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The Cambridge Companion to Anselm
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  • Page extent: 338 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.54 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 189/.4
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: B765.A84 C36 2004
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Anselm,--Saint, Archbishop of Canterbury,--1033-1109

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521807463 | ISBN-10: 0521807468)




THE CAMBRIDGE COMPANION TO
ANSELM




Each volume of this series of companions to major philosophers contains specially commissioned essays by an international team of scholars, together with a substantial bibliography, and will serve as a reference work for students and non-specialists. One aim of the series is to dispel the intimidation such readers often feel when faced with the work of a difficult and challenging thinker.

   Anselm of Canterbury (1033–1109), Benedictine monk and the second Norman Archbishop of Canterbury, is regarded as one of the most important philosophers and theologians of the Middle Ages. The essays in this volume explore all of his major ideas, both philosophical and theological, including his teachings on faith and reason, God’s existence and nature, logic, freedom, truth, ethics, and key Christian doctrines. There is also discussion of his life, the sources of his thought, and his influence on other thinkers.

   New readers will find this the most convenient, accessible guide to Anselm currently available. Advanced students and specialists will find a conspectus of recent developments in the interpretation of Anselm.

BRIAN DAVIES is Professor of Philosophy at Fordham University, New York. He is the author of An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (3rd edn., 2003), Thinking about God (1985), The Thought of Thomas Aquinas (1992), and Aquinas (2002).

BRIAN LEFTOW is Nolloth Professor of the Philosophy of the Christian Religion at Oxford University. He is the author of Time and Eternity (1991), and over fifty papers in philosophy of religion, metaphysics, and the history of medieval philosophy.





OTHER VOLUMES IN THE SERIES OF CAMBRIDGE COMPANIONS




ABELARD Edited by JEFFREY E. BROWER and KEVIN GUILFOY

ADORNO Edited by THOMAS HUHN

AQUINAS Edited by NORMAN KRETZMANN and ELEONORE STUMP

HANNAH ARENDT Edited by DANA VILLA

ARISTOTLE Edited by JONATHAN BARNES

AUGUSTINE Edited by ELEONORE STUMP and NORMAN KRETZMANN

BACON Edited by MARKKU PELTONEN

SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR Edited by CLAUDIA CARD

BRENTANO Edited by DALE JACQUETTE

CRITICAL THEORY Edited by FRED RUSH

DARWIN Edited by JONATHAN HODGE and GREGORY RADICK

DESCARTES Edited by JOHN COTTINGHAM

DUNS SCOTUS Edited by THOMAS WILLIAMS

EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY Edited by A. A. LONG

FEMINISM IN PHILOSOPHY Edited by MIRANDA FRICKER and JENNIFER HORNSBY

FOUCAULT Edited by GARY GUTTING

FREUD Edited by JEROME NEU

GADAMER Edited by ROBERT J. DOSTAL

GALILEO Edited by PETER MACHAMER

GERMAN IDEALISM Edited by KARL AMERIKS

GREEK AND ROMAN PHILOSOPHY Edited by DAVID SEDLEY

HABERMAS Edited by STEPHEN K. WHITE

HEGEL Edited by FREDERICK BEISER

HEIDEGGER Edited by CHARLES GUIGNON

HOBBES Edited by TOM SORELL

HUME Edited by DAVID FATE NORTON

HUSSERL Edited by BARRY SMITH and DAVID WOODRUFF SMITH

WILLIAM JAMES Edited by RUTH ANNA PUTNAM

KANT Edited by PAUL GUYER

KIERKEGAARD Edited by ALASTAIR HANNAY and GORDON MARINO

LEIBNIZ Edited by NICHOLAS JOLLEY

LEVINAS Edited by SIMON CRITCHLEY and ROBERT BERNASCONI

LOCKE Edited by VERE CHAPPELL

MALEBRANCHE Edited by STEVEN NADLER

MARX Edited by TERRELL CARVER

MEDIEVAL JEWISH PHILOSOPHY Edited by DANIEL H. FRANK and OLIVER LEAMAN

MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY Edited by A. S. McGRADE

MERLEAU-PONTY Edited by TAYLOR CARMAN and MARK HANSEN
MILL Edited by JOHN SKORUPSKI

NEWTON Edited by I. BERNARD COHEN and GEORGE E. SMITH

NIETZSCHE Edited by BERND MAGNUS and KATHLEEN HIGGINS

OCKHAM Edited by PAUL VINCENT SPADE

PASCAL Edited by NICHOLAS HAMMOND

PEIRCE Edited by CHERYL MISAK

PLATO Edited by RICHARD KRAUT

PLOTINUS Edited by LLOYD P. GERSON

QUINE Edited by ROGER F. GIBSON

RAWLS Edited by SAMUEL FREEMAN

THOMAS REID Edited by TERENCE CUNEO and RENE VAN WOUDENBERC

ROUSSEAU Edited by PATRICK RILEY

BERTRAND RUSSELL Edited by NICHOLAS GRIFFIN

SARTRE Edited by CHRISTINA HOWELLS

SCHOPENHAUER Edited by CHRISTOPHER JANAWAY

THE SCOTTISH ENLIGHTENMENT Edited by ALEXANDER BROADIE

SPINOZA Edited by DON GARRETT

STOICS Edited by BRAD INWOOD

WITTGENSTEIN Edited by HANS SLUGA and DAVID STERN





The Cambridge Companion to
ANSELM



Edited by

Brian Davies
Fordham University

Brian Leftow
University of Oxford





PUBLISHED BY THE PRESS SYNDICATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
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© Cambridge University Press 2004

This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception
and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements,
no reproduction of any part may take place without
the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2004

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

Typeface Trump Medieval 10/13 pt.   System LATEX 2e   [TB]

A catalog record for this book is available from the British Library

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data
The Cambridge companion to Anselm / edited by Brian Davies and Brian Leftow.
   p.   cm. (Cambridge companions to philosophy)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0 521 80746 8 (hardback) – ISBN 0 521 00205 2 (paperback)
1. Anselm, Saint, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1033–1109. 1. Davies, Brian, 1951– II. Leftow, Brian, 1956– III. Series.
B765.A84C36   2004
189′.4 – dc22   2004047305CIP

ISBN 0 521 80746 8 hardback
ISBN 0 521 00205 2 paperback





CONTENTS




    List of contributors page ix
    Chronology xii
    List of abbreviations xiii
 
    Introduction 1
    BRIAN DAVIES AND BRIAN LEFTOW  
 
1   Anselm’s life, works, and immediate influence 5
    G. R. EVANS  
 
2   Anselm on faith and reason 32
    MARILYN McCORD ADAMS  
 
3   Anselm, Augustine, and Platonism 61
    GARETH MATTHEWS  
 
4   Anselm’s philosophy of language 84
    PETER KING  
 
5   Anselm on modality 111
    SIMO KNUUTTILA  
 
6   Anselm’s perfect-being theology 132
    BRIAN LEFTOW  
 
7   Anselm and the ontological argument 157
    BRIAN DAVIES  
 
8   Anselm’s account of freedom 179
    SANDRA VISSER AND THOMAS WILLIAMS  
 
9   Anselm on truth 204
    SANDRA VISSER AND THOMAS WILLIAMS  
 
10   Anselm on ethics 222
    JEFFREY E. BROWER  
 
11   Anselm on the Trinity 257
    WILLIAM E. MANN  
 
12   Anselm on atonement 279
    DAVID BROWN  
 
    Bibliography 303
    Index 313




CONTRIBUTORS




MARILYN McCORD ADAMS is Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford. She is the author of William Ockham (2 vols., University of Notre Dame Press, 1987), and Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God (Cornell University Press, 1999). She is also the author of many articles on medieval philosophy and theology, on philosophy of religion, and philosophical theology.

JEFFREY E. BROWER is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Purdue University. He is co-editor of The Cambridge Companion to Abelard and author of several publications on medieval philosophy and philosophy of religion.

DAVID BROWN is Van Mildert Professor of Divinity in the University of Durham. His most recent writings include the two-volumed work Tradition and Imagination (Oxford University Press, 1999) and Discipleship and Imagination (Oxford University Press, 2000). He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2002.

BRIAN DAVIES is Professor of Philosophy at Fordham University. With G. R. Evans he is joint editor of Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works (Oxford University Press, 1998). His books include Thinking about God (Geoffrey Chapman, 1985), The Thought of Thomas Aquinas (Oxford University Press, 1992), An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (3rd edn., Oxford University Press, 2003), and Aquinas (Continuum, 2002).

G. R. EVANS is Professor of Medieval Theology and Intellectual History in the University of Cambridge. With Brian Davies she is joint editor of Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works (Oxford University Press, 1998). Her many books include Anselm and Talking about God (Oxford University Press, 1978) and Anselm (Geoffrey Chapman, 1989). She is editor of the Anselm Concordance and of The Medieval Theologians (Blackwell, 2001).

PETER KING is Professor of Philosophy and Medieval Studies at the University of Toronto. He has translated works by Buriden and Augustine, and is the author of several articles on medieval philosophy.

SIMO KNUUTTILA is Research Professor in the Academy of Finland and Professor of Theological Ethics and the Philosophy of Religion at the University of Helsinki. He is the editor of The New Synthese Historical Library and the author of many books and and articles on the history of logic, semantics, the philosophy of mind, and philosophical theology.

BRIAN LEFTOW is the Nolloth Professor of the Philosophy of the Christian Religion at the University of Oxford. He is the author of God and Necessity (Oxford University Press, forthcoming), Aquinas on Metaphysics (Oxford University Press, forthcoming), Time and Eternity (Cornell University Press, 1991), and over fifty papers in medieval philosophy, philosophy of religion, and metaphysics.

WILLIAM E. MANN is Marsh Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy at the University of Vermont. He has written extensively on topics in medieval philosophy and the philosophy of religion. He is the editor of The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion (2004). He is a contributor to the Cambridge Companions to Augustine, Duns Scotus, and Abelard.

GARETH B. MATTHEWS is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is the author of Thought’s Ego in Augustine and Descartes (Cornell University Press, 1992) and Socratic Perplexity and the Nature of Philosophy (Oxford University Press, 1999). He is editor of The Augustinian Tradition (University of California Press, 1999) and Augustine: on the Trinity – Books 8–15 (Cambridge University Press, 2002).

SANDRA VISSER is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Valparaiso University. Her research interests include metaphysics, philosophy of language, and ethics.

THOMAS WILLIAMS is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Iowa. He is the editor of The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus and a contributor to the Cambridge Companions to Augustine, Abelard, and Medieval Philosophy. His other publications include Anselm: Monologion and Proslogion (Hackett, 1995) and Anselm: Three Philosophical Dialogues (Hackett, 2002).





CHRONOLOGY




1033 Born in Aosta, Italy
1056–59 Leaves home and travels through Burgundy and France
1059 Arrives at the Abbey of Bec, Normandy; studies under Lanfranc
1060 Becomes a monk at Bec
1060–63 Probably working on De Grammatico
1063 Becomes Prior of Bec
1070–75 Produces his first Prayers and Meditations
1075–76 Writes the Monologion
1077–78 Writes the Proslogion
1078 Becomes Abbot of Bec
1080–86 Writes De Veritate, De Libertate Arbitrii, and De Casu Diaboli
1093 Becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
1094 Completes Epistola de Incarnatione Verbi
1095–98 Writes Cur Deus Homo
1097–1100 Away from England in France and Italy because of conflict with King William Ⅱ
1100 Returns to England
1101 Completes De Processione Spiritus Sancti
1103–1106 Away from England again because of conflict with King Henry Ⅰ; visits Bec, Chartres, Lyons, Rouen, and Jumièges
1107–1108 Completes the De Concordia
1109 Dies at Canterbury on 21 April




ABBREVIATIONS




Commendatio Commendatio Operis ad Urbanum Papam
De Casu Diab. De Casu Diaboli
De Conc. De Concordia Praescientiae et Praedestinationis et Gratiae Dei cum Libero Arbitrio
De Conc. Virg. De Conceptu Virginali et de Originali Peccato
De Gramm. De Grammatico
De Inc. Verbi Epistola de Incarnatione Verbi
De Lib. Arb. De Libertate Arbitrii
De Proc. De Processione Spiritus Sancti
De Ver. De Veritate
Mon. Monologion
Phil. Frag. Philosophica Fragmenta
Prosl. Proslogion
Resp. and Gaun. Responsio ad Gaunilon

While some of the contributors to the present volume have chosen to cite texts of Anselm by referring directly to Anselm's writings, others have given details alluding to the critical edition of Anselm ( Opera Omnia) edited by F. S. Schmitt (listed in the bibliography). In their references “S” = “Schmitt.”


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