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Climate Change Geoengineering

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 (ISBN-13: 9781107273214)

Climate Change Geoengineering
Cambridge University Press
9781107023932 - Climate Change Geoengineering - Philosophical Perspectives, Legal Issues, and Governance Frameworks - Edited by Wil C. G. Burns and Andrew L. Strauss
Index

Index

Acheson-Lilienthal Report 158

acid rain crisis 103

aerosol injection.

See aerosol spraying

aerosol spraying 18, 43–47, 57, 64, 65, 81, 130–35, 147, 169, 172–74, 178, 184, 202, 203, 208, 265, 275

planetary sunblock 11

sulfuric acid 172

aerosol spraying field test 179

afforestation 86

albedo enhancement 91–93, 101, 103, 174, 277, 302

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research 274

American Academy of Arts and Sciences 92

American Electric Power Co. v. Connecticut 301–2, 305–7, 308–10, 313

American Enterprise Institute 97–98

Conference Geoengineering: A Revolutionary Approach to Climate Change 97

An Inconvenient Truth 89

Antarctica

environmental impact assessment 161

global commons 161

Anthropocene 3, 42, 51–52, 56, 117, 133

anthropogenic climate change 2, 56, 85, 89, 99, 111, 265, 277

approach to global policy problems

Copenhagen Consensus 61

Artificial Trees.

See direct air capture

Ball, Timothy 89

Barrett, Scott 113

Baruch Plan 153, 158, 160

Becker, Gary 52

Benefits of global warming to certain geographic regions

Canada 54

Russia 54, 104, 126, 136, 179

biochar management 277

biosphere 44, 51

effect of rising temperatures 1

effects of climate change 57

irreversible changes 46

biota 186

Bipartisan Policy Center report on geoengineering 179

Bodansky, Daniel 194

Branson, Richard 103

British House of Commons 130

British Royal Society 85, 93–94, 129, 130, 209, 272

Report Geoengineering the Climate Science, Governance and Uncertainty 34, 37, 93

Buchanan, Allen 5, 89, 150–52

Budyko, Mikhail 88

Budyko’s Blanket 88

Burke, Edmund 205

Calabresi, Guido 97

Caldeira, Ken 95, 104, 109

Caldeira, Wood, and Myrhvold 100

carbon capture 219, 277

carbon cycle 118

carbon taxes 122

Chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg 135

China

climate engineering 134

energy policy 124

greenhouse gas policy 124

policy 122, 126

refusal to sign treaty 157

weather modification 179

Clarke, Arthur C. 86

Climos 106, 276

Clinton, William J. 83

cloud whitening 93, 130–35, 173, 184, 209, 212, 265

cloud whitening effects on precipitation

South America 212

Collier, Paul 127–28, 142

Comer v. Murphy Oil 302, 306, 310

Congressional Research Service report on geoengineering 179

Connecticut v. American Electric Power 302

Conventions, Protocols and Treaties

Antarctic Treaty 161, 164, 165, 193

Antarctic Treaty Committee for Environmental Protection 161–64

Cancun Agreement 268

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 153, 155–56, 157–58, 163

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Conference on Disarmament 156

Comprehensive Nulcear Test Ban Treaty Group of Scientific Experts 156

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic 194

Convention on Biological Diversity 6, 7, 94, 95, 168, 183, 187–89, 216, 230, 233–35, 237, 238, 241, 274

Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution 195–96

Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques 6, 183, 185–87, 197, 216, 237

Kyoto Protocol 185, 221, 229, 237, 239, 240, 243, 246–50, 254, 268

Kyoto Protocol Clean Development Mechanism 7, 124, 185, 239, 246, 250, 260–61

London Convention 168, 189–93, 230, 232, 234–35, 239, 252, 273, 298

London Protocol 168, 189–93, 230, 232–35, 241, 252

Montreal Protocol 6, 110, 194, 196, 214, 239, 292

Outer Space Treaty 197

Partial Test Ban Treaty 153–56, 157

Protocol on Environmental Protection 161, 162–67, 193

Test Ban Treaties 153, 156–57

Threshold Test Ban Treaty 153, 155

Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water.

See under Partial Test Ban Treaty

Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests.

See under Threshold Test Ban Treaty

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 153–55, 156–58

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons International Atomic Energy Association 155

U.N. Convention on Biodiversity 135

U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea 7, 135, 189, 191–93, 194, 230–32, 234, 237, 238, 241, 252–53

United Nations Convention 95

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 6, 54, 125, 127, 171, 182–85, 189, 207, 213–15, 222, 254, 260, 268, 283

Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer 196

cost of reducing emissions studies

McKinsey & Associates 219

Vattenfall Institute 219

costs required for a GHG control program

International Monetary Fund 121, 123, 125

World Trade Organization 125

Croce, Benedetto 115

Crutzen, Paul 39, 49, 82, 117, 271, 278

cryosphere 44, 57

Declarations

Rio Declaration 171, 251, 258, 259

Stockholm Declaration 171

deep ecology 62–63

Descartes 42

development of green technologies

China 105

India 105

DiCaprio, Leonardo 112

direct air capture 44, 280

Dubner, Stephen 88

Dworkin, Ronald 259

effects of economic developments on climate change

China 68

India 68

El Nino 45

Ellis, Erle 51

Enlightenment philosophy 42, 55

Environmental Protection Agency 123, 236–37, 267, 273, 287–88, 292–94, 298, 302, 310

ETC Group 142, 171

ExxonMobil 98, 108

Fitzwater, Steve E. 244

Freestone, David 192

G20 37

G-5 128

Gandhi, Mahatma 52

Gates, Bill 106, 276

General Electric 270, 271

geoengineering conspiracy theories 96

geoengineering research programs

Germany 180

United Kingdom 180, 275

geoengineering studies

United Nations Environment Program 219

World Meteorological Organization 219

geoengineering workshop on weather modification

International Risk Governance Council 179

geoengineeringwatch.org 96

geosphere 57

Gingrich, Newt 96–98, 210

Global Climate Coalition 89

global dimming.

See aerosol spraying

Goodell, Jeff 87, 98

Gordon, Bart 87

Gore, Al 101, 108, 119

Government Accountability Office report on geoengineering 94, 113, 179

greenhouse gas per capita emissions by select countries 26

Greenland 172

Gribbin, John 244

Hansen, James 1, 90

Hardin, Garrett 246

High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll Regions 225–27, 244–45

Holdren, John 92, 179

Holocene Era, Description of 50–52

Hood, Lowell 108

hydrosphere 44, 57, 186

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report on carbon dioxide emissions 16, 39

International Atomic Development Agency 153, 158–60, 163, 165

international management theory 177

International Maritime Organization 7, 233, 239

International Trade, Doha Round 127

Joyner, Christopher 162

Kant, Immanuel 42

Keith, David 87, 92, 100, 102, 103, 110

Keohane, Robert 5, 126–27, 150–52

Kerry, John 236

Kintisch, Eli 82, 88

Lawrence, Mark 170

Leinen, Margaret 247

Levitt, Steven 88, 111

Lieberman, Joseph 236

lithosphere 57, 186

Lomborg, Bjorn 61

Lorde, Audre 108, 110

Lovelock, Richard 90

Marchetti, C. 85

Martin, John H. 223, 244

Massachusetts v. EPA 303, 306

Matthews, Damon 87, 104

McKibben, Bill 110

melting of ice in polar regions 57

mesosphere 103

Milloy, Steven 89

monitoring for signs of nuclear activity 156, 158

monsoons 5

moral hazard theory as applied to geoengineering 33, 53, 67, 100–1, 107, 141, 210, 218, 222

Morrow, David 140

Myrhvold, Nathan 101

National Research Council 93

Native Village of Kivalina v. ExxonMobil 302, 306, 308, 310

NATO 37

Nietzsche, Friedrich 39

ocean acidification 45, 47, 53, 93, 102, 115, 118, 141, 191, 193, 228, 276, 282

Ocean Iron Fertilization 6–8, 82, 83–84, 86–88, 90–92, 94–95, 101, 105–6, 173, 188, 203, 217, 221–41, 242–62

effects on Great Pacific Garbage Patch 86

export efficiency 225, 226

Southern Ocean 193

oceanic algae farms 81

Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum 211

Planktos, Inc. 105–6, 273, 298

Powell, Russell 41, 50

principles of research

Principle of Beneficence and Justice 148

Principle of Minimization 148, 161

Principle of Respect 148, 150, 157, 161

Project Cirrus 270

Project Stormfury 271

Protocols, Conventions and Treaties

Kyoto Protocol 260–61

RAND Corporation report on geoengineering 179

Randall, Rosemary 60

rate of extinction 46

Rawls, John 144, 205

Rayfuse, Rosemary 192

Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation Project 241

Report on geoengineering

United States House of Representative Committee on Science and Techology Report Engineering the Climate: Research and Strategies for International Coordination 93

Report on geoengineering United States National Academy of Sciences 91

Rickels, Wilfried 7, 248–50, 260

Robock, Alan 88

Robock, James 104

Rove, Karl 101

Rumsfeld, Donald 101

Samuelson, Robert 17

Sandel, Michael 48

Scientific Revolution 42, 55, 56

sequestration 7, 129, 193, 225, 226, 229, 233, 241, 245, 277, 294

Singer, Frederick 89

Singer, Peter 40

Sohngen, Brent 249

Solar Radiation Management

effects on cirrus clouds 102

effects on rainfall 103, 203

effects on tropospheric sulfate 102

focused in the Arctic 102, 104, 111

research efforts 93, 94, 180

Stern, Nicholas 119–20, 142

Stocker, Michael 19, 38

stratosphere 11, 18, 86, 96, 98, 103, 114, 130, 131, 146, 147, 164, 172, 176, 194–95, 196, 265, 278, 281, 288–90, 292

stratospheric ozone layer 6, 103, 110, 203, 216

sulfur injections.

See aerosol spraying

Superfreakonomics 92

Teller, Edward 86, 109, 110

The 11th Hour 89, 112

Trail Smelter case 171

Turner, Sarah 87

Underdal, Arild 175

United Kingdom Science and Technology Committee 217

United Nations

Commission for Sustainable Development 37

General Assembly 151–52, 154, 156

Oil for Food Program 151

Security Council 37, 159, 186

United States

climate engineering 134

Congress 37

energy report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration 215

environmental policies 122–23, 126, 129

laws governing ocean iron fertilization 235

National Academy of Science 129

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System 293–94

United States legislation

American Power Act 235–37

California Assembly Bill 32 269

Clean Air Act 8, 123, 286, 287–94, 301–2, 312

Clean Water Act 8, 287, 292–94

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act 299–300

Endangered Species Act 8, 287, 294–96

Energy Independence and Security Act 123

GHG cap-and-trade bills 122

Marine Mammal Protection Act 301

Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act 235–36, 273, 287, 298–99

Migratory Bird Treaty Act 300

National Environmental Policy Act 8, 235, 287, 296–97

National Marine Sanctuaries Act 301

National Weather Modification Policy Act 285

Offshore Continental Shelf and Lands Act 301

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative 269

unjust enrichment 205, 206

Van Kooten, G. Cornelis 249

Victor, David 200

Wayne’s Folly 22, 24, 31, 34, 38

Weber, Max 116

Weiss, Edith Brown 205–6, 212–13

Wood, Lowell 109

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars report on geoengineering 179




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