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Paul the Apostle

Details

  • 1 b/w illus. 3 maps
  • Page extent: 220 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.48 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 225.9/2 B
  • Dewey version: 23
  • LC Classification: BS2506.3 .H37 2012
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Paul,--the Apostle, Saint
    • HISTORY / General.--bisacsh

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521767644)

Paul the Apostle
Cambridge University Press
9780521767644 - Paul the Apostle - His Life and Legacy in Their Roman Context - By J. Albert Harrill
Frontmatter/Prelims

Paul the Apostle: His Life and Legacy in Their Roman Context

This controversial new biography of the apostle Paul argues for his inclusion in the pantheon of key figures of classical antiquity, along with the likes of Socrates, Alexander the Great, Cleopatra, and Augustus. It first provides a critical reassessment of the apostle's life in its historical context that focuses on Paul's discourse of authority, which was both representative of its Roman context and provocative to his rivals within the Christian movement. It then considers the legend that developed around Paul as the history of his life was elaborated and embellished by later interpreters, creating legends that characterized the apostle variously as a model citizen, an imperial hero, a sexual role model, an object of derision, and an authority to quote from. It is precisely this rewriting of Paul's history into legend that makes the apostle a key transformative figure of classical antiquity.

J. Albert Harrill is Professor of Classics at The Ohio State University. A New Testament scholar, he is the author of Slaves in the New Testament: Literary, Social, and Moral Dimensions (2006) and The Manumission of Slaves in Early Christianity (1995). He has contributed to numerous reference works on the Bible and Christianity, and his articles have appeared in such journals as New Testament Studies, Journal of Biblical Literature, Studia Patristica, and Religion and American Culture.


Paul the Apostle

His Life and Legacy in Their Roman Context

J. Albert Harrill

The Ohio State University


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
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Cambridge University Press
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www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521757805

© Cambridge University Press 2012

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2012
Printed in the United States of America

A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

Harrill, James Albert, 1963–
Paul the Apostle : his life and legacy in their Roman context / J. Albert Harrill.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-0-521-76764-4 (hardback) – ISBN 978-0-521-75780-5 (paperback) 1. Paul, the Apostle, Saint. I. Title.
BS2506.3.H37 2012
225.9ʹ2–dc23 2012016337
[B]

ISBN 978-0-521-76764-4 Hardback
ISBN 978-0-521-75780-5 Paperback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet Web sites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such Web sites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


for Steven Goldman


“That Saint Paul.…He's the one who makes all the trouble.”

– Rinaldi in Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell to Arms


Contents

Figures and Boxes
ix
Preface
xi
Introduction
1
Part I:       The Life
1             From Pharisee to Apostle
23
2             Communities in the Making
46
3             Paul's Life in Its Roman Context
76
Part II:      The Legend
4             Competing Stories about Paul in Late Antiquity
97
5             Paul the Scriptural Authority: Contradictory Discourses
120
6             How the West Got Paul Wrong
138
Conclusion: Going beyond the Epitaph
163
Appendix 1:   Extant Writings Attributed to Saint Paul in Rough Chronological Order
167
Appendix 2:   Reconstructing Paul's Corinthian Correspondence: A Puzzle
169
Appendix 3:   Ancient Christian Works Containing Pauline Traditions and Legends
171
Notes and Further Reading
177
Bibliography
181
Index of Biblical Citations
193
Index
198

Figures and Boxes

Figures

1           The Roman World
xv
2           Paul's Missionary Travel: A Geographical Circle around the Aegean
47
3           The Erastus Inscription
69
4           Paul's Unrealized Dream: A Mission to Spain
71

Boxes

1           The Earliest Known Warning about Fake Pauline Letters
6
2           Comparing Acts and Galatians: Paul's First Jerusalem Visit as an Apostle
8
3           Luke–Acts Describes Itself as a Secondary Source: The Prologue
10
4           Gospel Parallel: The Difference between Mark and Luke
12
5           Midrash on the Last Days (Dead Sea Scroll Known as 4Q174)
27
6           Allegorical Interpretation and Classical Mythology
28
7           Paul's Pride in Being Jewish
29
8           The Pharisees among the Jewish Schools of Thought
30
9           Paul's Gospel Narrative: Who Saw Jesus First Does Not Matter
37
10          Paul's Flight from Damascus
39
11          The Flight from Damascus in the Book of Acts
40
12          Paul's Spontaneously Decided Journeys
48
13          Proselytes in Distress over Their Recent Conversions
54
14          Paul on Israel and Covenant
57
15          Paul's Revisionist Reading of Scripture: The Allegory of Sarah and Hagar
59
16          Paul on Roman Imperial Authorities
91
17          Paul on Marriage and Celibacy
107
18          The Female Apostle Thecla: Celibate and (Would-be) Martyr
110
19          Patristic Frankness over Paul's Fight with Peter
117
20          Marcion's Antitheses
125
21          Paul's Vocabulary of Spiritual Hierarchy
127
22          John Chrysostom on Paul's Chains
134
23          In Praise of Pauline Inconsistency: Paul the Physician
136
24          Mani's Reading of Paul: The Inner Struggle over Sin
141
25          The Freudian Paul
149
26          The Muslim Paul
158




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