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A Concise History of Switzerland

Details

  • 54 b/w illus. 3 maps
  • Page extent: 339 pages
  • Size: 216 x 138 mm
  • Weight: 0.59 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 949.4
  • Dewey version: 23
  • LC Classification: DQ54 .C47 2013
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Switzerland--History
    • HISTORY / Europe / General--bisacsh

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521194440)

A Concise History of Switzerland
Cambridge University Press
9780521194440 - A Concise History of Switzerland - By Clive H. Church and Randolph C. Head
Frontmatter/Prelims

A Concise History of Switzerland

Despite its position at the heart of Europe and its quintessentially European nature, Switzerland’s history is often overlooked within the English-speaking world. This comprehensive and engaging history of Switzerland traces the historical and cultural development of this fascinating but neglected European country from the end of the Dark Ages up to the present. The authors focus on the initial Confederacy of the Middle Ages; the religious divisions which threatened it after 1500 and its surprising survival amongst Europe’s monarchies; the turmoil following the French Revolution and conquest, which continued until the Federal Constitution of 1848; the testing of the Swiss nation through the late nineteenth century and then two World Wars and the Depression of the 1930s; and the unparalleled economic and social growth and political success of the post-war era. The book concludes with a discussion of the contemporary challenges, often shared with neighbours, that shape the country today.

Clive H. Church is Emeritus Professor of European Studies at the University of Kent, Canterbury. He has also been a Fellow of the French CNRS, a Visiting Professor at the University of Sussex and a National Research Fund Fellow at the Universität Freiburg in Switzerland. His recent publications include Swiss Politics and Government (2004) and, as editor, Switzerland and the EU (2006).

Randolph C. Head is Professor of European History at the University of California Riverside. He has held fellowships from the Institute for Advanced Study, the American Philosophical Society and the Newberry Library. His publications on early modern Switzerland include numerous articles and essays along with two books, Early Modern Democracy in the Grisons (1995) and Jenatsch’s Axe (2008).


Cambridge Concise Histories

This is a series of illustrated ‘concise histories’ of selected individual countries, intended both as university and college textbooks and as general historical introductions for general readers, travellers and members of the business community.

A full list of titles in the series can be found at:

www.cambridge.org/concisehistories


A Concise History of Switzerland

Clive H. Church and Randolph C. Head


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Mexico City

Cambridge University Press
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK

Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York

www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521143820

© Clive H. Church and Randolph C. Head 2013

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2013

Printed and bound in Great Britain by the MPG Books Group

A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication data

Church, Clive H., author.
A concise history of Switzerland / Clive H. Church, Randolph C. Head.
pages cm. – (Cambridge concise histories)
ISBN 978-0-521-14382-0 (pbk.)
1. Switzerland – History. I. Head, Randolph Conrad, author. II. Title.
DQ54.C47 2013
949.4–dc23
2012031494

ISBN 978-0-521-19444-0 Hardback
ISBN 978-0-521-14382-0 Paperback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


In memory of Margaret Ann Church, wife, friend and facilitator of studies of Switzerland


Contents

List of illustrations
viii
List of figures
xii
List of maps
xiii
Acknowledgements
xiv
List of abbreviations
xv
Introduction:Making the Swiss: time, myth and history
1
1.    Before Switzerland: lordship, communities and crises, c. 1000–1386
11
2.    Creating the Swiss Confederacy, 1386–1520
40
3.    A divided Switzerland in Reformation Europe, 1515–1713
73
4.    The Ancien Régime, 1713–1798
104
5.    Revolution and contention, 1798–1848
132
6.    Forging the new nation, 1848–1914
162
7.    The shocks of war, 1914–1950
193
8.    The Sonderfall years, 1950–1990
227
9.    Since 1989: a return to normality?
254
Chronology
283
Glossary
297
Further reading
302
Index
310

Illustrations

1.1         Glass painting of guild members, Basle Schneiderzunft (Tailors’ Guild), 1554
19
1.2         Habsburg castle
21
1.3         Bundesbrief (pact dated 1291)
24
1.4         Emperor Rudolf I Habsburg: funerary sculpture
26
1.5         Battle of Sempach. Sixteenth- and seventeenth-century mural
32
1.6         Ceiling painting, church of Zillis. ‘Annunciation to the Shepherds.’
36
1.7         Codex Manesse, ‘Hadlaub’
38
2.1         Swearing the alliance of 1351, from Luzerner Chronik des Diebold Schilling
41
2.2         Deathbed of Frederick VII of Toggenburg. From the Amtliche Berner Chronik of Diebold Schilling
49
2.3         Battle of St Jakob an der Sihl. From the Eidgenössische Chronik des Wernher Schodoler, sixteenth century
51
2.4         Niklaus von Flüe. From Luzerner Chronik des Diebold Schilling
59
2.5         Battle of Calven, 1499. Illustration from Nicholas Schradin, Reimchronik des Schwabenkrieges (Sursee, 1500)
62
2.6         Song of the Battle of Novara outside Milan, 1513. Single-sheet print, ‘Eyn news lied. . . . Nawerra [Novara]’
65
2.7         William Tell shooting the apple. From Petermann Etterlin, Kronica von der loblichen Eydtgnoschaft (1507)
69
3.1         Urs Graf, Schrecken des Kriegs 1521
78
3.2         Zwingli by Hans Asper in 1531
80
3.3         First Zurich religious disputation, 1523
82
3.4         Iconoclasm in Stadelhofen
84
3.5         Portrait of Jean Calvin. From Théodore de Bèze, Les vrais pourtraits des hommes illustres en piété et doctrine, Geneva, 1581
89
3.6         The Escalade in Geneva, 1602
92
3.7         Town of St Gallen with linen-bleaching fields
100
4.1         Waldegg Castle
107
4.2         Geneva with Vauban-style outworks
109
4.3         Execution of Samuel Henzi
111
4.4         Fabrique Neuve de Cortaillod in Neuchâtel
116
4.5         Reform Banquet ‘Le banquet des Jordils à Lausanne 14 juillet 1791’ by Karl Jauslin in 1902
125
5.1         Erection of Liberty tree in Basle
134
5.2         Louis Auguste Philippe d’Affry (first Landammann) with Mediation text
141
5.3         1832 Uster factory fire
152
5.4         Stephan Gutzwiller chairing the Basle Country Constituent Assembly
153
5.5         Second Freischarenzug, 31 March 1845. Lithographie in Chronik der Schweiz
158
6.1         The first Swiss Federal Council
163
6.2         1874 Constitution Commemoration sheet
173
6.3         Building the St Gotthard tunnel
183
6.4         Swiss manoeuvres in 1912, Kaiser Wilhelm II with the Boer General Beyers
191
7.1         Mobilization of the 48th Battalion, 5 August 1914
194
7.2         Troops in operation during the General Strike
201
7.3         Cartoon satirizing the multiplicity of small Front organizations
207
7.4         Guisan at Rütli
214
7.5         Large gun in the Reduit
220
7.6         Churchill in Zurich, 1946
224
8.1         Nestlé HQ
228
8.2         Woman and policeman at a Landsgemeinde
232
8.3         The extent of Jurassian militancy
238
8.4         Christoph Blocher
248
9.1         Breakthrough of St Gotthard base tunnel c. 2010
257
9.2         Anti-EEA Poster from 6 December 1992 votation campaign
260
9.3         Landsgemeinde of canton Glarus
266
9.4         Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf
273
9.5         Interdiction of Minarets poster
277
Every effort has been made to secure necessary permissions to reproduce copyright material in this work, though in some cases it has proved impossible to trace copyright holders. If any omissions are brought to our notice, we will be happy to include appropriate acknowledgements on reprinting or in any subsequent edition.


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