The late twentieth century witnessed remarkable changes in Soviet domestic and foreign policy. Eastern Europe sprang free of the country that held it in its grip for over forty years. The Soviet leadership has accepted the reunification of Germany and supported the US-sponsored resolution in the UN permitting the use of force in the Gulf against one of its former allies. Moreover, the leadership's quest for stability during a time of rapid technological, economic and political change seriously weakened the position of the Soviet Union on the international scene. This volume assesses those dramatic changes. It chronicles the debate within the Soviet Union over the success and validity of perestroika and the 'new thinking' on foreign affairs, the policy alternatives supported by various groups within the elite and their likely impact on future policies.
List of tables; Preface; Introduction; Part I. The Soviet Union and the International Political System: 1. Soviet reform in international perspective; Part II. The Soviet Union And Europe: 2. The changing Soviet-East European relationship; 3. Soviet-Nordic relations in the era of perestroika and new thinking; 4. Soviet signals to the mordic countries during the Lithuanian crisis of 1990; 5. Neutrality and new thinking; Part III. The Soviet Union and the Developing World: Global Trends: 6. From new thinking to the fragmentation of consensus in Soviet foreign policy: the USSR and the developing world; 7. Soviet new thinking on national liberation movements: continuity and change; Part IV. The Soviet Union and the Developing World: Regional and Country Case Studies: 8. Soviet policy in Central America during the Gorbachev period; 9. The Soviet reassessment of socialist orientation and the African response; 10. Soviet policy in the Middle East: Gorbachev's imprint; 11. The implications of perestroika for the Third World, particularly Asia; 12. The Soviet Union and Indochina; 13. Gorbachev's Southeast Asia policy: new thinking for a new era?; 14. The impact of Gorbachev's new thinking on Soviet policy toward South Korea; Part V. Conclusion: 15. The paradox in new political thinking in Soviet foreign policy; Index.