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Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585–1660
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  • Page extent: 386 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.74 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 306.3/620899674107
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: E29.N3 H49 2007
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Africans--America--History--17th century
    • Blacks--America--History--17th century
    • Creoles--America--History--17th century
    • African Americans--History--17th century
    • Community life--America--History--17th century

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521770651)




Index



Abreu e Brito, Domingos, 90

Afonso I, 53, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 68, 69, 70, 72, 80, 84, 87, 91, 95, 100, 106, 137, 138, 143, 153, 167, 174, 175, 184, 186, 208, 209, 307, 317

Afonso Mvemba a Mpanzu, 175

Afonso, Baltasar, 99

Africanus, Leo, 302, 303

Agoaciaiongo, 205

Allada, 44, 46, 48, 247, 266, 267, 277, 280

Álvaro I, 83, 86, 87, 172, 173

Álvaro II, 100, 103, 135, 172, 173, 204, 307

Álvaro III, 121, 122, 136, 137, 142, 172, 173, 208, 209, 214, 222

Álvaro IV, 142, 143, 153

Álvaro Mpanzu a Nimi. See Álvaro V

Álvaro Nimi. See Álvaro VI

Álvaro V, 143

Álvaro VI, 143, 174, 206

Álvaro, son of Pedro II, 158

Amazon, 2, 21, 28, 29, 30, 36, 42, 238, 254, 260, 315

Ambaca, 75, 76, 117, 121, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 148, 149, 150, 152, 157, 159, 186, 192, 195, 196, 198, 202

Ambrósio I, 141, 142, 201, 271

ana murinda, 77

Anes, Afonso, 80, 81

Angela, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 28, 34, 40, 48, 119

Angola Inene. See Ngola Kiluanje

Angola Neck, 283

Angolomene a Kitambo, 89

Antonio José, 209

Antonio Manuel, 185, 204, 208, 218

António Manuel, 185, 208

António, Count of Soyo, 140, 180

António, Mwene Mbamba, 103

antu a tatu, 64

Antunes da Silva, Manuel, 120

Antwerp, 10, 12, 177

Arawak, 22

Argall, Samuel, 7

Argomedo, João de, 112

Asiento, 39, 40, 41, 48, 93, 97, 109, 117, 160, 166

Association Island. See Tortuga

Atlantic Creole, i, vii, 2, 49, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 67, 70, 72, 79, 82, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 113, 169, 170, 174, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 192, 194, 195, 196, 197, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 210, 212, 214, 217, 218, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 236, 238, 239, 240, 241, 267, 270, 279, 281, 282, 284, 288, 291, 294, 310, 320

Axe, Samuel, 32

Axila Mbande, 111

Axila Mbanza, 92

Ayres Fernandes, 96

Bahia, 18, 35, 36, 161, 224, 317

Baixa de Cassange, 53, 55, 133

Banha Cardoso, Bento, 114, 115, 116, 118, 121, 122, 130, 131, 132, 144, 317

Barbados, xi, xii, xiii, 19, 30, 45, 46, 48, 238, 239, 240, 241, 248, 249, 250, 254, 255, 256, 258, 262, 267, 268, 269, 272, 274, 280, 281, 291, 292, 297, 300, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 328, 330

Barbara, Sister of Queen Njinga, 155

Barbosa, Manuel, 144

Barbosse, Louruiso, 265

Barbuda d’Aguiar, Francisco, 86

Barentz, Pieter, 28

Barreira, Baltasar, 73, 75, 78, 79, 80, 85, 99, 101, 102, 104

Bartels, Emily, 300

Battell, Andrew, 33, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 97, 98, 101, 102, 106, 107, 303, 306, 309

Bautista Soares, Manuel, 6, 118, 119, 123, 136, 152, 176, 179, 189, 190, 204, 206, 214, 224

Baxter, Thomas, 253

Bayão, Bartolomeu, 17

Beckles, Hilary, 297

Bembe, 156

Benedict of Palermo, Saint, 188, 195

Bengo, 43, 52, 56, 87, 88, 90, 96, 102, 104, 121, 146, 147, 149, 152, 164, 186, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 213, 215, 221

Benguela, 51, 52, 54, 89, 91, 94, 95, 97, 110, 113, 114, 115, 116, 131, 143, 144, 149, 222, 225

Benin, 48

Berbice, 260, 261

Berlin, Ira, 49, 236, 238, 239, 240, 241, 248, 295, 298, 327

Bermuda, xi, xii, xiii, 7, 8, 21, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34, 40, 47, 240, 241, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 270, 273, 277, 279, 287, 289, 292, 296, 297, 313, 315, 319, 320, 321, 329, 330

Bernhard, Virginia, 296

Bestiana, Hannah, 288

Bezerra Fajardo, Antonio, 170

Biet, Antoine, 274, 329

Bight of Benin, 39

Blackburn, Robin, 294

Blessing (ship), 31

Bonaire, 241, 258, 259

Boston, i, iii, xii, xiii, 29, 46, 47, 251, 254, 262, 299, 321

Brazil, ix, 9, 10, 11, 12, 18, 20, 21, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 43, 44, 45, 47, 48, 75, 83, 95, 97, 109, 112, 113, 114, 131, 137, 139, 144, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 152, 158, 159, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 178, 185, 188, 213, 216, 217, 222, 223, 224, 248, 254, 260, 261, 266, 267, 270, 271, 314, 317, 324

Breen, T. H., 296

Brent, Giles, 244

Bristol, 24, 46

Browne, James, 45

Brun, Samuel, 106, 167, 216, 217, 307, 308, 309, 310, 315

Brussels, 14, 34

Bruto, António, 129, 133, 148, 149, 164

Bruynvisch (ship), 36, 37

Buenos Aires, 39, 113, 164, 166, 260

Bumbi, 223

Burgundy, 13

Butler, Samuel, 7

Cacheu, 43, 48, 293

Cadiz, 15

Cadornega, António de Oliveira de, 73, 76, 77, 115, 117, 118, 119, 121, 122, 129, 131, 134, 135, 144, 146, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 154, 155, 157, 158, 159, 164, 165, 167, 168, 174, 184, 188, 192, 194, 195, 196, 197, 199, 201, 202, 209, 214, 216, 217, 221

Calabar, 44, 45, 47, 48, 247, 248, 258, 266, 267, 277, 280

Caldeira, Beatriz, 117

Calombe, 194

Calvinist, 177, 179, 193, 202, 298, 309, 328

Cambambe, 52, 91, 92, 93, 95, 97, 111, 113, 114, 115, 151, 186, 187, 190, 193, 205, 224

Campeche, 6

Canary Islands, 11, 12, 26

cannibals, 12, 33, 304, 306, 308

Cannock, English captain, 30

Cão, Diogo, 57, 60

Cape Verde, 17, 19, 33, 38, 40, 41, 42, 106, 171, 277, 305, 308, 313, 314

Cardoso, Mateus, 91, 123, 136, 137, 139, 174, 175, 183, 184, 217

Carib, 22, 24, 29, 269

Caribbean, i, 2, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 33, 35, 37, 38, 40, 47, 167, 236, 240, 248, 254, 258, 260, 261, 268, 287, 291, 297, 312, 315

Carmelite, 66, 107

Cartagena, 18, 32, 41, 271

Casange. See Kasanze

Casanha, 105

Casor, John, 282, 320

Castanho, Jeronimo, 97

Castro, Miguel de, 185

Cavanga. See Sengas de Cavanga

Cavazzi, Giovanni Antonio, 55, 74, 76, 81, 84, 85, 91, 92, 124, 125, 127, 129, 130, 131, 133, 134, 135, 152, 155, 156, 157, 159, 174, 176, 177, 178, 179, 186, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 199, 200, 201, 202, 206, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 215, 216, 217, 219, 220, 224

Cavendish, Thomas, 18

Cayenne, 260, 274, 329

Cerveira Pereira, Manuel, 91, 92, 114, 115, 116, 225

Cezar de Menezes, Pedro, 135, 151, 164, 165, 201

Chamgalla, 69

charms, 60, 66, 177

Charter Generation, 236, 238, 239, 240, 241, 244, 247, 249, 252, 253, 255, 256, 260, 262, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 274, 275, 276, 280, 282, 290, 291, 294, 298, 300, 323, 327, 330

Chesapeake, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 248, 283, 287, 295, 296, 297, 299, 330

cimarones, 16

Cobbs, John, 168

Coelho, António, 135, 201

Combes, English captain, 29

Congo River, 43, 52, 53, 55, 57, 60, 70, 106, 107, 112, 141, 142, 170, 204, 206

Conniers, Denis, 247

Constantino, soba of Songa, 100

Coombs, John, xiii, 242

Coorn, Nicholas, 253

Corimba, 98, 99

Correa de Sá, Salvador, 152, 154, 155, 165, 166, 167

Correa de Sousa, João, 156, 157, 197

Correa, Antonio. See Samba Antumba

Correa, Bras, 138, 172, 185, 208

Correia da Silva, Francisco, 114

Correia de Sousa, João, 118, 124, 126, 127, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 184, 190, 223

Corrella, Buenaventura da, 202

Cortona, Serafino da, 155, 176, 177, 178, 195, 196

Costa, Diogo de, 102

Courteen, William, 26, 30

Cuba, 14, 22, 24, 25, 34, 36

Cukuli Mbooj, 9, 10

Cumaná, 16

Curaçao, 167, 241, 248, 258, 259, 267

Curry, Thomas, 23

Curse of Ham, 294, 305, 309

d’Aguiar, Rui, 61, 63, 64

d’Aguir, Christovão, 69

d’Angola, Paulo, 266

d’Elvas, Antonio Fernandes, 40

da Fonseca, Pero, 86

da Gaeta, Antonio, 76, 202

da Silva, António, 122, 136, 222

da Silva, João, ambassador, 60

Dambi a Hari, 129, 131

Dambi a Ngola, 118

Dande, 43, 52, 53, 72, 84, 96, 147, 148, 175, 186, 188, 194, 216

Dandi a Ngonga, 159

Dapper, Olifert, 106, 143, 149, 151, 153, 171, 177, 193, 208, 217

das Neves, Pedro, 96

Dassel, Anthony, 17

de Almeida, Francisco, 91

de Almeida, Jerónimo, 91

de Castro, Baltasar, 61, 78, 80

de Coligny, Gaspard, 20

de Gouveia, Francisco, 74, 81, 82, 86, 98, 197

de la Fosse, Eustace, 10

de Laet, Johannes, 35, 41, 317

de Massiac, 193, 212, 215

de Moor, Jan, 26, 37, 260, 269

de Sousa Chicorro, Belchior, 72

de Sousa, Fernão, 5, 61, 62, 65, 66, 72, 87, 94, 95, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 140, 141, 142, 144, 155, 157, 160, 161, 166, 176, 178, 190, 193, 196, 197, 198, 200, 201, 205, 206, 207, 209, 212, 223, 224, 238, 317

de Vries, David, 37, 260, 272

Deal, Douglas, 295, 296

Delft, 24

d’Elvas, Fernão, 160

Demba, 91

Dembos, 55, 96, 116, 134, 146, 148, 149, 154, 193, 217

Den Coninick Salomon (ship), 259

Desire (ship), 251

Dias de Novais, Paulo, 51, 73, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 197

Diogo I, 72

Doderecht, 19

Domingo Chilunguela, 194

Domingos Antonio, 209

Dominica, 18

Dowling, Emanuel, 46

Drake, Francis, 14, 15, 16, 21

Drax, James, 250, 290

Drew, Samuel, 274

Driggus, Emmanuell, 246, 273, 278

drums, 212

Duarte Lopes, 56

Dumbo a Pebo, 92, 115

Dutch Reformed Church, 262, 277, 287, 298, 330

Dutch West India Company, 31, 35, 36, 37, 41, 47, 140, 145, 162, 254, 315

Duverne, Isaac, 21, 22

Earl of Warwick, 7, 26, 28, 246, 257, 283

Eden, Richard, 301, 302, 303, 304, 313

Eendracht (ship), 42, 44

Elfrith, Daniel (ship’s captain), 6, 7, 27, 28, 257

Elizabeth I, 14, 15, 20

Eltonhead, William, 284

Esperança, 120

Essequibo, 21, 260, 261

Ethiopia, 60, 173, 215, 314

Evans, William, 247

Expectation (ship), 31

Faria Baretto, Dionisio de, 125, 127, 197

feiras, 127, 218

Felipe Ngola Hari. See Ngola Hari

Fernandes de Santa Maria, Diogo, 147

Fernandes Quemba, Pasqual, 156

Fernandes Vieira, João, 158, 166

Fernandes, António, 185

Fernandes, Domingos, 147

Ferreira, Diogo, 104

fidalgos, 73, 75

Flanders, 15, 24, 163

Florida, 20

Flushing. See Vlissingen

Fonseca, Pero da, 86

Foote, Thelma, 263, 298

Fort Nassau, 21

Fort Orange, Brazil, 21

Fort Orange, New Netherland, 23

Fortune (ship), 40, 46, 47, 271

Foster, Henry, 254

Francis Payne. See Pane, Franics

Francis Xavier, Saint, 214

Francisco Cazola, 192

Francisco de Sottomaior, Francisco de, 164

Francisco, Bermuda slave, 13, 19, 32, 33, 36, 58, 74, 75, 81, 82, 87, 110, 114, 115, 143, 148, 150, 151, 165, 187, 189, 197, 198, 204, 255, 278, 279, 325

Francisco, son of Ngola Hari, 198

Franklin, Ferdinand, 47, 163

Furtado de Mendonça, João, 90, 91

Gaeta, Antonio da, 74, 76, 81, 84, 129, 130, 155, 201, 202, 203, 204, 209, 217, 218, 221

Gaeween, John, 247, 272

Galenson, David, 295

Gambia, 17, 42, 48, 269, 293, 302, 305, 318

Garcia I, 141

Garcia II, 124, 147, 149, 152, 153, 158, 163, 165, 173, 180, 182

Garcia Nkanga. See Garcia II

Gaspar Aquibata, 150

Gaunt, Henry, 290

Genoa, 165

Ghana. See Gold Coast

Gilbert, Humphrey, 20

gold, 9, 10, 11, 34, 42, 45, 81, 95, 140, 168, 267, 304, 314

Gold Coast, 10, 11, 46, 301, 303, 304, 305, 306, 308, 309, 310, 314

Golden Dragon (ship), 18

Gomes, Diogo, 9

Gomez Angel, Melchor, 41

Gonçalves Bravo, Luis, 120

Goodfriend, Joyce, 298

Gookin, Daniel, 245

Gouveia Sottomaior, Francisco de, 83, 86

Graça Kifunji, 151

Gragg, Larry, 45, 297

Great Jolof, 9

Great Kina, 53

Green Island, 34

Gregory XV, 139

Grenada, 24

Groenewegen, Arent Andrianszoon, 24

Guiana, 18, 20, 21, 24, 29, 37, 238, 240, 259, 261

Guinea, 11, 17, 18, 19, 25, 38, 40, 42, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 79, 106, 160, 171, 225, 247, 259, 300, 301, 303, 308, 314

Guldene Craen, 33

Gunza Mbambe, 156, 159

Guy, Arthur, 40

Guyana, Spanish colony, 260, 261, 262

Hair, P. E. H., 300

Hakluyt, Richard, 11, 16, 18, 20, 300, 301, 302, 304, 307, 313, 318

Haku, 73, 156, 210

Hango a Kikaito, 91, 115

Happy Return (ship), 31

Harcourt, Robert, 24, 29, 262

Hari, 85, 115, 118, 129, 132, 134, 197, 198

Hari a Kiluanje, 118, 129, 130, 131, 132

Hari a Ngola, 154, 156

Hari, Province, 73

Harman, William, 246

Hartwell, Abraham, 302

Hawkins, John, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 38, 40, 313

Hawkins, William, 11

Heintze, Beatrix, 5, 54, 69, 72, 74, 75, 76, 116, 117, 119, 122, 125, 126, 127, 130, 133, 137, 159, 160, 206, 223

Henrique Dias, 150

Henrique, Bishop, 63

Heyn, Piet, 35, 36, 140, 180, 218

hides, 22, 32, 42

Hispaniola, 11, 12, 18, 20, 33

Hodges, Graham, 298, 327, 328

Honduras, 34

Hopewell (ship), 27, 47, 167

Hudson River, 23

Hudson, Henry, 23

idols, 59, 62, 63, 79, 99, 100, 101, 105, 175, 177, 178, 192, 194, 199

Ilamba, 73, 88, 89, 90, 115, 120, 131, 132, 152, 193

Imbangala, 33, 93, 94, 95, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 127, 129, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 138, 148, 150, 151, 154, 157, 187, 192, 196, 200, 201, 202, 203, 205, 218, 250, 272, 306

Imbe Kalandula, 93

Inkisi River, 53, 57

Innes, Stephen, 296

Inquisition, 13, 96, 103

Ita, Pieter Andriaenszoon, 37

ivory, 10, 13, 19, 42, 43, 45, 47, 112, 113, 135, 140, 144, 167, 201, 213, 304

Jackson, Henry, 258

Jackson, William, 31, 47

Jagas, 83, 94, 115, 119, 122, 139, 144, 172, 308

Jamaica, 6, 16, 18, 24, 26, 167, 248, 268

James I, 23

Jamestown, x, xii, xiii, 8, 20, 23, 26, 246, 329

Jesuits, 5, 64, 67, 73, 81, 89, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 111, 128, 135, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178, 179, 183, 184, 189, 190, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 198, 199, 201, 204, 207, 214, 220, 223, 224, 225

Jews, 13, 19, 35, 72, 261

João IV, 148, 150, 151, 154, 158, 165

João Milão, 103

João, Kongolese lay minister, 66

Jobson, Richard, 17, 302, 305, 318

John and Catherine (ship), 46

John Francisco, 246

John Grasheare. See Gaeween, John

John Grasheere. See Gaeween, John

Johnson, Anthony, 272, 282, 283, 286, 320

Johnston, Henry, 29

Jol, Cornelis Corneliszoon, 36, 145

Jope, John Colyn (ship’s captain), 6, 7, 27, 28, 34

Jordan, Winthrop, 295, 296, 299, 303, 305

Jorge, of Mbata, 59

Kabasa, 54, 75, 77, 86, 89, 95, 98, 99, 117, 118, 120, 127, 131, 197, 271

Kabonda, 92, 122

Kabuku ka Ndonga, 196

Kafuxi ka Mbare, 92, 95, 103

Kaita ka Balanga, 117

Kakongo, 55, 106, 108, 143, 144, 206

Kakulu ka Kabasa, 77, 148

Kakulu ka Kahenda, 146, 148

Kakulu ka Njimbo, 148

Kala, 204

kanda, 76

kandas, 73

Kapele, 148

Kasanje, 119, 124, 129, 133, 134, 135, 145, 151, 154, 155, 156, 168, 187, 222, 226, 272

Kasanze, 84, 102, 121, 122, 136, 137, 138, 139, 157, 223

Kasikola, 88

Kasuta. See da Silva, João

Kaza, 129, 131, 132

Kendall, Miles, 7, 27, 28, 244

Kennebec River, 23

Key, Elizabeth, 323, 329

kijikos, 75, 77, 78, 97, 126, 128

Kikongo, xi, 56, 59, 63, 73, 99, 103, 136, 153, 156, 171, 172, 175, 179, 185, 208, 212, 216, 238, 275, 317

Kilembi Lembi, 159

kilombo, 134, 155, 221

Kiluanje kia Ndambi, 209

Kilunda, 85, 146

kilundas, 79, 100

kimbares, 195

Kimbundu, xi, 8, 56, 72, 73, 75, 85, 99, 104, 127, 134, 156, 193, 200, 238, 275, 277, 317

kimpasi, 177

Kindonga, 118, 124, 127, 131, 132, 134, 200

Kingela Kagombe, 92

Kisala, 128

Kisama, 54, 73, 74, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 97, 103, 131, 145, 154, 157, 166, 170, 204, 205, 206, 226

kitekes, 79

Kitexi ka Ndambi, 148, 159

Kituxila, 151

Kombi, 151

Kongo, i, vii, xi, 6, 9, 35, 43, 44, 47, 49, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 86, 87, 90, 94, 96, 98, 99, 100, 101, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 112, 113, 116, 118, 121, 122, 123, 124, 126, 127, 133, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 157, 158, 160, 163, 164, 165, 169, 170, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 181, 183, 184, 185, 187, 188, 189, 191, 192, 193, 196, 201, 202, 203, 204, 206, 208, 209, 210, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 220, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 238, 271, 272, 283, 284, 290, 291, 292, 299, 307, 308, 310, 312, 314, 317, 330

Kongo dia Nlaza, 54

Krieft, Governor, 263, 266, 285, 324, 325, 328

Kundi, 141, 170, 204

Kupperman, Karen Ordahl, 30, 297

Kurland, 269

Kuvo River, 95

Kwango River, 52, 53, 55, 72, 124, 145, 155, 169, 170

Kwanza River, 52, 53, 54, 70, 72, 74, 75, 78, 81, 83, 86, 87, 88, 90, 92, 96, 98, 99, 100, 104, 108, 115, 118, 124, 131, 132, 146, 150, 151, 152, 154, 156, 157, 165, 186, 187, 188, 189, 193, 197, 199, 204, 205, 206, 225

La Concepción (ship), 18

La Hacha, 16

La Rochelle, 14

Lake Quilunda, 213

Langere, 205

lay ministers, 65, 66

Leiden, 23, 163, 217

Leigh, Charles, 21

Leitão, Francisco, 161

Lemba, 205

Lembo, 76, 131

Leyden (ship), 34, 43, 324

libambo, 169

Liberia, 12

Libolo, 74, 150, 154, 156, 159, 166, 170, 200, 205, 210, 213

lifuku, 86

Ligon, Richard, 48, 249, 250, 273, 290, 291, 293, 300, 328, 329

Littleton, Nathaniel, 243

Loango, 36, 43, 44, 47, 51, 55, 56, 106, 107, 112, 113, 143, 144, 165, 167, 170, 171, 204, 206, 207, 217, 218, 224, 260, 267, 303, 306, 307, 308, 309

Lok, John, 301, 313, 318

Lonckes, Frans, 28

Longa River, 52, 54, 89

Longville, Edward, 46

Lopes, Duarte, 54, 96, 172, 307

Lord Carlisle, 29

Lord Willoughby, 249, 262, 268

Lord’s Payer, 99

Lourenço, Domingos, 198, 199

Low Countries, 2, 3, 13, 14, 22, 35, 314

Lower Guinea, 39, 49

Luanda, xiii, 5, 35, 43, 44, 47, 53, 70, 72, 74, 83, 84, 88, 90, 94, 95, 96, 98, 99, 100, 103, 104, 107, 108, 112, 114, 116, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 127, 128, 130, 131, 135, 136, 138, 139, 140, 142, 145, 146, 147, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 158, 159, 161, 162, 163, 165, 166, 167, 175, 178, 179, 180, 183, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 192, 193, 197, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 210, 211, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 220, 222, 225, 245, 275, 324, 330

Lübeck, 19

Lubolo, 156

Lukala River, 54, 78, 84, 88, 89, 92, 115, 195

lukanzo, 77

Lukeni lua Nimi, 57

Lumbo, 73, 132

Lunda Empire, 53, 94

Luso-Africans, 70, 71, 79, 80, 82, 84, 86, 87, 96, 97, 98, 99, 101, 103, 104, 112, 124, 127, 134, 139, 147, 151, 155, 183, 184, 186, 187, 193, 195, 203, 204, 213, 214 216

Lynch, Thomas, 167

Magalhães, Henrique de, 196

Magarabomba, 12

Maine, 23

Makoko, 204

makotas, 75, 85

Mali, Empire of, 12, 303

Mandinka, 17

Manes, 12

Mangombe, 154

Mani Benso, 144

Manuel Jordão, 141, 208, 271

March, Giles, 31

Marees, Pieter de, 302, 304, 305, 306, 308, 309, 310, 314

Margarita, 16, 19

Marie Bonaventure (ship), 249

marque, letter of, 6, 7, 15, 19, 25, 27, 30, 31, 32, 34, 258

marriage, 66, 105, 117, 129, 174, 209, 277, 279, 290, 328

Martins de Sousa Chichorro, Luis, 156, 157, 158, 166

Martins de Sousa Chirchorro, Luis, 157

Mary Bonaventure (ship), 45

Massangano, xi, 77, 88, 89, 96, 103, 104, 132, 146, 149, 150, 151, 152, 159, 164, 169, 186, 187, 192, 193, 194, 195, 198, 199, 202, 203, 205, 222

Matadi, 57

Matamba, 55, 72, 74, 89, 130, 134, 145, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 167, 168, 170, 187, 196, 197, 200, 201, 202, 203, 205, 210, 221, 224, 226, 330

Matari, 209

Matthews, Samuel, 243, 245

Maverick, Samuel, 46, 251

Maxwell, Clarence, 296, 297

Mbamba, 53, 66, 96, 103, 122, 135, 138, 140, 141, 142, 147, 153, 159, 174, 175, 177, 184, 209, 212, 217, 271

Mbandi a Ngola, 91, 92, 197, 209

Mbanza Kongo, 53, 57, 60, 63, 172

Mbanza Loango, 106

Mbanza Mbamba, 66

Mbata, 55, 57, 58, 96, 103, 174, 176, 204

Mbidizi River, 52

mbila, 63

Mbumbi, 96, 104, 138, 140, 161, 174, 183, 184, 185, 209

Mbundu, 51, 56, 59, 72, 74, 79, 96, 98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 109, 131, 133, 138, 164, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 194, 195, 196, 197, 200, 203, 210, 212, 213, 214, 215, 224, 238, 290

Mbwila, 56, 74, 122, 127, 134, 141, 149, 154, 155, 161, 185, 226

Megapolensis, Johannes, 325

Menard, Russell, 243, 250, 295

Mendes da Cunha, Manuel (ship’s captain), 5

Mendes de Vasconcelos, João, 122

Mendes de Vasconcelos, Luis, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121, 123, 124, 126, 127, 128, 130, 131, 136, 137, 160, 161, 197

Mendoza de Sosa, Christofo, 41

Mexico, 11, 15, 38, 166, 277

Miguel Daniel, 208

Miranda Henriques, Rodrigo de, 154, 155

Miranda, Antonio, 148

Mocaria Camatamba, 55

Mocumbe, 87

Modyford, Thomas, 250

Montesarchio, Girolamo da, 205

Morgan, Edmund, 243, 295, 327

Mortamer, Pieter, 147, 162, 177, 178, 179, 185, 188, 224

Mosquito Coast, 31

Mosta, Alvise da, 10, 301

Moyo Okisi, 64

Mpanzu a Kitima, 62

Mpanzulumbu, 69

Mpemba, 57, 59, 138, 153, 158, 159, 174

Mpemba Kasi, 57

Mpinda, 43, 64, 96, 112, 113, 167, 183

Mpuku a Nsuku, 57

Mpumbu, 110, 113

Muanga Luamba, 75

Mubanga, 76, 117

Mubanga Kiluanji, 76

Mubango, 131

mubikas, 78

Muje a Zemba, 90

Münster, Sebastian, 301, 303

murindas, 73

Museke, 73

music, 61, 66, 212, 213, 214, 221, 291

Muslims, 295, 303, 328

Musseke, 88, 149

Mutemo, 96, 104

Mutemo a Kingenga, 148

Muxima, 87, 104, 146, 151, 152, 186, 187, 193

Muxima Kitangonge, 87

Mvemba a Nzinga. See Afonso I

Mwala, 175

mwamba, 216

Mwene Kudya, 76

Mwene Lumbo, 75, 132

Mwene Misete, 76

Mwene Ndongo, 79

Mwene Nkisi, 106

Mwenga a Kiluanje, 197

Mwenge Kiluanje, 76

Nambe a Kalombe, 148

Nambu a Ngongo, 56, 121, 135, 138, 148, 223

names, i, 36, 61, 67, 76, 81, 100, 143, 208, 209, 210, 215, 272, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 283, 293, 311, 316, 329, 330

Nassau (ship), 7, 43, 145, 147, 149, 162, 171, 182, 207, 217, 218

Native Americans, 1, 21, 31, 32, 33, 245, 248, 258, 261, 263, 266, 270, 283, 317, 318, 322

Ndambi a Ndonga, 148

Ndambi a Ngola, 80, 209

Ndongo, vii, 6, 49, 51, 54, 55, 56, 64, 69, 70, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 98, 100, 101, 103, 106, 109, 110, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 143, 145, 147, 148, 151, 156, 157, 163, 169, 170, 187, 196, 197, 200, 205, 209, 210, 214, 221, 223, 271

New Amsterdam, 36, 37, 45, 238, 240, 241, 247, 252, 253, 254, 259, 262, 263, 264, 266, 267, 270, 274, 276, 277, 281, 285, 286, 287, 298, 322, 323, 324, 330

New Christians, 72, 96, 117, 120, 190, 191

New England, xii, 2, 23, 32, 33, 46, 238, 239, 240, 241, 250, 251, 273, 281, 283, 287, 292, 312, 321

New Netherland, 23, 32, 37, 42, 239, 240, 241, 250, 252, 262, 263, 265, 266, 267, 270, 271, 277, 278, 285, 287, 289, 292, 311, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 330, 331

Newport, Christopher, xiii, 18

nfundi, 216

nganga a ukisi, 64

ngangas, 66, 177

Ngola a Kiluanji, 197

Ngola Hari, 76, 118, 131, 132, 133, 134, 196, 197, 198, 209

Ngola Kanini Kiluanji, 76

Ngola Kiluanji, 74, 76, 79, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 91, 209

Ngola Kiluanji kia Ndambi, 82, 84

Ngola Kiluanji kia Samba, 85

Ngola Mbandi, 117, 118, 119, 121, 124, 127, 128, 129, 130, 197

Ngola, title, 74

Ngolambole, 75

Ngoleme, 75

Ngoleme a Kaita, 159

Ngolome a Keta, 148, 150

Ngombe a Mukiama, 90

Ngongo a Mbata, 183

Nicaragua, 30

Nieuhof, Johan, 213

Nieulant, Cronelis, 147, 162, 163, 217, 324

Njinga Mbandi. See Njinga, Queen

Njinga Mona, 150

Njinga Ngola, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 102

Njinga Ngola Kilombo kia Kasenda, 84, 85, 87, 89, 91, 130

Njinga, Queen, 74, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 102, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 141, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 160, 161, 162, 164, 165, 187, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 209, 213, 217, 218, 221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 271, 272, 317

nkanda a ukisi, 64

Nkanga Mvika. See Pedro II

nkutu, 218

Noodles’ Island, 46, 251

North, Roger, 29

Northhampton, 246

Nsala, 149, 164

nsanga, 61, 212, 214, 290

Nsundi, 58, 59, 91, 141, 142, 208, 222, 271

Nunes Belmonte, Diogo, 35

Nunes, Simão, 213

Nzambi a Mpungu, 175

Nzari Kongo, 43, 106

Nzele, 86, 87

nzimbu, 178

Nzinga a Nkuwu. See João I

Nzinga Nkuwu, 9, 60, 61, 208

nzo a ukisi, 59, 63

Okanga, 96, 204, 207

Okango, 141, 170, 204

Opdyck, Gysbert, 265

Order of Christ, 172, 223

Orinico, 24

Orinoco, 261

Ouman, Cornelis, 145, 147

Our Lady of the Rosary, 178, 188, 210, 214

Ovimbundu, 94, 154

Paccone, Francesco, 175, 187

Pacconio, Francesco, 197, 198

Pacheco, Manuel, 78, 80

Packwood, Cyril, 296

palm wine, 94, 217, 292

Panama, 14, 16, 19

Pane, Francis, 246, 282, 285

Parker, William, 19

Parr, Richard, 249

Parris, John, 47

Paulo Afonso, 138

Paulo, Court of Soyo, 142

Pauw, Michael, 37

Pedro II, 91, 138, 139, 141, 146, 158, 164, 223

Pedro, John, 283, 284, 285, 286, 289

pepper, 10

Pequot War, 32

Pereira Coutinho, Manuel, 134

Pereira Forjaz, Manuel, 89, 105, 110, 111, 112, 113, 123

Pereira Girão, João, 197

Pernambuco, 21, 35, 36, 37, 43, 161, 165, 271

Peru, 11, 15, 38, 166

Phillip II, 13, 15, 96, 97, 105, 110

Phillip III, 114, 122

Phillip IV, 139, 140

Pierce, Daniel, 46

Pierce, William, 8

Piercy, Abraham, 242, 246

Pigafetta, Filippo, 54, 56, 83, 86, 87, 96, 106, 172, 302, 303, 307, 308, 310, 312, 314

pirates, 28

Plantation Generation, 239, 240, 241, 244, 247, 248, 249, 253, 255, 259, 260, 261, 262, 267, 268, 269, 270, 279, 280, 282, 290, 293, 298, 300, 312, 323

Plymouth, New England, 23, 33, 251

Point Comfort, 7

polygamy, 66, 305

pombeiros, 113, 218

Pombo Samba, 155

Portugal, ix, xi, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 35, 51, 55, 58, 60, 61, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 71, 79, 80, 81, 83, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 95, 98, 102, 104, 107, 109, 110, 116, 119, 130, 132, 135, 136, 139, 141, 145, 148, 154, 163, 165, 173, 187, 188, 189, 192, 204, 206, 207, 214, 215, 216, 284, 316

Pott, Francis, 244

Powell, Henry, 30

Powell, John, 27, 28, 30

priests, 5, 19, 60, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69, 70, 79, 81, 83, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 171, 172, 174, 176, 178, 179, 182, 189, 190, 194, 195, 198, 199, 202, 203, 206, 210, 212

privateers, ix, 2, 7, 8, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 47, 48, 109, 160, 167, 222, 246, 247, 254, 255, 256, 258, 259, 260, 271, 319

Providence Island, 30, 31, 32, 33, 41, 250, 254, 255, 256, 258, 271, 297, 298, 315, 328

Puckrein, Gary, 249, 297

Puerto Rico, 18, 20

Pungo Andongo, 76, 115, 118, 131, 197, 198, 200, 203

Purchas, Samuel, 19, 21, 33, 95, 101, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 309, 313

Puritans, 23, 30, 273

quilombo. See kilombo

Quimbundu. See Ovimbundu

Rainbow (ship), 46, 292

Raleigh, Walter, 20, 21, 262

Rebelo de Aragão, Baltasar, 120, 121, 123

Recife, 162, 163, 164, 185, 261

Red Lion (ship), 17

regimento, 110

renda, 58

Renselaerwyck, 253

Republic of Congo, 52

Rich, Robert, 7, 8, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 34, 257, 291

Richardson, George, 249

Rio de Janeiro, 20, 29, 36, 81, 225, 317

Rodrigues Coutinho, João, 91, 92, 97, 111

Rodrigues Solis, Jorge, 97

Rolf, John, 7

Roma, Giovanni Francesco da, 153, 171, 173, 185, 208, 216, 217, 220

Rome, xi, xiii, 54, 96, 100, 103, 107, 138, 172, 173, 185, 194, 218, 223, 271, 307

Roode Hart (ship), 19

Ruiters, Dierick, 314

Saint Christopher, 29, 30, 32, 36, 46, 259

Saint James Major, 62, 174

Saint Kitts. See Saint Christopher

Salgado de Araújo, João, 144, 171

Samba Antumba, 118

Samuel (ship), 7, 21, 32, 33, 45, 46, 47, 95, 106, 217, 246, 277, 301, 303, 315

San Tomé (on Orinoco), 24

Sandoval, Alonso de, 6, 24, 33, 225

Sandys, Edwin, 7

Sangamento, 212

Sanguiandali, 75

Santa Elena Island, 20

Santo Domingo. See Hispaniola

São João Bautista (ship), 5, 6, 7, 17, 28, 40, 119, 161

São Miguel, 63

São Salvador. See Mbanza Kongo

São Tomé, 9, 13, 17, 35, 38, 39, 45, 52, 65, 68, 69, 72, 78, 79, 80, 83, 99, 107

Sarnando, James, 287, 288

sasparilla, 22

sassafras, 23

Savoy, 6, 7, 27

Scarburgh, Edmond, 45, 247

Scarburgh, Matilda, 247

Schetz, Erasmus, 13

schools, 64, 171

Sea Beggars, 14

Sebastião I, 82, 83

secular clergy, 67, 104, 105, 176, 179, 189, 190, 210

Senegal, 9, 17, 38, 42

Sengas de Cavanga, 148

Serrão, Luis, 89, 90, 95, 131

Serravezza, Antonio da, 155, 156

Sheppard, Sheppard, 247

Shirley, Anthony, 18

Sierra Leone, 12, 17, 38, 42, 46, 313, 315

Silva, Daniel da, 141, 142, 143, 153, 158, 171, 182

Simões, Garcia, 73, 76, 77, 78, 79, 82, 84, 85, 98, 172

Simon Antonio, 245

slave trade, 13, 39, 44, 45, 67, 70, 123, 159, 294

Sluiter, Engel, xi, 6, 13, 22, 23

Soares Lasso, Lopo, 144

sobas, 56, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 85, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 100, 101, 102, 104, 111, 115, 119, 120, 121, 126, 127, 129, 131, 132, 136, 149, 150, 151, 152, 159, 186, 191, 192, 194, 196, 206, 223, 277

Sonde, 223

Songa, 88, 100, 101

Songo, 74, 110, 156

Sonho, Bastião de, 185

Sotomaior, Francisco de, 150

Sousa Chichorro, 158, 186

Sousa Coelho, Pero de, 136, 138

Sousa, Mathias de, 284

South Carolina, 20

Soveral, Jeronimo do, 174

Soyo, 43, 44, 53, 59, 60, 112, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145, 146, 147, 152, 153, 158, 164, 165, 167, 170, 171, 172, 174, 177, 180, 185, 209, 216, 218, 224, 226, 310

Spain, xi, 7, 8, 13, 15, 16, 24, 25, 26, 33, 34, 35, 107, 110, 139, 161, 162, 163, 165, 173, 186

Spanish Armada, 14

Spanish Indies, ix, 9, 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24, 26, 33, 34, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 97, 113, 116, 117, 159, 160, 161, 162, 167, 168, 222, 251, 267, 268, 271, 297, 320

Speke, Thomas, 244

St. Christopher, 45, 315

St. Michiels (ship), 43

St. Georges (Bermuda), 7

Star (ship), 45, 46

States General, 14, 16, 19, 34, 43, 107, 112, 140, 182, 314

Stone, William, 284

Stuyvesant, Pieter, 247, 248, 253, 259, 263, 265, 277, 285, 286, 325

sugar, 11, 12, 17, 19, 22, 27, 38, 39, 68, 111, 216, 249, 250, 254, 255, 260, 261, 268, 269, 287, 317, 322

Sumbas, 12

Swallowe (ship), 46

Swarten (blacks), 37, 42, 264, 316

Sweat, Robert, 289

Taggia, Bonaventura da, 206

Talandongo, 78, 88

Tamandare (ship), 45

Tavares, Pedro, 120, 190, 191, 192, 194, 213, 221, 225, 271, 272

Taylor, Phillip, 285

Taylor, Thomas, 245

Tegreman, 29

Teixeira de Mendonça, Antonio, 150, 154

Teixeira de Saldanha, Bento, 154

Teke, 54

Tendala, 75, 76, 78, 85, 101, 128, 136

Teves, Melchior de, 97

tobacco, 22, 23, 27, 28, 29, 30, 34, 216, 249, 251, 253, 254, 255, 269, 285, 291

Tobago, 36, 37, 240, 241, 258, 260, 261, 268, 269, 271

Toro, 16

Tortuga, 30, 31, 33, 255, 258

Treasurer (ship), 6, 7, 8, 28, 161, 246, 271, 283

Trinidad, 19, 21, 23, 24, 34, 261, 262

Trujillo, 31

Tunda, 74, 131

Tyssen, Geurt, 45, 266

Uchteritz, Heinrich von, 322

Udemans, Godefridus Cornelisz, 328

ukisi, 63, 171

Ungaro, Bernardo, 207

Upper Guinea, 39, 49

Utica, 63

van Caerden, Paulus, 21

van Caerden, Pieter, 21

van Capelle, Frans, 43, 207

van den Broecke, Pieter, 19, 106, 170, 171, 308, 309, 310

van der Hagen, Pieter (ship’s captain), 19

van Geel, Joris, 177

van Pere, Abraham, 37

van Uytgeest, Dirck Simonszoon, 36

Vasconcelos da Cunha, Francisco de, 134

Vaughan, Alden, 295, 296, 299, 304

Vaz, Duarte, 192

Veas, Francisco de, 178, 202

Venezuela, 16, 22, 27, 47, 260, 261, 262

Venice, 17, 51

Vera Cruz, 5, 6, 39, 40, 161

Vergulden Craen (ship), 25

Vetralla, Giacinto da, 166

Viedma, Pedro de, 261, 262

Virgin Mary, 66, 152, 171

Virginia, i, ix, xi, xii, xiii, 5, 6, 7, 8, 20, 23, 28, 31, 40, 45, 46, 48, 161, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 254, 255, 256, 258, 267, 270, 271, 272, 275, 276, 277, 278, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 289, 292, 295, 296, 297, 299, 311, 315, 316, 319, 320, 322, 323, 327, 329, 331

Vlissingen, 6

Vogado Sottomaior, Manuel, 119, 120

Vogado, Jeronimo, 120, 191, 197, 198, 271

Vunga, 75

Vungu, 55, 106, 144

Waepen van Amsterdam (ship), 248

Walsingham (English captain), 27

Wandu, 133, 150, 151, 152, 155, 171, 202, 203

Warner, Thomas, 29

Wembo, 91, 141

wene, 57

West Indies. See Spanish Indies

White Lion (ship), 6, 7, 28, 161, 246, 271, 283

White, Richard, 284

Wiapoco, 21, 24, 37, 260

Wild Coast, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 37, 240, 241, 258, 259, 260, 261, 267, 272

William of Orange, 14

Williams, Roger, 321

Windham, Thomas, 301, 313

Windhout (ship), 41, 42

Winthrop, John, 32, 46, 321

Witte Paert (ship), 45, 247, 266, 267, 276

Wyndham, Thomas, 11

Xilonga, 115

Xingu River, 21

Yardley, Francis, 46

Yeardley, George, 246

Zeeland, 19, 24, 30, 34, 36, 37, 41, 42, 43, 259, 260, 269, 271

Zelotes dos Reis Magros, Calisto, 202

Zenza River, 56, 84, 116, 127, 149, 205


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