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Gender and Language in British Literary Criticism, 1660–1790
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 (ISBN-13: 9780511822384)

During the eighteenth century, British critics applied terms of gender to literature according to the belief that masculine values represented the best literature and feminine terms signified less important works or authors. Laura Runge contends however that the meaning of gendered terms like 'manly' or 'effeminate' changes over time, and that the language of eighteenth-century criticism cannot be fully understood without careful analysis of the gendered language of the era. She examines conventions in various fields of critical language - Dryden's prose, the early novel, criticism by women, and the developing aesthetic - to show how gendered epistemology shaped critical 'truths'. Her exploration of critical commonplaces, such as regarding the heroic and the sublime as masculine modes and the novel as a feminine genre, addresses issues central to eighteenth-century studies.

• First book-length study of the impact of gender on critical language and judgement in the eighteenth century • Draws illuminating comparisons between gender and language in eighteenth-century and twentieth-century criticism • New insights into work of women critics in the eighteenth century

Contents

1. Many words on Mount Parnassus; 2. Dryden's gendered balance and the Augustan ideal; 3. Paternity and regulation in the feminine novel; 4. Aristotle's sisters: Behn, Lennox, Fielding and Reeve; 5. Returning to the beautiful; Polemical postscript; Bibliography.

Review

'Runge's study is informative and accomplished and will serve a wide range of interests.' The Times Literary Supplement

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