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States Against Migrants

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States Against Migrants
Cambridge University Press
9780521515689 - States Against Migrants - Deportation in Germany and the United States - Edited by ANTJE ELLERMANN
Frontmatter/Prelims

States Against Migrants: Deportation in Germany and the United States

In this comparative study of the contemporary politics of deportation in Germany and the United States, Antje Ellermann analyzes the capacity of the liberal democratic state to control individuals within its borders. The book grapples with the question of why, in the 1990s, Germany responded to vociferous public demands for stricter immigration control by passing and implementing far-reaching policy reforms, whereas the United States failed to respond effectively to a comparable public mandate. Drawing on extensive field interviews, Ellermann finds that these cross-national differences reflect institutionally determined variation in socially coercive state capacity. By tracing the politics of deportation across the evolution of the policy cycle, beginning with anti-immigrant populist backlash and ending in the expulsion of migrants by street-level bureaucrats, Ellermann is also able to show that the conditions underlying state capacity systematically vary across policy stages. Whereas the ability to make socially coercive law is contingent on strong institutional linkages between the public and legislators, implementation depends on the political insulation of bureaucrats.

Antje Ellermann is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia. Her work has been published in Comparative Political Studies, West European Politics, and Government and Opposition. She has been the recipient of research grants from the Social Science Research Council in the United States and, in Canada, from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade.


States Against Migrants

Deportation in Germany and the United States

Edited by

ANTJE ELLERMANN

University of British Columbia


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
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Cambridge University Press
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www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521092906
© Antje Ellermann 2009

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2009

Printed in the United States of America

A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication DataEllermann, Antje, 1971–States against migrants : deportation in Germany and the United States / Antje Ellermann.p. cm.Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 978-0-521-51568-9 (hardback) – ISBN 978-0-521-09290-6 (pbk.)1. United States–Emigration and immigration. 2. Deportation–United States. 3. Germany–Emigration and immigration. 4. Deportation–Germany. I. Title.JV6483.E54 2009325.43–dc22 2008042416

ISBN 978-0-521-51568-9 hardback
ISBN 978-0-521-09290-6 paperback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet Web sites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such Web sites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables, and other factual information given in this work are correct at the time of first printing, but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter.


In memory of my mother, Ruthild Ellermann, and for Ruby Skye, whose journey has just begun


Contents

List of Figures
ix
Acknowledgments
xi
Introduction:Deportation and the State
1
1     A Theory of Socially Coercive State Capacity
27
2     The Legislative Politics of Migration Control
52
3     Deportation and the Executive Politics of Implementation
84
4     Deportation and the Street-Level Politics of Implementation
121
5     Conclusion
147
Appendices
173
References
177
Index
191

List of Figures

1     Germany, deportations by reason (stacked), 1977–2001.
19
2     Germany, deportations by reason (in percent), 1977–2001.
21
3     United States, removals by reason (stacked), 1971–2002.
22
4     United States, deportations by reason (in percent), 1971–2002.
23
5     Germany, deportations and police returns, 1992–1998.
99
6     INS employer investigations, 1992–2001.
113
7     United States: noncriminal deportations and required departures, 1971–2002.
114



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