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Multimedia Networking

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  • 6 b/w illus.
  • Page extent: 568 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 1.26 kg

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521882040)

Multimedia Networking
Cambridge University Press
9780521882040 - Multimedia Networking - From Theory to Practice - By Jenq-Neng Hwang
Index

Index

AC3 45, 181

AC3 coupling 49

AC3 D15 48

AC3 D25 48

AC3 D45 48

fielder window 48

low-frequency effect (LFE) channel 45

spectral envelope 46, 48

subwoofer channel 45

access

category (AC) 213, 334

network 292

point (AP) 316

adaptation decision taking engine (ADTE) 459

adaptive delta pulse-code modulation (ADPCM) 13, 19, 26, 473

adaptive stream management protocol 284

additive increase multiplicative decrease (AIMD) 247, 263

ad hoc BSS mode 316

ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) 341

admission control 272

advanced common application platform (ACAP, A/101) 197

advanced encryption standard (AES) 415, 421–427

decryption 429

encryption 424

AddRoundKey 424

MixColumn 424

ShiftRow 424

SubBytes 424

advanced television systems committee (ATSC) 4, 181, 182, 193

AC3 (A/52) 181, 193

data services 196

digital TV (DTV, A/53) 181, 193

MPEG-2 video 194

interactivity 196

MPEG-2 transport stream 195

RF transmission subsystem 196

channel coding 196

modulation 196

service multiplex 194

transport subsystem 194

vestigial sideband (VSB) modulation 196

airtime fairness 395

A-law 11

Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS) 3, 292

AMC subchannel 349, 403

analysis by synthesis 18

Apple QuickTime video 107

application layer 202

FTP 203

HTTP 203

application-layer QoS control 260–267

application-level multicast (ALM) 235, 270

application service provider (ASP) 229

arbitration interframe space number (AIFSN) 335

arithmetic coding 67, 78

aspect ratio 195

asymmetric digital subscriber

line (ADSL) 2

asymmetric encryption 414

audio and video compression 262

audio capture and playback 509

authenticity checking 439

automatic repeat-request (ARQ) 258, 372

autonomous system (AS) 207

multihomed AS 207

stub AS 207

transit AS 207

autorate fallback (ARF) 324

available bandwidth 249

backoff 320, 332

bandwidth (throughput) 210, 212

bandwidth inference congestion control (BIC) 251, 264, 386

bandwidth over-provisioning 222

bandwidth request (BW-REQ) 348–350

basic service set (BSS) 316

Bellman–Ford algorithm 208

best effort (BE) 348

bit error rate (BER) 323

blackburst 333

block erasure code 373, 386

blocky (blocking) artifact 62, 84, 160, 171

Blue-ray Disc 112

border gateway 207

border gateway protocol (BGP) 208

building a project 505

building a solution 505

cable TV (CATV) 2

call admission control 384

carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) 209, 320

carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) 209

cascaded decoder–encoder architecture 264

CAST algorithm 415

CCIR-601 7, 110

CD-interactive (CD-I) 38

certificate authority (CA) 436

channel capacity 212

channel quality indication channel (CQICH) 401

chroma subsampling 73, 107, 114

4:1:1 73, 107

4:2:0 107, 165

4:2:2 73, 107

4:4:4 73

ciphertext 414

class-D IP address 228

clear to send (CTS) 321

client–server video streaming 520

CMMB 4, 182

code division multiple access (CDMA) 304

CDMA2000 308

code-excited linear prediction (CELP) 16, 18

collusion attack 443

color look-up table (CULT) 113

color transformation 73, 86

chrominance (chroma) 73

luminance (luma) 73

common intermediate format (CIF) 7, 109, 483

common open policy service (COPS) protocol 384

compact disk (CD) 26

congestion avoidance 218

connection identifier (CID) 344

content caching 271

content delivery network (CDN) 236, 270

content management system (CMS) 412

content mirroring 271

content replication 271

content repository 412

ContentGuard 453

contention window (CW) 320, 332

contention-window adaptation (CWA) 395

context-adaptive binary arithmetic coder (CABAC) 68, 78, 92, 161

bitplane 92

context modeling 92

continuous media distribution services 267–269

control packet scaling 277

CoopNet 239

core-based tree (CBT) 233

core network 291

corrective synchronization mechanism 275

cross-layer congestion control (CLC) 394

custom queuing (CQ) 217

customer premise equipment (CPE) 342

cyclic redundancy check (CRC) 188

data encryption standard (DES) 414–419, 415

decryption 421

data-link layer 209

data recovery 267, 377

data stripping 273

deblocking filter 80, 160, 169

decryption key 414

de-interlace filter 286

de-jittered buffer 211, 262

delay jitter (variation) 7, 210, 211

delay-trend detection 251, 262

delay variation 210

delay-constrained retransmission 264

de-ringing filter 287

differential pulse-code modulation (DPCM) 114

differentiated service code point (DSCP) 205, 214

differentiated services (DiffServ) 202, 223–225

assured forwarding 226

expedited forwarding 226

flow aggregation 224

per-hop behavior (PHB) 224, 225

digital asset management (DAM) system 412

digital audio broadcasting (DAB) 38, 183

digital certificate 436

digital compact cassette (DCC) 38

digital item (DI) 446

digital item adaptation (DIA) 455–458

digital item adaptation engine 458

digital item declaration (DID) 445–446

digital item declaration language (DIDL) 447

digital item extension operation (DIXO) 462

digital item identification (DII) 447–449

digital item method (DIM) 461

digital item method language (DIML) 461

digital item processing (DIP) 458–462

Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) 1

digital multimedia broadcasting 181

digital rights 412

client 413

content server 410–411

license generator 413

license server 413

packager 413

digital rights management (DRM) 8, 292, 410

digital signature 432–433

digital still camera (DSC) 71

digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM) 288

digital versatile disk (DVD) 38, 109, 131

digital video broadcasting (DVB) 2, 181

DVB-C 181

DVB-H 4, 182, 183

4K mode 186

H.264/AVC 186

HE AAC 186

IP Dataset 185

single-frequency network (SFN) 186

symbol interleaver 186

time slicing 185, 188

transmitter parameter signaling (TPS) 186

DVB-S 181

DVB-T 4, 181, 182

hierarchical modulation 182

coded orthogonal frequency-division multiplex (COFDM) 183

digital watermarking 437

DIP engine 462

direct broadcast satellite (DBS) 1

direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) 317

discrete cosine transform (DCT) 33

DPCM coding 122, 131, 138

discrete Fourier transform (DFT) 33, 74

AC coefficients 75

DC coefficient 75

forward DCT (FDCT) 75

inverse DCT (IDCT) 75

row–column decomposition 75

separable property 75

distance-vector multicast routing protocol (DVMRP) 233

distributed coordination function (DCF) 320

distributed coordination function interframe space (DIFS) 320, 332

distributed fair scheduling (DFS) 333

diversity subchannel 349

doubling increase multiplicative decrease (DIMD) 249

downlink MAP (DL-MAP) 345

draw video frame function 529

drift 263

earliest deadline first (EDF) scheduling 272, 275

elementary stream (ES) 188

embedded probing 386, 389

encryption 414

encryption key 414

encryption key server 413

end of block (EOB) 78

end-to-end (source-to-destination) 205

enhanced definition TV (EDTV) 1

enhanced distributed channel access (EDCA) 333–337, 341

entropy 63

entropy coding 64, 78–79, 107, 114, 161, 169

error concealment 268, 377

error control 264

error resilient encoding 267, 377

Eureka-147 183

European broadcasting union (EBU) 190

European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI) 16

evolution-data only (EV-DO) 308

Rev A 308

Rev B 308

explicit resource management 223

exposed node problem 322

extended-real-time polling service (ertPS) 348

extended service set (ESS) 317, 339

extensible markup language (XML) 449

extensible rights markup language (XrML) 453

fair airtime throughput estimation (FATE) 395

fair queuing (FQ) 217, 250

fast streaming 279–280

fast cache 282

fast reconnect 282

fast recovery 282

fast start 281

fault tolerant storage 274

fiber distributed data interface (FDDI) 2

fiber to the home (FTTH) 288, 292

field picture 107, 138, 169

file manager 273

fingerprinting 438

first generation (1G) mobile 303

first-in first-out (FIFO) queuing 215

fixed mobile convergence 309

forward error correction (FEC) coding 184, 264, 282, 372

fourth generation (49) wireless 309

fragmentation 329

frame picture 107, 138, 169

frame-dropping filter 269

frequency-division duplex (FDD) 305, 345

frequency-division multiple access (FDMA) 303

frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) 317

FS-1015 standard 15

FS-1016 19

fullsearch 252

G.723.1 16, 23, 470

closed-loop LTP 22

conjugate CS-ACELP 23

line spectral pairs (LSP) 21

open-loop LTP 22

G.728 16, 19

G.729 16, 23, 387

Galois field 374, 423

general packet radio service (GPRS) 5, 305

generic DRM architecture 411

gigabit ethernet 291

Gilbert–Elliot model 375

global system for mobile (GSM) 16, 17, 303

goodput analysis 326–327

graphics interchange format (GIF) 62

H.225 280

H.245 280

H.261 108

H.263 110, 125

H.263v2 (H.263+) 110, 125, 129, 483

H.263v3 (H.263++) 110

baseline encoder 125

DCT transform 128

entropy coding 128

frame structure 126–127

group of blocks (GOBs) 126

half-pixel accuracy 127

high-latency profile 161

intra or inter mode selection 125

motion estimation and compensation 127

optional modes 129

advanced-prediction mode 129

PB-frame mode 129

syntax-based arithmetic coding 129

unrestricted motion vector mode 129

optimal quantization 130

quantization 128

rate control 130–131

TMN8 130

H.264/AVC 111, 153, 186, 190, 483

advanced video coding (AVC) 153

arbitrary slice ordering (ASO) 378

bilinear interpolation 157

decoder 153

encoder 153, 515

entropy coding 161

context-adaptive variable-length coding (CAVLC) 161

flexible macroblock ordering (FMO) 378

generalized B-picture 159

B slices 159

bipredictive 159

direct mode 159

list 0 159

list 1 159

skipped macroblock 159

in-loop deblocking filter 160, 177

blocking artifact 160

integer transform 159

four-tap Hadamard transform 160

ringing artifact 160

two-tap Harr–Hadamard transform 160

intra-picture prediction 155–156

intra coding types 155

prediction direction 155

prediction mode 156

JBIG2 69

joint video team (JVT) 153

Lagrange multiplier 158

level 161

multiframe motion compensation 158–159

network abstraction layer (NAL) 111, 173, 377

one-quarter pixel precision 157

parameter set structure 378

profile 161, 163

baseline 163

extended 163

high 163

main 161, 163

rate–distortion optimization 157–158

slice 154

bipredictive slice (B-slice) 155

intra slice (I-slice) 155

predictive (P-slice) 155

switching I (SI-slice) 155

switching P (SP-slice) 155

variable-block-size motion compensation 157

video coding layer (VCL) 111, 377

H.264/AVC multi-view video coding (MVC) extension 153

H.264/AVC scalable video coding (SVC) extension (H.264/SVC) 153, 172, 389, 460

base layer 176

fidelity quality (SNR) scalability 177

coarse-grain scalable (CGS) 177

drift 177, 263

progressive refinement 177

hierarchical prediction 175

instantaneous decoder refresh (IDR) picture 175

group of pictures (GOPs) 175

key picture 175

interlayer intra prediction 176

interlayer motion prediction 176

interlayer prediction 176

interlayer residual prediction 176

spatial enhancement layer 176

H.320 109

H.323 110, 280

H.324 110

hash function 434

Heinrich Hertz Institute (HHI) 172

hidden node problem 321

hierarchical prediction 173

hierarchical storage high-definition architecture 273

high-definition DVD (HD-DVD) 112

high-definition TV (HDTV) 1, 131, 193, 199

high-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) 305

high-speed uplink packet access (HSUPA) 306

Huffman coding 38, 42, 52, 65, 78

Huffman shift code 67

Huffman tables 79

instantaneous code 65, 66

truncated Huffman code 66

human auditory system 26–28

cochlea 28

inner ear 28

middle ear 26

ossicles 26

outer ear 26

human psychoacoustics 28–32, 40

bark unit 30

critical bands 29

frequency masking 28, 31

hearing sensitivity 28

minimum audible field (MAF) 28

sound pressure level (SPL) 28

subband 33

temporal masking 28, 31

hybrid coordination function (HCF) 334–335

hybrid coordination function controlled channel access (HCCA) 334, 337–338

hybrid fiber cable (HFC) 292

identity database 413

IEEE 802.11 MAC 318–321

IEEE 802.11 PHY 320

IEEE 802.11 WLAN 209

IEEE 802.11a 317

IEEE 802.11b 317

IEEE 802.11e 332–338

IEEE 802.11g 318

IEEE 802.11n 318

IEEE 802.11r 384

IEEE 802.11s 339

IEEE 802.16 simulation modules 359

IEEE 802.16 342

IEEE 802.16d (802.16–2004) 342

IEEE 802.16e (802.16–2005) 342

IEEE 802.16j 358

IEEE 802.3 ethernet 209

IEEE 802.5 token ring 209

indecs project 455

information 63

infotainment 6

infrastructure BSS mode 316

integrated services (IntServ) 202, 222–223

best effort 224

controlled load 224

guaranteed quality 224

soft state 224

integrated services digital broadcasting for terrestrial (ISDB-T) 4, 182, 183, 198

band-segmented transmission OFDM (BST-OFDM) 199

MPEG-2 AAC 198

MPEG-2 video 198

one segment 182, 183, 199

ISDB-C 198

ISDB-S 198

integrated services digital network 2

intellectual property management and protection (IPMP) 8, 410, 452–453

intelligent transportation system (ITS) 404

inter access-point protocol (IAPP) 384

interactive TV (iTV) 197, 293

interframe compression 107

interlaced video 107, 136, 138

interleaved single-pulse permutation (ISPP) 23

inter media synchronization 277

international data encryption algorithm (IDEA) 415

international mobile telecommunications 2000 (IMT-2000) 304

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) 438

international standard recording code (ISRC) 438

international streaming media alliance (ISMA) 110

Internet assigned numbers authority (IANA) 228

Internet control message protocol (ICMP) 205

Internet engineering task force (IETF) 205

Internet group management protocol (IGMP) 205, 228, 229

designated router 230–232

host membership query 230

host membership report 230

time to live (TTL) 230

Internet protocol (IP) 202

multicast 227

distribution tree 227

group address 227

MAC multicast address 228

tree creation 227

layer model Five 202

unicast 227, 234

network 202

Internet protocol TV (IPTV) 287, 385

high-level architecture standard 296

high-level functional components 296

high-level requirements 291–294

architectural aspects 293

end systems and middleware aspects 295

network and control aspects 294

public interest aspects 295

QoS and performance aspects 294

security and content protection aspects 294

Interoperability Forum (IIF) 3, 292

reference archiecture 290

Internet protocol version 4 (IPv4) 205

flags 205

header length 205

time to live (TTL) 206, 230

type of service (TOS) 205, 214

version number 205

Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6) 205

intradomain routing 207

intraframe compression 107

inverse telecine filter 286

IS-54 20

joint bilevel image experts group (JBIG) 68, 69

joint photographic experts group (JPEG) 62, 71, 481

codestream 83

extended coding mode 72

lossy baseline mode 72

lossless encoding mode 72

hierarchical mode 81–82

lossless mode 82–83

progressive mode 80–81

spectral selection 81

successive approximation 81

JPEG2000 62, 84, 481

bitplane entropy coding 92

codeblock 91, 94

codestream 95

progressive 97

Daubechies 5/3 integer filter 87

Daubechies 9/7 filter 87

discrete wavelet transform (DWT) 85, 87

dyadic DWT 87, 91

embedded block coding with optimized truncation (EBCOT) 92

JPEG2000 interactive and progressive (JPIP) 102

JPEG2000 secure (JPSEC) 102–103

JPEG2000 3D (JP3D) 104

JPEG2000 wireless (JPWL) 104–105

layer 96, 97

lifting scheme 87

packet 91, 95

precinct 91, 94

progression

by component 98

by quality (SNR) 97

by resolution 97

by spatial 97

scan stripe 92

three coding passes 92, 95

clean-up 93

magnitude refinement 92

significance propagation 92

key exchange (distribution) problem 431

key-dependent cipher operation 416

key-schedule function 416

layered coding 173, 246

layered multicast 245

LD-CELP 19

leaky bucket 220–221

license 453

license rights 413

linear predictive coding (LPC) 13–14

auto-regressive (AR) 13

Levinson–Durbin recursion 14, 52

long-term prediction (LTP) 14, 17

LPC excitation 15

LPC residue 15

LPC-10 standard 15

short-term prediction (STP) 13, 17

Toeplitz matrix 14

voice coder (vocoder) 14

Yule–Walker linear equation 13–14

link adaptation (rate adaptation) 8, 323, 394

link-state advertisement (LSA) 208

local area networks (LANs) 1, 202, 209

logical link control (LLC) 209

long-term evolution (LTE) 309, 313

lossless compression 62

lossy compression 62

maximum transmission unit (MTU) 206

mean opinion score (MOS) 13, 17

mean squared error (MSE) 13, 72

media access control (MAC) 209, 316

protocol data unit (MPDU) 320, 328, 345

service data unit (MSDU) 320

media access coordination function (MCF) 340

media synchronization 272–273

interobject synchronization 274

interstream synchronization 274

intrastream synchronization 274

mesh access point 340

mesh point 340

mesh portal 340

message digest 434

message digest 5 (MD5) 435

metadata 412

metropolitan area network (MAN) 209

Microsoft DirectShow 497

Microscoft Foundation Class (MFC) applications 497

Microsoft IPTV 288

Microsoft Media Server (MMS) 278

Microsoft Mesh Connectivity Layer (MCL) 380

minimal session control information 277

minimum-delay-path spanning tree 238

MiSer 324–325

MIT Roofnet 380

mixed-excitation linear prediction (MELP) 15, 19

mobile device 182–183, 316, 323, 342

mobile multi-hop relay (MMR) 358

modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT) 41, 50, 54

motion compensation 114

motion compensation error 116, 121

motion estimation 114

exhaustive (full) search 116

fast motion-estimation search 116

block-based gradient descent search (BBGDS) 118

diamond search 120

four-step search (4SS) 117

three-step search (3SS) 117

macroblock 114

motion vector 115

reference block 115

sum of absolute differences (SADs) 116

Motion JPEG2000 100

2K digital cinema package (DCP) 100

4K digital cinema package (DCP) 101

digital cinema initiative (DCI) 100

SMPTE DC28 100

XYZ color space 100

moving picture experts group (MPEG) audio 37

MPEG-1 audio layer 1 38

MPEG-1 audio layer 2 38

MPEG-1 audio layer 3 38

MPEG-1 video 109, 131, 483

conditional replenishment 134–135

inter_MB 135

intra_MB 135

skipped_MB 134

encoder 132, 510

decoder 132, 510

motion estimation and compensation 133

backward motion vector 134

forward motion vector 134

picture organization 131

bidirectional pictures (B-picture) 131

4:1:1 chroma subsampling 132

clear codeword 132

group of picture (GOP) 131

intra coded picture (I-picture) 131

predictive picture (P-picture) 131

slice 132

source input format (SIF) 132

quantization matrix 133

rate control 135

adaptive quantization 135

system layer 134

video buffer 133

MPEG-2 advanced audio coding (AAC) 50, 198, 515

Kaiser–Bessel derived window 54

low-complexity (LC) profile 53

main profile 53

pre-echoes 51

scalable sample rate (SSR) profile 53

temporal noise shaping (TNS) 52

MPEG-2 video 109, 131, 135, 194, 198, 483

alternate scan 140

DCT 139

field picture 138

frame picture 138

H.262 109

interlaced video 136, 138

levels 136

motion compensated prediction 138

dual-prime 139

field-based 138

frame-based 138

profiles 136

high 136

main 136, 137, 161

simple 136, 137

SNR 136

spatial 136

program stream 109

progressive video 138

scalable coding 140

SNR 140

spatial 140

temporal 143

transport stream 109, 183, 190, 195

MPEG-21 multimedia framework 446

MPEG-4 110, 144

binary format for scenes (BIFS) 190

synchronized layer (SL) 190

MPEG-4 bit-sliced arithmetic coding (BSAC) 190

fine-grain scalability 191

scalable coder 191

segmented binary arithmetic (SBA) coding 191

MPEG-4 high-efficiency AAC (HE-AAC) 54, 186, 190, 191, 472

HE-AACv2 57

interchannel cross-correlation 57

interchannel intensity difference 57

interchannel phase difference 58

interchannel time difference 58

overall phase difference 58

parametric stereo 57

spectral band replication (SBR) 54

MPEG-4 video

alpha plane 150

decoder 145

encoder 145

motion estimation 152

profile 136

advanced simple 146, 161

core 146, 192

core scalable 146

fine granularity scalable 146

main 146

simple 146

simple scalable 146

sprite-based coding 147

very-low-bitrate video (VLBV) 148

video object (VO) 145

video object plane (VOP) 147

VOP shaping coding 150

VOP texture coding 150–151

low-pass extrapolation 151

mean-repetition DCT 151

repetitive padding 151

shape-adaptive DCT (SA-DCT) 117

MP3 38, 476

inner iteration loop 43

intensity stereo coding 45

MS stereo coding 45, 52

outer iteration loop 44

scale factor band (SFB) 41

time domain aliasing cancellation (TDAC) 41

multicast backbone (Mbone) 234

IP multicast island 234

multicast tunnel 234

multicast open shortest path first (MOSPF) 234

multicast routing protocol (MRP) 228, 232

multiconference 535

multimedia (audio or video) streaming 257

live 256–257

on-demand 259

multimedia home platform (MHP) 182

multimedia QoS mechanism 259

multimedia streaming protocols 273–279

multipath interference 312

multiple description coding (MDC) 239, 268

multiple-pulse coding (MPC) 16, 21

multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) 312

multipoint control unit (MCU) 532–534

multipoint-to-multipoint (MMP) model 346–347

multiprotocol encapsulated FEC (MPE-FEC) 186, 187–188

application data table (ADT) 189

multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) 202

multirate WLAN 329, 398

Narada 239–240

network allocation vector (NAV) 320

network filter 269

network layer 205

destination network address 206

IP address 206

IP mask 206

next-hop router address 206

next generation network (NGN) 288

Nice 240

non-oblivious watermarking 444

non-real-time polling service (nrtPS) 348

non-scalable video 262

oblivious watermarking 444

one-to-one video conference 310

one-way delay (OWD) 210

one-way trip time (OTT) 210, 388

processing delay 211

propagation delay 211

queuing delay 211

open shortest path first (OSPF) 208

link state 208

optical carrier level N 2

optimized link state routing (OLSR) 341

orthogonal frequency-division multiplex (OFDM) 184, 310, 344

access (OFDMA) 310, 344

bin 349

slot 349

subchannel 312, 345

symbol 345

overlay network 236

packet delay (latency) 7, 210

packet error rate (PER) 323

packet loss (error) 7, 210, 212

packet loss classification (PLC) 365–370

delay-trend index 371

inter-arrival gap 367

spike-train analysis 369

zigzag scheme 370

packet pair 250

packet scheduling 352, 355

packet traffic management 215

packetized elementary stream (PES) 183

packet-pair layered multicast (PLM) 250, 264

Palo Alto research center (PARC) 453

parametric coding 13

participant identification 277

payload type identification 277

PC-2 table 418

peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) 72

peer-to-peer (P2P) 238

central-server-based 239

distributed-based 241

perceptual weighting filter 18, 22

performance anomaly 330, 394

physical (PHY) layer 210, 316

pitch 11

plain old telephone service (POTS) 2

plaintext 414

play video frame function 528

Pocket PC 2003 246

point coordination function (PCF) 320, 322

point-to-multipoint (PMP) mode 343–345

polymorphic function 524

power control 376–377

predictive coding 114

preroll buffer 257

presence server 533

pretty good privacy (PGP) 416

preventive synchronization mechanism 275

priority queuing (PQ) 216

private key 431

process manager 272

product information 412

program-specific information (PSI) 184, 193

program association table 193

program map table 193

progressive network architecture (PNA) 257

progressive video 107, 138

protocol-independent multicast (PIM) 228

protocol-independent multicast-dense mode (PIM-DM) 234

protocol-independent multicast-sparse mode (PIM-SM) 234

proxy server 259

public key 431

authentication 431–432

cryptography (PKC) 414, 427–435

encryption 430–431

infrastructure (PKI) 433–435

public-switched telephone networks (PSTN) 1

QAM 185

quadrature mirror filter (QMF) 40, 54, 58

quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) 185

quality of experience (QoE) 288

quality of service (QoS) 7, 8, 202, 210, 330

bandwidth (throughput) 210, 212

delay jitter (variation) 7, 210, 211

feedback 277

mapping 226

metric parameters 210

packet delay (latency) 7, 210

packet loss (error) 7, 210, 212

quantization 69–71

deadzone 88, 168

dequantization 76

non-uniform 70

optimal 71

quantization noise 70

quantization table (normalization matrix) 76, 133

uniform 70

random early detection/discard/drop (RED) 218

ranging-request message 350

rate control 108, 122–124, 135, 286

bit allocation 122

constant-quality video coding 122

constant-bitrate (CBR) video coding 122, 135, 347

feed-backward 124

feed-forward 124

model based 123

rate–distortion (R-D) theory 122

operational 123, 157

single-pass 286

two-pass 286

variable bitrate (VBR) video coding 122, 135, 348, 477

rate–distortion (R–D) optimation 379

rate shaping 262

rate-monotonic scheduling 272, 275

RDD context model 455

real data transport (RDT) 276

RealAudio 1.0 257

RealMedia streaming 283

RealSystem G2 283

real-time operating system (OS) 272

real-time polling service (rtPS) 348

real-time streaming protocol (RTSP) 278

real-time transport control protocol (RTCP) 204, 275, 366

real-time transport protocol (RTP) 111, 204, 275, 366

receiver report 204

sender report 204

RealVideo 8 283–285

rebuffering 257

receiver-based autorate (RBAR) 322–324

receiver-driven layered congestion control (RLC) 248

burst test 249

synchronized join experiments 249

receiver-driven layered multicast (RLM) 248

join experiments 248

shared learning 248

Reed–Solomon FEC 184, 188, 196, 373

regular pulse excitation (RPE) 16, 17

REL data model 453

relative one-way trip time (ROTT) 251, 367

request to send (RTS) 321

resource allocation 272

resource manager 272

resource reservation protocol (RSVP) 223

resynchronization marking 267, 377

reverse path forwarding (RPF) 232

reversible color transform (RCT) 78–79

reversible variable-length code (RVLC) 268

rights data dictionary (RDD) 453–454

rights expression language (REL) 451–453

Rijndael key schedule 425

Rivest ciphers (RCs) 416

round trip time (RTT) 250, 263

routing information protocol (RIP) 206, 208

routing protocols 206

RSA

decryption 432

encryption 432

public key cryptography 431

RTSP methods 278

run-length coding (RLC) 69, 78, 79, 113

S-box 418

scalable IPTV 392

OFDMA (SOFDMA) 344

video 262

video coding (SVC) 112

video multicast 404

second generation (2G) mobile 303

secret key cryptography (SKC) 414, 415

secure hash algorithm (SHA) 435

sequence numbering 277

service differentiation of 802.11 330–332

service flow identifier (SFID) 344

service-level agreement (SLA) 223, 225

session description protocol (SDP) 280

session initiation protocol (SIP) 110, 384, 387

client 279

proxy server 279

redirect server 280

registrar 280

server 279

set-top box (STB) 291

Shannon information theory 63

channel capacity 64

mutual information 64

short interframe space (SIFS) 321

signal-to-mask ratio 40

simulated live transfer agent (SLTA) 259

single-carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA) 313

slice-based data partitioning 267, 377

smart antenna 312

smooth multirate multicast congestion control (SMCC) 264

SMPTE VC-1 111

Snoop protocol 366

source encoding 7

source identification 277

source input format (SIF) 7, 109

source rate adaptation (SRA) 395

SP/SI switching 378

spatial-division multiplex (SDM) 312

spatial-division multiple access (SDMA) 312

splitter 259

spread-spectrum modulation 441

SpreadIt 239

standard definition TV (SDTV) 131, 193, 199

storage area network (SAN) 273

storage system for streaming 273

stream synchronization protocol (SSP) 275

streaming server 270–272

STS-N 2

subband filtering 35

decimator 35

interpolator 35

polyphase filter 35–36, 38

subcarrier 310

subchannel allocation 352, 355

superposition coded multicasting (SCM) 392, 393

SureStream technology 283

Swisscom IPTV 288

symmetric encryption 414

synchronized multimedia integration language (SMIL) 282, 461

systematic code 373

tail drop 218

Telecommunication Industry Association (TIA) 20

Telematics 5

terrestrial digital multimedia broadcasting (T-DMB) 4, 182, 183, 189

binary format for scenes (BIFS) 190

bit-sliced arithmetic coding (BSAC) 190

H.264/AVC 190

HE AAC 190

multimedia object transfer (MOT) transport protocol 190

system specification 192

transparent data channel (TDC) 190

transport protocol experts group (TPEG) 190

virtual reality modeling language (VRML) 190

visual radio 190

third generation (3G) mobile 4, 303

third generation partnership project (3GPP) 58, 110, 305

third generation partnership project 2 (3GPP2) 309

throughput fairness 395

time-division duplex (TDD) 305, 345

time-division multiple access (TDMA) 303

timestamping 274, 276

time to live (TTL) 206

token bucket 219–220

traffic classification 213

application-layer 215

link-(MAC)-layer 213

network-layer 214

transport-layer 215

traffic shaping 219

transcoding 260–267

closed-loop 263

open-loop 263

transmission control protocol (TCP) 202, 204, 275, 490

congestion control 247

friendly congestion control 247, 263

friendly rate control (TFRC) 264

TCP/IP 202

TCP/IP stack 490

transport layer 203

transport network 291

transport protocol 275

transport protocol experts group (TPEG) 190

Triple-DES (3DES) 415, 421

TV over IP 3

two-state Markov chain 375

ultra mobile broadband (UMB) 309, 311–312

uniform resource identifier (URI) 278, 450

uniform resource locator (URL) 278

universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) 305

unsolicited grant service (UGS) 347

unvoiced speech 11

uplink MAP (UL-MAP) 345

usage environment description (UED) 459

usage restriction 438

user agent client (UAC) 280

user agent server (UAS) 279

user datagram protocol (UDP) 204, 275, 490

user date protocol socket 521

utility-based resource allocation 404

Vandermonde code 374

vector quantization (VQ) 18

codebook 18

codeword 18

vector-sum excited linear prediction (VSELP) 20, 21

very-high-bitrate subscriber line (VDSL) 2

video capture 503

video CD (VCD) 38, 109

video coding experts group (VCEG) 111, 153

video conference 535

Video for Windows (VFW) 497

video headend 291

live video broadcast server 291

video on demand (VoD) server 291

video on demand (VoD) 293

video playback 503

virtual reality modeling language (VRML) 190

VivoActive 1.0 257

VLC application 125

vocal cord (vocal fold) 11

vocal tract 11

voice over IP (VoIP) 1, 385

voiced speech 11

watermark

attack 443

detection 441–443

embedding 438–440

WAV audio format 26

waveform coding 13

wavelet transform 62

weighted fair queuing (WFQ) 217

weighted radio and load aware (WRALA) 341

weighted random early detection (WRED) 219

Westwood TCP 366

wide area networks (WAN) 7, 202

wideband CDMA (WCDMA) 305

Wideband Speech 7

widest-path spanning tree 238

Wi-Fi 1, 311–312

Wi-Fi hotspot 303

WiMAX and Wi-Fi internetworking 360

WiMAX forum 342

WiMAX frame structure 347–348

WiMAX MAC layer 343–345

WiMAX PHY layer 342–343

WiMAX protocol architecture 343

common-part sublayer 343

convergence sublayer 343

security sublayer 343

WiMAX QoS differentiation 347

WiMAX resource allocation 352, 404

WiMAX scheduling 352

WiMAX/Wi-Fi integrated network 361

Windows Media

encoder 281

player 281

server 281

streaming technology 281

Windows Media Video (WMV) 111

software development kit (SDK) 281, 530, 532

Windows Media Video 9 (WMV-9) 165

adaptive block-size transform 165

B-frame 170

entropy coding 169

fading compensation 171

4:2:0 165

in-loop deblocking filter 169

interlace coding 169

limited precision transform 167

motion compensation 167

interpolation filter 167

one quarter pixel resolution 167

overlap smoothing 171

blocking artifact 171

lapped transform 171

performance comparison 172

quantization 168

deadzone 168

zigzag scan 169

wired equivalent privacy (WEP) 318

wireless

broadband network 8, 301

channel model 375

fading and shadowing 8

LAN (WLAN) 1, 316

mesh 339

mesh capacity 379–380

mesh handoff 381–382

mesh network (WMN) 380, 384

mesh routing 380–381

metropolitan area network (WMAN) 342

network interface card (WNIC) 316

personal area network (WPAN) 4

worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) 5, 309, 342, 392

xDSL 292

X.509 certificate 436

Zigzag 240, 370

zigzag sequence 77




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