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The Cambridge Companion to Raphael
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Details

  • Page extent: 468 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.972 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 759.5
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: N6923.R3 C36 2005
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Raphael,--1483-1520--Criticism and interpretation
    • Art, Italian--16th century
    • Art, Renaissance--Italy

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521808095 | ISBN-10: 052180809X)




Index




Accolti, Bernardo, 108

Achim von Arnim, Ludwig, 265

Aeneas and family, 115

Albani, Alessandro, Cardinal, 265

Albani, Francesco, 263, 267

Alberti, Leon Battista, 30, 32, 77, 128, 134, 150, 162

Albertinelli, Mariotto, 25

   Visitation, 25

Albertini, Francesco, 62, 70

Albizzini family, 21, 40

Alcaeus, 108

Alcibiades, portrayed, 106

Aleander, Girolamo, 147

Alexander VI, Pope, 4, 80, 88, 95, 96

Alfani family, 42

Algardi, Alessandro, 267

Algarotti, Francesco, 285

Alidosi, Francesco, 51

Altieri, Marc Antonio, 88

Altoviti, Bindo, 53

Ambrose, Saint, portrayed, 99

Angelico, Fra, portrayed, 100

Angelini, Aldo, 154

Ansaldi, Innocenzo, 274

Ansidei, Bernardino, 43

   See also Raphael, works, Ansidei Altarpiece

Anselmi, Michelangelo, 200

Antal, Frederick, 272

anti-classicism, 236

Apollo Belvedere, 4, 200

Apollo and the muses, 107, 108

Aquila, Giovanni Battista Branconio dell’, 52, 90

   See also Raphael, works, Palazzo Branconio dell’Aquila

Aretino, Pietro, 191, 196

Ariosto, Ludovico, 108, 147

Aristotle, Ethics, 105

Armenini, Giovanni Battista, 190

Augustine, Saint, 99, 101

Baglioni, Atalanta, patron, 29, 32, 34, 41, 42

Baglioni, Ilaria, 22, 42, 43

Baldinucci, Filippo, 46, 191

Bandinelli, Baccio, 187, 193

   Academy, engraved by Agostino Veneziano, 191

   Cleopatra, engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi, 195

   Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, engraved by Marcantonio Raimondi, 191

   Massacre of the Innocents, engraved by Marco Dente, 191

Barbieri, Costanza, 10, 111

Baronci, Andrea di Tommaso, 21, 40

Baronci, Clara, 40

Barry, James, 275

Bartsch, Adam von, 187, 188–90, 206

Bartolomeo, Don (Raphael’s uncle), 29

Bartolomeo, Fra, 2, 25, 43, 237

   Vision of St. Bernard, 25

Basilicò, Giocomo, 54

Baviera, Il, 184, 187, 189, 190, 191, 192

Beatrizet, Nicholas, 192

Bed of Polykleitos, 201

Bellini, Giovanni, 30, 54, 158, 160–3

Bellori, Giovanni Pietro, 228, 230, 242–3, 264, 265–7, 268, 269, 272, 279–86, 287

Belting, Hans, 128

Bembo, Pietro, 29, 44, 46, 51, 52, 182, 205

   Gli Asolani, 32

Bergeret, Pierre-Nolasque

   Homage to Raphael after His Death, 255

Bernard, Saint, 124

Berthier, Father, 290, 291, 292

Berthollet, Claude Louis, 294

Bertoldo di Giovanni, Battle, 233

Bibbiena, Bernardo da, 54, 182, 254

Bie, Cornelis de, 271

Birago

   engraving after Leonardo, Last Supper, 196

Bivium, 82, 90

Blake, William, 275

Bol, Ferdinand, 271

Borromini, Francesco, 268

Boschini, Marco, 268–269

Bottari, Giovanni Gaetano, 266

Borgia, Cesare, 2, 21, 26, 29

Borgia, Lucrezia, 195

Bosse, Abraham, 238–9, 241, 242

Bouchardon, Edme

   drawing after Raphael’s Galatea, 244

Boucher, François, 284

Botticelli, Sandro, 25

   Lady at a Window,

Bramante, Donato, 4, 48, 62–4, 72, 73, 77, 82, 92, 94, 95, 96, 98, 101, 104, 106, 115, 116, 148, 183, 186

   and Michelangelo, 10

   Belvedere Court, 62, 78, 89, 94

   Palazzo Caprini, 91, 92

   portrayed, 100

   Palazzo dei Tribunali (Hall of Justice), 68–71, 76, 94

   Saint Peter’s, 115–16

   San Biagio della Pagnotta, 69

   Via Giulia, 66, 72–6

Brandi, Cesare, 155, 157, 276, 277, 281

Brentano, Robert, 59

Brescia, Jacopo da, 52, 90–1

Bronzino, 232, 235

   Allegory, 196, 197

Brown, David Alan, 177

Bufalini, map of Rome, 85

Burckhardt, Jacob, 41, 189, 190, 271

Burroughs, Charles, 91

Buti, Lodovico, 132

Butters, Suzanne, 67

Calvo, Marco Fabio, 184

Canigiani, Domenico, 46

Cantarini, Simone, 263, 267, 268

Caraglio, Jacopo, 191

Caravaggio, Fra Giampetro da, 149, 230

Carl Philipp von der Pfalz, 303

Carondelet, Ferry, 77

Carpi, Ugo da, 184

Carracci, 11, 228, 230, 264

Carracci, Annibale, 238, 242, 263, 264, 267, 272, 273

   Gallery (Farnese Palace), 266

Cartaro, Mario

   engraving after Sebastiano, Viterbo Pietà, 156

Casali, Battista, 103

Castiglione, Baldassare, 29, 52, 84, 107, 147, 204

   The Book of the Courtier, 32, 44, 150–1, 160, 207, 227

Catherine of Siena, Saint, 102

Cavaceppi, Bartolomeo, 278

Cavalcaselle, G. B., 296

Cavedone, Giocomo, 216

Cavenaugh, Luigi, 298–300

Cecchi, Alessandro, 36, 46, 47

Cellini, Benvenuto, 10, 237

Cennini, Cennino

   color technique, 150

Charles I (Stuart), 270

Charles II (Stuart), 270

Chateaubriand, François-René de, 251

Chigi, Agostino, 36, 53, 77–80, 90, 91, 94, 144

   See also Rome, Santa Maria della Pace, Chigi Chapel, Rome, Santa Maria del Popolo, Chigi Chapel

   patron, 3, 43, 111, 152, 157, 168

   Villa Farnesina, 4, 53

Chigi, Fabio, 153

chiaroscuro mode, 158

Ciarla, Simone di (Raphael’s uncle), 29

Cimabue, 16

Città di Castello, 38–41, 44

Classicism, Classic style, 11, 223, 224–5, 228, 235, 236, 238, 240

Claude Lorraine, 257

Clayton, Martin

   Raphael and his Circle, Drawings from Windsor Castle, 216–17

Clement VII, Pope (Giulio de’ Medici), 38, 51, 52, 54, 96, 131, 153, 160, 191

Cochin, Charles Nicholas, 262–3

Colbert, Jean Baptiste, 266

Colins, François-Louis, 301–4

Colonna, Pompeo, 72

Colucci, Angelo, 147

Comte de Caylus, 295

conception vs. execution, 168, 171, 183, 185

Conforti, Claudia, 37

Conti, Sigismondo dei, 51

Cooper, Donal, 38, 41

Copernicus, Nicolaus, 102

Cordellier, Dominique

   Raphaël, son altelier, ses copistes, 216

Corinna, 108

Correggio, (Antonio Allegri), 242, 263, 269, 275, 303

   Leda, 283, 302

   Io (copy), 302

Cort, Cornelius, 241

Cortona, Pietro da, 267

Cosimo, Piero di, 25

Cosmati, 111

Costa, Lorenzo, 30

Council of Trent, 193

Coupin del Couperie, Marie-Philippe, 254

Couture, Thomas, 256

Cox-Rearick, Janet, 131

Coypel Charles, 302

Credi, Lorenzo di, 25

Crespi, Luigi, 262, 265, 266, 284–5, 286

Cromwell, Oliver, 270

Crowe, J. A., 210

D’Amico, John, 11

Dante Alighieri, portrayed, 100, 108

David, Jacques-Louis, 249–252, 259

   Belisarius, 249

   Intervention of the Sabine Women, 249, 251

D’Argens, Marquis, see Jean-Baptiste de Boyer

Delaborde, Henri, 189

Delacroix, Eugene, 206, 255–6, 258

Delaroche, Paul, 256

   Artists of All Ages, 256

Dente, Marco, 189

   Massacre of the Innocents, after Bandinelli, 191

Dei family, 47–8

Delicado, Francesco, 89

Degas, Edgar, 258, 259

Diderot, Denis, 248, 282, 290

Diogenes, portrayed, 107

Dolce, Carlo, 146, 186, 192, 268

   L’Aretino, 192, 199

Dollmayr, Herman, 210, 211, 218

Domenichino, 244, 268, 273

Domus Aurea, 7

Donatello, 233

   St. George, 186

Doni, Angelo, patron, 26, 47

Dossi, Dosso, 54

Dubos, Abbè, 248

Dürer, Albrecht, 186, 187, 189, 190, 203, 208, 241, 257, 269, 271

Dvorak, Max, 236

Dyck, Anthony, Van, 271

Ebreo, Leone, 103

Ecole des Beaux-Arts, 242

Egidio of Viterbo, 63, 66, 69, 99, 101, 102, 104, 105, 107

Emison, Patricia, 11

Ennius, 108

Epicurus, portrayed, 106

Erasmus, Desiderius, 61, 63

Errard, Charles, 266

Este, Alfonso d’, 54–5

   Leda, 150

   Triumph of Bacchus, 3

Este, Isabella d’, 78, 97, 157, 195

Ettlinger, L. D., 37

Euclid, portrayed, 106

Evangelista di Pian di Meleto, 18, 40

Eyck, Jan van, 257

Falconet, Etienne-Maurice, 262

Farnese, Alessandro, palace, 86

Farnese family, 77

   See also Clement VII

Farnese, Ranuccio, 280

Félibien, André, 242, 261, 287

Ferino Pagden, Sylvia, 213

Ficino, Marsilio, 101, 103

Fifth Lateran Council, 118, 139

Figurino, 180

Fiorillo, Johann Dominicus, 265, 270

Fischel, Oskar, 8, 210–11, 212–13

Fischer von Erlach, Johann, 278

Flinck, Govert, 271

Florence, Palazzo della Signoria, 2, 46

   See also Vinci, Leonardo da, Battle of Anghiari; Michelangelo, Battle of Cascina

Fontainebleau, School of, 238

Forlì, Melozzo da

   Sixtus IV Organizes the Vatican Library, 125, 126, 131, 134

Fouquet, Jean

   Portrait of Eugenius IV (lost), 122, 138

Fragonard, Alexandre Evariste, 254

Fragonard, Jean-Honoré, 243

Francesca, Piero della, 18, 30

   Dream of Constantine, 112

   Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and Battisa Sforza, 28, 31

Francia, Francesco, 30, 187

Francia, Jacopo, 195

Franco, Battista, 216

François I (Francis I), 3, 8, 236, 237, 286

Fréart de Chambray, Roland, 239, 241, 242, 260, 261, 266, 287

Freedberg, Sydney Joseph, 161, 224–5, 226, 227, 231–2, 236

Fresco technique, 5

Fried, Michael, 126

Friedländer, Walter, 236

Fulvio, Andrea, 66, 184

Fuseli, Henry, 275

Gallo, Egidio, 77

Gavari, Domenico Tommaso de’, patron, 21, 40

Gere, John, 211, 215

   Raphael and His Circle, 211–13, 214, 215, 219

Gettito, 85

Ghezzo, Pier Leone, 272

Ghiberti, Lorenzo, 199, 233

Ghirlandaio, Domenico, 25, 42

   Coronation of the Virgin, 22

   Portrait of Giovanna Tornabuoni,

Ghirlandaio, Ridolfo, 25

Ghisi, Fermo, 180

Giocondo, Fra Giovanni, 64, 70, 115, 183

Giorgio, Francesco di, 18, 30

Giorgione, 10, 144, 155, 157, 158, 163, 243

   Cà Soranzo, 152

   Fête Champêtre, 258

   Fondaco dei Tedeschi, 152, 154

   Self-Portrait as Orpheus (lost), 157

   Tempest, 298

Giotto, 16

Giovanni, Berto di, 22, 42

Giovio, Paolo, 51, 147, 148–9, 155, 157, 177

Gnann, Achim, Roma e lo stile classico di Raffaello, 198, 199, 218

Godefroid, the Widow, 301, 302

Goldstein, Carl, 11

Gombrich, Ernst, 158, 224–6

Goncourt brothers, 257

Gonzaga, Elizabetta, 195

Gonzaga, Federico, 9, 78, 126, 178–80, 270

Gonzaga, Ludovico, 30

Goritz, Johannes, 51

Gould, Cecil, 122, 208

Grassi, Paride de’, 125, 131

Gregory, Saint, portrayed, 99

Gregory IX, Pope, 109

Grosseteste, Robert, 124

Guarino da Verona, 193

Guercino, 273

Guicciardini, Francesco, 122

Günther, Hubertus, 83

Guyton de Morveau, Louis-Bernard, 294

Hacquin, François Toussaint, 288, 294, 295

Hacquin, Jean-Louis, 288–93

Hall, Marcia, 154, 163, 164

Hamilton Bible, 135–6

Hanno, the elephant, 89–90

Hartt, Frederick, 230–1, 232, 233

   Giulio Romano, 211, 213, 218

Heinecken, Karl Heinrich von, 265

Heraclitus, portrayed, 107

Henry, Tom, 38, 40

High Renaissance, 7, 9, 11, 224, 227–9, 236

Hind, A. M., 192

Hirst, Michael, 153, 160, 161

Hoeniger, Cathleen, 11

Hogarth, William, 270, 272–3, 275

   Analysis of Beauty, 272, 274

   Battle of Pictures, 272

   Character and Caricatures, 272

   Feast of Gods, 272

   Paul before Felix, 272, 275

   Saint Andrew, 272

   School of Athens, 274

Homer, portrayed, 108

Horrigan, J. Brian, 64

Horace, 109

Hortensis, 138

Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, 128

Impressionists, 258

Inghirami, Tommaso, 98, 106

Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique, 251–2, 254, 255, 256, 259

   Vow of Louis XIII, 252

Innocent II, Pope, 124

Innocent III, Pope, 139

Innocent VIII, Pope, 131

Jacone, 219

Jaffé, Michael, 271

Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d’Argens, 244–8

Jeanneret (Le Corbusier), 258

Jerome, Saint, portrayed, 99

Joannides, Paul, 214, 215, 218, 219

John of Salisbury, 128, 138

Julius II, Pope, 2, 29, 44, 51, 62, 73, 74, 78, 80, 88, 90, 97, 101, 105, 107, 111, 113, 115, 172, 204, 226, 270

   See also Raphael, works, Portrait of Julius II

   patron, 3, 4–5, 44, 48, 50, 95, 97–8, 103, 114, 118, 172, 176, 177, 198

   portrayed, 99, 112, 187

   renovator of Rome, 4, 64, 73, 77

   statue court, 4–5

Justinian, 109

Justus of Ghent, 18, 30

   Portrait of Sixtus IV, 122, 126, 128

Karl, Theodor, 303

Kent, Dale, 37

Kostler, Christian, 295

Kris, Ernst, 254

Kurz, Otto, 254

Lafrery, Antonio, 192

Lanzi, Luigi, 261

Laocoön, 4, 194, 205

Laurana, Luciano, 30

Lazzarini, Lorenzo, 155, 156

Le Brun, Charles, 240, 244, 258, 266, 267

Lebrun, Jean-Baptiste, 293

Lechi, Giuseppe, 297

Lechi, Teodoro, 298

Leo I, Pope, 114

Leo III, Pope, 115, 117, 118

Leo IV, Pope, 115, 116, 117

Leo X, Pope, 54, 73, 78, 90, 147, 183, 237, 286

   See also Raphael, works, Portrait of Leo X; Romano, Giulio, Drawing of Leo X

   Medici Palace, 86, 94

   patron, 3, 43, 44, 50, 52, 74, 84, 92, 96, 111, 119, 234

   portrayed, 109, 114

   urban planner, 74–6, 81

Leno, Giuliano, 76

Le Saige, Jacques, 79

Le Sueur, Eustache, 245, 257, 259, 260

   Saint Paul Preaching at Ephesus, 246

Leyden, Antoine van, 271

Lippi, Filippino, 25, 26, 27

Lippomano, 71, 83

Lomazzo, Giovanni Paolo, 287

Lotto, Lorenzo, 174

   Stanza della Segnatura, 97

Louis XIV, 241, 270, 276

Louis d’Orleans, 302

Lucas van Leyden, 195

Luchs, Alison, 36, 41

Luther, Martin, 62, 101, 102, 116, 118

Malatesta, Isotta, 193

Mallet, Jean Baptiste, 254

Malvasia, Carlo Cesare, 191

   Felsina Pittrice, 263–5, 267, 268, 269

Mancini, Francesco, 42

Mancini, Giulio, 264

Mander, Karl Van, 271

Manet, Edouard

   Luncheon on the Grass, 258

Manetti, Gianozzo, 60

Mannerism, 182, 193, 198, 223–4, 227, 230, 235, 238

Mantegna, Andrea, 30, 34, 187, 193, 202, 205, 257, 258

   Battle of the Sea Monsters, 198

   Camera degli Sposi, 199

   relieflike style, 233

   Villa Belvedere frescoes, 233

Mantovano, Rinaldo, 9, 180, 184

Maratta, Carlo, 264, 265, 268, 269, 277, 278, 279, 280–6, 295, 304

Mariano, Fra, 70

Martin V, Pope, 59

Massimo family, 77

Mastro, Paolo dello, 60

Medici, Giuliano de’, 88

Medici, Lorenzo de’, 88, 286

Medici, Lorenzo di Piero de’, 52

Medici, Lorenzo de’ (Duke of Urbino), 132

Mengs, Anton Raphael, 261, 274, 275

Mercati, Enrico, 40

Mérot, Alain, 246

Michelangelo, 1, 2, 15, 24, 26, 34, 35, 38, 62, 94, 97, 114, 177, 187, 191, 196, 204, 219, 223, 232, 233, 236, 237, 242, 252, 256, 258, 266, 269, 273, 275

   alliance with Sebastiano. See Sebastiano, alliance with Michelangelo

   anti-Michelangelism, 266

   cangiantismo, 6, 7

   color, 141, 148, 150

   Battle of Cascina, 25, 26, 233

   Battle of the Centaurs, 197, 233

   Bruges Madonna, 27

   David, 24, 25, 26, 186

   Doni Holy Family, 47, 150

   engravings after, 187

   Entombment of Christ, 150

   Last Judgment, 10, 150, 264

   Leda, 150

   patronage in Florence, 26

   Pietà for Vittoria Colonna, 157

   portrayed as Heraclitus, 107

   relieflike style, 8

   rivalry with Raphael, 10, 118, 141–2, 144, 148, 192, 197, 199, 200, 202, 238, 239

   Sebastiano’s Raising of Lazarus, drawings for, 161

   Sistine Chapel vault, 4, 7, 10, 62, 97, 98, 100, 103, 146, 147, 149, 150, 153, 171, 226, 273

     Deluge, 205, 233

     Noah scenes, 233

     

   Taddei tondo, 27, 46

   tomb of Julius II, 4, 10

Michelet, Jules, 189

Michiel, Marcantonio, 84, 85, 157

Mieris, Frans, 271

Mirandolla, Giovanni Pico della, 100, 103

Mirandola, Ludovico Pico della, 204

modes of color, 148

   See also Raphael, modes of color

   hybrid modes, 8

Moltena, Giuseppe, 296–8

Molza, Francesco Maria, 151, 152

Monbeig Goguel, Catherine, 218

Monsiau, Nicolas-André, 255

Monte, Antonio del, 109

Montefelto family, 18–19, 29, 31, 32, 44, 50, 122, 204

Montefeltro–Della Rovere alliance, 29

   See also Urbino

Morelli, Giovanni, 210, 211

Müntz, Eugene, 252

Musée Napoleon, 250

Napoleon, 250, 287, 294

Nasi, Lorenzo, patron, 27, 46, 276

Navagero, Andrea, 147

Nesselrath, Arnold, 174

Nicholas V, Pope, 60, 111

Niccolini family, 47

Oberhuber, Konrad, 212–15, 216, 219

   Roma e lo stile classico di Raffaello, 198, 199, 218

Oddi, Baglioni degli, 41

Oddi, Leandro (Alessandra) degli, 24, 33, 34, 42, 43

Olio, Elena, Duglioli dall’, 53

O’Malley, John, 11, 136

Orlandi, Antonio, 265

Orsini, Alphonsina, palace, 86

Ozenfant, 258

Pacheco, Francisco, 269

Pagliara, Nicola, 67, 91

Palladio, Andrea, 193

Palladio, Blosio, 77, 153

Palomino de Castro y Velasco, Antonio, 269

paragone, 149, 150, 151

   between color and sculptural qualities, 149

Parker, Karl, 211, 215

Parmigianino, 191, 235

   Lamentation (etching), 203

   Madonna and Child (Dresden), 235

Partner, Peter, 11

Pasquino, 88, 93

Passavant, J. D., 208–10, 216, 252, 303

Passeri, Giovanni Battista, 263, 267, 268, 269

Patina, 296, 297

Paul III, Pope, 82, 83, 109, 114

Paulson, Ronald, 272

Pellecchia, Linda, 10

Peñafort, Raymond de, 109

Penni, Gianfrancesco, 42, 118, 234

   drawings, 210, 211, 212–13, 214, 215, 216, 218, 219

Perini, Giovanna, 1, 11

Perugia, 41–3, 44

Perugino, Pietro, 1, 2, 16, 19–21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 30, 40, 41, 43, 46, 120, 172, 202, 214, 229, 230, 233, 257, 299

   Assumption of the Virgin, 177

   Certosa di Pavia Altarpiece, 16, 19

   Collegio del Cambio, 11, 21

   Delivery of the Keys, 23

   Marriage of the Virgin, 23–4, 40

   Portrait of Francesco dell’Opere, 28, 31

   Raphael’s teacher, 15, 16, 18, 20

   Sistine Chapel team, 176

   workshop organization, 8, 20, 176–7

Peruzzi, Baldasssare, 4, 153, 174, 182, 210

   Stanza della Segnatura, 97

   Villa Farnesina, 78

Petrarch, portrayed, 108

Petrucci, Alfonso, 138

Picasso, Pablo, 260, 261

Picault, Robert, 288–93, 302

Picot, François Eduard, 254

Piles, Roger, de, 243–4, 246, 256, 273, 275, 287

Pindar, portrayed, 108

Pinturricchio, Bernardino, 1, 21, 23, 24, 40, 106, 257

   Borgia Apartment, 95

Pius IX, Pope, 96

Planca Incoronati family, 74

Plato, Hippias Major, 116

   Timaeus, 101, 105

Plesters, Joyce, 169, 170

Polidoro da Caravaggio, 174, 182, 211, 232

Pollaiuolo, 25, 202, 205

   Battle of the Nudes, 196, 198

   Hercules and Antaeus, 199

Pontormo, Jacopo, 149, 237

Popham, A. E., 211

Porrino, Gandolfo, 152

Possesso, 90

Pouncey, Philip, 211

   Raphael and his Circle, 211–13, 214, 215, 219

Poussin, Nicholas, 7, 163, 238, 239, 242, 243, 244, 246, 256, 258, 260, 266, 287

   Israelites Gathering Manna in the Wilderness, 240–1

   Plague at Ashdod, 203

Poussinistes vs, Rubénistes, 243, 255

Primaticcio, Francesco, 235

Princeton Raphael Symposium, 169

Ptolemy, portrayed, 106

Pucci, Antonio, 53

Puget, Pierre, 257

Py, Bernadette, Raphaël, son altelier, ses copistes, 216

Pythagoras, portrayed, 106

Quatremère de Quincy, 187–8, 250, 252, 254

Quednau, Rolf, 223

Raimondi, Marcantonio, 112, 178–80, 186, 187, 200, 241

   See also Bandinelli, Baccio

   Bathers, after Michelangelo, 198

   Cleopatras, 195

   Dido, 195

   death, 191–2

   Judgment of Paris, 190, 192, 193, 200–3, 205, 206, 239, 241, 258

   Lucrezia, 190, 192, 193, 194, 196, 199, 202, 204, 205

   Massacre of the Innocents, 190, 191, 192, 193, 195–200, 202, 241, 249

   Il Morbetto (The Pest ), 157, 158, 203, 205

     drawing for, 203–4

     

   owner of plates, 184

   Parnassus, 194

   portrayed, 187

   prints after Raphael, 188

   Quos Ego, 190, 192, 193, 204–5

   Rape of Helen, 190

   Santa Felicità, 190

Raphael

   See also Raimondi, Marcantonio, prints after Raphael

   architect of St. Peter’s, 3, 51, 82, 115, 183

   chiaroscuro mode, 156

   collaboration in workshop, 172, 174

   collaboration with Raimondi, 184

   color, 141, 146, 148, 162, 227

   dark manner, 142, 156, 162

   engravings, 11

     influence in France, 241

     

   influence of rhetoric, 6

   inspector of antiquities, 51, 84, 183–4

   massed light and shade, 227

   modes of coloring, 6

     cangiantismo, 6, 7

     chiaroscuro, 6, 162, 170

     sfumato, 6, 7

     unione, 6, 7, 122, 156

     

   modes of composition, 6, 232, 233, 234

     grotteschi, 7–8

     linear perspective, 7

     relieflike style, 8

     

   patronage

     early vs. Rome, 48

     Florence, 26

     

   prices, 42

   pupils vs. apprentices, 172–3, 174

   rivalry with Michelangelo. See Michelangelo, rivalry with Raphael

   rivalry with Sebastiano. See Sebastiano, rivalry with Raphael

   technical examination of drawings, 169

   works

     Adam Tempted, drawing, 274

     Agony in the Garden (lost), 30, 44

     Alba Madonna, 51

     Battle of the Milvian Bridge (Battle of Constantine), 8, 232, 234

     Battle of Ostia, 117, 230; drawing for, Two nude men, 208 117, 230

     Canigiani Madonna, 2, 47, 227, 301, 303–4

     Chigi Chapel, S. Maria della Pace, 3, 53

     Chigi Chapel, S. Maria del Popolo, 3, 53, 157, 176

     Church of S. Eligio degli Orefici, 74

     Colonna Altarpiece, 2, 22, 42

     Conestabile Madonna, 42

     Coronation of Charlemagne, 117, 118

     Coronation of the Virgin, 2, 16, 22, 24, 33, 34, 41, 48, 250

     Crucifixion with Saints (Mond Crucifixion, Gavari Crucifixion), 2, 20, 21, 38, 40

     Disputa, 43, 99–103, 106, 107, 109, 172, 225, 226–7; drawings, 8

     Entombment of Christ, 2, 22, 29, 32–5, 41, 47

     Expulsion of Heliodorus, 112, 113, 122, 124, 156, 172

     Fire in the Borgo, 96, 115–17, 172, 178, 195, 198, 199, 203, 204, 230, 234

     Galatea, 3, 53, 141, 152, 153–4, 195, 202, 205, 241, 244, 274

     Holy Family (La Perla), 270

     Holy Family of Francis I, 3, 52, 162, 237, 239–40, 286, 288, 293

     Holy Trinity with Saints and Angels (finished by Perugino), 43

     Isaiah, 51

     Jurisprudence, 109–10, 122, 128, 135, 174, 195; Virtues, 109

     Knight’s Dream or The Dream of Scipio, 31, 32, 44

     Liberation of Peter, 112–13, 156, 157, 158, 172, 203

     Loggia of Cardinal Bibbiena, 7–8, 51; stufetta, 7–8, 175, 182 7–8, 51

     Loggia of Leo X, 8, 50, 173, 175, 213; David and Bathsheba, 215 8, 50, 173, 175, 213

     Loggia of Psyche, 3, 50, 53, 168, 175, 195, 201, 278, 279–85, 288, 295; Mercury, 284; Psyche Carried into the Heavens by Putti, 281

     Madonna dell’ Baldacchino, 2, 26, 47–8

     Madonna del Cardellino, 27, 28, 47, 200, 276

     Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints (Ansidei Altarpiece), 43, 47

     Madonna and Child with Saint John the Baptist (La Belle Jardinière), 2, 27, 28, 172, 227

     Madonna di Foligno, 3, 6–7, 51, 53, 240, 250, 252, 286, 294, 295

     Madonna dell’Impannata, 53, 250

     Madonna di Loreto, 126

     Madonna of the Meadow (del Prato), 27, 28, 46

     Madonna del Pesce, 270

     Madonna della Sedia, 250

     Marriage of the Virgin, 2, 21, 23, 39, 40–1, 297

     Mass of Bolsena, 113–14, 118, 122, 126, 128

     Monteluce Altarpiece (Assumption of the Virgin, Coronation of the Virgin), 22–3, 42–3, 54

     Oath of Leo, 9, 118

     Palazzo Branconio dell’Aquila, 3, 52, 91–2

     Parnassus, 7, 107–9, 195, 274

     Portrait of Andrea Navagero and Antonio Beazzano, 52

     Portrait of Andrea Tebaldeo (lost), 51

     Portrait of Angelo Doni, 2, 28, 121

     Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione, 28, 51, 129–30, 156, 230, 271

     Portrait of Dona Isabel de Requesens, 54

     Portrait of Julius II, 3, 61, 62, 120, 121–9, 135–6

     Portrait of Leo X, 3, 51, 120, 126, 131–9, 230

     Portrait of Maddalena Strozzi, 2, 28, 121

     Portrait of Tommaso Inghirami, 51, 129

     Portrait of a Young Man, 299

     Portrait of a Youth with an Apple, 31–2

     Repulse of Attila, 7, 114, 156, 267

     Saint Catherine of Alexandria, 195

     Saint Cecilia Altarpiece, 3, 53, 230, 232, 235, 250, 262, 263, 268, 270, 286

     Saint George and the Dragon, 31

     Saint John the Baptist Preaching, 293

     Saint Margaret, 293

     Saint Michael, 3, 52, 162, 235, 239–40, 276, 286, 288, 291–2, 293, 302; engraving after, 288

     Saint Michael and Saint George, 31, 44

     Saint Nicholas of Tolentino Altarpiece, 2, 16, 18, 21, 38, 39–40, 42, 298–300

     Sala di Costantino, 3, 96, 147, 155, 175, 213, 223

     Sala dei Palafrenieri, 272

     Self-Portrait (lost), 265

     Self-Portrait, 106; (Mass of Bolsena), 112; (Expulsion of Heliodorus)

     Self-Portrait with Friend, 130–1

     School of Athens, 103–7, 109, 154, 172, 186, 202, 241, 247; cartoon, 5; ceiling, 110–11

     Sistine Madonna, 3, 50, 196, 199, 205, 252

     Small Cowper Madonna, 2, 30–1, 44, 172

     Spasimo di Sicilia, 3, 43, 53–4, 162, 270

     Stanza d’Eliodoro, 3, 6, 50, 96, 114, 156, 186, 187, 195, 198, 201–2, 204, 227, 229; vault, 6

     Stanza dell’Incendio, 3, 50, 96, 119, 171, 172, 175, 230–1, 233

     Stanza della Segnatura, 3, 5, 6, 7, 48, 50, 96–111, 156, 172, 174, 186, 225–6; ceiling, 196; floor, 111

     Stanze, 95–119, 131, 147, 172, 264, 266, 273, 276, 278, 285

     Tapestry cartoons, 3, 50, 115, 131, 162, 169–71, 175, 223, 233, 241, 270, 271; Death of Ananias, 247; Miraculous Draught of Fishes, 31, 44, 200

     Tomb of Hanno, the elephant, 52

     Transfiguration, 4, 6, 42, 50, 51, 131, 141, 158, 160–3, 224, 230, 241, 250, 251, 257, 262

     Trinity with Saints and Creation of Eve (lost), 38

     Villa Farnesina, 78, 266, 272, 276

     Villa Madama, 3, 51, 52, 90, 91, 92, 175

     Virgil, Aeneid, prints, 185

     Visitation, 52

     

   workshop, 8, 12, 20, 50, 117

   workshop in Florence, 171

   workshop practices, 169, 178, 185

Ratti, Carlo Giuseppe, 274

Ravenna, Marco da, 184

Redon, Odilon, 260

Reiss, Sheryl, 1

relieflike style, 8, 224, 232–5, 236

Rembrandt, 258, 271, 275

   Self-Portrait (1640), 271

Reni, Guido, 264, 268, 273

Renoir, Jean, 260

reversibility, 282, 284

Reynolds, Joshua

   Discourses, 261, 271–2, 273

   Portrait of Catherine Pelham-Clinton, 274

   Portrait of Miss Sarah Anne Child, 274

   Portrait of Misses Sarah and Elizabeth Crewe, 274

   Portrait of Mrs. Lloyd, 274

   Self-Portrait, 275

Riario, palace, 77, 78

Riario, Raffaele, 114

Ribalta, Francisco, 270

Riccobaldi, Paolo, 36

Richardson, Jonathan 262, 263, 270, 273, 275

Ripa, Cesare, 126

Ripanda, Jacopo, 186, 200

Robinson, Charles, 210

Romano, Giulio, 9, 42, 50, 52, 54, 112, 117, 173, 177–82, 187, 195, 230, 231, 232, 234, 280

   drawings, 210, 211, 214, 215, 216, 218, 219

   drawing of Leo X, 133

   I Modi, 191, 192

   Sala dei Giganti (Palazzo Te, Mantua), 9

   Sala di Troia (Ducal Palace, Mantua), 180

   Workshop practice, 180

   Mausoleum of Nero, 83

   Obelisk (from Mausoleum of Augustus), 83

   Old Saint Peter’s, 115

   Palazzo dei Tribunali (Hall of Justice), 4. See also Bramante, Palazzo dei Tribunali

   Piazza Navona, 86

   Piazza del Popolo, 82, 89

   Ponte Giulia, 64, 66, 75

   Ponte Sant’Angelo, 66, 68

   Ponte Sisto, 64, 75, 196

   Saint Peter’s, 62, 63–4, 76, 82, 92, 94, 98, 101, 104, 115, 116

   San Pietro in Vincoli, 112

   Sant’Eligio degli Orefici, 74

   San Giovanni dei Fiorentini, 75

   San Luigi dei Francesi, 86

   San Marcello, 126

   San Nicola Incoronati, 74

   Santa Maria sopra Minerva, 122

   Santa Maria del Popolo, 125, 126

   Santa Maria in Trastevere, mosaic of Julius I, 124

   Sistine Chapel. See Michelangelo, Sistine chapel vault

   Via Alessandrina, 72, 90, 91

   Via del Babuino, 82

   Via Flaminia (Via del Corso), 80

   Via Giulia, 4, 64, 66. See also Bramante, Via Giulia

   Via Leonina (Via Ripetta), 80, 82, 85

   Via dei Lombardi, 85

   Via della Lungara, 4, 64, 76

   Villa Medici, relief, Judgment of Paris, 201

Rosa, Salvator, 267–8, 269

Rosselli, Cosimo, 25

Rossi, Giovanni Francesco, 280

Rossi, Luigi de’, 132

Rosso Fiorentino, 48

   grotteschi and relieflike style, 8

   prints, 195

   rivalry with Raphael, 10

Rovere, Francesco Maria della, 29, 31

Rovere, Giovanna Feltria della (the Prefetessa), 26, 44, 46

Rovere, Leonardo della, 114

Rowland, Ingrid, 11, 78, 226

Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (French Academy), 11, 238, 239–41, 248, 249, 287, 291, 295

   Conferences, 241, 242

Rubens, Peter Paul, 244, 256, 258, 287

   Transfiguration, 271

Sacchi, Andrea, 280

sack of Rome, 85, 96, 190, 191, 193, 218

Salamanca, Antonio, 184, 192

Salerno, Guarna da

   Simia, 63

Salviati family, 47, 77

Salviati, Francesco, 232

   Palazzo Ricci-Sacchetti, 8, 235

Sanchez Coello, Alonso, 270

Sandrart, Joachim von, 271

Sangallo, Antonio the Younger, 82, 83, 85, 86, 88

Sangallo, Giuliano, 69, 86

Sannazzaro, Jacopo, 108

Sansovino, Jacopo, 76

Santi, Giovanni, 1, 15, 17–19, 29, 30, 32, 38, 44, 265

Sanuto, Marino, 131

Sappho, portrayed, 108

Sarto, Andrea del, 237, 286

   Charity, 288, 292, 302

Savonarola, Girolamo, 2, 26, 224

Scannelli, Francesco, 275

Scaramuccia, Luigi, 261

Schaible, Volker, 293

Scheyb, Christian, 265

Sebastiano del Piombo, 111

   alliance with Michelangelo, 142

   Borgherini Chapel, 144, 154

   Chigi Chapel Santa Maria della Pace, 153

   Chigi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, 153

   color, 144, 148, 162

   dark manner, 142, 162, 163

   disegno vs. colore, 163–4

   glazing, 155, 162

   Last Judgment wall, (Sistine Chapel), 150

   oil painter, 151

   Polyphemus, 152, 153–4

   Portrait of Clement VII, 126

   Raising of Lazarus, 141, 158, 160–3

   rivalry with Raphael, 10, 141–2, 152

   San Giovanni Crisostomo Altarpiece, 151

   Villa Farnesina, 78

   Viterbo Pietà, 144, 148, 155–6, 158

     engraving after (Mario Cataro), 156

Sellaio, Leonardo, 158, 160, 161

Serlio, Sebastiano, 44, 193

Sforza, Caterina, 195

Shearman, John, 38, 44, 46, 96, 126, 134, 169, 171, 213, 223, 235

Siena, Piccolomini Library, 1, 21, 24

Signorelli, Luca, 18, 21, 40

   Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian, 23

   San Brizio chapel, Orvieto, 21

Sirani, Giovanni Andrea, 268

Sixtus IV, Pope, 21, 23, 60–1, 121, 123, 126, 140, 197

   See also Forlì, Melozzo da

   patron, 172, 176

   Sistine Chapel, 95, 97

   portrayed, 100

   Vatican Library, 97

Sixtus V, Pope, 63, 66, 83

Smyth, Craig Hugh, 232, 233, 236

Socrates, portrayed, 106

Soderini, Piero, 26, 46, 48

Sodoma, 172, 174, 186

   Stanza della Segnatura, 97, 106

   Villa Farnesina, 4, 78

Sonnenburg, Hubertus von, 304

Speroni, Sperone, 139

Stella, Jacques, 238

Stinger, Charles, 11

stylish style, 235

Summerscale, Anne, 264

Swiss Guards, 114

Symonds, John Addington, 189

Taddei, Taddeo, 26, 27, 46

Tafuri, Manfredo, 64

Talvacchia, Bette, 8

Taunay, 294

Tebaldeo, Antonio, 108, 147

Thornhill, James, 270, 272, 275

Tibullus, 108

Titian, 54, 155, 237, 242, 243, 256, 257, 258, 263, 269, 275

   Bacchus and Ariadne, 195, 201

   Fête Champêtre, 258

Tosio, Paolo, 298

Trebonianus, 109

Tratteggio, 281, 300

Troy, 115

Turner, Nicholas, 215, 216

Udine, Giovanni da, 7, 8, 50, 52, 92, 171, 173, 174, 182, 280, 284

Urban IV, Pope, 113

Urbino, 17, 29, 43–6, 48. See also Montefeltro family

   Albani Palace, 265

Vaga, Perino del, 8, 50, 62, 118, 174, 182, 210, 211, 216, 232

   prints, 191, 195

Valadier, Giuseppe, 278

Varchi, Benedetto, 149, 163

   Due Lezzione, 152

Vasari, Giorgio, 24, 25, 68, 70, 148, 150, 205, 206, 232, 238, 239, 242, 252, 266

   anti-Vasarianism, 266

   I Modi, 192

   Life of Giulio Romano, 9, 178

   Life of Michelangelo, 47, 142, 150, 228

   Life of Raimondi, 187, 190, 203

   Life of Raphael, 1, 3, 7, 15–16, 17, 19, 20, 29, 30, 33–5, 36, 41, 42, 44, 46, 47, 48, 53, 106, 126, 162, 168, 181, 184, 186, 187, 192, 199, 276, 287, 292

   Life of Sebastiano, 142–6, 148, 153, 157, 161, 163

   Parnassus engraving, 194

   Sala dei Cento Giorni, 9

Velazquez, Diego, 268, 269–70

Veneziano, Agostino, 184, 189

   Bandinelli’s Academy (engraving), 193

Vernet, Horace, 254

Veronese, Paolo, 239–40, 257, 264, 267

Verrocchio, Andrea del, 25

Vincent, François-André, 294

Vinci, Leonardo da, 1, 2, 5, 15, 19, 24, 25, 30, 31, 35, 177, 187, 193, 197, 199, 204, 205, 226, 233, 237, 256, 258, 272

   Battle of Anghiari, 2, 5, 25, 26, 31, 234

   Madonna and Child with Saint Anne, 2, 24, 25, 27

   Portrait of Mona Lisa, 2, 28, 121

   portrayed as Plato, 107

   sfumato, 2, 6, 7

Virgil, portrayed, 108

Viti, Timoteo, 18, 30

   Stanza della Segnatura, 97, 106, 187

Vitruvius, 64, 70, 116, 183

Vittoria, Vincenzo, 264, 269

Vuibert, Remy, 238

Wackenroeder, Wilhelm, 251

Wagner, Cornelia, 301

Wanscher, Vilhelm, 210

Watteau, Jean Antoine, 243, 244

West, Benjamin, 274

Wickhoff, Franz, 210

William of Orange, 270

Winckelmann, Johann Joachim, 261, 264, 265, 267

   Geschichte der Kunst des Alterums, 228, 230, 278

Wölfflin, Heinrich, 224, 226, 227, 228

   Classic Art, 229, 230, 231, 303

   Principles of Art History, 228–30

Wolk-Simon, Linda, 12, 218–19, 231

Wood, Jeryldene, 1

workshop practice, fifteenth century, 16

Wren, Christopher, 270

Xenophon, portrayed, 106

Zanotti, Giampietro Cavazzoni, 264

Zappa, Giulio, 299

Zarri, Gabriella, 37

Zuccaro, Federico, 11

Zuccaro, Taddeo, 11

   Caprarola, 264

Zoroaster, portrayed, 107


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