Many people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are remarkably proficient at remembering how things look and sound, even years after an event. They are also good at rote learning and establishing habits and routines. Some even have encyclopaedic memories. However, all individuals with ASD have difficulty in recalling personal memories and reliving experiences, and less able people may have additional difficulty in memorising facts. This book assembles research on memory in autism to examine why this happens and the effects it has on people's lives. The contributors utilise advances in the understanding of normal memory systems and their breakdown as frameworks for analysing the neuropsychology and neurobiology of memory in autism. The unique patterning of memory functions across the spectrum illuminates difficulties with sense of self, emotion processing, mental time travel, language and learning, providing a window into the nature and causes of autism itself.
• Examines advances in the study of memory systems in order to understand the neuropsychology and neurobiology of memory in autism • Introductory chapter establishes technical terms and concepts • Features cross-referencing to emphasise the links between chapters and topics
Foreword; Preface Peter Hobson and Beate Hermelin; Part I. Introduction: 1. Concepts and theories of memory John M. Gardiner; Part II. The Neurobiology of Memory in Autism: 2. Temporal lobe structures and memory in nonhuman primates: implications for autism Jocelyne Bachevalier; 3. Acquired memory disorders in adults: implications for autism Andrew Mayes and Jill Boucher; 4. A comparison of memory profiles in relation to neuropathology in autism, developmental amnesia and children born prematurely Claire H. Salmond, Anna-Lynne R. Adlam, David G. Gadian and Faraneh Vargha-Khadem; 5. Possible parallels between memory and emotion processing in autism: a neuropsychological perspective Yifat Faran and Dorit Ben Shalom; 6. Dysfunction and hyperfunction of the hippocampus in autism? G. Robert Delong; Part III. The Psychology of Memory in Autism: 7. Memory within a complex information processing model of autism Diane L. Williams, Nancy J. Minshew and Gerald Goldstein; 8. Episodic memory, semantic memory and self-awareness in high-functioning autism Motomi Toichi; 9. Episodic memory and autonoetic consciousness in autistic spectrum disorders: the roles of self awareness, representational abilities and temporal cognition Sophie Lind and Dermot Bowler; 10. Impairments in social memory in autism? Evidence from behaviour and neuroimaging Sara Jane Webb; 11. Memory characteristics in individuals with savant skills Linda Pring; 12. Working memory and immediate memory in autism spectrum disorders Marie Poirier and Jonathan S. Martin; 13. Rehearsal and directed forgetting in adults with Asperger syndrome Brenda J. Smith and John M. Gardiner; 14. Memory, language and intellectual ability in low-functioning autism Jill Boucher, Andrew Mayes and Sally Bigham; Part IV. Overview: 15. Practical implications of memory characteristics in autistic spectrum disorders Rita R. Jordan; 16. A different memory: are distinctions drawn from the study of nonautistic memory appropriate to describe memory in autism? Laurent Mottron, Michelle Dawson and Isabelle Soulières; 17. Memory in ASD: enduring themes and future prospects Dermot Bowler and Sebastian B. Gaigg.
Review of the hardback: '… a detailed and thorough review of research into memory in autism. It is the only book entirely devoted to this topic and one of the few books to focus exclusively on memory in any neurodevelopmental disorder.' Journal of Applied Cognitive Psychology
Review of the hardback: 'As a resource for the investigator of memory in autism, or even cognition more generally, Memory in Autism is an indispensable tool.' Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society