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Lithics

Details

  • 103 b/w illus. 36 tables
  • Page extent: 326 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 0.52 kg

Paperback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521615006 | ISBN-10: 0521615003)

Lithics

Cambridge University Press
0521849764 - Lithics - Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis - by William Andrefsky, Jr.
Frontmatter/Prelims


Lithics

Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis

Lithics, the practice of stone artifact analysis, has undergone many changes in recent years with the development of new techniques of analysis and the assessment of older techniques. This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky, Jr.’s ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis. Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris. Introducing the reader to lithic raw materials, classification, terminology and key concepts, it comprehensively explores methods and techniques, presenting detailed case studies of lithic analysis from around the world. It examines new emerging techniques, such as the advances being made in lithic debitage analysis and lithic tool analysis, and includes a new section on stone tool functional studies. An extensive and expanded glossary makes this book an invaluable reference for archaeologists at all levels.

WILLIAM ANDREFSKY, JR. is Professor of Anthropology at Washington State University. He is the author of Lithics (First Edition, 1998) and Lithic Debitage (2001) and numerous articles on archaeology and anthropology.


Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology
General Editor
Graeme Barker, University of Cambridge
Advisory Editors
Elizabeth Slater, University of Liverpool
Peter Bogucki, Princeton University

Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology is a series of reference handbooks designed for an international audience of upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, and professional archaeologists and archaeological scientists in universities, museums, research laboratories, and field units. Each book includes a survey of current archaeological practice alongside essential reference material on contemporary techniques and methodology.

Books in the series
Clive Orton, Paul Tyers, and Alan Vince, POTTERY IN ARCHAEOLOGY
R. Lee Lyman, VERTEBRATE TAPHONOMY
Peter G. Dorrell, PHOTOGRAPHY IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND CONSERVATION, 2ND EDN
A. G. Brown, ALLUVIAL GEOARCHAEOLOGY
Cheryl Claassen, SHELLS
Elizabeth J. Reitz and Elizabeth S. Wing, ZOOARCHAEOLOGY
Clive Orton, SAMPLING IN ARCHAEOLOGY
Steve Roskams, EXCAVATION
Simon Hillson, TEETH, 2ND EDN
William Andrefsky, Jr., LITHICS, 2ND EDN

Lithics

Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis

SECOND EDITION

William Andrefsky, Jr. Washington State University, Pullman


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, UK

Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York

www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521615006

© William Andrefsky, Jr., 1998, 2005

This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception
and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements,
no reproduction of any part may take place without
the written permission of Cambridge University Press.


First published 1998
Fifth printing 2004
Second edition 2005

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

A catalog record for this book is available from the British Library

ISBN-13 978-0-521-84976-0 hardback

ISBN-10 0-521-84976-4 hardback

ISBN-13 978-0-521-61500-6 paperback

ISBN-10 0-521-61500-3 paperback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for
the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or
third-party internet websites referred to in this book,
and does not guarantee that any content on such
websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


To Marilyn and Claire


Contents

List of figures page xii
List of tablesxvi
Prefacexix
Preface to second editionxxi
Acknowledgmentsxxiii
1A brief introduction to lithic analysis1
The organization of the book1
Early historical development3
A perspective on microwear5
The truth about replication7
2Basics of stone tool production11
Basic terminology12
Fracture mechanics24
Stone tool morphological dynamics30
Summary38
3Lithic raw materials41
A brief review of geochemical techniques43
Rock genesis46
Igneous rocks47
Sedimentary rocks50
Metamorphic rocks56
Summary59
4Getting started in lithic analysis: identification and classification61
Attributes and attribute states62
Types and typologies66
A basic chipped stone typology74
Summary84
5Flake debitage attributes86
Debitage condition and termination87
Debitage striking platforms89
Debitage size98
Debitage dorsal cortex103
Debitage curvature109
Summary111
6Approaches to debitage analysis113
Typological analysis of debitage114
Aggregate analysis of debitage131
Dissecting debitage assemblages140
Summary141
7Approaches to stone tool analysis143
Core analysis144
Flake tool analysis160
Biface analysis177
Tool function195
Summary199
8Artifact diversity and site function201
Artifact types and function202
Site function models210
Summary221
9Lithic analysis and prehistoric sedentism224
Sedentism and archaeology224
Sedentism in North America227

© Cambridge University Press


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