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The Cambridge Companion to Allegory

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 (ISBN-13: 9780521680820)

The Cambridge Companion to Allegory
Cambridge University Press
9780521862295 - The Cambridge Companion to Allegory - Edited by Rita Copeland and Peter T. Struck
Frontmatter/Prelims
The Cambridge Companion to Allegory

Allegory is a vast subject, and its history can be daunting to students and even advanced scholars venturing outside their own historical specializations. This Companion will present, lucidly, systematically, and expertly, the various threads that comprise the allegorical tradition over its entire chronological range. Beginning with Greek antiquity, the volume shows how the earliest systems of allegory arose in poetry dealing with philosophy, mystery religions, and hermeneutics. Once the earliest histories and themes of the allegorical tradition have been presented, the volume turns to literary, intellectual, and cultural manifestations of allegory through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The essays in the last section address literary and theoretical approaches to allegory in the modern era, from reactions to allegory in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to reevaluations of its power in the thought of the twentieth century and beyond.

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The Cambridge Companion to Allegory

Edited by

Rita Copeland

University of Pennsylvania

Peter T. Struck

University of Pennsylvania


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
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Cambridge University Press
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Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York

www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521680820

© Cambridge University Press 2010

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2010

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloguing in Publication data

The Cambridge companion to allegory / edited by Rita Copeland and Peter Struck.
p. cm. – (Cambridge companions to literature)
Includes index.
ISBN 978-0-521-86229-5 (hardback)
1. Allegory. I. Copeland, Rita. II. Struck, Peter T., 1954– III. Title. IV. Series.
PN56.A5C35 2010
809′.915 – dc22 2009048601

ISBN 978-0-521-86229-5 Hardback
ISBN 978-0-521-68082-0 Paperback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


Contents

List of illustrations
vii
Contributors
viii
Chronology
ix
Introduction
Rita Copeland and Peter T. Struck
1
Part I    Ancient Foundations
1         Early Greek allegory
Dirk Obbink
15
2         Hellenistic allegory and early imperial rhetoric
Glenn W. Most
26
3         Origen as theorist of allegory: Alexandrian contexts
Daniel Boyarin
39
Part II   Philosophy, Theology, and Poetry 200 to 1200
4         Allegory and ascent in Neoplatonism
Peter T. Struck
57
5         Allegory in Christian late antiquity
Denys Turner
71
6         Allegory in Islamic literatures
Peter Heath
83
7         Twelfth-century allegory: philosophy and imagination
Jon Whitman
101
Part III  Literary Allegory: Philosophy and Figuration
8         Allegory in the Roman de la Rose
Kevin Brownlee
119
9         Dante and allegory
Albert R. Ascoli
128
10        Medieval secular allegory: French and English
Stephanie Gibbs Kamath and Rita Copeland
136
11        Medieval religious allegory: French and English
Nicolette Zeeman
148
12        Renaissance allegory from Petrarch to Spenser
Michael Murrin
162
13        Protestant allegory
Brian Cummings
177
14        Allegorical drama
Blair Hoxby
191
Part IV   The Fall and Rise of Allegory
15        Romanticism's errant allegory
Theresa M. Kelley
211
16        American allegory to 1900
Deborah L. Madsen
229
17        Walter Benjamin's concept of allegory
Howard Caygill
241
18        Hermeneutics, deconstruction, allegory
Steven Mailloux
254
19        Allegory happens: allegory and the arts post-1960
Lynette Hunter
266
Further reading
281
Index
286

Illustrations

Figures 14.1and 14.2 Two of several allegorical figures danced in the Ballet de Monseigneur le Duc de Vendosme (1610), Bibliothèque nationale de France. 199
198
Figure 14.3 The first intermedio of 1589, Florence. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1926 [26.70.4(32)] Image © Metropolitan Museum of Art.
202
Figure 14.4 Diagram for a performance of The Castle of Perseverance (c. 1400–25). By permission of the Folger Shakespeare Library.
204
Figure 15.1 J. M. W. Turner, The Slave Ship, or Slavers throwing overboard the Dead and DyingTyphoon coming on, 1840, Oil on canvas, 90.8 × 122.6 cm, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Henry Lillie Pierce Fund, 99.22 Photograph © 2010 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
226

Contributors

Albert R. Ascoli

University of California, Berkeley

Daniel Boyarin

University of California, Berkeley

Kevin Brownlee

University of Pennsylvania

Howard Caygill

Goldsmiths College, University of London

Rita Copeland

University of Pennsylvania

Brian Cummings

University of Sussex

Peter Heath

American University of Sharjah

Blair Hoxby

Stanford University

Lynette Hunter

University of California, Davis

Stephanie Gibbs Kamath

University of Massachusetts, Boston

Theresa M. Kelley

University of Wisconsin

Deborah Madsen

Université de Genève

Steven Mailloux

Loyola Marymount University

Glenn W. Most

Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and University of Chicago

Michael Murrin

University of Chicago

Dirk Obbink

Oxford University

Peter T. Struck

University of Pennsylvania

Denys Turner

Yale Divinity School

Jon Whitman

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Nicolette Zeeman

King's College, Cambridge


Chronology

For practical reasons of space, this chronology focuses on the fields of literature, philosophy, and theology, and does not extend to the important fields of music and the visual arts, with the exception of works in those fields discussed in this volume. A chronology such as this is necessarily selective, and is intended to give readers a general map of the history and development of allegory and allegorical theory.

BCE

8th c.

Homer (Greek epic poet)

8th c.

Hesiod (Greek epic poet)

7th c.

Archilochus (Greek iambic and elegiac poet)

born 625–620

Alcaeus (Greek lyric poet)

fl. 544

Pherecydes of Syros (earliest Greek prose writer)

fl. 537

Xenophanes (Greek poet, theologian, and natural philosopher)

fl. c. 525

Theagenes of Rhegium (Greek commentator on Homer)

fl. c. 500

Heraclitus (Greek philosopher)

fl. early 5th c.

Parmenides (Greek philosopher)

fl. mid 5th c.

Anaxagoras (Greek philosopher)

5th c.

Metrodorus of Lampsacus (Greek commentator on Homer)

c. 485–c. 380

Gorgias of Leontini (Greek sophist)

born 460

Democritus (Greek philosopher)

c. 460–c. 386

Aristophanes (Greek comic poet)

c. 429–347

Plato (Greek philosopher)

c. 430–before 350

Xenophon (Greek philosopher)

4th c.

Derveni Papyrus (earliest preserved commentary on Homer)

4th c.

Alcidamas (Greek rhetorician and sophist)

384–322

Aristotle (Greek philosopher)

335–263

Zeno of Citium (Greek founder of Stoic philosophy)

331–232

Cleanthes (Greek Stoic philosopher)

c. 280–207

Chrysippus (Greek Stoic philosopher)

fl. mid 3rd c.

Apollonius Rhodius (Greek epic poet)

c. 216–144

Aristarchus (Greek grammarian and commentator on poetry)

fl. early 2nd c.

Crates of Mallus (Greek commentator on poetry)

116–27

Varro (Roman scholar, grammarian, poet, and statesman)

c. 110–c. 40/35

Philodemus (Greek poet, philosopher, and literary commentator)

106–43

Cicero (Roman statesman, rhetorician, and philosopher)

c. 86–82

Rhetorica ad Herennium (rhetorical handbook)

70–19

Virgil (Roman epic poet)

CE

fl. early 1st c.

Philo (Alexandrian-Jewish philosopher, commentator, and statesman)

1st c.

Cornutus (Stoic philosopher, commentator, and rhetorician)

1st c.?
d. c. 64–65
c. 35–90s
before 50–after 120
c. 50–c. 135
2nd c.
fl. early 2nd c.?
mid–late 2nd c.
late 2nd c.?
184/5–254/5
late 2nd or early 3rd c.
205–69/70
234–c. 305
c. 245–c. 325
c. 245–c. 325
4th c.
4th c.
c. 347–420
348–after 405
354–430
c. 360–c. 435
fl. early 5th c.
410/12–85
fl. late 5th c.
fl. late 5th or early 6th c.
fl. late 5th or early 6th c.
c. 480–524/5
540–604
c. 560–636
673–735
d. 750
c. 730–804
c. 810–77
c. 841–908
870–950
c. 900?
before 950?
c. 950?
c. 952–1022
980–1037
1021–58/70
1058–1111
c. 1075–c. 1140
c. 1075–1131
c. 1090?–1139
1090/91–1153
c. 1090–c. 1154
1092/3–1164
c. 1095–c. 1156
1096–1141
1098–1179
c. 1110–85
fl. 1136–50
c. 1116–1202/3
1126–98
c. 1135–c. 90
1135–1204
1150?–1220
c. 1150–c. 1200
1154–91
c. 1150–90?
fl. c. 1150?
c. 1150
c. 1160–1230
1165–1240
c. 1170–c. 1220
c. 1190?–after 1250?
1194–1270
1200–46
c. 1207–82?
fl. 1225/30
1207–73
1217/21–74
c. 1220–30
c. 1224–74
1232–1316
1240–c. 1291
c. 1240–1305
fl. c. 1270
c. 1286
c. 1260–c. 1327
1265–1321
c. 1270–1349
c. 1283–c. 1350
1288–1344
c. 1295–after 1358
c. 1295–1366
before 1300
c. 1300–49
c. 1300–77
1304–74
after 1309
d. 1310
1313–75
c. 1330–c. 1387
c. 1330–1405
c. 1330–1408
c. 1330–84
1337–1404
c. 1340–1400
c. 1346–1406
c. 1350–1414
c. 1364–1430
1401–2
c. 1365–1458
c. 1366–1426
c. 1370–c. 1451
1380–1459
1384–1434
c. 1385/95–1430
1394–1465
1398–1458
c. 1400
c. 1400?
c. 1400–25
c. 1400?–c. 1460?
1402/3–71
c. 1407–57
1411–56
1414–92
1415/24–92
1424–98
1433–99
1433–1527
c. 1437–c. 1498
1439
c. 1441–94
c. 1450–1500
1454–94
1455–1522
c. 1460–1529
1463–94
c. 1469–1536
c. 1474–1523
1474–1533
1476
1478–1535
c. 1480–1556
1483–1546
c. 1484–c. 1542
1492–1550
1494–1576
c. 1495–1520
1497–1560
1501–36
1515–82
1520–82
1524/5–80
1524–85
c. 1525–60
1529–90
1534–1612
1544–95
1546–1634
c. 1550–1602
1552–99
1552–1630
1554–86
c. 1555–1622
1561–1627
1564–93
1564–1616
1572/3–1637
1578–1639
1581
1587–1679
1588–1679
1597–1639
1600–81
1606–81
1606–84
1607–58
1608–74
1616–64
1628–88
1631–1700
1632–1704
1635–83
c. 1640–c. 1704
1667–1745
1668–1744
1688–1772
1709–84
1712–78
1714
1724–1804
1749–1832
1752–1832
1757–99
1757–1827
1759–1805
1767–1845
1770–1831
1770–1850
1772–1801
1772–1829
1772–1834
1775–1851
1778–1830
1792–1822
1795–1821
1797–1851
1797–1856
1803–82
1804–64
1809–49
1817–62
1819–91
1819–92
1819–1900
1821–67
1856–1939
1874–1929
1875–1926
1883–1924
1889–1976
1892–1940
1895–1975
1898–1956
1899–1977
1900–2002
1903–50
1905–80
1906–89
1911–93
1912–91
1913–60
1913–2005
1917–93
1919–83
1922–2008
1927–
1930–2004
1930–
1937–
1939–
1940–92
1943–
1944–2001
1946–
1951–
1952–
1954–
1959–




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