Concern about future supplies of fresh water to society, to meet the full range of human needs, now comes very high on the priority list of global societal issues. An overarching issue, which this book addresses, is whether global climate change is a dominant driver of change in the structure and function of all natural water-based ecosystems, or whether direct human population growth and accelerated consumption are playing an equal or greater role. This book divides the whole aquatic realm into 21 ecosystems, from those on land (both saline and fresh water) to those of the open and deep oceans. It draws on the understanding of leading ecologists to summarize the state and likely condition by the year 2025 of each of the ecosystems. Written for academic researchers and environmental professionals, the aim is to put the climate change debate into a broader context as a basis for conservation science and planning.
• Gives detailed separate treatments of 21 ecosystems based on well-worked case studies • Unique review of how ecosystems are likely to change over the next 20 years spanning marine, freshwater and terrestrial-saline environments • Polunin puts the climate change debate into a broader context, as a basis for conservation science and decision making
1. Introduction: Climate, people, fisheries and aquatic ecosystems Robert Engelman, Daniel Pauly, Dirk Zeller, Ronald G. Prinn, John K. Pinnegar and Nicholas V. C. Polunin; Part I. Flowing Waters: 2. Prospects for streams and rivers: an ecological perspective Björn Malmqvist, Simon D. Rundle, Alan P. Covich, Alan G. Hildrew, Christopher T. Robinson and Colin R. Townsend; 3. Groundwater ecosystems: human impacts and future management Janine Gibert, David C. Culver, Dan L. Danielopol, Christian Griebler, Amara Gunatilaka, Jos Notenboo and Boris Sket; 4. Flood plains: critically threatened ecosystems Klement Tockner, Stuart E. Bunn, Christopher Gordon, Robert J. Naiman, Gerry P. Quinn, Jack A. Stanford; Part II. Still Waters: 5. The future of small lakes and ponds Brian Moss, Christer Brönmark, Glen George, Lars-Anders Hansso and Erik Jeppesen; 6. Environmental trends and potential future states of large freshwater lakes Alfred M. Beeton, Robert E. Hecky and Kenton M. Stewart; 7. Salt lakes: values, threats, and future Robert Jellison, William D. Williams (deceased), Brian Timms, Javier Alcocer and Nikolay V. Aladin; Part III. Freshwater Wetlands: 8. The future of cool temperate peatlands Nils Malmer, Peter D. Moore and Michael C. F. Proctor; 9. Temperate freshwater wetlands: response to gradients in moisture regime, human alterations and economic status Mark M. Brinson, Barbara E. Bedford, Beth Middleton and Jos T. A. Verhoeven; 10. Present state and future of tropical wetlands Brij Gopal, Wolfgang J. Junk, C. Max Finlayson and Charles M. Breen; Part IV. Coastal Wetlands: 11. Saltmarsh Paul Adam, Mark D. Bertness, Anthony J. Davy and Joy B. Zedler; 12. Future of mangrove ecosystems to 2025 Richard S. Dod and Jin E. Ong; 13. Environmental future of estuaries Michael J. Kennish, Robert J. Livingston, Dave Raffaelli and Karsten Reise; Part V. Rocky Shores: 14. Rocky intertidal shores: prognosis for the future George M. Branch, Richard C. Thompson, Tasman P. Crowe, Juan Carlos Castilla, Olivia Langmead and Stephen J. Hawkins; 15. Current status and future trends in kelp forest ecosystems Robert S. Steneck, Rodrigo H. Bustamante, Paul K. Dayton, Geoffrey P. Jone and Alistair J. Hobday; 16. Projecting the current trajectory for coral reefs Tim R. McClanahan, Robert W. Buddemeier, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg and Paul Sammarco; Part VI. Soft Shores: 17. Sandy shores of the near future Alexander C. Brown (deceased), Karl F. Nordstrom, Anton McLachlan, Nancy L. Jackson and Douglas J. Sherman; 18. Seagrass ecosystems: their global status and prospects Carlos M. Duarte, Jens Borum, Frederick T. Short and Diana I. Walker; 19. Continental shelf benthic ecosystems – prospects for an improved environmental future Stephen J. Hall, Stuart I. Rogers and Simon F. Thrush; Part VII. Vast Marine Systems: 20. The marine pelagic ecosystem: perspectives on humanity's role in the future Peter G. Verity, John H. Steele, T. Frede Thingstad and Fereidoun Rassoulzadegan; 21. Polar and ice-edge marine systems Andrew Clarke, Andrew S. Brierley, Colin M. Harris, Dan Lubin and Raymond C. Smith; 22. The near future of the deep seafloor ecosystems Craig R. Smith, Lisa A. Levin, Anthony Koslow, Paul A. Tyler and Adrian G. Glover; 23. Synthesis: Trends and global prospects of the Earth's aquatic ecosystems Nicholas V. C. Polunin, Brij Gopal, Nicholas A. J. Graham, Stephen Hall, Venugopalan Ittekkot and Annette Mühlig-Hofmann.
' … [this] volume edited by Polunin provides an enriching, stimulating, and very enjoyable reading. It permits to understand and to appreciate the true complexity of life in the water as well as its vulnerability to our human activity. This book will be appreciated by professional scientists, students, school teachers, ecologically-oriented activists, and a broad audience of nature amateurs. It is very desirable to gather similarly talented teams of authors in order to write such books on the other types of ecosystems.' Paläontologie Allgemeine
'… a 'must' for all university libraries, and a thoroughly useful reference tome for undergraduates and graduates alike.' Progress in Physical Geography