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The Cambridge Companion to Lévi-Strauss

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 (ISBN-13: 9780521608671)

The Cambridge Companion to Lévi-Strauss
Cambridge University Press
9780521846301 - The Cambridge Companion to Lévi-Strauss - Edited by Boris Wiseman
Index

Index

Aboriginal cultures (Australia) 49, 81, 144, 163, 170–171

kinship systems 81

acculturation 233

aesthetic(s) 1, 6, 9, 13–15, 124, 129, 136, 243, 247, 251, 280, 283, 296

sense 302

structural 275–293

theory 14

affinity 84, 85, 86, 94, 95

Africa 163

agnosticism 28

Agüero, Oscar Alfredo 230

d'Alembert, Jean le Rond 135

Alexander the Great 127

alliance 181, 182–184, 186

marriage 183

theory 80, 81–84, 88, 90

alterity 6, 12–13, 219–235, 237, 305

cultural 244

linguistic 243, 244

Althusser, Louis 162

Amazonia 114, 212

Peruvian 13, 219, 220, 228, 229, 232

ambiguity 149–154

America 313

North 167, 182, 201, 244, 248

South 84–88, 90, 111–114, 167, 221, 244, 248

See also Latin Amerindian cultures

United States of (USA) 40, 115

Amerindian cultures 52, 112–113, 125, 130, 131, 135, 154, 167, 169, 210, 211

dualism 222

face paintings 119, 120, 124, 125

myth 84, 113, 296

narratives 192

philosophy 171, 210

anaclastics 311

analogical transformations,

See transformation(s)

analogy 4

analysis of meaning,

See meaning(s)

androgyny/sexlessness 198

animal(s)

totemic 113–114, 298, 300

Annales School 40, 41

L'Année sociologique 126, 303

anthropology, 1–15

Anglo-American 180

Anglo-Saxon 114, 128

British 47, 177

historical 41–42

North American 104

of religions 239

See also structural anthropology,

See underpassim

anti-colonialism 161

Apollinaire, Guillaume, ‘Autumn Crocuses’ (‘Les Colchiques’) 6

Arabs 56

Arapaho (Plains Amerindian culture, USA) 162

Arapesh people (Papua New Guinea) 59, 62, 63

Arasse, Daniel 287–288

arbitrariness 150–151

Aristotelian logic 206

Aristotle 140, 282, 312

topoï (common places) 312

Arnhem Land (Australia) 170

Aron, Raymond-Claude-Ferdinand 129, 275

art 6, 10, 32, 40, 62, 257, 278, 281–293, 304

Cubism 24

facial decoration 119, 120, 124, 125, 135

form 192

artist 5

arts

literary (poetry, rhetoric, grammar, narrativity, mythology) 282

plastic (painting and sculpture) 55, 281–282

Asdiwal, aka Asdival 12, 211, 212


assimilation 233

Athapaskan (California Amerindian culture, California, USA) 70

Athens 44

Australia 49, 81, 144, 163, 170–171

autobiography 250, 305

Aztec culture (Mexico) 211

Bajo Urubamba (Lower Urubamba River, Peru) 229

Bakhtin, M. M. 169

Barber, Benjamin 56

Barbut, Marc 172

Barnett, Homer G. 64

Barthes, Roland 6, 275

Bataille, Georges 131, 134

The Accursed Share 134

Baudelaire, Charles 10, 124, 130–131, 266–267, 305, 308

‘Correspondances’ 130

The Painter of Modern Life and Other Essays 125

beauty 282

Beauvoir, Simone de 128

Benedict, Ruth 64

Bengal (India) 145

Bennett, Alan 205

The Madness of George III (play) 205

Benvéniste, Émile 1, 185, 275

Bergson, Henri-Louis 32, 146–147, 309

Bering Strait (Alaska, USA) 234

Berlin 282

Berque, Augustin 115

Best, Elsdon 182

Bible, The

Genesis 290

binarism, 249

See also opposition(s)

binary

oppositions,

See opposition(s)

structure 107

biology 27–28, 59, 119, 281

birds 299

Bismarck, Otto von 260

Bizet, Georges 270

Carmen 267, 270

Bloch, Marc 41

Boas, Franz 39, 48, 50, 53–54, 59, 130, 132, 134, 136, 182

Handbook of American Indian Languages 59

Race, Language and Culture 53

body 5, 10, 109, 119, 120, 124, 125, 162, 187, 188, 194, 204, 213, 251, 252

‘politic’ 300

Borges, Jorge-Luis 268–271

‘Ascendencias del tango’, Martin Fierro 270

‘History of the Tango’ (Historia del tango), Evaristo Carriego, 268–269, 270

‘Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote’ 268

Bororo (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 167, 221, 250

myth 1

botany 278

Bouglé, Célestin 129, 145

boundaries 6

Bourbaki, Nicolas 276

Branagh, Kenneth 205

Braudel, Fernand 39, 41

Brazil 37, 51, 52, 54, 85, 118, 119, 129, 163, 169, 201, 226, 233, 257, 264, 306

central 224, 228

eastern 167

Matto Grosso 119, 130

southern 224

bricolage/bricoleur 12, 34, 48, 142–143, 202–204, 205, 211, 247, 257, 166

bricoleur,

See bricolage

Brilliant, Richard 283

Britain/Great Britain 40, 43, 55

British Columbia 91

Buddhism 127, 129, 271

Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc, comte de 292

Bushmen (southern Africa) 46

Butterfield, Herbert 43

The Whig Interpretation of History 43

Caduveo (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 250

face paintings 10, 119, 124, 125

Caillois, Roger 23

California, central 160

Canada 91

Cartesianism 20, 22, 26, 129, 130, 157, 165, 206, 279

See also Descartes, René

Cassirer, Ernst 119

Philosophy of Symbolic Forms 119

caste system 129, 145

categorisation 284

Cavaillès, Jean 129

Cave, Terence 205

Cayapó,

See Kayapó

Céline, Louis-Ferdinand 129

Journey to the End of the Night 129

Celts 55, 182

Centre de documentation sociale (1920–40) 129

Cervantes, Miguel de 156, 174, 268

Cesaire, Aimé 131

Chabanon, Michel-Paul-Guy de 157, 267


Chaco province (Argentina) 167

Chamberlain, Houston 259

Champaigne, Philippe de 287, 290

change 44–45, 47, 209

changelessness 47

chess 61

Chevalier, Jacques M. 232

chiasmus 6

Chickasaw (Southeast Woodlands Amerindian culture, USA) 145

child development 160

childbirth 187

China 119, 158–159, 169, 222, 243

Chinese culture 50

Chomsky, Noam 121, 123

Chopin, Frédéric-François 268

Christianity 13, 72, 219, 225, 271, 298

‘chromatic’

character 114

entities 112

chronology 210

Cicero, attrib., Rhetorica ad Herennium 312

civilisation 30–32, 177–194

entopic theory of 24

civilised/uncivilised 298

clan(s) 48, 49

‘class’,

social 303

See also prestige, status

classificatory kinship terminologies 87, 88

classificatory logic 191

classificatory systems 6, 9, 10–11, 85, 239

classification(s) 10–11, 59, 123, 139–154, 168, 169, 170, 298

boundaries of/limits of 10–11

folk 9

totemic 140

cleanliness 152

Clouet, François 13

Cocama (Amerindian culture, Mexico, Peru) 219, 224–225, 230, 232

code(s) 123, 147, 192, 211, 309

astronomical 309

mythic 163

cognatic,

See kinship systems: cognatic

cognitive mediators 10

cognitive psychology 249

cognitive science(s) 249

cognitive universalism 47

cognitivism 240, 253

Cohn, Danièle 280, 283

La Lyre d'Orphée 280

colonialism 126, 158, 161, 222–225

colonising/colonised 211

colour(s) 10, 107, 251, 252, 296

logic of 122

colourists 297

Columbus, Christopher 222, 234, 307

combination 238

communication 8, 54–55, 60–61, 62, 76, 122, 238, 248

Compagnon, Antoine 311–312

complementarity 41, 42

complex systems 292

composition 276, 281–292

artistic 285

computer science 240

computing technology 249

concrete

logic, 302, 304, 305

See underlogic of sensible qualities

science of the 146, 149

Conrad, Joseph 129

consanguinity 83, 94, 95

consciousness 46, 120, 122, 168

contact

intercultural 13

container/contained 309

continuity

fiction of 45

contradiction 149–154

contrasts 284

Cook, Captain James 49

correspondences, poetic theory of 308

Cosmides, Leda 75–76

cosmologies 114

dualist 115

creation

theory of cultural 308

cultural behaviour 171

cultural difference 3

cultural diversity 157, 160, 237, 238

cultural relativism 23, 107, 160–161

cultural resistance 233

culture(s) 6, 7–10, 15, 53–57, 81, 92–95, 103–116, 149, 178, 179, 181–182, 183, 186, 207, 237, 239–240, 243, 246–247, 302, 305

coalition of 30

Western 305

Cuna Indians,

See Kuna

Curtis, Edward 74

Cuvier, Georges 293

Cuzco (Peru) 224

cyclical/serial 309

Damisch, Hubert 282

dance 50, 113

tango 269, 271

Darwin, Charles 135

Darwinism 161, 276


De Bry, Theodor 46

death 44

Debussy, Claude-Achille 268

decoding 3

deculturation 233

Dedekind, Richard 120

Was sind und was sollen die Zahlen? 120

Deleuze, Gilles 269

demographics 55

Derkley, Harry 72–73

Derrida, Jacques 2, 3, 42, 76, 246, 264, 265, 266, 296–297

‘La Double Séance’ 264, 265

‘Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences’, Writing and Difference 297

Writing and Difference (L'Écriture et la difference) 296

Descartes, René 26, 114, 133, 164, 165, 312

descent 80, 88, 139

groups

matrilineal 64, 91

patrilineal 91

unilineal 90

Descola, Philippe 6, 9–10, 29, 276, 279

detachment

‘relative’ (décollement relatif) 247

determinism

linguistic 238

diachrony 39, 48, 61

sequential 258

‘diatonic’ effects 112, 114

Diderot, Denis 135

L'Encyclopédie 135

difference(s) 198, 284, 298–300

differentiation 9

social 299

diffusion 154

historical 209

diffusionism 39

Dilthey, Wilhelm 279, 280, 282

discourse

mythical 250

diversity

cultural 157, 160, 237, 238

linguistic 243

optimal 160–162

Doniger, O'Flaherty 203–204

Doniger, Wendy 12

Dorsey, J. O. 48

double articulation 287–292

Douglas, Mary 10–11, 139–154, 200

Purity and Danger 140, 149–154

dry/humid 309

dual kinship organisation 85, 89, 95

dual organisation 86, 226

dualism, aka pairing 10, 13, 50–51, 52, 107, 108, 109, 115, 116, 197–199, 227

Amerindian 222

asymmetric 229, 231, 232

intellectual 10

dualist cosmology 115

dualistic structure 206

duality, 109

See also opposition(s)

Duby, Georges 193

Ducrot, Oswald 189

Dujardin, Edouard 259

Dumas, Georges 257

Dumézil, Georges 1, 193, 245, 250, 275

Dumont, Louis 81, 82, 90

Dundes, Alan 209

durée,

See time

Dürer, Albrecht, Treatise on the Proportions of the Human Body 14

Durkheim, Émile 11, 40, 41, 53, 90, 118, 119, 126, 128, 146, 177, 303

The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life 119, 126

Rules of the Sociological Method 126

ecology

‘cultural’ 104

economics 60–61, 62, 135

economy 135

Ecuador 201

effectiveness

symbolic 186–190

effects

‘diatonic’ 112, 114

‘efficacy’ 5

Egypt 169

Eliade, Mircea 200

empty/full 309

endogamy 93

Enga culture (Papua New Guinea) 63, 70–73, 74

Engels, Friedrich 109

Dialectics of Nature 109

Enlightenment 128, 135, 282

entropy 48

environment 120, 122, 139, 141, 142, 150, 152, 154, 301, 304

epidemics 228

epistemes (épistémès), 42

See also knowledge

Eribon, Didier 250, 275, 276

Erikson, E. H. 160, 161

Ernst, Max 132, 262

Eschenbach, Wolfram von, Parzival 261

Eskimo,

See Inuit cultures


estrangement

‘technique of’ (technique du dépaysement) 243

ethnicity 233

ethnocentrism 34, 46

ethnographers 119, 125, 139, 237, 308

Anglo-Saxon 163

ethnography 76, 105, 150, 159, 161, 237

ethnohistory 42

ethnology 3, 20–21, 22, 27–28, 32, 33–34, 35–36, 47, 103, 156, 159, 161, 170–172, 237, 243–244

Americanist 86

Europeans/Amerindians 211

Evans-Pritchard, Edward E. 150

Ewart, Elizabeth 228–229

exchange, 8–10, 59–78, 81–84, 89, 109, 119–120, 122, 123, 125, 134, 135, 136, 154, 180, 182, 238, 261

gift 121, 185

kinship 5, 10, 309

restricted 89

ritual 182–184

See also marriage

exclusion/inclusion 211

‘ex-Cocama’ (Amerindian culture, Peru) 225, 230

Existentialism 20

exogamy 85, 88, 93, 179–181, 298

exotic, exoticism, ‘exotic’ other/Other 237, 243, 244, 251, 253, 257, 298, 305, 306, 307

explorers 237

‘fable’ 259, 260

fable/legend 265

familiar/unfamiliar 6

family 131

‘biological’ 83

nuclear 4

Fèbvre, Lucien 40

Félibien, André 287

female/male 83

feminine/masculine 110

Feminism 83

feminist criticism,

See Feminism

fieldwork 244

Fiji 52

film(s) 205

First World War 129

Firth, Raymond 298

Flaubert, Gustave 128

A Sentimental Education (L'Éducation sentimentale) 128

food 110–111

form 119, 151

formalism 2, 6, 90, 120, 276, 297

Russian 209, 275–293

formation (Bildung) 281

formational force (bildende Kraft) 281

forms

a logic of 309

theory of 277

Fortes, Meyer 84, 298

Foucault, Michel 3, 19, 42, 268, 275

The Order of Things (Les Mots et les choses) 3

France 1, 40, 56, 169, 259, 265, 276

La Fronde (1648–53) 42

Three Estates 49

Frazer, Sir James 177, 298

Totemism and Exogamy 298

freedom (will) 280

Frege, Gottlieb 124

Frege–Russell symbolic logic 121

French people 227

French Revolution 42, 43, 153, 194

fresh/rotten 309

Freud, Sigmund 2, 46, 119, 160, 161, 166, 198, 200, 205, 211–213, 242, 263–264, 265, 298

Totem and Taboo 212, 298

Freudianism 211–213

Fumachi, Pedro Manuyama,

See Manuyama, Pedro

function 61, 283

symbolic 188, 190

functionalism 90, 154, 161, 163

Galapagos Islands 135

games 61, 125

Gast, Peter 270

Gé (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 1, 167

Geertz, Clifford 77, 196, 199, 212

gender 82–84

theory 9

generativity 119

genericity 284

Genette, Gérard 257, 268

Structuralism and Literary Criticism 268

geography 312

geology 263

Germanic cultural groups 182

Germany 129

Gesamtkunstwerk (total art work) 259

Gestalt (phenomenal form/wholeness) 14, 150, 278, 279, 281, 293

Geuijen, Karin 76

Ghana, northern 298

gift 108, 182–184

exchange 121, 185


Ginsburg, Carlo 209

globalisation 159, 160

Gobineau, Joseph-Arthur, comte de 54, 56

Godelier, Maurice 75–74

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 2, 14, 275–293

Dichtung und Wahrheit (Out of my Life: Poetry and Truth) 282

Die Propyla¨äen (periodical on art) 281

On the Laocoo¨ön (Sur le Laocoo¨ön) 280, 281, 283

The Metamorphosis of Plants (Metamorphose der Pflanzen) 14

good/evil 197, 204

Gow, Peter 13

gradations 284

Graeco-Roman civilisation 243

Grail legend 261, 262

grammar 282

transformational 198

Granet, Marcel 119, 129

Great Britain,

See Britain

Greek(s)

ancient 10, 124, 243, 302

philosophy 10, 206, 302

Greimas, Algirdas Julien 278

Grotius, Hugo 108

Groupe philosophique d'esprit 161

Gurvitch, Georges 23, 29, 40

Haida (Northwest Coast culture, Alaska, USA) 64

Harkin, Michael Eugene 7–8, 11, 13

Harris, Marvin 104

Hawai'i 49, 52

Hegel, Georg 39, 127, 209, 269

Heidegger, Martin 25, 28, 44, 45, 264

Heiltsuk (Northwest Coast culture, British Columbia, Canada) 7, 49, 51

Hénaff, Marcel 11–12, 48

Henry V (film) 205

Herder, Johann Gottfried von 26, 281

Héritier, Françoise 82, 90, 279

hero(es) 49

Hérodiade (operatic character) 262, 265

Hérodias (operatic character) 262

Herodotus 46

Hidatsa (Plains Amerindian culture, USA) 142, 145

High Missouri (USA) 141

Hilbert, David 276

Hinduism 12, 207

historical method 45

historical praxis 52

historicism 137, 209–211

philosophical 39

historicity 31

historiography 40, 43, 45

history 1, 4, 7, 8, 11, 13, 31–32, 39–57, 63, 89, 91, 105, 120, 143, 144, 149, 159, 209, 210, 257, 312

Hitler, Adolf 259

Hobbes, Thomas 156

Houellebecq, Michel 56

Huallaga River (Peru) 219

Hudson Bay Company 63

human

mind,

See mind

/non-human 303

science(s) 40, 43, 103, 124, 244

humanism 7, 19–37, 46, 157–159, 161, 167, 243, 244

ethnological 158

humanities (Geisteswissenschaften) 279, 280

humanity 149, 237

Humboldt, Alexander von 127

Hume, David 212

hunting/agriculture 171

Husserl, Edmund; Husserlian style 25, 121

I Remember Mama (film) 205

identity 9, 13, 50, 55, 119, 281

ethnic 73

Judaeo-Christian 46

oppositional 211

images 178

‘active’ 312

imagination

aesthetic 171

Imbert, Claude 10, 14, 301

Imitation of Life (film) 205

impurity 149–150

Inca civilisation (Peru) 211

incest 87, 124, 183, 212

prohibition 81–84, 89, 90, 94, 95, 108–109, 119, 159, 180, 181, 186

taboo 74, 179–181, 183, 186, 260, 261

India 75, 128, 129, 145, 158, 169, 182, 243

caste system 129, 145

indigo 304

information 238, 240

science 249

theory 157, 238

Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique 156

integrated/split 204

interdisciplinarity 1

internal/external 309

interpretation 169

Inuit cultures 304

inversions 149

Islam 271


Jainism 75

Jakobson, Roman 2, 6, 14, 39, 59, 132, 136, 163, 169, 185, 198, 242, 275, 278, 279, 293, 305

James, Wendy 74

James, William 268

Japan 56, 169, 304

Jesuits 219, 225

jihad/McWorld 56

Jivaro, aka Shuar (Latin Amerindian culture, Ecuador) 113, 212, 213

Johnson, Christopher 13

Joyce, James 174, 259

Jung, Carl Gustav 197, 208, 209

Essays on a Science of Mythology 197

Jünger, Ernst 264

Kachin culture (southern Burma) 62, 68, 162–163

marriage systems (gumsa and gumlao) 162

Kambouchner, Denis 7, 13

Kan, Serge 69

Kansas (USA) 47

Kant, Immanuel 10, 27, 119–120, 124, 126, 136, 157, 162, 166–167, 169, 172, 280, 281, 282, 283

The Critique of Judgement 281, 292

Kantian,

See Kant

Kasaï region (Democratic Republic of Congo) 140, 153

Kayapó, aka Cayapó (Latin Amerindian people (Brazil)

Northern 229

Southern 228

Keck, Frédéric 10–11, 14

kinship 4, 5, 8–9, 10, 48, 50–51, 53, 59–78, 92, 118, 121, 124, 125, 139, 157, 159, 171, 179

‘atom’ (quattuor) 93–94

as exchange 309

organisation

dual 85, 89, 95

relationships

brother-in-law 94–95

structures 120, 125, 130, 134, 241

global (‘class’) 90

local (‘relation’) 90

segments 88

semi-complex 90

systems 86, 163, 170, 178, 179, 191, 251

cognatic (systèmes à filiation indifférencié) 88, 91

of ‘definite ideas’ 84

terms/terminologies 62, 84, 226, 251, 252

classificatory 87, 88

Crow 63, 67

theory

American 92

‘alliance’/‘marriage alliance’ 83–84, 88, 90

‘general’ 81

‘restricted’ (théorie restreinte) 81

structural 80–95

typologies 88–91

knowledge 11, 42, 105, 107, 118–137, 156, 157, 166–167

anthropological 118–137

objective 156

theory of 9, 105

universal 156

known/unknown 204

Kootenay,

See Kutenai

Kuna (Latin Amerindian culture, Panama) 187

Kundry (operatic character) 262–263

Kutenai, aka Kootenay (Plateau Amerindian culture, USA) 201

Kwakiutl (Northwest Coast culture, British Columbia, Canada) 46, 49, 63, 64, 66, 74, 91–92

kin groups (numayms) 66–67

kyong, Buddhist school (Burma) 127, 131

Lacan, Jacques 4, 178, 275

‘The Function and Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis’, Écrits 4

‘The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in Psychoanalytic Theory’, Écrits 4

‘Rome Discourse’ (‘Discours de Rome’) 4

Laidlaw, James 75

land 290

rights 88

landscape 263, 290, 296, 312

langage (language) 242

language 4, 6, 12–13, 60–61, 63, 76, 107, 120, 122, 123, 143–144, 146, 178, 179, 197, 200, 237–253, 298, 306

mathematical 169, 174

pictorial 14, 278

system of,

See also langue

languages 13, 121, 166, 237–253

‘dead’ 243, 245

langue, 4, 60, 76, 241, 242, 246, 247

See also parole

Laqueur, Thomas 199

Las Casas 46

Lathrap, Donald 230

Latin Amerindian cultures 201, 211

Latin language 243


Lautréamont, comte de 262

Le Brun, Charles 287, 296

Leach, Edmund R. 62, 162–163, 199

left/right 212

‘legend’ 1, 259, 260

Leiris, Michel 261, 266

leitmotif(s) 204, 240, 260

Lele people (Kasaï region, Democratic Republic of Congo) 140, 153, 163

Léry, Jean de 307

Les Temps modernes 129

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim 282–283

Laocoo¨ön: or, On the Limits of Painting and Poetry (Laokoön: oder über die Grenzen der Malerei und der Poesie) 282

Lévi-Strauss, Claude, passim

‘Apropos of a Retrospective’, Structural Anthropology II 24

‘The Bases of Exchange’, The Elementary Structures of Kinship 81

‘The Effectiveness of Symbols’, Structural Anthropology I 4, 5, 186

The Elementary Structures of Kinship (Structures élémentaires de la parenté) 8, 20, 53, 61, 74, 76, 80–95, 107, 108, 109, 118, 119, 121, 159, 162, 177, 179, 180, 183, 186, 220, 260

‘From Chrétien de Troie to Richard Wagner’, The View from Afar 261

From Honey to Ashes (Du meil aux cendres) 171, 309

‘Guerra e comércio entre os Indios da América do Sul’, in Leituras de Etnologia Brazileira (War and trade among the Indians of South America) 227

‘Indian Cosmetics’, VVV 124

Introduction to the Work of Marcel Mauss 4, 60, 120, 177, 239

The Jealous Potter 166, 169, 211, 212

‘Jean-Jacques Rousseau, founder of the sciences of man’, Structural Anthropology II 7, 20–21, 126

Leçon inaugurale (5 January1960), Collège de France, 277, 300, 311

See under‘The Scope of Anthropology’

‘Linguistics and Anthropology’, Structural Anthropology 239

Look, Listen, Read (Regarder, écouter, lire) 14, 156, 266, 275, 287

Myth and Meaning 209, 258

Mythologiques: Introduction to a Science of Mythology, I–IV (Mytho-logiques) 2, 6, 11, 13, 15, 22, 50, 95, 110, 111, 114, 123, 124, 130, 131, 134, 154, 167, 168, 169, 171, 174, 191, 192, 197, 220, 242, 244, 246, 259, 277, 305, 308, 309, 310–311, 312–313

The Naked Man (L'Homme nu) 20, 22, 28, 29, 31, 35, 132, 174, 191, 220, 244, 247, 249, 250, 259, 267

‘Nature et Culture’, The Elementary Structures of Kinship 81

The Origin of Table Manners (L'Origine des manières de table) 20, 35, 165, 171, 174, 309

‘Postface’, L'Homme (special issue ‘Question de Parenté’) 93

‘The Problem of Incest’, The Elementary Structures of Kinship 81

‘Race and Culture’, The View from Afar 20, 23, 30–32, 53, 55–56, 159

Race and History 20, 30, 32, 53–54, 159, 237–239

The Raw and the Cooked (Le Cru et le cuit) 1, 84–88, 123, 166, 167, 191, 192, 258, 303, 309

‘Reciprocity and Hierarchy’, American Anthropologist 221, 225, 227

The Savage Mind 6, 10, 13, 20, 21–22, 24, 25–27, 28, 34, 47, 48, 104, 118, 124, 127, 134, 139, 140–149, 144–145, 145–146, 149–154, 165, 166, 192, 277, 299, 301, 302, 304, 305, 308

‘The Scope of Anthropology’(Leçon inaugurale) 223, 224

‘Social Structure’, Structural Anthropology 60

‘The Social Use of Kinship terms among Brazilian Indians’, American Anthropologist 85

‘The Sorcerer and His Magic’, Structural Anthropology 4

‘The Story of Asdiwal’ (La Geste d'Asdiwal), Structural Anthropology II 192

The Story of Lynx (L'Histoire de Lynx) 50, 95, 204, 208, 210, 219–235

Structural Anthropology 6, 41, 59, 196, 198, 211, 278

Structural Anthropology II 7, 20, 126, 243, 300

‘The Structural Study of Myth’, Structural Anthropology 12, 167, 192, 242, 247

‘Structuralism and Ecology’ (Gildersleeve lecture), The View from Afar 104, 105, 106, 107

‘Témoins de notre temps’, Le Figaro littéraire (Witnesses of our Time) 33

‘The Three Humanisms’, Structural Anthropology II 20, 21–22, 157–159, 243

Totemism 139, 164, 192, 277, 298, 300, 305, 308

Totemism Today (Le Totemisme aujourd'hui)

See Totemism

Tristes Tropiques 13, 19, 20, 22, 29, 32, 34, 37, 42, 54, 126, 127, 128, 131, 223, 237, 238, 250, 252, 257, 263, 264, 265, 266, 268, 271, 300, 305, 307, 308

Vie familiale et sociale des Indiens Nambikwara 85

The View from Afar (Le Regard éloigné) 6, 14, 31, 258, 260, 313

The Way of the Masks (La Voie des masques) 124, 126, 130, 131, 133, 134

Lévi-Strauss, Claude and Didier Eribon, De près et de loin 258

Lévy, Bernard-Henri 57

Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien 53, 146

Liebowitz, René 258

life

/death 197

histories 45

light/dark 204

line 296

linguistic alterity 243, 244

linguistic classification,

See classification(s)

linguistic determinism 238

linguistic diversity 243

linguistic relativism 238–239

linguistics 3, 39, 59, 63, 121, 169, 180, 192, 238–239, 240–242, 249, 277

Russian 122

structural 3, 60, 121, 146, 150, 163

literary arts 282

literary criticism 1, 312

literary modes 171

literature 13–15, 257–271, 296, 297, 312

the local 11, 39, 156–174

local logic 147

logic(s) 3, 121, 123, 124, 140–141, 142, 143, 147, 148, 207, 301, 302

‘adherent’ 10, 300, 305

Aristotelian 206

chiastic 5

classificatory 191

concrete, 302, 304, 305

See underlogic of sensible qualities

Frege–Russell 121

local 147

mathematical 170–172

myth 174

of colours 122

of forms 309

‘of sensations’ 308

of sensible qualities (sensible perception), 123, 143, 304

See underlogic concrete

of the sensible 309

symbolic 121

logical lust 213

logical symbols 200

logocentricity 297

long/short 309

longue durée (long-term historical structures) 49

Lotman, Yuri M. 169, 198

Lowie, R. H. 86

lust

logical 213

Madame X (film) 205

magic 150, 152, 183

Maire-Monan (‘ancient transformer’) 222

Maitland, F. W. 57

Makuna (Amerindian culture, Amazonia) 113

male/female 142, 198, 212

Malinowski, Bronislaw 59, 63, 69, 70, 134, 182

Mallarmé, Geneviève 265

Mallarmé, Stéphane 14, 257–271, 308

‘L'Après-midi d'un faune’ (poem) 264

‘Mimique’ (poem) 264, 265

Richard Wagner: re^êverie d'un poète français 259, 265

Malraux, André 127, 134

The Voices of Silence (Les voix du silence) 134

man/woman 204

Mandeville, Sir John 46

Manhattan Transfer (film) 128

Manuyama, Pedro 13, 219–220, 225, 229, 230, 231, 232

Mâori, aka Mâori cultural groups (New Zealand) 156, 164

Mapusia, Mike 72–73

Marchal, Bertrand 265, 266

Margueritte, Paul 264, 265

Nos tréteaux 264, 265

Margueritte, Victor 264, 265

marriage 61–62, 81–84, 88, 90, 92, 95, 108, 139, 182, 184

alliance 80, 81–84, 87, 88, 90, 183

as exchange 170, 180

‘close’ (mariage dans un degréerapproché) 93

cross-cousin 82, 84–88, 162, 163

matrilateral cross-cousin 162, 163

parallel cousin 87, 93

preferential 119

prohibition/prescription 87, 89

Marx, Karl 39, 104, 106, 145–146, 167, 209, 263

Marxism 160, 161–162

masks 50, 125, 130, 133, 134

mathematical ideas,

See mathematics

mathematics, mathematical ideas 5, 14, 118, 119, 121, 122, 124, 125, 140, 169, 170–172, 174, 178, 196, 284–285, 310

Klein group 171–172, 174

language 169, 174

logic 170–172

Newtonian 124

matrilaterality 91, 162, 163

matrilineages 64

Mauron, Charles 262, 266

Mauss, Marcel 2, 8, 10, 40, 41, 60, 62, 118–121, 125, 126, 128, 129, 131, 133–135, 163, 164, 177, 182, 183

The Gift (Essai sur le don) 8, 60, 74, 118, 119–120, 164, 182

Maybury-Lewis, David 221

McLennan, John F. 298

Mead, Margaret 62

meaning(s) 1, 3, 166, 185, 198, 280, 297, 306

measurement 301

mediator 198

medium 198

Mehlman, Jeffrey 14

Melanesia 164, 182

memory 311, 312

‘palaces’ 312

social 166

mereological relations 281

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice 106, 119, 128, 132, 275

The Structure of Behaviour 119

Mesolithic period 302

message 198

metalanguage 120

metamorphosis 280, 281

metaphor(s) 4, 40, 48, 49, 53, 68, 69, 110, 113, 192, 243, 247, 262–264, 266, 270–271, 298, 300, 307, 310, 311, 312

musical 244, 307

spatial 310

meta-theories 159

metempsychosis 44

Mexico 222, 228

Mexico City 306

Meyer, Johann Heinrich 280, 281

Mildred Pierce (film) 205

mind 6, 9–12, 14, 121, 166, 204, 206, 240, 241, 243, 249, 252, 300, 304

/objective world 9

mnemonics 15

model (Modell) 281

historical 39

scale 304

modernism 132

modernity 126, 280

moiety, moieties 64, 81, 86, 170–171, 221

money

theory of 121

Montaigne, Michel-Eyquem de 35, 116, 156, 174, 221, 312

Morava, Jack 172

Morgan, Lewis Henry 84

Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family 84

morphodynamics 278

morphogenesis 293

morphology, morphologies 275–293

plant 279, 281

motifs 203, 246

Move Over, Darling (film) 205

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus 267

The Abduction from the Seraglio (L'Enlèvement au sérail) (opera) 267

The Magic Flute (La Flûte; Die Zauberflo¨öte) (opera) 267

Thus Do They All, or The School For Lovers (Così fan tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti) (opera) 267

Mrs. Miniver (film) 203

Müller, F. Max 196–197, 265

Lectures on the Science of Language 196–197

multiculturalism 54, 56

Mundé (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 250–251, 251–252, 253

Mundugomor culture (Papua New Guinea) 163

Murdock, George P. 61, 62

Murngin (Aboriginal culture, Australia) 163, 170

museums 133

music 6, 14, 124, 192, 247, 257–271, 310, 311

habanera (Afro-Genoese) 270, 271

musical metaphor 244, 307

My Favorite Wife (film) 205

myth(s) 1, 2–3, 5, 6, 9–12, 13, 14, 43–44, 48, 50, 53, 55, 95, 105, 106, 107, 109, 113, 114, 128, 134, 154, 156, 161, 166–170, 178, 191–193, 196–213, 239, 242–243, 244, 245–246, 246–248, 249, 258, 259–260, 276, 278, 298, 308, 310, 312, 313

Amerindian 84, 113

Arapaho 162

Asdiwal 12, 211, 212

Bororo 1

logic 174

Manuyama 219–220

Oedipus 12, 166, 169, 211–212

Perceval 262

‘primitive’ 2

reference 1

mythemes 123, 166, 167–168, 169, 198, 200, 202–204

mythic codes 163

mythic systems 162

mythical narratives 191–193

mythical structures 8

mythical symbols 152

mythical thought 8, 308–313

mythical transformations 5, 311

myth-logic 168

mythology 111, 113, 123, 124, 130, 196, 198, 207, 233, 248, 258, 259, 282, 310, 313

mytho-poem 310

‘mytho-poetic’ 3

‘mytho-praxis’ 52

naked/clothed 123

Nambikwara, aka Nambikuara (Latin Amerindian people, Brazil) 85–86, 90, 212, 226, 227, 228, 250

narrative(s) 5, 13, 43, 48, 171, 199, 202

Amerindian 192

historical 302

inversions 1

mode 247

mythical 191–193

sequence(s) 6, 209

narrativity 279, 282

National Geographic 46

nation-state(s) 56, 74, 161

natural sciences (Naturwissenschaften) 277, 279, 280

naturalism 24–29, 124, 276, 277, 279

nature 6, 9–10, 14, 15, 20–21, 27, 34, 80–84, 91–95, 103–116, 141–142, 144–146, 149, 178, 181–183, 197, 204, 212, 279–280, 282, 298, 302–304, 309

nature/culture 27, 80, 81–84, 91, 92, 103–116, 144, 145–146, 149, 178, 204, 212, 279–280, 298, 302, 303, 309

Naturphilosophie (philosophy of nature) 279

Naturwerk/Kunstwerk (living being/work of art) 283

Naturwissenschaften/Geisteswissenschaften (natural sciences/humanities) 279, 280

Nauta (Peru) 231

Neanderthals 179

Neolithic Revolution 165, 174, 302

New World 12–13, 210, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 227, 233, 234, 253, 305–306, 307

See also America

New York 85, 118, 128, 130, 131, 132, 133, 135, 136

Museum of Natural History 130, 132, 136

Newton, Isaac 124

Nietzsche, Friedrich 261, 267–268, 269–271

The Birth of Tragedy 267, 268–269, 271

The Case of Wagner 271

nihilism 24, 30, 45, 270

Nîmes (France) 268

nomadism/sedentariness 171

nomenclatures

totemic 299, 308

None But the Lonely Heart (film) 205

non-genericity 284, 287, 288–290

Nootka,

See Nuu-chah-nulth

North American Indians,

See North Amerindian cultures

North Amerindian cultures 7, 46, 49, 55, 62–63, 64–68, 66–67, 68–69, 70–71, 74, 91–92, 130, 136, 141, 145, 160, 201, 221, 234, 299

Northwest Coast cultures (North Amerindian cultures) 7, 49, 62–63, 64–68, 136

Nuchalat,

See Nuu-chah-nulth

number, notion of 120

Nuu-chah-nulth, prev. Nootka (Northwest Coast culture, Canada) 7, 64

objectifications 116

objections

‘methodological’ (objections de méthode) 244

objectivity 40, 124, 168

observation 35

Oceania 64, 169

Oedipal conflict 212, 261–262

Oedipus 12, 166, 169, 211–212

Offenbach, Jacques 267

Okanagan (Northwest Coast culture, Interior Salish) 201

okeio^ôsis 36

Old World 220, 222, 224, 227, 233, 246

opera 260–263, 261–263, 266, 267, 270, 271, 313

operative value 12

operator

totemic 146, 154

opposition(s), opposites, 6, 107, 109, 152, 197–199, 210, 284, 303, 309

See also binarism, dualism

optimal diversity 160–162

Orokaiva culture (Papua New Guinea) 156

Ortigues, Edmond 185


Osage (Plains Amerindian culture, USA) 48–49, 147

other/Other 3, 46, 116, 197–198, 210–211, 221, 223, 225, 232, 233

See also otherness, self/other

otherness 3, 13, 45–46

See also other, self/other

Pacific 49, 118, 234

pact 184–186

painting(s) 278–292, 296

pairing,

See dualism

pairs

minimal 198

Palaeolithic period 302

Panama 187

Panará (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazilian Amazon) 228–229

Panofsky, Erwin 257

panorograph 296

Papua New Guinea 67, 69, 163

Massim 67

Western Highlands 70

Papuans (Papua New Guinea) 46

paradigmatic axis 279

paradox 205–207

Paris 85, 128

Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting) 287, 296

Gobelin dye factory 304

Louvre 287

Parma (Italy) 307

parole 41–42, 60, 77, 241, 242

See also langue

participant-observer 244

particular/universal 149

particularisation 148

patrilineality 91

Pawnee (Plains Amerindian culture, USA) 141

peace/war 49

Pedro II, emperor of Brazil 47

pensée sauvage, ‘savage mind’, aka ‘untamed thinking’, aka ‘wild thinking’, aka ‘wild thought’ 9, 10, 24, 33–35, 141, 149, 152, 153, 188, 191, 304, 305

percept(ion)s 165

performance 62

performative value 12

permitted/forbidden 204

Peru 13, 219, 220, 222, 228, 229–232

Peruvians 230, 231

Petitot, Jean 14, 172

‘La Généalogie morphologique du structuralisme’, Revue critique 620–1 275, 276

phenomenology 106, 160, 161

philosophes 39

philosophy 1, 14, 23, 40, 59, 128, 129

Amerindian 171, 210

analytical 121

classical 129

Greek 10, 206, 302

universal 39

Western 297

phonemes 63, 163, 185, 198, 200

phonetics 276

phonology 121

physics

‘experimental’ 302

Piaget, Jean 59

Picasso, Pablo 24

Picts 55

Piro, aka Yine (Latin Amerindian people, Peruvian Amazonia) 228, 229

place 42

-names 307

plants 298, 301

morphology 279, 281

plastic arts 55, 281–282

Plato 124, 209, 265, 297, 303

Platonic dialectic 206

‘Plinean races’,

See underraces monstrous

Plutarch 2

Poe, Edgar Allan 131

poetic function 6

poetics 6, 9

symbolist 307

poetry 257–271, 282

Romantic 311

poisons 111–112, 114

politics 1, 62

pollution 152

Portuguese people 227

postmodernism 77

post-post-colonialism 201

post-structuralism 2, 4, 77, 275, 297

potlatch 50, 60, 62, 64, 67–69, 74, 77, 130, 131, 134, 135

See also Northwest Coast cultures

Poussin, Nicolas 14, 156, 278, 287–292

‘Eliezer and Rebecca at the Well’ (painting) 14, 287–292

Poussinites, 296

See also Poussin, Nicolas

Prague Circle, aka Prague Linguistic Circle, aka Prague School 279, 293

praxis 8, 23, 51, 52

historical 52

prestige 93

See also class, status

‘primitive(s)’ 23, 47, 140–141, 153, 302

other 46

societies 33–35, 141, 158


primitivism 23, 24, 33–35

prison 115

Prisoner of Zenda (film) 205

process 172

Propp, Vladimir 209, 278

Morphology of the Folktale 279

Proust, Marcel 2, 15, 174, 268, 305, 306, 307, 311, 312, 313

La Recherche (À la recherche du temps perdu) 297

Swann's Way (Du co^ôté de chez Swann) 268, 307, 312

psychoanalysis 3, 160, 263

psychology 105, 120, 241, 249

evolutionary 75

Pucallpa (Peru) 225

Puerto Inca (Peru) 232

puns 113, 141, 304

purity 150

/impurity 153

Quincey, Thomas de 131

Rabelais, François 156, 169, 174

race(s) 53–57, 238, 290

monstrous, aka ‘Plinean races’ 52

See also ethnicity

racism 54, 56

Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred R. 61, 164, 298

‘The Comparative Method in Social Anthropology’ 298

Rameau, Jean-Philippe 156

rationalism 114

rationality 119, 136, 149, 154, 301, 304

Ravel, Maurice 267

L'Heure espagnole (opera) 267

raw/cooked 110–111, 123, 166, 212, 309

realia (real-life objects) 169

reality 107, 147, 241, 306

complex 5

reason 121, 302

reciprocity 81, 82, 87–88, 90, 108, 182–184

reductionism 196–197

Regan, Jaime 231

relative detachment 247

relativism 23, 107, 137, 160–161, 238–239

religion 12, 40, 62, 150

religious sentimentality (bondieuserie) 261

Renaissance 44, 135, 158, 243, 258, 284, 285

repetition 205–207

Requena (Peru) 219, 231

resemblance 299

Revue wagnerienne 259

rhetoric 282

Ribeiro, Darcy 224

Os Indios e a civilização 224

Ricoeur, Paul 161, 166

right/left 197

Rimbaud, Arthur 266, 308

Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 220

rite de passage 62

ritual(s) 55, 131, 135, 145, 147, 152, 153, 154, 178, 189

Rivers, W. H. R. 85

Roanoke (Southeast Amerindian culture, Secotan group, Northern Carolina, USA) 52

Robertson-Smith, William 177

Roe, Peter G. 225, 230

Romantic movement, aka Romanticism 280

Rome, ancient 174, 182

Rosman, Abraham 8

Rosman, Abraham and Paula G. Rubel, Feasting with Mine Enemy 62

Rossi, Vicente 270

Cosas de negros 270

Rossini, Gioacchino Antonio 267

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 2, 7, 15, 20, 24, 34, 35, 103, 108, 118, 126–127, 135, 212, 237, 238, 300–303, 311

Confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Les Confessions) 26, 127, 311

Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality among Men (Discours sur l'origine et les fondements de l'inégalité parmi les hommes (1754)) 103, 127, 135, 237, 300

Elementary Letters on Botany (Lettres élementaires sur la botanique à Madame de L***) 127

Émile, or On Education (Émile, ou de l'éducation) 301

Reveries of a Solitary Walker (Réveries du promeneur solitaire) 311

The Social Contract (Du contrat social) 127, 212

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques and Johann Gottfried Herder, On the Origin of Language 26

Rubel, Paula G. 8, 62

Rubenistes 296

Rubens, Peter Paul,

See Rubenistes

Russia 279

sacred 150

Sahlins, Marshall 50, 52, 115

Saïd, Suzanne 2, 8, 44

Saint-Hilaire, Geoffroy 293

Salish-speaking peoples (Northwest Coast cultures) 201, 220, 221, 234

Santiago de la Laguna (Mexico) 219

Sapir, Edward 238–239, 249


Sapir–Whorf hypothesis/paradigm 238–239, 247, 249

Sartre, Jean-Paul 19, 20, 23, 24–25, 28, 31, 40, 42–46, 128, 153, 268, 275

Critique of Dialectical Reason 19, 23, 24, 42

Existentialism and Humanism 19

The Problem of Method 24–25

Sarup, Madan 76

Satan, Satanism 52

Saudi Arabia 47

Sauer, Carl O. 234

Northern Mists 234

Saussure, Ferdinand de 14, 39, 52, 59, 60, 61, 76, 122, 143–144, 241–242, 257, 267, 275, 305

‘savage(s)’ 12, 40, 116, 140, 141, 251, 252, 268

Savonarola, Girolamo 46

Saxons 55

Scandinavian cultures 182

Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich von 280, 281

Schneider, David M. 77, 92

Schopenhauer, Arthur 260, 269, 271

The World as Will and Representation 269

Schwimmer, Eric 12

science(s) 3, 20, 21, 25, 27, 40, 76, 107, 116, 118, 119, 121, 129, 141, 194, 196–197, 237, 311

cognitive 249

computer 240

human 40, 43, 103, 124, 244

information 249

modern 302

natural 277, 279, 280

of the abstract 146, 149

of the concrete 146, 149, 277, 302

social 40

Scubla, Lucien 172, 173

sculptures 284

Second World War 129

Segalen, Victor 305

self/other 6, 9, 13, 26, 36, 46, 51, 129, 130, 210, 211, 299

See also otherness

semantics 276

semiology 105, 191

semiospheres, aka semiotic spaces 169

semiotics 140–149, 151

sensation 296–313

sensorium 307

theory of 297–300

the sensible 310

/intelligible 124

sex 83

sexual difference 124

shaman(s) 4–5, 188

shamanistic complex 5, 182

Shannon, Claude 136

Shaw, George Bernard 260–261

Shipibo-Conibo (Latin Amerindian culture, Peru) 225

sign(s) 107, 115, 143, 150, 151–152, 166, 178, 189–190, 257, 284

abstract 12

materiality of 12

systems 11

signification 2

signified (signifié) 2, 3, 4, 143, 257, 310

signifier(s) (significant) 2, 4–5, 143, 257, 278

‘floating’ 164, 165, 297, 304

signifying systems 297

Sitka (Alaska, USA) 68

social differentiation 299

social etiquette 113

social integration 89

social memory 166

social order 11

social organisation 298

social science 40

society, societies 6, 7–9, 39, 81–84, 179–182

‘cold’ 44, 46–50

‘hot’ 44, 46–50

‘hot’/‘cold’ 7, 46–50

‘House’ 91

‘island’ 49

‘kinship-based’ 91

‘lukewarm’ 7, 49–50

‘non-literate’ (sociétés sans écriture) 244

symbolic origin of 11, 179, 180

totemic 146

‘warm’ 48–50

sociology 40

French School of 177

of recovery 225–229

Souza, Marcela Coelho de 8–9

space 141, 286

spatial metaphor 310

spatial relations 286, 290

species 299–300, 304

totemic 146, 298

speech acts,

See parole

Spengler, Oswald 127

Sperber, Dan 190–191

Rethinking Symbolism 190

Spinoza, Benedictus de 11, 156, 162, 164, 165

status 32, 36, 70, 72, 88, 97, 140, 152, 183, 184

See also class, prestige

Steiner, George 43

Stella Dallas (film) 205


Stendhal, aka Henri Beyle 307

The Charterhouse of Parma 307

Stoics 36

Strathern, Marilyn 126

Stravinsky, Igor 129

‘The Rite of Spring’ (ballet) 129

Strenski, Ivan 200, 211

structural anthropology 2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19, 21, 24–29, 39, 105, 107, 120, 253, 276, 298, 300, 303, 304, 307, 308, 313

structural linguistics 3, 60, 121, 146, 150, 163

structural theory 159, 198

structuralism 1, 2, 3, 8, 39–40, 53, 59, 63, 76, 118, 120–126, 149, 154, 156–157, 160–162, 172, 199, 200, 202, 244, 248, 249, 257–271, 275–293, 297

structuralist universalism 252

structure(s) 3, 14, 52, 59–78, 119, 120–121, 123, 124, 125, 133, 198, 250, 266, 275–293, 296–313

binary 107

dualistic 206

dynamic 149

mathematical 10

mythical 8

style 247

summer/winter 171

sun/moon 171, 173, 192, 309

‘superstructures’ 106

surnames 231, 232

Swanton, John R. 64–66

symbol(s) 12, 61, 115, 166, 173, 184–186, 186–190, 200

effectiveness of 187–193

logical 200

mythical 152

totemic 298, 299

the symbolic 178

symbolic effectiveness 187–190

symbolic function 188, 190

symbolic marks 120, 124

symbolic order 4, 179–186, 188, 189, 193

symbolic organisation 122

symbolic origin of society 179, 180

symbol(ic) systems 4, 9, 12, 109, 123, 132, 157, 174, 301, 304

symbolic thought 10

symbolisation 166, 242

symbolism 11–12, 119, 123, 131, 134, 177–194, 258, 303, 307

French 14

symbolisme,

See symbolism

symbolist (symboliste) 259, 266, 268, 305–308

symbolist poetics 307

symmetry, symmetries 284

synaesthesia 305

synchrony 61, 258

syntagmatic axis 279

syntax 247, 276

synthesis 209

systems

complex 292

mythic 162

phonological 4

totemic 164

taboo 298

Tallensi people (Ghana) 298

Taxila (ancient India) 107, 127, 129

taxonomies 105

technologies

reproductive 83, 94, 137, 181

technology 55, 105

Templars 261

temporality 309

Les Temps modernes 23

Tessmann, Günter 224

Testart, Alain 74

The Collector (film) 24

The Madness of King George (film) 205

theatre 62

themes

grid of 203

theory

aesthetic 14

alliance 80, 81–84, 88, 90

entopic

of civilisation 24

gender 9

information 157, 238

kinship,

See underkinship theory

marriage alliance 80, 81–84, 88, 90

of cultural creation 297, 308

of forms 277

of knowledge 105

of money 121

of sensation 297–300

of transformations 277

poetic

of correspondences 308

structural 159, 198

Thevet, André 52, 201, 220, 222, 226, 307

‘thick’ description 197

things

‘attributes of’ 303

Thom, René 275, 278, 285, 293

Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth 277, 278

On Growth and Form 14, 278


Thompson Indians, aka Thompson River Indians (Northwest Coast culture, Interior Salish) 201, 211

thought

‘grammar of’ 304

mythical 8

Thurnwald, Richard 182

time 32, 42, 44, 47, 53, 63, 141, 209, 286, 309

as history 312

Tlingit (Northwest Coast culture, Alaska, USA) 55, 64, 66–67, 67, 67, 68, 68–69, 69, 70–71, 74

Raven moiety 62

Wolf moiety 62–63

Todorov, Tzvetan 66–71, 189, 278, 279

Tooby, John 75–76

topography 312

topoi¨ï (common places) 312

totem 300

totemic animals 113–114, 298, 300

totemic classifications 140

totemic nomenclatures 299, 308

totemic operator 146, 154

totemic societies 146

totemic species 146

totemic symbols 298, 299

totemic systems 164

totemism 9, 139–140, 144, 146, 150, 164, 191, 257, 298–299, 303

totems 50, 144, 145, 146, 164, 170–171

Tracy, David 201

trade 226, 228, 232

transformation(s) 1, 3, 14, 119, 121, 122, 145, 154, 156, 166, 168, 173, 193, 246, 277, 281, 311, 312

mythical 5, 311

theory of 277

transformational grammar 198

translation 13, 246, 253

travel 50, 237

Treaty of Versailles (1919) 120

Trobriand Islanders, aka Trobrianders 62–63, 67–68, 69, 70, 71, 74

kula exchange 63, 70–73

mortuary feast (sagali) 67

tabu 67

Tropics,

See Lévi-Strauss, Claude

See underTristes Tropiques

Troubetskoi, Prince,

See Trubetzkoy, Prince Nikolai S.

Troubetskoy,

See Trubetzkoy, Prince Nikolai S.

Trubetzkoy, Prince Nikolai S. 59, 163, 242, 275

Tsimshian (Northwest Coast culture, British Columbia, Alaska) 64

Tupí (aka Tupi) (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 85, 167, 226, 227

Tupí-Cocama (Latin Amerindian culture, Peruvian Amazonia) 230

Tupí-Kawahib (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 250, 305

Tupinambá, aka Tupi (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 201, 211, 220, 221, 222, 227

twins 50–51, 153, 202, 210, 221, 222, 224, 225, 227, 233

similar/dissimilar 211

Tylor, Edward Burnett 85, 140

Ucayali River (Peru) 219, 225

unconscious, the 4, 40, 59, 242

UNESCO 30, 37, 46, 47, 53, 54, 55, 56, 159, 237

unilinearity 90

universal, the 11, 149, 156, 162–165

universal knowledge 156

universal philosophy 39

universalisation 147–148

universalism 39, 207–209, 211, 249

cognitive 47

structuralist 252

universality 81, 147, 181, 249

‘untamed thinking’,

See pensée sauvage

up/down opposition 212

Utopia 34

Valéry, Paul 2, 14, 268, 308

value

operative 12

performative 12

Viveiros de Castro, Eduardo 227

vocabulary 166, 251

Wagner, Richard 2, 14, 22, 204, 205, 257–271, 313

Die Götterdämmerung (Twilight of the Gods) (opera) 260

Parsifal (opera) 261–263, 266, 267, 270, 271, 313

The Ring of the Nibelung (Der Ring des Nibelung) (opera) 260, 261

Wagner, Roy 107

war 226, 228, 232

Wari' (Latin Amerindian culture, Brazil) 113

war/peace 171

Waterloo, Battle of 45

Weaver, Warren 249

Weil, André 5, 118, 121, 170

Weiner, Annette 69


West/‘savage’ 46

White, Hayden 43, 52

White, Leslie 84

Whitney, W. D. 285

Whorf, Benjamin Lee 238–241, 249

Wiener, Norbert 248

‘wild thinking’,

See pensée sauvage

‘wild thought’,

See pensée sauvage

Wildavsky, Aaron 140

Wilson, E. O. 27

Winckelmann, Johann Joachim 281

Gedanken über die Nachahmung der griechischen Werke in der Malerei und Bildhauerkunst (Thoughts on the Imitation of Greek Works in Painting and Sculpture) 281

Wiseman, Boris 14–15, 275

Cambridge Companion to Lévi-Strauss 275

witchcraft 150

witches 152

Wittgenstein, Ludwig 10, 39, 122, 123, 133

Philosophical Investigations 133

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus 122, 123

‘writing’ 297

Wyler, William 24

Yarinacocha (Peru) 225

Yeats, William Butler 203

‘The Circus Animals’ 203

Yurok (California Amerindian culture, USA) 160

Zelter, Carl Friedrich 283




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