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Media Politics in China


  • 3 b/w illus. 6 tables
  • Page extent: 264 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.56 kg


 (ISBN-13: 9781107195981)

Who watches over the party-state? In this engaging analysis, Maria Repnikova reveals the webs of an uneasy partnership between critical journalists and the state in China. More than merely a passive mouthpiece or a dissident voice, the media in China also plays a critical oversight role, one more frequently associated with liberal democracies than with authoritarian systems. Chinese central officials cautiously endorse media supervision as a feedback mechanism, as journalists carve out space for critical reporting by positioning themselves as aiding the agenda of the central state. Drawing on rare access in the field, Media Politics in China examines the process of guarded improvisation that has defined this volatile partnership over the past decade on a routine basis and in the aftermath of major crisis events. Combined with a comparative analysis of media politics in the Soviet Union and contemporary Russia, the book highlights the distinctiveness of Chinese journalist-state relations, as well as the renewed pressures facing them in the Xi era.

• Proposes a new framework for understanding evolving media politics in China • Suggests an alternative view of authoritarian politics that will appeal to a range of readers interested in comparative authoritarianism • Fuses the top-down perspectives of the state and the bottom-up perspectives of societal actors


Part I. Conceptual Frameworks: 1. Introduction; 2. Payoffs; Part II. Mutual Objectives and Routine Dynamics: 3. Unified objectives: the official discourse and journalistic interpretation of media supervision; 4. Restrictions on critical journalism: how they are applied and negotiated; Part III. Crisis Events: 5. Critical journalists, the party-state and the Wenchuan earthquake; 6. The battle over coal-mining safety; Part IV. Comparisons: 7. Beyond China: critical journalists and the state under Gorbachev and Putin; 8. From Hu to Xi.


'Meet China's critical journalists in this gripping book. They may not protest in the streets, but they cover critical social and political issues by deftly navigating the mine field of Chinese politics. Largely based in commercial media outlets, they build relationships of fluid collaboration with party officials while engaging in guarded improvisation in their journalistic profession. Different from their peers who manufacture journalism as party propaganda, they are more like social activists with a cause. And yet, all their critical journalism is produced, ironically, in a political context proverbially known as authoritarian. Maria Repnikova's important book draws on 120 interviews and a sophisticated understanding of Chinese media systems to illuminate how and why this ironical situation is possible and even understandable. In so doing, it explodes not a few conventional postulates about Chinese politics, media and society. This is a major contribution to the study of media politics and journalism in China and beyond.' Guobin Yang, University of Pennsylvania

'Media Politics in China is timely, extremely well-written and represents scholarship that is simultaneously broadly theoretical and intimately granular. Repnikova's approach to Chinese state-society relations through her treatment of the iterative, improvised relationship between government/Party and critical journalists takes our understanding of media politics in China to a whole new level.' Andrew Mertha, Cornell University, New York

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