ (Chief Document Maker) 203

Zuocheng County ⃞, 72

Zuozhuan ⃞ (Zuo Commentary) 14, 17, 71, 74

   on Guo, 257

   on political transition to Eastern Zhou, 241


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