Cambridge University Press

0521850126 - THE MATHEMATICS OF BEHAVIOR - by Earl Hunt

Index

## Index of Subjects

ability

general,

modality-specific,

of individual,

test-specific,

ability-difficulty discrepancy,

Achilles,

activation level, of node in network,

activity, presynaptic,

admission, to college/university,

advertising, fraudulent,

affirmative action,

Afghanistan,

African American,

aging,

agreeableness,

air traffic control,

aircraft,

Al Qaeda,

Alexandria,

algorithm, Hebbian,

Allais paradox,

ALVINN project,

America,

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU),

American Psychological Association,

*American Scientist*, *The*,

Americans,

analogy,

analysis

algebraic,

graphic,

mathematical,

numerical,

AND,

*Anna Karenina*,

ant,

parable of the,

Aplysia (sea slug),

Arab,

Arabic numerals,

arbitrage,

architecture,

interactive,

network,

Aristarchos,

arithmetic,

Armed Services,

Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB),

Army,

arousal, emotional,

Arrow’s theorem,

art,

artillery,

Asian,

Assyria,

*Atlantic Monthly*, *The*,

Atomic Energy Commission (AEC),

attack, terrorist,

attention,

divided,

full,

attrition,

Australia,

Auto-Associator,

automaton,

cellular,

averaging rule,

aviation,

axiomatic reasoning,

axioms, Von Neumann & Morgenstern’s,

axon,

Babylonians,

background, scholastic,

back propagation,

Baltimore,

banking, investment,

Barcelona,

barrel making,

base rate,

base rate fallacy,

Bayes’ theorem,

Bayesian reasoning,

beetle,

behavior,

criminal,

cyclic,

Bell Curve,

Bernoulli brothers,

bias,

biology,

Boeing,

Borel field,

Boston,

brain,

brightness,

Brussels,

Buenos Aires,

Burgos,

Cairo,

*Calvin and Hobbes*,

cancer,

cask, wine,

catastrophe theory,

category learning,

early computation model of,

exemplar model of,

late computation model of,

causality,

Centers for Disease Control (CDC),

certain event,

chain,

chain length,

chains of messages in network,

chaos,

Chicago,

China,

Cid, el,

circumference

of Earth,

class, conceptual,

classifier (classification),

non-linear,

linear,

Clinton, H.,

cold (illness),

Cold War,

Coliseum,

Columbus,

Committee to Review Scientific Evidence on the Polygraph,

communication,

comparability,

complexity,

computability,

computer,

program,

scientists,

simulation,

computing

connectionist,

reduced instruction set (RISC),

concept recognition,

conditions, initial,

Congress,

conjoint measurement, 61

conjunction fallacy (Linda paradox),

connectionism,

conscientiousness,

constancy, brightness,

constraint, minimalist,

coordinating statement,

correct rejection,

correlation,

correlation coefficient,

court, Spanish,

covariance,

covenants, in real estate,

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJ),

criterion, in signal detection, *c*,

cross modal matching,

cumulative density function,

cumulative distribution function, normal,

*d*’,

data

non-geometric (in MDS),

simulated,

decision analysis,

decision analyst,

decision maker,

rational,

risk aversive,

risk neutral,

risk seeking,

decision making,

under ignorance,

under risk,

by groups,

descriptive theory of,

normative theory of,

psychological research on,

rational,

decision problem,

decision under risk,

delayed match to sample procedure,

delta rule, generalized,

democracy,

demography, computational,

Department of Justice,

depression,

derivative (mathematical concept),

Des Moines,

detection time,

letter,

visual,

diagnosis, medical,

dice,

difference (mathematical concept),

differential (mathematical concept),

difficulty, of item on test,

disarmament, nuclear,

discrimination, sensory,

distance

Euclidean,

geographic,

mathematical concept,

distribution

non-normal,

normal (Gaussian),

probability,

diving,

DNA,

*Double Indemnity*,

Dubai,

Earth,

circumnavigation of,

East Germany,

ecology,

economics,

economy

capitalist (capitalism),

communist (communism),

free-enterprise,

market,

education, public,

Educational Testing Service (ETS),

effect, random,

Egyptians,

encounter, predator-prey,

England,

English,

epidemiology,

equation

non-linear,

difference,

differential,

linear,

logistic,

equations

Gottman-Murray,

Lotka-Volterra,

equator,

equilibrium,

negative,

positive,

stable,

unstable,

error,

Europe,

evaluation, of evidence,

event

certain,

complementary,

impossible,

random,

unique,

evolution,

examination, English school leaving,

exclusion condition,

expectancy, life,

expectation (expected value),

experiment

Dodds, Muhamed, & Watts,

weight-discrimination,

extraversion-introversion,

factor,

geometric interpretation of,

factor analysis,

false alarm,

false alarm rate,

false negative,

false positive,

Fechner’s law,

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),

figure skating,

football,

forgetting,

framing,

frequency,

word,

frequency effect, in psychophysics,

function

activation,

chaotic,

computable,

cumulative probability,

cyclic,

Gaussian density,

identity,

linear,

logarithmic,

logical,

logistic,

logistic activation,

non-chaotic,

non-linear,

probability density,

psychophysical,

threshold,

Weber,

gamble,

gambling,

game,

game theory,

*Garden in the Machine*, *The*,

genocide,

geography,

geometry,

Euclidean,

Georgia, Republic of,

Germany,

ghetto,

global warming,

Gottman-Murray model of marital interactions,

Grade Point Average (GPA),

grades

English,

Mathematics,

gradual degradation,

Granada,

graphics,

Greece,

Greeks,

gross domestic product (GDP),

gymnastics,

habits, study,

Hare balloting system,

Hawaii,

hearing,

heaviness,

hippocampus,

hit,

hit rate,

homeland security,

homogeneity index,

Honolulu,

human engineering,

IF AND ONLY IF,

immunity,

IMPLIES,

inclusion condition,

income tax,

Independence of irrelevant alternatives (IIR),

India,

individual differences,

influenza,

input-output analysis,

insurance,

intelligence,

artificial,

crystallized,

fluid (Gf),

general (*g*),

multi-factor theories of,

test of,

intelligent design,

intensity,

of sound,

interference (in memory retrieval),

Internet,

interquartile range,

introversion,

IQ,

Iran,

Iraq,

Ireland,

Islam,

isobias line,

isobias point,

Italy,

item bank,

Item Characteristic Curve (ICC),

item independence,

Item Response Theory (IRT),

item sensitivity,

Jamaica,

jet, jumbo,

Johannesburg,

jokes,

judgment, social,

justice, criminal,

just-noticeable-difference (j.n.d.),

Kabul,

Kolmogorov’s axioms,

Krishna,

Kudzu Files,

*Lady’s Not for Burning*, *The*,

Las Vegas,

laser,

Latino,

law, psychophysical,

laws of motion,

layer, hidden (middle) in connectionist networks,

learning,

language,

unsupervised,

least squares,

Lebanese American,

lexicon,

lice,

likelihood,

maximum,

linear classification,

linear classifier (LC),

linear regression,

linear relationship,

literacy,

loading,

factor,

in factor analysis,

loan,

locus of control,

locust,

London,

*London Times*,

lookout, naval,

Los Alamos,

Los Angeles,

lottery,

loudness,

luminosity,

Madrid,

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),

magnitude estimation,

mail, electronic,

mammogram,

manufacturing,

mapping

sensation-to-response,

stimulus-response,

Marco Polo,

marketing,

Markov chain,

mass,

matrix algebra,

matrix, disparity,

maximum likelihood,

mean,

geometric,

squared error,

measurement problem,

measurement, theory of,

Mecca,

median,

memory,

explicit (conscious), ,

implicit (unconscious),

repressed,

meningitis,

Miami,

microworld,

Middle Ages,

Middle East,

mind,

minimalist assumption,

minimalist constraint,

miss,

mixing, random,

model

bilinear influence,

chaos,

conceptual,

connectionist,

deterministic,

exponential (growth and decay),

interactive activation,

Lotka-Volterra,

mathematical,

measurement,

mortality,

network,

non-linear,

normative,

one-parameter IRT,

process-dissociation,

Richardson’s war,

single factor,

stochastic,

three-parameter IRT,

transmission,

two-factor,

two-parameter IRT,

yard sale economic,

modeling

computational,

mathematical,

molasses,

money,

utility of,

Moors,

Moscow,

motor vehicle, autonomous,

multidimensional scaling (MDS),

Naples,

National Academy of Science (NAS),

Nazi party,

nearest neighbor classification (NNC),

Nebraska,

neighborhood,

Netherlands,

network,

connectionist,

feed-forward architecture,

Hebbian,

interactive,

neural,

recurrent,

reentrant,

richly connected,

sparsely connected,

three layer,

two layer,

neuron,

postsynaptic,

presynaptic,

neuroscience,

neuroscientist,

neuroticism,

neurotransmitter,

New Dehli,

*New Kind of Science, A*,

*New Oxford American Dictionary*,

New York City,

New York State,

*New York Times*,

Newton’s laws (of motion),

No Dictatorship (ND),

no local dictator (NLD) lemma,

node (unit)

in connectionist network,

hidden,

input,

output,

noise,

machinery-generated,

statistical,

non-indifference lemma,

non-linear transformation,

North Korea,

NOT,

null hypothesis,

nurse,

object, conceptual,

observer,

odds,

posterior (*a posteriori*),

prior (*a priori*),

Okinawa,

olfaction,

Olympic Peninsula,

OR,

oscillation,

Pacific Northwest,

parameter,

ability (in IRT),

difficulty (in IRT),

guessing,

Minikowski,

tension,

Paris,

parliamentary system,

pattern recognition,

perceptron,

Persian Gulf,

personality,

five dimensions of,

multi-factor theories of,

physician,

physics,

pitch,

Pittsburgh,

plane,

Pleistocene,

pneumonia,

*poema de mio Cid*, *el*,

police,

policy maker, for decisions, ,

polygraph (‘lie detector’),

population dynamics,

Portland,

positive predictive value (PPV),

predator,

predator-prey interactions,

prediction, of weather,

preference profile,

preference, transitive,

prey,

Prince-Bishop, of Würtzburg,

probability,

classic definition,

conditional,

frequentist definition,

joint,

of unique event,

posterior estimate of,

prior estimate of,

subjective,

probability calculus,

probability measure,

probability theory,

problem, psychophysical,

profile

rational,

voter,

profiling,

racial,

prospect theory,

prototype,

psychoanalysis,

psycholinguistics,

psychological tests,

psychologist,

psychology,

cognitive,

mathematical,

psychometricians,

psychometrics,

psychophysical function,

psychophysics,

global,

local,

psychotherapy,

quartile,

question, undecidable,

radar,

radiologist,

radiology,

rationality,

reaction time (RT),

reasoning,

axiomatic,

mathematical,

recall

explicit,

implicit,

Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC),

recognition, visual,

reflexivity,

refractory period (of neuron),

regression,

regression coefficient,

relevance, social,

representation

route,

survey,

residual (in measurement),

Rio de Janeiro,

RNA,

Rome,

Rubicon,

rule,

rumor,

Russia,

San Diego,

San Francisco,

SARS,

Saudi Arabia,

scaling, magnitude estimation,

Scaling, Stevens’,

Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT),

score,

deviation,

standard (deviation unit scoring),

screening

airport security,

medical,

Seattle,

security, airline,

Segovia,

segregation

pattern of,

residential,

self,

seizure, epileptic,

sender, in communication network,

sensitivity index, in medicine,

sequence, pseudo-random,

series, geometric,

Sherlock Holmes,

ship building,

signal detection,

theory of,

signal strength,

zero point on,

*Sign of the Four*, *The*,

*Silver Blaze*,

similarity

in scaling,

of animals,

simulation

computer,

numerical,

Singapore,

social sciences,

Social Welfare Function (SWF),

Social Welfare Function, Rational Unrestricted Domain (RUDSWF),

sociologists,

sociology,

solstice,

sonar,

Soviet Union (USSR),

space

Euclidean,

Minikowski (metric),

phase,

semantic,

Spain,

span,

sphere,

spies,

St. Petersburg Paradox,

stability

line of joint,

system,

stadion,

standard deviation,

standard score,

state, starting,

statistical independence,

statisticians,

statistics,

descriptive,

inferential,

Stevens’ law,

stock market,

Stockholm,

straphe,

stress, in multidimensional scaling,

*Study in Scarlet, A*,

submarine,

Sun,

surveys,

Switzerland,

Syene,

symmetry,

synaptic cleft,

syphilis,

system

chaotic,

closed,

cyclic,

linear,

model,

non-linear,

of variables,

open,

self-organizing,

target,

in communication network,

tax

inheritance,

income,

testing

adaptive,

conventional,

pre-employment,

theorem, Pythagorean,

theory, multifactor

thinking, categorical,

three-person society,

*Tipping Point*, *The*,

touch,

trait, latent,

transformation

linear,

logarithmic,

transitivity,

Transportation Security Agency (TSA),

trial, experimental,

Tropic of Cancer,

true negative,

true positive,

tumor,

Turing machine,

unanimity,

United States (US),

presidential election,

*USS Vincennes*,

utility,

of correct rejection,

of false alarm,

of hit,

of miss,

theory,

utility function,

Valencia,

value, subjective,

Vancouver,

variable

exogenous,

observable,

random,

variance,

of predicted score,

of residual score,

*Vasa*,

Virginia,

vision,

visual cortex,

visual system,

vocabulary,

test of,

vote, electoral,

voting,

voting system,

weighted,

war,

warranty,

Washington, D.C.,

weak preference,

wealth

conservation of,

disparity in,

expected,

Weber fraction,

Weber’s law,

generalized,

near-miss to,

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS),

weight,

White,

wolf,

women,

word frequency,

word recognition effect,

XOR,

World War I,

Wurzburg,

x-ray,

Yellowstone,

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