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Climate Change Geoengineering

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Climate Change Geoengineering
Cambridge University Press
9781107023932 - Climate Change Geoengineering - Philosophical Perspectives, Legal Issues, and Governance Frameworks - Edited by Wil C. G. Burns and Andrew L. Strauss
Frontmatter/Prelims

Climate Change Geoengineering

The international community is not taking the action necessary to avert dangerous increases in greenhouse gases. Facing a potentially bleak future, humanity is confronting the question of whether the best of bad alternatives may be to counter global warming through human-engineered climate interventions. In this book, nineteen prominent authorities on climate change consider the legal, policy, and philosophical issues presented by geoengineering. The book asks: When, if ever, are decisions to embark on potentially risky climate modification projects justified? If such decisions can be justified, in a world without a central governing authority, who should authorize such projects and by what moral and legal right? If states or private actors undertake climate modification ventures absent the blessing of the international community, what recourse do the rest of us have?

Wil C. G. Burns is the Associate Director of the Energy Policy and Climate Program at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC. He serves as the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of International Wildlife Law & Policy and as Co-Chair of the International Environmental Law Committee of the American Branch of the International Law Association. He is also the former Co-Chair of the International Environmental Law Interest Group of the American Society of International Law and Chair of the International Wildlife Law Interest Group of the Society. His academic appointments have included Williams College, Colby College, Santa Clara University School of Law, and the Monterey Institute of International Studies of Middlebury College. Prior to becoming an academic, he served as Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs for the State of Wisconsin and worked in the nongovernmental sector for twenty years, including as Executive Director of the Pacific Center for International Studies.

Andrew L. Strauss is the Associate Dean for Faculty Research and Development and a Professor of Law at Widener University School of Law. Professor Strauss is a co-author of the fourth edition of International Law and World Order, and his articles have appeared in international journals such as Foreign Affairs, the Harvard Journal of International Law, and the Stanford Journal of International Law. He has been a Visiting Professor at the University of Notre Dame Law School and taught on the law faculties of the National University of Singapore and Rutgers Camden Law School. In addition, he has been a lecturer at the European Peace University in Austria, served as the Director of the Geneva/Lausanne International Law Institute and the Nairobi International Law Institute, and been an Honorary Fellow at New York University School of Law’s Center for International Studies.


Climate Change Geoengineering

Philosophical Perspectives, Legal Issues, and Governance Frameworks

Edited by

Wil C. G. Burns

Johns Hopkins University

Andrew L. Strauss

Widener University School of Law


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Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9781107023932

© Cambridge University Press 2013

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2013

Printed in the United States of America

A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication data

Climate change geoengineering : philosophical perspectives, legal issues,
and governance frameworks / edited by Wil C. G. Burns, The Johns
Hopkins University; Andrew L. Strauss, Widener University School of Law, Delaware.
pages cm
Includes index.
ISBN 978-1-107-02393-2 (hardback)
1. Environmental geotechnology. 2. Climatic changes. 3. Environmental
engineering – Law and legislation. I. Burns, William C. G. II. Strauss, Andrew L.
TD171.9.c55 2013
628.5'32–dc23 2012049895

ISBN 978-1-107-02393-2 Hardback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet Web sites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such Web sites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


Contents

List of Contributors
vii
Introduction:The Emerging Salience of Geoengineering
Wil C. G. Burns and Andrew L. Strauss
1
Part I    Ethics and Philosophy
9
1         Geoengineering and Moral Schizophrenia: What Is the Question?
Stephen M. Gardiner
11
2         The Ethical Foundations of Climate Engineering
Clive Hamilton
39
3         The Psychological Costs of Geoengineering: Why It May Be Hard to Accept Even If It Works
Gareth Davies
59
Part II   Law and Governance
79
4         Geoengineering and Climate Management: From Marginality to Inevitability
Jay Michaelson
81
5         Climate Engineering and the Anthropocene Era
Lee Lane
115
6         Political Legitimacy in Decisions about Experiments in Solar Radiation Management
David R. Morrow, Robert E. Kopp, and Michael Oppenheimer
146
7         Geoengineering and the Myth of Unilateralism: Pressures and Prospects for International Cooperation
Joshua B. Horton
168
8         International Legal Regimes and Principles Relevant to Geoengineering
Albert C. Lin
182
9         Climate Geoengineering: Solar Radiation Management and Its Implications for Intergenerational Equity
Wil C. G. Burns
200
10        Ocean Iron Fertilization: Science, Law, and Uncertainty
Randall S. Abate
221
11        Ocean Iron Fertilization: Time to Lift the Research Taboo
Kerstin Güssow, Andreas Oschlies, Alexander Proelss, Katrin Rehdanz, and Wilfried Rickels
242
12        Remaking the World to Save It: Applying U.S. Environmental Laws to Climate Engineering Projects
Tracy Hester
263
Index
315

Contributors

Randall S. Abate Associate Professor of Law and Project Director, Environment, Development and Justice Program, Florida A&M University College of Law, Orlando

Wil C. G. Burns Associate Director, Energy Policy and Climate Program, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore

Gareth Davies Professor of European Law, Department of Transnational Legal Studies, VU University, Amsterdam

Stephen M. Gardiner Professor of Philosophy and Ben Rabinowitz Endowed Professor of the Human Dimensions of the Environment, University of Washington, Seattle

Kerstin Güssow Walther Schücking Institute for International Law, Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel, Kiel

Clive Hamilton Charles Sturt Professor of Public Ethics at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Canberra

Tracy Hester Visiting Assistant Professor at the University of Houston Law Center and Director of its Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Center, Houston

Joshua B. Horton DNV KEMA Energy & Sustainability, Burlington, Massachusetts

Robert E. Kopp AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC

Lee Lane Visiting Fellow, Hudson Institute, Washington, DC

Albert C. Lin Professor of Law, School of Law, University of California, Davis

Jay Michaelson PhD Candidate, Hebrew University, Jerusalem

David R. Morrow Department of Philosophy, University of Alabama, Birmingham

Michael Oppenheimer Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton

Andreas Oschlies IFM-GEOMAR, Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences, Kiel

Alexander Proelss Department of Law, University of Trier, Trier

Katrin Rehdanz Department of Economics, Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel, Kiel

Wilfried Rickels Department of Economics, Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel; Corresponding Author, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel

Andrew L. Strauss Associate Dean for Faculty Research and Development and Professor of Law, Widener University School of Law, Wilmington




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