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Cultures of Legality

Details

  • Page extent: 312 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.5 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 349.8
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: KG83 .C85 2010
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Law--Latin America--Philosophy
    • Justice, Administration of--Latin America
    • Courts--Latin America

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521767231)

Cultures of Legality
Cambridge University Press
9780521767231 - Cultures of Legality - Judicialization and Political Activism in Latin America - Edited by Javier A. Couso, Alexandra Huneeus and Rachel Sieder
Index

Index

abstract review 45, 46, 47, 57, 65, 66, 67

accountability 259, 261, 265, 267, 274

Ackerman, Bruce 152

Action Group for Bío Bío (GABB) 214

advocacy network 234

Africa 166

African Union 114

Aldunate, Eduardo 147

Alexy, Robert 155, 156

Alfonsín, Raúl 123

Allende, Salvador 151

Almonacid, Arellano 120, 121

Almond, Gabriel 82

Alter, Karen 112, 113, 115, 116, 131, 135

alternative dispute resolution 192

alternative dispute resolution (ADR) 168

Alvez, Bueno 124

American Convention of Human Rights 85, 117, 120, 124, 128

American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man 125, 126

Amnesty International 129, 189, 214

amparos 242

Amsterdam, Robert 197, 201, 202

Anaya, James 168, 218, 220, 221

Anderson, Michael R. 210

Andrés Bello Catholic University 187, 192

Angell, Alan 3, 11, 12, 21, 162, 184

Ansolabehere, Karina 14, 15, 82, 83, 85, 99

Arantes, Rogélio Bastos 56, 71

Araucanía 215

Arcis University of Santiago 216

Arenas, Luis Carlos 163, 167, 263

Argentina 10, 17, 42, 56, 60, 106–108, 113, 123, 147, 166, 220, 221, 234–251, 262

Bill of Rights 243

Bueno Alvez v. Argentina 125

Bulacio vs. Argentina 126

Constitution 130

corralito 123

General Workers’ Confederation (CGT) 246

House of Representatives 243

Judicial School 241

Madres de la Plaza de Mayo 261

Magistrates Council 241

National Judicial Council 242, 243

National Ombudsman 241

Office of the Public Prosecutor 241

Public Defender's Office 241

Public Ministry 125

Supreme Court 12, 13, 113, 114, 119, 123, 124, 125, 126, 130, 131, 134, 142, 235, 236, 242, 243, 249, 272

Union of Metal Workers 246

Arrieche, Franklin 195

Asamblea General de la Organización de Estados Americanos 85

Asamblea Permanente por los Derechos Humanos (APDH) 247

Asia 166

Asociación Gremial de Abogados de Bahía Blanca 246

Asociación Gremial de Abogados de Buenos Aires 246

Asociación Gremial de Abogados de Mar del Plata 246

Atacameño 225

Atria, Fernando 120

Aurélio, Marco 64

Awas Tingni v. Nicaragua 167

Aylwin, José 214, 215

Aymará 214, 225


Bachelet, Michelle 120, 122

Ballard, Megan J. 55

Barbosa, Joaquím 55

Barzon debtors’ movement 268

Bauer, Carl 147

Becker, Arnulf 135

Bello, Andrés 149, 150

Benford, Robert 82

Bercholc, Jorge 235

Berger, Oscar 175

Berger, Peter 26

Berruecos, Susana 267

Bickel, Alexander 152

Bío Bío region 208, 222

Bío Bío River 215

Bolivarian Alliance for the People of Our Americas (ALBA) 132

Bolivarian revolution 14

Bolivarian Revolution 113, 133, 183, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198

Bolivia 132, 166, 221, 263, 264, 272

constitution 11

National Assembly 193

Supreme Court 142

Brazil 10, 42, 166, 220, 221, 262, 271

Article 5 of the Constitution 10

Attorney General 56

Constitution of 1988 56

judicial reform 58, 74

Supreme Court 13, 15, 142

Supreme Court of Sào Paulo 55

transition to democracy 56, 69

Brewer, Stephanie Erin 118

Brewers-Carías, Allan R. 113, 128

Brinks, Daniel 54, 56, 262

British Council 249

Brunnegger, Sandra 163

Buenos Aires 249

Burt, Jo Marie 261

Caldera, Rafael 191

Campbell, John L. 13, 19

Canada 117

Glamis Gold 173

Skye Resources 175

Cappelletti, Mauro 144

Caracas 189, 194

Carbonell, Miguel 113, 134

Cardoso, Fernando Henrique 55

Carias, German 188

Caribbean 117

Carmona, Pedro 194, 196

Carnevale, Vera 246

Carrasquero, Francisco 195

Catholic University of Temuco (UCT) 216

cause lawyers 182–204, 248, 250, 251

Cavallaro, James L. 118

Cedeño, Eligio 202

Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) 189

Center for Legal, Environmental and Social Action (CALAS) 177

Central University of Venezuela 187

Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS) 247, 268

Cepeda Espinosa, Manuel 81

Chama, Mauricio 246

Chavez, Hugo 14, 17, 113, 126, 127, 129, 132, 183, 191, 192, 193, 194, 196

Chavez, Rebecca Bill 4, 12, 19, 54

Chile 9, 10, 17, 59, 80, 119, 120, 142, 147, 166, 216, 259, 261, 267, 268

Caso Almonacid y otros v. Chile 120, 121, 122, 123

Amnesty Decree 120, 121, 122, 123

Caso Claude Reyes y otros v. Chile 120

Christian Democrats 122

Civil Code 149

Congress 121, 122

Constitution 119

Court of Appeals of Santiago 223, 229

Judicial Academy 227, 228

judiciary 13

National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) 148

Supreme Court 113, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 130, 142, 223

The Santiago Sixth Civil Court 229

Water Code 225

citizenship 259, 273–275

civil associations 243, 245

civil law 142, 144, 150

civil liberties lawyers 244, 245, 251

Claro Solar, Luis 150

Cleary, Matthew 82

cocalero 263

Cochabamba 263

Cold War 258, 260

Coleman, Jules 152

collective rights 187, 212

Collins, Cath 261

Colombia 14, 15, 80, 81, 108, 147, 149, 166, 220, 221, 262, 263, 271, 272

central bank 46

Congress 41, 46, 47

connectivity doctrine 33

constitutional court 10, 14, 15, 29, 33, 34, 44, 264

the doctrine of the “unconstitutional state of affairs” 45

economic crisis 25, 41, 43

economic liberalization 32, 42

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 31, 32, 42

guerrilla 32, 188

human dignity 33, 35, 39

justice houses 169

Los Andes University 30

middle-class 26, 41, 46

Office of the Public Prosecutor 72

pensions 43

privatization 32

regional and municipal governments 42

Supreme Court 142

UPAC (Unit of Constant Purchasing Power) decisions 31, 45

Colotenango 176

Comaroff, Jean 5, 8, 11, 19

Comaroff, John 5

Comisión Argentina de Derechos Humanos (CADHU) 247

Comisión de Esclarecimiento Histórico 172

Comisión de Familiares de Presos Políticos y Gremiales (CoFaDe) 246

Comité de Ayuda Antifascista 245

Comité Pro-Amnistía por los Exiliados y Presos Políticos de América 245

Committee of Relatives of the Victims of February and March of 1989 (COFAVIC) 189

community justice 168

Concepción Huista 176

conceptual history 30

conciliation 168

Conley, John M. 29, 49

consequencialista 63, 64, 71, 72

constitutionalism

constitutional courts 235

constitutional culture 27

constitutional discourse 141–158

constitutional reform 240, 241

constitutional scholarship 144, 146, 147, 148, 157

constitutional theory 141, 145, 151, 152, 153, 155, 156

constitutionalization of law 147

Constitutionalism

higher law constitutionalism 154

multicultural constitutionalism 164

new constitutionalism 113

consulta popular 175

Cordeiro, Jose Luis 9

Coronil, Fernando 185, 186

Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI) 212, 215, 220

Legal Defense Program 215

Corrales, Javier 191

corralito 263, 268

Correa Sutil, Jorge 216, 228

Costa Rica 80, 147, 166, 267, 272

constitutional court 10

recurso de amparo 81

Supreme Court 142

Cotterell, Roger 6, 82

Couso, Javier A. 54, 59, 113, 119, 120, 149

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 218

Crider, Todd 168

Crisp, Brian P. 191

Spanish monarchy 9

Cuba 117

Cuffe, Sandra 170

culture

judicial culture 15

legal culture 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 114, 129

Cuneo, Andrés 151

Dahl, Robert 82, 152

Davinson, Guillermo 216

Davis, Shelton H. 174

Delgado Ocando, José M. 193

democratization 10, 11, 260

Denmark 166

Dezalay, Yves 170, 184, 185, 271

Domingo, Pilar 3, 12, 17, 18, 19, 82, 87, 123, 124, 141, 268

Dominica 166

Dor, Gal 184

Duce, Mauricio 227, 228, 262

Dugas, John C. 32

Duhalde, Eduardo Luis 246

Dworkin, Ronald 114, 152, 153, 156

Eckstein, Harry 28, 49, 75

Ecuador 132, 149, 166, 221

constitution 11

Supreme Court 142

Edelman, Martin 143

El Salvador 10, 149

Ellner, Steve 191

empowerment 257, 262, 266, 269

Empresa Nacional de Electricidad (ENDESA) 214

Environmental Impact Study (EIS) 209

Epp, Charles 80, 81, 119, 142, 237, 244, 256

erga omnes 57

estado social 33, 35, 40


European Convention 118

European Council 115

European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) 114

European Court of Justice (ECJ) 112, 114, 115

European Union (EU) 112

Existenzminimum 35

Faro de Castro, Marcus 70

Faundez, Julio 168, 169, 271

Fernández, Monica 199

Ferrajoli, Luigi 156

fetishization of the law 5

Fiji 166

Finkel, Jodi 88

Fisheries Act 225

Fix Fierro, Héctor 81, 87

Ford Foundation 249

forestry 217

Forum for Life 196, 203

France 143, 154

French Revolution 149

free trade agreements 170

freedom of association 78, 79, 85, 89, 91, 96, 97, 98, 104, 105

freedom of expression 78, 79, 85, 89, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 104, 105

French, John 9

Friedman, Lawrence 6, 7, 8, 19, 82

Frühling, Hugo 59, 249

Fujimori 10, 261

Fundamentos de Derecho Constitucional. Análisis filosófico, jurídico y politológico de la práctica constitucional 152

Galanter, Marc 238

garantiste 262

García Figueroa, Alfonso 154

García, Mauricio 162

Gargarella, Roberto 210, 211, 228

Garth, Bryant 170, 184, 185, 271

Geneva Conventions 123

German Federal Administrative Tribunal 35

Germany

German Constitutional Court 155

Gillman, Howard 82, 109, 145

globalization 6, 11

Gloppen, Siri 141, 210, 211, 212

Glossators 144

Gomez, Manuel 182, 184, 185, 187, 194, 197, 198, 201

Gonzalez, Felipe 118

good governance 256, 265

Goodale, Mark 9, 10, 14, 19

Grattet, Ryken 26, 27, 50

Gremial de Abogados 246

Guatemala 16, 17, 162, 166, 220, 221, 262

1985 Constitution 165

armed conflict 172

Congress 170

Marlin project 173

Mining Code 170

Ministry of Energy and Mines 170

peace accords 171

Guatemalan Nickel Company 175

Habermas, Jurgen 161

Hajjar, Lisa 184

Hale, Charles R. 165

Haley, John Owen 6

Halliday, Terrence C. 184

Hammergren, Lynn 236

Hart, H. L. A. 152

Hawkins, Darren 114, 118

Hay, Colin 13, 19

Helfer, Laurence 115, 116, 135

Hellinger, Daniel 191, 192

Helmke, Gretchen 11, 12, 20, 51, 53, 60, 61, 67, 141, 242

Hertogh, Marc 82

HI

See new institutionalism

Hilbink, Lisa 6, 12, 13, 20, 51, 52, 59, 76, 80, 113, 120, 133, 226, 268

Himiob, Gonzalo 197, 201

Hirschl, Ran 26

Hofnung, Menachem 184

Holland, Kenneth 142

Honduras 150, 166

Huehuetenango 176

Huenteche 207

Huilliche 208

human rights

transnational human rights discourse 6

Human Rights Watch 129, 189, 212, 214, 217

indigenous groups 9, 11, 14, 16, 101, 162, 163, 164, 165, 173, 207, 209, 210

indigenous community courts 169

indigenous law 169, 174, 177

Maya Mam 173

Sipakapense 173

Indigenous Institute in Temuco 216

Indigenous Law 215, 220

Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Watch 212, 213

Ingram, Matthew 51, 76

injunctions 36, 37, 38, 39, 46, 47

Institute of Access to Public Information (IFAI) 95

Institute of Indigenous Studies 213


institutionalization 27

inter partes 57

Inter-American Commission for Human Rights 10, 98, 117, 120, 124, 167, 224

Inter-American Court for Human Rights 16, 112–136, 166, 167, 196, 273

Inter-American Development Bank 170

Inter-American human rights system 16, 142

interlegality 7

International Association of Constitutional Law (IACL) 149

International Court of Justice (ICJ) 112

International Criminal Court 199

International Financial Corporation (IFC) 173

International Labour Organization Convention 169 (ILO) 10, 179, 264

International Labour Organization Convention No 14, 220, 221, 226

isolated thesis 89

Israel 143

Italy 144, 156

Ixchiguán 176

Ixtahuacán 173

Izabal 175

Jacoby, Wade 114, 118

Jobim, Nelson 64

judicial activism 149, 254, 255, 257, 270, 272

judicial independence 186, 237, 242, 243

judicial reform 168, 256, 257

judicial review 10, 16, 32, 45, 52, 55, 57, 59, 60, 63, 64, 68, 70, 78, 141, 148, 152, 157, 235, 241, 266

judicialization of politics 3–19, 31, 52, 141, 142, 146, 147, 158, 161, 209, 234

judicialization of rights 209

Junta Commanders 247

juridification 161–179, 257, 270

Justice First 192

Kapiszewski, Diana 64

Karl, Terry 185, 191

Karst, Kenneth L. 59

Keller, Helen 115

Kelsen, Hans 155

Khodorkovsky, Mikhail 202

Knight, Alan 82

Koerner, Andrei 71

Korea

lumber company 168

Kornblith, Miriam 191

La Colorada 188

la doctrina

See underlegal scholarship

La Forza del Destino 245

La Peste 189

labor unions 28

Lafkenche 207

Lagos 120

Lakoff, George 28

Landau, David 134, 148

Larkins, Christopher 124

Latinobarómetro 238

Lauth, Han-Joachim 67

Law and Society Movement

Law and Society Association 4, 5, 14

law firms

boutique firm 16

legal consciousness 143, 209, 210, 211, 230

legal culture 59, 63, 82, 141, 143, 144, 146, 162, 163, 198, 209, 210, 218, 225, 226, 229, 234, 236, 237, 238, 240, 250, 254, 255, 256, 258, 271

external culture 6, 143

high court culture 53

internal culture 6, 53, 54, 59, 61, 63, 67, 69, 71, 143, 185

judicial culture 53, 59, 226

legal framework 222, 225

legal globalization 164, 169

legal ideology 143, 146

legal literacy 210

legal mobilization 167, 173, 178, 209, 211, 212, 234, 236, 273–275

legal pluralism 5, 6, 7, 162, 163, 168, 254, 255, 263, 264

legal positivism 152, 155, 158

legal profession 245

legal values 143

Lepage, Octavio 191

Levine, Daniel 185

Levit, Janet Koven 124, 126

Levitsky, Stephen 53, 67

Liga Argentina por los Derechos del Hombre (LADH) 245

Lillo Vera, Rodrigo 216, 220

Lomnitz, Clarissa 185

London 121, 133, 261

Lonko Quilapán legal clinic 216

López Ayllón, Sergio 81

Lopez Maya, Margarita 189

López Medina, Diego 145, 157

Los Lagos 215

Lovatón, David 169

Loveman, Brian 9

Lu, Yiyi 184

Luckman, Thomas 26

Lula, Luiz Inácio 55, 56, 64, 71

Lutz, Ellen 166, 273


Madariaga, Jaime 218

Madre Selva 175

Magaloni, Beatriz 81, 87

Malagón Barceló, Javier 9

Mallon, Florencia E. 9, 20

Mapuche people 9, 17, 207, 208, 209, 212, 215, 216, 222

Mapudungun 214

Women with the Force of the Earth 214

Marquez, Walter 188

Marshallian 258

Massacre of El Amparo 188

Master of Laws 157

Maya Q’eqchi 175

McCann, Michael W. 211

meaning settling 26, 27

Medellín cartel 32

media 18, 120, 188, 195, 199, 201, 212

trial by media 202

Meili, Stephen 182

Mello, Marco Aurelio 70

Méndez, Juan 5, 20, 162, 172

Menem, Carlos 124, 261

Merino, Mauricio 88

Merry, Sally 6, 10, 19, 20

Merryman, John H. 6, 144

Mertz, Elizabeth 26

Mexico 42, 166, 220, 221, 262, 267

amparo 87

appeals tribunals (Tribunales Colegiados de Circuito) 79, 87

Cámara de Diputados 85

Constitution of 1857 259

Constitution of 1917 259

criterios 79, 81, 82, 89, 97

Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary 79

Federal Judicial Council (Consejo de la Judicatura Federal) 88

jurisprudential doctrines (criterios) 81

jurisprudential theses 89, 97, 105

Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information 93

Mexican Constitution of 1917 105

Mexican Federal Law of Transparency and Access 88, 93, 95

Mexican Supreme Court 14, 15, 78, 79, 81, 85, 87, 89, 105

mínimo vital 14, 15, 29–49

Mitchell, Timothy 26

Molinelli, Guillermo 235

Montana Exploradora 173, 174, 177

Morales, Evo 132, 263

Morales, Felipe G. 226, 227, 228

Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS) 263

Naddeo, Cecilia 113, 125, 126, 131

Nagche 207

Naím, Moisés 185, 186

Nash Rojas, Claudio 168

National Assembly

See underVenezuela (Congress)

National Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI) 209

National Endowment for Democracy 249

National Environment Commission, (CONAMA) 209

natural law 150, 151, 154, 155, 156, 157

Nelken, David 82

Nelson, William 143

neoconstitutionalism 141–158

neoliberal multiculturalism 165

neoliberalism 4, 11

Netherlands 166

Neuman, Gerald L. 114

new institutionalism 12, 13

discourse institutionalism 13

historical institutionalism (HI) 12, 13

Rational Choice Institutionalism (RI) 12

New Spain 9

Nicaragua 132, 149, 221

Nino, Carlos 152, 154

non-governmental organizations (NGO) 11, 17, 120, 167, 175, 177, 184, 187, 192, 197, 213, 222, 234, 243, 248, 262, 268

North, Douglass C. 75

Northfleet, Ellen Gracie 55

Norway 166

O’Barr, William M. 29, 49

O’Donnell, Guillermo 5, 20, 53, 162, 172, 209

Open Society 249

Opsvik, Tor 216

Oquendo, Ángel 11, 20

Organization of American States (OAS) 116, 118

Ortega, Liliana 196

Oxy 167, 263

Panama 221

Paraguay 166, 220, 221

Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) 79, 92

Pásara, Luis 82, 270

Pastrana, Andrés 47

Paulo, Vicente 57, 73

Pehuenche 208, 209, 214

Peña, Carlos 153

Peña, Rodolfo Ortega 246

Perez Perdomo, Rogelio 113, 126

Perez, Carlos Andrés 190

Perez-Liñan, Anibal 190, 191


Pérez-Perdomo, Rogelio 7, 182, 184, 186, 187, 193, 196, 262

Perillo, Joseph M. 144

Peronism 245

Peru 9, 10, 21, 56, 166, 168, 220, 221, 261

Supreme Court 131, 142

Peruzzotti, Enrique 82, 266

Phillips, Scott 26, 27, 50

Pinheiro, Paulo Sérgio 5, 20, 162, 172

Pinochet, Augusto 10, 21, 119, 120, 122, 133, 217, 261

Pisarello, Gerardo 134

Playa Grande Ixcán 176

political science 262

Poluco-Pidenco 217

Poole, Deborah 169

Popper, Karl 28

Portal de la Justicia Argentina 238

Presidential Decrees 222, 242

prior consultation 166, 167, 168

Program of Promotion and Information on Indigenous Rights (PIDI) 212, 222

PROVEA 203

Quechua 168, 225

Ralco Dam 208, 214, 215, 221

Randeria, Shalini 163

Rappaport, Joanna 9, 20, 163

Rasch, Elisabet 177

Rawls, John 152

RI

See new institutionalism

Richards, Patricia 165

rights

collective rights 28, 164, 220, 241, 243

constitutional rights 246

fundamental rights 31, 32, 36, 39, 45, 120, 219, 224, 227

rights talk 14

social rights 25, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 44, 45

subsistence rights 25, 26, 31, 37

rights revolution 273–275

Ríos Figueroa, Julio 11, 89, 141

Rocha, Zélio Maia da 57, 73

Rodríguez-Garavito, César 162, 163, 167, 263

Rodriguez-Piñero Royo, Luis 168

Rohde, Clifford C. 188

Rosenn, Keith 3, 56, 58, 59, 61, 76

Rosich, Antonio 197, 201

rule of law 265, 267, 271

rulings

preliminary rulings 58

summary rulings 58

Sadek, Mara Teresa 56, 71

Salazar, Rodrigo 185

Saldivia, Laura 246

Samper, Ernesto 42

San Juan Atitán 176

San Marcos 173, 174

San Miguel 173

Santiso, Carlos 56

Santos, Boaventura de Sousa 7, 11, 20, 163

Sarat, Austin 182, 184

Sawyer, Susanne 163, 165

Scheingold, Stuart 182, 184

Schjolden, Line 9, 162, 184

Schmidt, Vivien A. 13, 21

Scott, Rebecca 9

semantic field 27, 29, 30, 33, 35, 39, 40

Sen, Amartya 152, 264

Shapiro, Martin 25, 28, 50, 142

Shell 167

Sieder, Rachel 82, 141

Siegel, Reva B. 28

Sierra, María Teresa 169

Sikkink, Kathryn 114, 142, 166, 270, 273

Silva Bascuñán, Alejandro 150

Sipakapa 173, 174, 175, 176, 177

Slaughter, Anne-Marie 271

Smulovitz, Catalina 113, 123, 124, 134, 141, 142, 184

Snodgrass-Godoy, Angelina 14, 21, 172

Snow, David 82

social movement 16, 17, 257

socio-legal studies 6

Solano, Luis 170

Southworth, Anne 235

Spain 154, 166

Specific Command Jose Antonio Paez (CEJAP) 187

Stacey, Helen 114

Staton, Jeffrey 51

Stavenhagen, Rodolfo 207, 212

Steinmetz, George 7, 8, 21

Stern, Steven J. 9, 21

Stokes, Susan 82

Stone Sweet, Alec 8, 21, 28, 50, 75, 115, 142, 154

subsistence minimum

See mínimo vital

support structure for litigation 244

Supreme Federal Tribunal of Brazil (STF) 51–68

appeals 55, 57, 70

case load 58

collegiality 62, 72

consequencialistas 63

Constitutional Amendment No 6, 58

dean of Court 62

injunctions 70

judicial role perception 63

jurisdiction 57, 63

legalistas 63

Regimento Interno 62, 65

transparency 62, 66

TV Justica 66

Syrett, Keith 28, 50

Szablowski, David 10, 169

Tapia, Enrique 130

Tarrow, Sydney 237

Tate, Neal 8, 51, 119, 142, 161, 178, 235

Taylor, Charles 152

Taylor, Matthew M. 9, 52, 53, 55, 56, 58, 65, 71, 141, 145

Tenango Mining Company 176

Teubner, Gunther 161

Thatcherites 28

Todos Santos Cuchumatán 176

trade unions 96, 97, 245

transitional justice 254, 260, 261, 262, 267, 268

Tribunal of Justice of the Andean Community (ATJ) 114, 115

Tribunales Colegiados de Circuit (TCC)

See underappeals tribunals

Tribunales Colegiados de Circuito (TCC) 87

Tricot, Tito 208

Tsai, Kellee S. 67

tutela 32, 35, 36, 37, 44, 45, 46, 81, 273

U’wa 167, 263, 268

UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 85, 166, 175

Union of South American Nations (Unasur) 132

United Kingdom 28

United Nations (UN)

General Assembly 85, 166

United Nations 214

UN Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man 116

United States 145, 149, 262

Bill of Rights 143

Supreme Court 112

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) 169

Uniting Force 199

Universidad Diego Portales 153

University of the Frontier, Temuco 213

University of Wisconsin Law School 4

Uprimny, Rodrigo 162, 272, 273

Uribe, Álvaro 47

Uruguay 10, 259, 262

Valdez, Juan Gabriel 4

Vallinder, Torbjorn 8, 51, 119, 142, 161, 178, 235

Van Cott, Donna 164

Van Harten, Gus 170

Vargas, Enrique 227, 228

Velazquez, Ramón, J. 191

Venezuela 10, 17, 149, 166

Apitz v. Venezuela 127, 128

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela 193

Comisión de Funcionamiento y Reestructuración del Sistema Judicial (CFRSJ) 127

Congress 191

Constitution 127, 193

El Amparo 187, 189

El Caracazo 189

El Gran Viraje 191

First Contentious Administrative Court 196

Judicial Emergency Commission 126, 127

National Constituent Assembly 126

pacted democracy 182

Support Network for Justice and Peace 189

Supreme Court 113, 119, 127, 128, 129, 133

Supreme Justice Tribunal 196

the electoral branch (Poder Electoral) 193

the popular branch (Poder Ciudadano) 193

Venezuelan Program on Education Action in Human Rights 189

Venezuelan Federation of Chambers and Associations of Commerce and Manufacture (FEDECAMARAS) 194

Venezuelan Penal Forum (FPV) 199

Verba, Sidney 82

Verchioli, Virginia 246

Viotti da Costa, Emilia 63

Volunteer Work in Prison Establishments (VTEP) 187

Wahlbeck, Paul J. 26

Walzer, Michael 152

Warren Court 149

Washington D.C. 117

Weber, Robert 85

Weissbourd, Bernard 26

Werneck Vianna, Luiz 71

Whittington, Keith 51, 145


Wilson, Bruce 4, 10, 11, 53, 54, 55, 80, 81, 272

Women's Municipal Office 249

World Bank 169, 170, 172, 174

World Trade Organization (WTO) 169

World War II 35, 116

writ of protection 219

Yale Law School 152

Youngers, Coleta 261

Yukos affair 202

Zapatista National Liberation Army 99

Zedillo, Ernesto 97




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