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Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries

Details

  • 23 b/w illus. 16 tables
  • Page extent: 320 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 0.8 kg

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9781107151918)

Bringing together the ideas of experts from around the world, this incisive text offers cutting-edge perspectives on the risk analysis and governance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), supporting effective and informed decision-making in developing countries. Comprised of four comprehensive sections, this book covers: integrated risk analysis and decision making, giving an overview of the science involved and examining risk analysis methods that impact decision-making on the release of GMOs, particularly in developing countries; diversification of expertise involved in risk analysis and practical ways in which the lack of expertise in developing countries can be overcome; risk analysis based regulatory systems and how they can be undermined by power relationships and socio-political interests, as well as strategies for improving GMO policy development and regulatory decision-making; and case studies from developing countries providing lessons based on real-world experience that can inform our current thinking.

• Includes real-world examples and case studies from developing and developed countries that have made progress in the introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), providing practical learning opportunities for readers • Identifies specific hurdles that are impeding the development of effective systems of governance of GMOs and outlines a set of actions that will enable developing countries to move forward • Provides clear information on the potential of GMOs without scientific jargon, meaning that readers without a technical background can benefit from the text

Contents

1. Introduction Ademola A. Adenle, E. Jane Morris and Denis J. Murphy; 2. Recent scientific developments in genetic technologies: implications for future regulation of GMOs in developing countries Denis J. Murphy; 3. A strategy for integrating science into regulatory decision-making for GMOs Wendy Craig, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo and Mark Tepfer; 4. Governance of benefits and risks of GMOs in developing countries E. Jane Morris; 5. The Canadian experience with the creation and implementation of regulatory frameworks for the environmental release of GM crops as a model for developing countries Phil Macdonald; 6. Labelling of food from GMOs: options to consider by developing countries Wilna Jansen van Rijssen and Wynand J. van der Walt; 7. Building human capacity and skills in biosafety: lessons learned and emerging best practices John Komen and Muffy Koch; 8. Regulation of GMOs in developing countries: why socioeconomic considerations matter for decision-making Jose Falck-Zepeda and Marnus Gouse; 9. Food safety assessment of genetically modified crops in developing countries: the experience in Africa Godwin Lemgo, Narender Nehra and Hector Quemada; 10. Being scientific about socio-economics in GMO decision-making in developing countries Monica Racovita; 11. The sharing of information in risk assessment: how national authorities co-operate Peter Kearns, Bertrand Dagallier and Takahiko Nikaido; 12. Should GM rice with nutrition benefits be deployed? Findings from biotech and socio-economic research Hans De Steur, Dieter Blancquaert, Christophe Stove, Willy Lambert, Dominique Van Der Straeten and Xavier Gellynck; 13. The risk analysis framework and biosafety policy Peter W. B. Phillips and Stuart J. Smyth; 14. Precautionary principle as a barrier to GMO risk analysis: Elicitation of experts' viewpoints Ademola A. Adenle; 15. How do socio-political disputes of GMOs influence decision-making in developing countries? Hossein Azadi, Ademola A. Adenle and Klaus Ammann; 16. Biosafety communication: beyond risk communication Andrea Sonnino and Sandra Sharry; 17. The role of mass media and lobbies in the formulation of GMO regulations Mauro Vigani; 18. Risk regulation of agricultural GMOs in China: challenges and prospects Wen Xiang; 19. Commercial use and governance of Bt cotton in China Yunhe Li, Yanhui Lu, Eric M. Hallerman, Yufa Peng and Kongming Wu; 20. Regulatory regime of genetically modified crops in India Krishna Ravi Srinivas; 21. The Argentinian GMO biosafety system: an evolving perspective Carmen Vicien and Eduardo Trigo; 22. The Brazilian GMO regulatory system: a historical view and perspective Edivaldo Domingues Velini, Maria Lúcia Zaidan Dagli, Gutemberg Delfino de Souza, Rubens José Nascimento, Tassiana Fronza Pinho, Paulo Paes de Andrade and Helaine Carrer; 23. Effective regulatory regime supported by research and development is key to adoption of GM technology in West Africa: Burkina Faso and Nigeria as case studies Olalekan Akinbo, Ademola A. Adenle and Diran Makinde; 24. Pathway for biosafety regulation of GMOs in Sub-Saharan Africa Julius Ecuru; 25. Conclusions and recommendations E. Jane Morris, Ademola A. Adenle and Denis J. Murphy.

Contributors

Ademola A. Adenle, E. Jane Morris, Denis J. Murphy, Wendy Craig, Dennis Ndolo Obonyo, Mark Tepfer, Phil Macdonald, Wilna Jansen van Rijssen, Wynand J. van der Walt, John Komen, Muffy Koch, Jose Falck-Zepeda, Marnus Gouse, Godwin Lemgo, Narender Nehra, Hector Quemada, Monica Racovita, Peter Kearns, Bertrand Dagallier, Takahiko Nikaido, Hans De Steur, Dieter Blancquaert, Christophe Stove, Willy Lambert, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Xavier Gellynck, Peter W. B. Phillips, Stuart J. Smyth, Hossein Azadi, Klaus Ammann, Andrea Sonnino, Sandra Sharry, Mauro Vigani, Wen Xiang, Yunhe Li, Yanhui Lu, Eric M. Hallerman, Yufa Peng, Kongming Wu, Krishna Ravi Srinivas, Carmen Vicien, Eduardo Trigo, Edivaldo Domingues Velini, Maria Lúcia Zaidan Dagli, Gutemberg Delfino de Souza, Rubens José Nascimento, Tassiana Fronza Pinho, Paulo Paes de Andrade, Helaine Carrer, Olalekan Akinbo, Diran Makinde, Julius Ecuru

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