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Essentials of UMTS

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  • 18 tables
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 (ISBN-13: 9780521889315)

Essentials of UMTS
Cambridge University Press
9780521889315 - Essentials of UMTS - By Christopher Cox
Index

Index

Note: Illustrations are indicated by page numbers in italics.

1G (first generation) 1, 20–22

1 × Evolution Data Optimised (1 × EV-DO) 24

1 × Radio Transmission Technology (1 × RTT) 24

2G (second generation) 1, 22–23

2.5G 22–23

3G (third generation) 1, 23–25

3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) 29–31, 33

3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 (3GPP2) 31, 204, 207

3.5G 24

4G (fourth generation) 216–217

access link control application protocol (ALCAP) 49, 53

message sequence charts 134, 157, 174

access point name (APN) 179–180, 183, 185

APN network identifier 179

APN operator identifier 179

access stratum (AS) 48, 54, 55, 56

channels used 59

relationship with direct transfers 65

transport of SMS 188

account balance management function (ABMF) 201, 202

acknowledged mode (AM)

See radio link control protocol

acquisition indicator channel (AICH) 62, 81

active set 40, 153

E-DCH 104

measurements made 155–156

update procedure 156–158, 157

adaptive modulation and coding 105–106, 115

adaptive multi rate (AMR) codec 50, 55, 55, 176–177, 176

classes of bit 177

modes 176

relationship with the RLC protocol 96

use by the circuit switched multimedia service 193

Advanced Mobile Phone System (AMPS) 21, 23

air interface 3, 35, 38, 38, 54–56, 55, 71–72

air interface physical layer protocol 48, 55, 56

analogue processing 86–88, 87

bit rate processing 91–94, 92

channels processed 60

chip rate processing 73–86, 84, 85, 88–91

high speed packet access 99–110

application programming interface (API) 198

application server 196–197, 199, 199, 205, 206

application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) 148

asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) 10–11, 11

quality of service 169

UMTS examples 135, 178

UMTS protocol stacks 45, 51, 52, 53, 54

ATM adaptation layer (AAL) 11

attach procedure 136–138, 208

combined attach 136, 137

GPRS attach 136

IMSI attach 136

attention (AT) commands 56, 56

authentication centre (AuC) 36–37, 36, 142

message sequence charts 140

authentication procedure 139–142, 140, 209

authentication token (AUTN) 141

authentication vector 140, 209

base station 2, 2, 38

base station controller (BSC) 38, 40, 43, 162

base station subsystem (BSS) 40

base station subsystem application part plus (BSSAP+) 53, 53

message sequence charts 137, 163

base transceiver station (BTS) 38, 40

beamforming 108

bearer 57, 57–59

bearer independent call control (BICC) protocol 51, 51, 52

bearer independent circuit switched domain 42, 43, 52, 173–175, 178

bearer service 165

billing 200

binary phase shift keying (BPSK) 13, 13, 16, 19, 74, 83

bit error ratio (BER) 16, 16–17

block error ratio (BLER) 80, 93, 101, 115

border gateway control function (BGCF) 205, 206

broadcast channel (BCH) 129

broadcast /multicast control (BMC) protocol 55, 56

broadcast /multicast service centre (BM-SC) 191, 192

call control (CC) protocol 48, 55, 55, 171

message sequence charts 172

call session control function (CSCF) 204–206, 205

interrogating (I-CSCF) 205, 209

proxy (P-CSCF) 205–206, 208–210

serving (S-CSCF) 204, 206, 209–210

CAMEL application part (CAP) 196

camping 126, 144–146, 149

capacity, cell 3, 110–116

improvement techniques 80, 101, 153, 176

interference limit 69, 78

capacity, channel 18–20, 19

carrier 13, 86–87

carrier frequency 14, 16, 67, 67–69, 69

cdma2000 24, 31, 204

cdmaOne 23–24

cell 2, 3, 38

cell breathing 112

cell broadcast service (CBS) 56, 193

cell reselection procedure 146, 149–150

cell search procedure 90, 127–129

cell selection procedure 127, 131–132, 149

cell update procedure 151, 151

CELL_DCH state 62, 123, 124, 134–135, 152–162

CELL_FACH state 62–63, 123, 124, 132–133, 144–152

CELL_PCH state 123, 124, 144–151

channel 59–63

common 60–62, 94

control 60–61

dedicated 60, 62, 94

logical 59–60, 62, 94

physical 60–61, 62

in high speed packet access 104–105, 107

physical layer processing 94

radio 15–17

traffic 60–61

transport 60–61, 62

in high speed packet access 104, 107

MAC processing 94–95

physical layer processing 91, 94

priority 95

use during voice calls 177

channel quality indicator (CQI) 107

channelisation 73, 73–76, 75, 83, 85

de-channelisation 74–75, 90

channelisation code 73–76, 76, 78, 86, 91

in compressed mode 159

in high speed packet access 104, 107

messages containing 134, 158

orthogonality 75–76, 78, 85

PCCPCH 130

SCCPCH 133

chargeable event 200

charging 200–202

event based 200

offline 200–201, 201

online 200–202, 202

session based 200

charging data function (CDF) 201, 201

charging data record (CDR) 200

charging gateway function (CGF) 201, 201

charging trigger function (CTF) 201, 201, 202

chip 72, 74

chip rate 72–78, 112

ciphering 98, 136, 141–143, 142, 205

circuit switched data service 193

circuit switched (CS) domain 34–38, 36, 42, 43

protocol stacks 50–52

state diagrams 120–122, 125

use during voice calls 170, 175–178

circuit switched multimedia service 192–193

circuit switching 5–6, 5

cloning 21, 139

code division multiple access (CDMA) 14, 14, 24, 73

comfort noise 177

common pilot channel (CPICH) 63

in the active set update procedure 156

in the cell search procedure 128–129

in the cell selection procedure 131

in the rake receiver 90

composite capability / preference profiles (CC/PP) 197

compressed mode 158–160, 159

compression 19–20

of IP headers 56, 185

of SIP signalling messages 205

of voice calls 50, 52, 176–178

connection frame number (CFN) 135, 175

connection-oriented protocol 8

connectionless protocol 8

constellation 13, 106

control plane 10, 45

convolutional coding 92

core network (CN) 2, 34–38, 36, 42, 43

circuit switched

See circuit switched domain

packet switched

See packet switched domain

core network bearer 57, 58

coverage 3, 112–114

improvement techniques 153–154

CS-CONNECTED state 120, 120–121, 125, 171

CS-DETACHED state 121–122, 120

CS-IDLE state 120, 121, 138

Cu interface 40, 56, 56

customised application for mobile network enhanced logic (CAMEL) 195, 195–196, 199, 202, 206

cyclic prefix insertion 214

cyclic redundancy check (CRC) 93

relationship with quality of service 168–169

use by high speed packet access 99–101

use by the RLC protocol 98

use during voice calls 177

datagram 6

dedicated channel (DCH) 62, 104, 107, 124, 135

dedicated control channel (DCCH) 60

dedicated physical control channel (DPCCH) 60, 62, 79, 82–86, 90

dedicated physical data channel (DPDCH) 60, 62, 64, 79, 82–86

dedicated traffic channel (DTCH) 60

differentiated services (DiffServ) 170

Digital AMPS (D-AMPS) 23

digital signal processing chip 148

direct transfer procedure 64–66, 66, 125, 136

direct tunnel approach 187

discontinuous reception (DRX) 148–149

DRX cycle length 148

DRX cycle length coefficient 148

diversity processing 17–18

multipath 18, 88, 90, 116

receive antenna 17, 17

soft handover 18

transmit antenna 18, 82

domain name 180

E911 mandate 194

E-DCH absolute grant channel (E-AGCH) 104

E-DCH dedicated physical control channel (E-DPCCH) 104

E-DCH dedicated physical data channel (E-DPDCH) 104

E-DCH hybrid ARQ indicator channel (E-HICH) 105

E-DCH relative grant channel (E-RGCH) 104

emergency call 41, 127, 194

encryption

See ciphering

Enhanced Data Rates for Global Evolution (EDGE) 23

enhanced dedicated channel (E-DCH) 104

enhanced uplink

See high speed uplink packet access

equipment identity register (EIR) 36, 36

error correction 18–19, 91–92, 100, 115

error detection 93, 100

Ethernet 8

European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) 29, 56

evolved Node B (eNodeB) 212–213, 212, 215

evolved packet core (EPC) 211, 212

evolved UMTS radio access network (E-UTRAN) 212, 212

fading 15–17, 16

effect on MIMO antennas 109

effect on pole capacity 112

management by adaptive modulation & coding 105

reduction by diversity processing 17, 88, 90, 116

reduction by fast power control 80

reduction by interleaving 94

fast Fourier transform (FFT) 213–216

fast scheduling 102–104, 106

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) 194

feedback information (FBI) bits 82

finger, rake 88–91

first generation

See 1G

forward access channel (FACH) 63, 94, 124, 133, 192

FACH measurement occasions 152

forward link 3

fourth generation

See 4G

frame, AMR codec 176–177

frame, physical channel 82, 83, 94, 129

frequency allocation 67–69

frequency division duplex (FDD) 24, 66–68, 74, 78

frequency division multiple access (FDMA) 14, 14

gateway GPRS support node (GGSN) 36, 37

message sequence charts 182

relationship with the IMS 204–206

use by GPRS 179–187

use by MBMS 191

use by MMS 190

use during wireless LAN interworking 43

gateway mobile switching centre (GMSC) 37, 173

GMSC server 43

general packet radio service (GPRS) 22, 34, 165, 179–187

activation 181–185, 182

architecture 179–181, 180

transport 185–187, 186

generic user profile (GUP) 200–202

Global Positioning System (GPS) 194

Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) 22–23

evolution to UMTS 24, 31, 34

handover to/from UMTS 24, 162

radio access network 35, 38, 40, 43–44

Gn interface 36, 53

Gp interface 36, 53

GPRS attach

See attach procedure

GPRS mobility management (GMM) protocol 48, 55, 55, 64

message sequence charts 137, 163, 182

other messages 151

GPRS roaming exchange (GRX) 181

GPRS tunnelling protocol (GTP)

control part (GTP-C) 53, 53, 181

message sequence charts 182

user part (GTP-U) 52, 53, 54, 185–186

Gs interface 36, 53, 53

GSM EDGE radio access network (GERAN) 43

GSM service control function (gsmSCF) 195, 195

GSM service switching function (gsmSSF) 195, 195

H.263 codec 193

handover 4

hard

See hard handover

soft

See soft handover

happy bit 104

hard decision 74–75, 78, 92

hard handover 160–162

to/from GSM 24, 162

within UMTS 160–162

hierarchical cell structures (HCS) 150, 161

high speed dedicated physical control channel (HS-DPCCH) 107

high speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) 107

high speed packet access (HSPA) 24, 99–110, 115, 145, 152

high speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) 99, 106–107

high speed uplink packet access (HSUPA) 99, 104–105

HSPA evolution (HSPA+) 99, 109–110, 145

high speed physical downlink shared channel (HS-PDSCH) 107

high speed shared control channel (HS-SCCH) 107

home location register (HLR) 36–37, 36

message sequence charts 137, 140

other messages 173, 178

home network

See roaming

home PLMN 127

home subscriber server (HSS) 36, 43, 205, 206

hybrid automatic repeat request (hybrid ARQ) 99–102, 100, 104, 106, 115, 213

hybrid ARQ process 102, 105

hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) 8, 207

identity confidentiality 139

idle mode procedures 144

idle period in the downlink (IPDL) 194

IMS messaging service 210

page mode 210

session mode 210

IMS telephony service 210–211

IMSI attach

See attach procedure

IMT-2000 24

IMT-Advanced 216

in-phase (I) component 13, 84, 86, 88

Integrated Digital Enhanced Network (iDEN) 23, 211

integrity protection 136, 141, 143, 143

intellectual property 30, 116

intelligent networking 195

inter symbol interference (ISI) 214

interference 15

audio 86

beamforming 108

multipath 15

rake receiver 89

UMTS transmitters 78, 110–112, 114–116

interleaving 94

international mobile equipment identity (IMEI) 41, 139

international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) 41, 65, 121, 139, 148, 152

International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 23, 25, 29, 192, 216–217

Internet 5, 10

interfaces from UMTS 34, 179–180

protocol stack 11

quality of service 170

routing 6

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) 207

Internet protocol (IP) 8, 10

enhancements 170

IP address 8, 180–181, 183–184

multicast 192

tunnelling 180, 185–187

UMTS protocol stacks 51, 52, 53, 54

version 4 180, 207

version 6 180, 207

IP multimedia services identity module (ISIM) 207–208

IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) 43, 203–211

IS-41 23

IS-54 23

IS-95

See cdmaOne

IS-136 23

ISDN user part (ISUP) 11, 51, 51, 171

message sequence charts 172

other messages 173

Iu bearer 57, 58

Iu interface 35, 47, 53–54, 64

Iu-CS interface 34, 35, 54, 125

Iu-PS interface 34, 35, 53, 54, 125

Iu user plane protocol 53, 54, 177

Iub interface 38, 38, 47, 53, 54

Iub user plane protocol 53, 54

message sequence charts 134, 174

IuFlex 43

Iur interface 38–39, 38, 47, 53, 54, 64, 146

Iur user plane protocol 53, 54

Iur-g interface 43

Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) 189

key

ciphering (CK) 141–142, 205

integrity protection (IK) 141–143, 205

secret (K) 139–142

location area (LA) 37, 121

in CS-DETACHED state 122

paging within 148, 173

relationship with routing area 122, 126, 126

requirement for 121

location area identity (LAI) 151

location area update procedure 121, 151

location services (LCS) 193–195

logical channel

See channel

Long Term Evolution (LTE) 211–216

macrocell 3, 15, 69, 91, 113, 150, 160, 194

master information block (MIB) 131, 146

Mc interface 42, 52, 52

measurements

cell reselection 144, 149–150

cell search 127

cell selection 131

CELL_DCH state 152, 154–156

control 154–157, 160

events 130, 155–156, 160

event 1A 156–157

event 1B 156, 158

event 1D 156

event 2B 160

event 2D 160

reporting 154–157, 160

RRC connection setup 133, 135

media gateway (MGW)

circuit switched media gateway (CS-MGW) 42, 43, 52

IMS media gateway (IM-MGW) 205, 206

media gateway control function (MGCF) 205, 206

media gateway control protocol (MEGACO) 52, 52

media resource function controller (MRFC) 205, 206

media resource function processor (MRFP) 205, 206

medium access control (MAC) protocol 48, 55, 56, 94–96

channels processed 59–60

ciphering 143

components 94, 105, 107

in high speed packet access 102, 105, 107

message sequence chart 45

message transfer part (MTP) 11, 171

UMTS protocol stacks 51, 53

microcell 3, 15, 69, 91, 113, 160

MMS relay/server 189, 190

MMS user agent 189, 190

mobile

See user equipment

mobile application part (MAP) 46, 50, 51

message sequence charts 137, 140

mobile country code (MCC) 37, 179

mobile equipment (ME) 40, 40–41

components 56

message sequence charts 140

relationship with UICC 56, 126, 196

mobile execution environment (MExE) 197–199, 198

mobile network code (MNC) 37, 179

mobile station (MS) 35

mobile station ISDN number (MS-ISDN) 41

mobile switching centre (MSC) 36, 36

IuFlex 43

location when roaming 37

message sequence charts 66, 137, 140, 163, 172, 174

other messages 173

quality of service 169

relationship with VLR 37

use by CAMEL 195

use by circuit switched multimedia service 193

use by supplementary services 178

use during voice calls 175

mobile termination (MT) 40–41, 40, 56, 184

mobility management (MM) protocol 48, 55, 55, 64

message sequence charts 66, 140, 172

other messages 121, 151

modulation 12–13, 86–87

monitored set 156

Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG) 189, 193

MSC area 36

MSC server 42, 43, 52

multimedia broadcast/multicast service (MBMS) 191–192, 192

MBMS bearer service 191

MBMS user service 191

multimedia messaging service (MMS) 189–190, 190

multipath 15, 16, 88, 194, 214

multiple input multiple output (MIMO) antennas 108, 108–109, 213

Nb interface 42, 52, 52

Nb user plane protocol 52

Nc interface 42, 52, 52

near far effect 79

neighbour list 150

network address translation 187

network reselection procedure 150

network selection procedure

automatic mode 126–127

manual mode 127

Node B 38, 38, 145–146, 152–154

high speed packet access procedures 103, 105–107

message sequence charts 134, 157, 161, 174

power control procedure 79–81

use by location services 194

Node B application part (NBAP) 47, 53, 54

message sequence charts 134, 157, 161, 174

noise rise 110–112, 174

noise rise limit 113

non-access stratum (NAS) 48, 54–55, 55

relationship with direct transfers 64

relationship with signalling radio bearers 59

non-transparent access 184

Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) 21

Nyquist filter 86

observed time difference of arrival (OTDOA) 194–195

online charging function (OCF) 201, 202

online charging system (OCS) 201, 202

Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) 211

open service access (OSA) 198–199, 199, 206

open systems interconnection (OSI) 7, 7–8, 44

organisational partner 30

orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) 212–216, 214

packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) 55, 56, 185

packet data network (PDN) 34, 179

packet data protocol (PDP) 180

PDP context 181, 184–186, 208–209

PDP context activation procedure 181–184, 208

secondary PDP context activation procedure 185

packet switched (PS) domain 34–38, 36, 42

protocol stacks 52–53

relationship with the IMS 204

state diagrams 122, 125

system architecture evolution 211–212

use by GPRS 179–187

packet switched streaming service 192

packet switching 5, 5–6

packet temporary mobile subscriber identity (P-TMSI) 122, 132, 136, 138–139, 183

paging 63, 123, 144, 146–149

circuit switched domain originated 121, 173

packet switched domain originated 122

radio access network originated 124, 146

paging channel (PCH) 147

paging group 148

paging indicator 147–148

paging indicator channel (PICH) 146–149

paging occasion 147–149, 147

PDP context

See packet data protocol

Personal Digital Cellular (PDC) 23

PersonalJava 198

physical channel

See channel

physical random access channel (PRACH) 62, 64, 81, 82, 132

PICH monitoring occasion 147–148, 147

picocell 3, 15, 69, 91, 113, 150

pilot bits 82, 90

point-to-point protocol (PPP) 8, 180

pole capacity 111--115

power control

fast closed loop 79, 79–81, 81, 83–85, 105

open loop 81, 82

power-off procedure 162–164, 163

presence service 210

primary common control physical channel (PCCPCH) 129, 131

private identity 207

propagation loss 15

protocol data unit (PDU) 9–10, 96

PS-CONNECTED state 120, 122, 125, 138, 183

PS-DETACHED state 120, 122

PS-IDLE state 120, 122, 138, 184

PSTN interface 36, 51, 51, 170

public data network

See packet data network

public identity 207

public land mobile network (PLMN) 2, 34

public land mobile network identity (PLMN-ID) 38, 126–127, 130

public switched telephone network (PSTN) 34

pulse code modulation (PCM) 48, 52, 175

puncturing

See rate matching

push-to-talk over cellular (PoC) 211

quadrature (Q) component 13, 84, 86, 88

quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) 106, 109

quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) 13, 13, 85, 106

quality of service (QoS) 166–170

attributes 167–168, 172, 181

management by GPRS 183–185

management by the IMS 203, 205

relationship with bearers 57–58

R interface 40, 56, 56

RAB sub-flow 177

RAB sub-flow combination indicator (RFCI) 177

radio access bearer (RAB) 57, 58

radio access bearer assignment procedure 172, 173–175, 174, 182

radio access network 2–3, 35, 38, 38–40

radio access network application part (RANAP) 47, 53, 54

message sequence charts 66, 140, 163, 174

other messages 173

radio bearer 57, 58, 175

radio interface

See air interface

radio link control (RLC) protocol 48, 55, 56, 96–98

acknowledged mode (AM) 93, 97–98, 101, 143

channels processed 59

relationship with signalling radio bearers 59

transparent mode (TM) 96, 143

unacknowledged mode (UM) 96–97

radio link protocol (RLP) 55, 55

radio network controller (RNC) 38, 39, 145–146, 152–154

controlling RNC 39, 94, 133

drift RNC 39, 39, 64, 146, 153

IuFlex 43

serving RNC 39, 39, 146

high speed packet access procedures 105

message sequence charts 46, 66, 132, 134, 140, 151, 157, 161, 163, 172, 174, 182

power control procedure 80

signalling connection management 121–125

tunnelling 180, 186–187

radio network planning 116

radio network subsystem application part (RNSAP) 47, 53, 54

radio network temporary identity (RNTI) 94, 123, 133, 148, 152

cell RNTI (C-RNTI) 123, 151

UTRAN RNTI (U-RNTI) 123

radio resource control (RRC) protocol 45–46, 48, 55, 56, 63

3GPP specification 33

integrity protection 143

message sequence charts 46, 66, 132, 134, 140, 151, 157, 161, 163, 174

other messages 103, 147, 154, 173

relationship with signalling radio bearers 59

system information 129

rake receiver 88–91, 89, 116, 129, 153

random access channel (RACH) 62, 124, 133, 151

rate matching 93–94, 101, 106, 115

rating function (RF) 201, 202

Rayleigh fading 15–17

real time protocol (RTP) 208

redundancy version 101

registered PLMN 126–127

releases 31–33

release 99 31, 35, 63–66, 71, 112, 193

release 4 43, 50, 52, 67, 173, 178, 189, 192

release 5 43, 53, 99, 204

release 6 43, 99, 191

release 7 42, 99, 145, 187

release 8 32, 211

re-ordering 102, 105, 107

repetition

See rate matching

replay protection 141, 143

residual bit error 93, 168

resource block 216

resource element mapper 215

retransmissions 8, 93, 97, 100

reverse link 3

roaming 4, 37

CAMEL architecture 195

effect on charging 201–202

effect on security 139, 142–143

GPRS architecture 181, 187

IMS architecture 206

virtual home environment 199

root raised cosine filter 86–87

router 10

routing area (RA) 122, 126, 126, 136, 148

routing area identity (RAI) 138, 151

routing area update procedure 151

RRC Connected mode 123–124, 123

relationships with other states 125

RRC connection setup 132, 135

system information 130

RRC connection 123, 125

RRC connection setup procedure 132, 132–135, 134

invocations 123, 163, 172, 173, 182, 208

RRC Idle mode 123, 123–124

configuration 145

procedures 144–151

RRC connection setup 132

system information 130

scrambling 76–78, 77, 84–85

de-scrambling 78, 88

scrambling code 76–78, 84, 91, 128, 128–129

compressed mode 159

messages containing 134, 158

primary 128–129, 128

secondary 128, 128

uncorrelated nature 77–78, 110

scrambling code group 128, 129

scrambling code set 128, 128

searcher 90, 129

second generation

See 2G

secondary common control physical channel (SCCPCH) 63–64, 94, 133, 147, 151, 192

sector 2–3

security procedures 137, 138–144, 140, 172, 182

IP multimedia subsystem 209

MBMS 192

USAT 197

service capability feature 199

service capability server (SCS) 198

service centre (SC) 187

service data unit (SDU) 9, 96

serving cell 104, 107, 156

serving GPRS support node (SGSN) 36, 37

IuFlex 43

location when roaming 37

message sequence charts 137, 140, 163, 182

quality of service management 169

signalling connection management 122, 125

use by GPRS 179–187

session description protocol (SDP) 208, 210

session initiation protocol (SIP) 207–210

session management (SM) protocol 48, 55, 55, 182

message sequence charts 182

Shannon, Claude 18

short message service (SMS) 22, 166, 187–189, 197

air interface protocol 56, 188

signal power 15

received by Node B 111

received by UE 131

transmitted by Node B 114, 174

transmitted by UE 114, 124, 131, 159

signalling connection 120–123, 125

signalling connection control part (SCCP) 11

signalling radio bearer (SRB) 58–59, 133

SRB 0 58, 133

SRB 1 59, 63

SRB 2 59, 63, 133

SRB 3 59, 65

SRB 4 59, 65, 188

signalling system number 7 (SS7) 11, 11, 49

signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) 80, 131, 149, 156, 160

SIR per bit (Eb/N0) 16, 19, 112

silence information descriptor (SID) 177

simple mail transfer protocol (SMTP) 8, 190

single carrier frequency division multiple access (SC-FDMA) 212, 216

sleep mode 124, 147

slot 82, 83, 128–129, 148, 158, 194

SMS gateway MSC (SMS-GMSC) 188, 188

SMS interworking MSC (SMS-IWMSC) 188, 188

soft decision 74, 90, 92, 94, 101

soft handover 39, 39–40, 152–158

benefits 153–154

during high speed packet access 104, 107

immediate state of 135, 162

information flow 64

rake receiver processing 91

supported RRC states 62, 145, 152

softer handover 153

speech

See voice calls

spreading

See channelisation

spreading code

See channelisation code

spreading factor 74, 76

in compressed mode 159

in high speed packet access 104, 107

in release 99 76, 83

SRNC relocation procedure 146, 153, 162

state diagram 120, 122, 125

sub-carrier 214

subscriber identity module (SIM) 22, 41

subscriber location function (SLF) 205, 206

suitable cell 127

supplementary services (SS) 166, 178–179

support mode for predefined SDU sizes 177

switch 2, 5, 9

symbol 12, 74

synchronisation

of configuration changes 175

of the air interface 134, 157, 161

of the Iub interface 53

of transmitters 67, 78, 131

synchronisation channel (SCH) 63

primary (P-SCH) 128

secondary (S-SCH) 128–129

System Architecture Evolution (SAE) 211

system frame number (SFN) 131, 135

system information 63, 127, 129–131, 144, 146, 154

system information block (SIB) 125, 130

SIB 1 151

SIB 2 151

SIB 3 130, 132, 149

SIB 4 130

SIB 5 131, 133

SIB 6 131

SIB 7 131, 146

SIB 11 131, 150, 154

SIB 12 131

tandem free operation 178

technical specification group (TSG) 31

telephone user part (TUP) 11, 51, 51

teleservice 165

temporary mobile subscriber identity (TMSI) 121, 132, 139, 148

terminal equipment (TE) 40, 56, 184

third generation

See 3G

time division duplex (TDD) 24, 66–68

TDD low chip rate option

See time division synchronous code division multiple access

time division multiple access (TDMA) 14, 14, 22, 79, 112, 116

time division synchronous code division multiple access (TD-SCDMA) 25, 67

toolkit 166, 193–200

Total Access Communication System (TACS) 21

traffic class 167

traffic flow template (TFT) 185–186

transaction capabilities application part (TCAP) 11

transferred account procedure 201

transmission control protocol (TCP) 8, 10, 185

transmission gap (TG) 158–160, 159

transmission time interval (TTI) 91, 94–95, 102, 104, 107

transmit power control (TPC) 82

transparent access 184

transport block 91–94, 99–102

transport channel

See channel

transport format 95–96

transport format combination indicator (TFCI) 82, 95–96, 177

transport format combination set (TFCS) 95, 97, 175

transport format indicator (TFI) 95

transport format set (TFS) 95, 97

transport network control plane 45, 49

tunnelling 52–53, 180, 185–187

turbo coding 92, 100

UE capability enquiry procedure 45–46, 46

UE identification procedure 65–66, 66

Ultra Mobile Broadband (UMB) 217

UMTS bearer 57, 57, 166

UMTS terrestrial radio access network (UTRAN) 38, 38–40

long-term evolution 211–212

protocol stacks 53

state diagrams 122–125

universal integrated circuit card (UICC) 40, 41

applications 41, 56, 196

information stored 126–127, 133, 139, 178, 199, 207–208

message sequence charts 140

security procedures 41, 141–142

universal subscriber identity module (USIM) 41, 56, 56

message sequence charts 140

URA update procedure 151

URA_PCH state 123, 124, 144–151

user datagram protocol (UDP) 8, 10, 185, 208

user equipment (UE) 34, 35, 38, 40, 40–42, 56

capabilities 41, 197

user plane 10, 44

user service 165

USIM application toolkit (USAT) 56, 56, 196, 196–197, 199

US-TDMA

See Digital AMPS

UTRAN registration area (URA) 124, 126

URA identity 151

Uu interface

See air interface

value tag 146

virtual circuit 6, 10

permanent 6, 52–53

temporary 6, 45, 49, 53, 135

virtual home environment (VHE) 199–200

visited network

See roaming

visitor location register (VLR) 36, 37

location when roaming 37

message sequence charts 137, 140, 163, 172, 174

signalling connection management 121

voice calls 165

call setup 171–173, 172

compression 20, 50, 116, 176–177

transport 48, 52, 175–178, 176

voice over IP (VoIP) 6, 110, 204, 207, 211

Wassenaar agreement 143

wideband code division multiple access (W-CDMA) 24, 31, 115

wireless application protocol (WAP) 185, 193, 198–199

wireless local area network (WLAN) 43, 204, 212

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) 25, 212, 217




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