This history of slavery in Africa from the fifteenth to the early twentieth century examines how indigenous African slavery developed within an international context. Professor Lovejoy discusses the medieval Islamic slave trade and the Atlantic trade as well as the process of enslavement and the marketing of slaves. He considers the impact of European abolition and assesses slavery's role in African history. The book corrects the accepted interpretation that African slavery was mild and resulted in the slaves' assimilation. Instead, slaves were used extensively in production, although the exploitation methods and the relationships to world markets differed from those in the Americas. Nevertheless, slavery in Africa, like slavery in the Americas, developed from its position on the periphery of capitalist Europe. This second edition revises all statistical material on the slave trade demography and incorporates more recent research with an updated bibliography.
• Challenges accepted interpretation of African slavery • Places African slavery within an international economic perspective • Second edition revises all statistical material on the demography of the slave trade and incorporates more recent research and an updated bibliography
List of maps and tables; Note on currencies, weights and measures; Preface; Preface to the second edition; 1. Africa and slavery; 2. On the frontiers of Islam, 1400–1600; 3. The export trade in slaves, 1600–1800; 4. The enslavement of Africans, 1600–1800; 5. The organization of slave marketing, 1600–1800; 6. Relationships of dependency, 1600–1800; 7. The nineteenth-century slave trade; 8. Slavery and 'legitimate trade' on the West African coast; 9. Slavery in the Savanna during the era of the Jihads; 10. Slavery in Central, Southern and Eastern Africa in the nineteenth century; 11. The abolitionist impulse; 12. Slavery in the political economy of Africa; Appendix; Chronology of measures against slavery; Notes; Bibliography; Index.
'The publication of the second edition of Paul Lovejoy's Transformation in Slavery is something of a benchmark for those who study African slavery … Transformation in Slavery will remain a vital entry in the bibliography of any study of African slavery; historical or contemporary for some time.' The English Historical Review