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The Magical Imagination
Cambridge University Press
9781107002005 - The Magical Imagination - Magic and Modernity in Urban England 1780–1914 - By Karl Bell
Index

Index

‘A Prophecy for 1973’ 221

Ackroyd, Peter 49

Admiral Kempenfeldt’s Ghost 192

Admiral Sir George Rooke 238

Adorno, Theodore 18, 19

advertising of magical services 76, 139

See also handbills

Ady, Thomas 57

Agrippa, Cornelius 91

Alden, Martha 236

almanacs 108, 183

amulets 65, 72

Ancoats 34, 35, 51, 204, 233

Anderson, John H. 92

angels 52, 59

Annales historians 32

anthropology 9, 12, 17, 22, 60, 105, 209

anti-theft spells 74

apothecaries 71

apotropaic magic 82

apparition theories 85, 86, 87, 88

Ardwick 204

Arnason, Johann 6, 7

Ashton 35, 62, 68, 131, 242

Ashton, John 102

Ashton-under-Lyne 237

astrologers 127, 135, 140, 161, 162, 165, 218, 227

astrology 1, 14, 75, 76, 84, 97, 110, 172

Aubrey, John 141

Augustus St John, James 122, 127, 132

automatons 92

Axon, William 64, 126

bakers 210, 211, 215

Bakhtin, Mikhail 193–95, 212, 221

Bamford, Samuel 103, 166, 181

baptism 57

Barry, Jonathan 208

Barton-upon-Irwell 67

Baudelaire, Charles 21, 25, 260

Beaumont, John 84

Bentley, Richard 59

Berman, Marshall 21

Besant, Walter 45, 233, 245

Bible 54, 57, 58, 75, 84, 107, 157

as justification for magical beliefs 57–58, 146

Birmingham 35, 130

Bishops Gate Tower, Norwich 245

Black Arts 98

black dog superstitions 60, 239

Blake, William 251

Blitz, Antonio, conjuror 97

Boaz, Herman 91, 92

body-snatching 72

Boggart Ho’ Clough 186

boggarts 62, 106, 132, 186, 188, 238

Bolton 164, 165

booksellers 101

Boreman, Thomas 74

Bottomley, Samuel 167

Bowker, James 104, 200

Bradford 35

Braid, James 150, 169

Brand, John 86

bricolage 2

Brierley, Ben 101, 105, 106

Bristol 113

bronchitis 73

burial ground, municipal 59, 71

Burnley Church 237

Bury 140, 162

Bushaway, Bob 56, 69

butchers 215

Cambridge 113

Canning, Kathleen 191

Captain Swing 222, 223

carnival 193–95, 210, 213, 224

Castoriadis, Cornelius 7

Catholicism 51, 55, 199

chapbooks 101, 102, 103, 107, 109, 134, 187, 188, 211

charity schools 131, 132

chemists 113

Chicago School 217

cholera 36, 39, 48, 57, 222

Christmas 61, 166

church attendance 54

church building and the supernatural 237

civic culture 217, 228, 231

clairvoyance 58, 84, 92, 94, 98, 152, 153, 167

Clare, John 107

Clark, Anne 159

Clayton Chaffer 157

clergymen and magic 55, 58, 143, 152

Clery, E. J. 90

coal sellers 213, 214

Cock Lane Ghost 201

Coke Town

See Mumford, Lewis

Collegiate Church, Manchester 36, 239

Colman, James Jeremiah 131

communal memory 232, 242, 243, 246

Conan Doyle, Arthur 117

Cook, James W. 79, 95

cooperative societies 15

Cornelius Agrippa 162, 165

costermongers 65

courts 161, 164, 165, 167, 170, 171, 173, 174, 178, 179, 181, 184

Cow Tower, Norwich 240

crime 73

crossroad burials 64

cunning folk 62, 75, 104, 105, 113, 114, 136, 137, 157, 165

Daunton, Martin 24, 26

Davies, Owen 15, 16, 53, 82, 107, 173, 202

De Certeau, Michel 228–29, 239, 255, 256

De Quincey, Thomas 251

‘Dean Church Ghost! A Recitation’ 241

Dean Church, Manchester 241

Defoe, Daniel 34

Dennis, Richard 26

deserted houses 45, 239

Devil 52, 58, 104, 133, 149, 186, 187, 214, 215, 216, 223

religious views of 54

Devil’s Acre 253

Devil’s Alley, Norwich 253

‘Devil’s Tower’, Norwich 253

diabolism 54

‘Dialogue and Song between Captain Swing and Joan o’ Greenfield’ 147, 222, 223, 271

diarrhoea 36

Dickens, Charles 27, 61, 105, 134

Didsbury 218

diphtheria 36

‘Disappointment of the Black Club’ 214

disenchantment 14, 17, 29, 71, 94, 95, 260, 262

divination 92, 165, 168

literature 108, 109–10, 111, 113, 115, 116, 166

Dolling, Father Robert 54, 177, 205, 228, 233

domestic servants 120, 121, 122, 137, 164, 167, 177

Doyle, Barry 199, 204

Dr Coffin 72

Dr Hallett 139

dragon’s blood 113, 174, 182

dream books 102, 109, 166

Dreamer’s Casket 109

dreams 127

drowning, protection against 66

Droylsden 62, 238

Duke of Wellington 219

Durkheim, Emile 22, 47, 195

earthquakes 67

electric lighting 45

Eliade, Mircea 252

Elliotson, Dr John 169

Ellis Owen, Thomas 43

Engels, Fredrick 21, 27, 36, 217, 218

Enlightement, The 14, 18, 20, 85, 90, 212, 267

epilepsy 57, 72

escapism 10

evangelicalism 58

evening schools 131

Evil Eye 65, 121

factory workers 70, 159–60

fairies and fairy beliefs 14, 60, 62, 105, 132, 142, 200

fairs 89, 94, 172, 194

Faust (journalist) 97

Feathers Hotel, Manchester 202

Febvre, Lucien 4, 32

Felski, Rita 190

Ferriar, John 85

Finnegan, Ruth 254

Folio, Felix 72

folk medicine 72

folklore 11, 33, 148, 187

as a scholarly discipline 142

Folklore Society 61

folklorists 8, 29, 43, 75, 77, 102, 105, 115, 125, 141, 142, 145, 188, 237

as agents of modernity 144

folktales 244

Forby, Robert 74, 128

Forsyth, J. S. 120, 126

fortune-tellers 75, 76, 102, 110, 113, 137, 139, 140, 161, 162, 163, 164, 172, 178, 179

fortune-telling 92, 102, 108, 111, 127, 141, 166, 168, 170, 171, 180, 183, 184–85, 188

Fovargue, Stephen 86

Fox, William astrologer 76

Frazer, James George 12, 17

Free Mart Fair, Portsmouth 247

friendly societies 15

gas lighting 45

Gaskill, Malcolm 112, 224

Gates, William 233

gemeinschaft 196, 229, 230

gendered leisure cultures 160

gendered work cultures 159–60

Gerish, William 74, 253

gesellschaft 196, 229

ghost hunts, communal 201–03

ghost stories 69, 144, 145, 166, 200, 208, 244, 246, 249

ghosts 14, 45, 47, 59, 62, 85, 86, 88, 102, 103, 132, 192, 193, 199, 201, 202, 209, 210, 211, 213, 214, 216, 224, 235, 236, 238, 239, 243, 244, 246, 247, 248, 249

in cheap literature 102, 103, 212

interpretations of 85–88

Giddens, Anthony 266

Gladstone, William 54

glaziers 210

goblins 132

golden barque 66

Gomme, George Laurence 61, 71, 128

Goodwin, George 64, 121

Goodwin, William 1, 4

Gorton 186, 216

gothic literature 5, 99, 100, 211

grammar schools 133

Gramsci, Antonio 11, 148

Greenheys 218

Grey Lady of Raynham 151

Grimshaw’s Factory Fire 216

Grote, George 44

Gunn, Reverend John 58, 143–44

Gunn, Simon 260

Halbwachs, Maurice 234, 244, 248

Hall, Stuart 129

Halliwell, Matthew 75

Hampshire 41, 42, 60

handbills 91, 92, 179, 182

Handley, Sasha 2, 14, 200

handloom weavers 34, 38, 186, 214

Hardwick, Charles 188

Harland, John 75, 102, 165, 237

Hartwell, John, ‘The Birmingham Seer’ 130, 161, 170, 176

Hassett Manor House, Norwich 68, 240, 245

Hastings 189

Hatton, John 71

Hegel, G. W. F. 13

Heighham ghost 68

hell 54, 214

Hell’s Gate, Norwich 253

Henderson, William 60

hermaphroditic modernity 191

Heywood, Abel 101

Hibbert, Samuel 85

Hilton, Boyd 55

Hoggart, Richard 200

Hone, William 99

Honko, Lauri 144

horoscopes 139, 165, 178, 185

horseshoes 82

Hull, Robert 152

humour 103, 144, 211, 212, 216, 217, 218, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224

Hunt, Leigh 251

Hunter, Joseph 133

hypnotism 83, 98, 153

hyter-sprites 62

ideological modernity 29, 118, 125, 129, 136, 149, 153, 154–56, 230, 244, 249

ill-wishing 113, 115

illusionists 92, 94, 95, 97

imagined urban geographies 230, 249–56

immigrants 199

influenza 36

inn signs, as mnemonic aids 241

Irish immigrants 35, 168, 198, 204, 208, 218

ironic imagination 5, 6

Jack o’ Lanterns 265

Jack the Painter, ghost of 244–45

James, M. H. 145

Jenny Greenteeth 188

Jessop, Augustus 32, 50, 52, 236

Jones, William 124, 132, 154

journalists 29, 112, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140

Joyce, Patrick 207

Kay, James Philip 27, 48

Kellett, J. R. 233

Kelsall, Thomas 168

Kett, Robert 245

King Charles I 247

King’s Bastion, Portsmouth 238

King’s Lynn 37, 51

Knights, Mark 44, 253

Kripal, Jeffrey 4, 5

Lancashire 33, 75, 112, 132, 165

Landport 43, 49, 59, 98, 196, 205, 228

Landy, Joshua 17, 19, 79, 80, 116

Laqueur, Thomas 137

Latour, Bruno 26, 267

Leary, Fred 207

Leeds 35, 130, 162, 200

Lefebvre, Henri 229

Lehrich, Christopher 2, 4, 120

Leland, Charles 108

Levi-Strauss, Claude 2

Levy-Bruhl, Lucien 10, 17

libraries 134

living statues 253

Lloyd, G. E. R. 88

local legends 235, 236, 237, 238, 240, 244, 247, 249, 254, 258

localised temporalities 249

London 24, 27, 28, 48, 77, 92, 97, 123, 127, 136, 140, 159, 161, 162, 164, 199, 206, 207, 224, 251

Lord’s Prayer, use of 74, 133, 174

love magic 157, 180–82

Love’s True Oracle 180

Lowe, Eliza 171, 172, 179

luck 56, 65, 113

MacDonald, Sarah 164

Machen, Arthur 251

Mackay, Charles 189

Madders, S. S. 32, 50, 62, 120, 147

magic shows 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 97–98, 99, 109

as means of debunking supernatural belief 93

audience responses to 95–97

cost of admission to 92

magical charms 72, 157, 183

magical imagination 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 16, 19, 29, 32, 49, 76, 103, 155, 158, 192, 193, 205, 225, 230, 248, 255, 263, 265–66, 267

and generational differences 186–89

definition of 1–2

magical mentalities 1, 3, 10, 11, 16, 19, 25, 30, 115, 119, 125, 132, 155, 262

modernisation of 81–89

tenacity of 133, 137, 147–48

magical practices

and employment 177–80

magical practitioners, titles of 92, 161, 163, 188

magical protection against crime 74

magical theft detection 74

magical medical cures 72–73

Malinowski, Bronislaw 9

Manchester 24, 28, 33, 44, 45, 48, 61, 65, 68, 71, 73, 77, 78, 91, 93, 97, 101, 112, 120, 130, 131, 134, 159, 160, 162, 167, 186, 188, 198, 201, 202, 204, 215, 216, 217–18, 234, 238, 239, 240, 251, 258, 264, 265

Manchester Athenaeum 149

Manchester Free-Trade Hall 94

marriage 177, 181, 183

Marriott, Alan 249

Martineau, Harriet 150

Marx, Karl 21

Mauss, Marcel 30

Mayhew, Henry 27, 207

McCorristine, Shane 85, 87, 152

mechanics institutes 133, 186

medical profession, popular attitudes towards 73

mediums 83

Meldrum, Tim 177

memory mapping 234, 237, 240, 244, 247, 248

memory palaces 232, 235

men

as clients of magical practitioners 166

as magical practitioners 161, 162, 165

mentalities 7–9, 30, 255, 264

mesmerism 83, 84, 91, 118, 138, 150, 151, 152, 153, 167, 168, 169, 219–20

metropolitan man 11, 22

Meyer, Birgit 17

middle classes 41, 120, 123, 124, 125, 137, 149, 155–56

Middleton 75, 82, 126, 142

migration, urban 35, 63, 73, 141, 198

millenarianism 58

mind-reading 98, 170

misfortune 61

mnemonic aids 231, 234, 240, 241, 246

modernity 6, 7, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 26, 27, 32, 79, 119, 127, 137, 144, 148, 153, 154, 158, 175, 191, 260–62, 263, 264, 267

antinomial formulations of 79–80, 116

theories of 20–25

Monsieur Airagustor, the ‘French prophet’ 221

Monsieur and Madam Robin 94

Moody, Isabella 179

moral economy 214

Moston 62, 146

Mother Bunch 109, 166

Mother Bunch’s Closet Newly Broken Open 110, 166

Mother Cooly 163

Mother Shipton 109, 111

Mousehold Heath 47

Mowett, Elizabeth 183

Mrs Gutekunst, The German Seeress 165, 168

Mumford, Lewis 63, 231

murder 235, 236, 254

Napoleonic Wars 38, 39, 41, 196, 237, 243

narrated communities 230, 232, 235, 254

narrative mapping 230

Naylor, M. J. 120, 134, 149

necromancy 93, 114

New Year’s Day 113

Newnham, William 86

newspapers 136–41

Nixon, Robert 109

nocturnal sounds 46–47

Norfolk 37, 58, 181

Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society 143

Norwich 28, 32, 33, 37–40, 45, 47, 48, 51, 68, 69, 71, 75, 77, 92, 109, 120, 130, 134, 147, 164, 172, 173, 182, 186, 188, 198, 199, 201, 204, 208, 210, 213, 214, 216, 217, 219, 221, 227, 236, 238, 240, 241, 245, 251, 252, 253, 258, 265

Norwich Castle 201, 236

Notes and Queries 65, 112, 124, 125, 132, 141, 252

Observations on Folklore 148

occultism 16, 18, 78, 106, 114, 154

‘Old Blue Inn, Portmouth’ 238

Oldham 35

omens 63

oneiromancy 127

oral culture 142, 166, 167, 208, 258

oral storytelling 60, 61, 77, 103, 141, 166, 187, 188, 232

Orford Hill Ghost 201

Owen, Alex 18, 114, 154, 190

Paige, Nicholas 99

Pall Mall Gazette 86, 152

palmistry 165, 172

pedestrian modernity 21, 243, 260, 267

Pels, Peter 17

penny fiction 101, 102

Penny Street, Portsmouth 254

Perkins, Maureen 128, 166

phantasmagorias and magic lanterns 5, 84, 90, 95

phantom horseman 47, 68, 239, 240, 245

pharmacists 113

Pike, Dr Royston 122

plague stones 240

plebeian conservatism 206, 247

plebeian utopias 221, 222, 223

Pockthorpe 205

police 73, 74, 140, 161, 164, 184, 201, 202, 208, 211

political radicalism 198

poltergeists 121

popular education 131, 132

for adults 133–34

popular justice 211, 213, 214, 215, 216, 223

popular literacy 100, 130, 131, 135, 136

popular religion 50–60, 77

Portchester ghost 237

Portsea 42, 43, 45, 49, 91, 93, 94, 97, 133, 196

Portsmouth 28, 33, 46, 48, 49, 69, 77, 91, 121, 139, 163, 165, 167, 170, 177, 178, 183, 184–85, 192, 198, 199, 205, 218, 233, 238, 244, 247, 253, 258, 264

Portsmouth Cathedral 237, 238

Portsmouth Harbour 45, 243, 244

Portsmouth Literary and Scientific Society 117

Pound, John 132

poverty 10, 36, 38, 39, 69, 122, 163, 200, 214

Powell, Joseph 161

‘Pranks of the Castle-Hill Ghosts’ 209

prayer 59

premonition 169

Preston 221

Primitive Methodists 51, 52, 53

prisons 236

Professor Cicero 161, 163

prophecies 102, 111, 194, 206, 220, 221

‘Prophecy for 1850’ 221

prophetic dreams 220, 222

prostitution 177, 253

Protestantism 14, 58

proverbs and adages, as mnemonic aids 241

providence 54, 114, 181

psychical researchers 152

psychogeography 250

public health 71, 163, 243

public houses and inns 61, 238, 241

pulmonary tuberculosis 36

quack and quackery 72

Queen Victoria 219–20

railways 38, 42, 233

Rawlinson, Robert 43, 71

Reach, Angus 101, 160, 251

re-enchantment 17, 95

Reformation, The 14, 20, 81, 107, 118

Religious Tract Society 127, 134

retributive magic 182

Reverend Phayre 135

Reynolds, G. W. M. 101

rheumatism 57, 72

Rhodes, John 180

Rieger, Bernhard 24, 26

Robert-Houdin, Jean-Eugene 92

Roberts, Robert 239

Roeder, Charles 146, 233

Rollison, David 26

Romanticism 7

Roper, Charles 68, 144, 146

Royal Dockyard 33, 40, 42, 46, 133, 198, 205, 228, 244, 261

‘Royal Fortune-Teller, The’ 172

Royal Navy 33, 40, 41, 42, 192, 238, 264

rural dwellers

perceptions of 137, 140, 144, 146, 147

rural migrants 37

perceptions of 199

Rye, Walter 151, 265

sailors 41, 177, 192, 200, 206, 238

saints days 56

Saler, Michael 17, 18, 19, 80, 116, 266

Salford 180, 239

Satan 84

See Devil

Saunders, W. H. 61

schoolmasters 124

as agents of modernity 132

Scott, James C. 209–10

Scott, Reverend Russell 58, 149

Scott, Walter 85

Scribner, Robert 14

séances 83, 84, 90, 96, 114, 151

secularisation 50

self-censorship of beliefs 124, 147

Sharpe, James 13

Sheffield 35

Shepard, Alexandra 265

ship building 42

shop workers 185

Shore, T. W. 60, 82

Signs of the Times! 221

Signs! Tokens! Or a Wonderful Apparition 213

Simmel, Georg 11, 21, 22, 23, 195, 229

Smajic, Srdjan 85, 87, 151

smallpox 36, 73

Smith, Rose 184

smugglers 68–69

Society for Psychical Research 152

Society for the Suppression of Vice 127

Sombart, Werner 22

Southsea 42, 43, 52, 84, 122, 138, 184, 205

spatial fears 48

spatial turn 12

spectral stag 238

spiritualism 18, 83, 84, 97, 114, 138–39, 151, 153

Spithead Mutiny 192

St. Apollonia 57

St. Mark’s Night 56

St. Peter Mancroft Church, Norwich 63

stage ghosts 90, 100

staking corpses 65

Stanley, Alice 185

Stanley, Clara 178

Stark, Laura 189

Stead, W. T. 139

Stevenson, Robert Louis 251

Stockport 182

Stockton 162

street ballads 67, 101, 102, 159, 172, 194, 202, 206–08, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 215, 217, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 236, 240

social relations expressed in 210, 211, 213–15, 216, 224, 225

street lighting 39, 45

suicide 56, 64, 246

supernatural hoaxes 67, 68, 169, 201, 202

supernatural tropes 99, 100, 106

superstition

and political reform 122–23

and temporal distancing 242–49

and women 169

commercial 124

superstitions 33, 55, 61, 62, 63, 69, 128, 247, 252, 263

apotropaic 66

burial grounds 59, 202

cabmen 65

churchyard 56

costermongers 65

cures 64

death-watch beetle 64

domestic 47, 63, 188

gallows and executions 64, 235, 236

horseshoes 62, 65

industrial 65

middle class 124

night air 64

sailors 66

Sutton, George 78, 94, 97

table turning 83, 149

Tarquin the Giant 240

telepathy 83

textile industries 34, 37, 38, 40, 42, 69, 159, 216

The Benefits of Mesmerism 219

The History of the Lancashire Witches 104

The Lancashire Miller 215

‘The Norwich Fortune-teller’ 172

Theatre Royal, Portsmouth 245

The Point, Portsmouth 205

The Witch of the Woodlands 104, 106

Theosophy 153

Thomas, Keith 14, 15, 85

Thrift, Nigel 24

time

perceptions of 128

Tomlinson, Walter 160

Tonnies, Ferdinand 21, 196, 230

toothache 57, 111

Tring 58

Tunnicliff, James 136

Tylor, Edward 17

typhoid 39

typhus 36

uncanny, the 48, 249

unlucky days 56, 128

unlucky houses 252

unlucky ships 66

urban communal mapping

spatial 230–42

temporal 242–49

urban communal protest

use of the supernatural in 212, 213, 214, 224, 265

urban communal relations

use of the supernatural in 254–55

urban communities, nature of 70, 199, 203, 208, 226, 231, 254–55

spatial boundaries 204–05, 209, 228

urban degeneration 119

urban environment

influence on the magical imagination 44–50

urban gothic 47, 48, 49, 101, 103, 251

urban living conditions 10, 36, 39, 43, 69, 71, 73

urban theorists 22, 23, 195, 217

urban typography 204–05

urbanisation 10, 30, 130, 228, 230, 233–34, 243, 257

Varden, John 81, 253

Velder Heath 236

ventriloquism 97, 189

Vidler, Anthony 48

Vincent, David 107, 233, 234

Viswanathan, Gauri 118

Wahrman, Dror 124, 265

Walton Dew 146

Weber, Max 13, 14, 17, 19, 22, 79

Wesleyan Methodists 51, 52, 53

white mahatmas 98

whooping cough 36, 73

‘Window Smashing in Norwich’ 209, 210, 212

witch bottles 82, 182

Witch of Endor 58

witchcraft 1, 16, 58, 62, 84, 94, 111, 113, 120, 123, 133, 136, 139, 140, 144, 146, 173, 175, 189

witches 54, 59, 60, 112, 133, 141, 162, 189

in cheap literature 103, 104, 106

Wizard of the North 92

Wizard of the West 91, 92

Wizard of Wizards 97

women

as clients of magical practitioners 163, 164, 168, 170, 171, 175, 184

as magical practitioners 163, 164, 165, 170, 174, 175, 185, 190

Wood, Andy 148

Wood, William 235

world turned upside down 221

Wright, Thomas 132

Yarmouth 37, 38

Yates, William Holt 84

Zadkiel 67, 165




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