This book argues that accountability for extraordinary atrocity crimes should not uncritically adopt the methods and assumptions of ordinary liberal criminal law. Criminal punishment designed for common criminals is a response to mass atrocity and a device to promote justice in its aftermath. This book comes to this conclusion after reviewing the sentencing practices of international, national, and local courts and tribunals that punish atrocity perpetrators. Sentencing practices of these institutions fail to attain the goals that international criminal law ascribes to punishment, in particular retribution and deterrence. Fresh thinking is necessary to confront the collective nature of mass atrocity and the disturbing reality that individual membership in group-based killings is often not maladaptive or deviant behavior but, rather, adaptive or conformist behavior. This book turns to a modern, and adventurously pluralist, application of classical notions of cosmopolitanism to advance the frame of international criminal law to a broader construction of atrocity law and towards an interdisciplinary, contextual, and multicultural conception of justice.
1. Extraordinary crime and ordinary punishment: an overview; 2. Conformity and deviance; 3. Punishment of international crimes in international criminal tribunals; 4. Punishment of international crimes in national and local criminal justice institutions; 5. Legal mimicry; 6. Quest for purpose; 7. From law to justice; 8. Conclusion: some immediate implications.
ASIL 2009 - Honourable mention
'Drumbl's book is excellent and thought-provoking. By focusing on sentencing it fills an important lacuna in scholarly literature. … Drumbl himself states that his major aim was to trigger further debate and research and in this he has fully succeeded.' Leiden Journal of International Law