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Origins and Evolution of Life
An Astrobiological Perspective

£88.00

Part of Cambridge Astrobiology

M. Morange, D. Lambert, C. Brochier-Armanet, H. Bersini, B. Billoud, C. Ceccarelli, C. Cernicharo, S. Pizzarello, M. Gounelle, T. Montmerle, J. Chambers, N. Prantzos, M. Güdel, J. Kasting, G. Ramstein, K. Bartik, G. Bruylants, E. Locci, J. Reisse, T. Encrenaz, J. P. Bibring, R. Pascal, L. Boiteau, A. Lazcano, J. Peretó, E. Douzery, D. Moreira, A. Latorre, A. Durbán, A. Moya, S. Sommer, M. Toueille, J. Cadet, T. Douki, G. Zaccai, F. Westall, E. Javaux, K. Benzerara, J. Miot, K. Takai, J. Lunine, F. Raulin, R. Léveillé
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  • Date Published: January 2011
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521761314

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  • Devoted to exploring questions about the origin and evolution of life in our Universe, this highly interdisciplinary book brings together a broad array of scientists. Thirty chapters assembled in eight major sections convey the knowledge accumulated and the richness of the debates generated by this challenging theme. The text explores the latest research on the conditions and processes that led to the emergence of life on Earth and, by extension, perhaps on other planetary bodies. Diverse sources of knowledge are integrated, from astronomical and geophysical data, to the role of water, the origin of minimal life properties and the oldest traces of biological activity on our planet. This text will not only appeal to graduate students but to the large body of scientists interested in the challenges presented by the origin of life, its evolution, and its possible existence beyond Earth.

    • Presents a multidisciplinary examination of the origin and evolution of life in our Universe
    • Brings together the work of astronomers, geologists, chemists, biologists and computer scientists, and has widespread appeal
    • Explores the latest research on the conditions and processes that led to the emergence of life
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    Product details

    • Date Published: January 2011
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521761314
    • length: 546 pages
    • dimensions: 254 x 178 x 29 mm
    • weight: 1.22kg
    • contains: 123 b/w illus. 19 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. What Is Life?:
    1. Problems raised by a definition of life M. Morange
    2. Some remarks about uses of cosmological anthropic 'principles' D. Lambert
    3. Minimal cell: the biologist point of view C. Brochier-Armanet
    4. Minimal cell: the computer scientist point of view H. Bersini
    5. Origins of life: computing and simulation approaches B. Billoud
    Part II. Astronomical and Geophysical Context of the Emergence of Life:
    6. Organic molecules in interstellar medium C. Ceccarelli and C. Cernicharo
    7. Cosmochemical evolution and the origin of life: insights from meteorites S. Pizzarello
    8. Astronomical constraints on the emergence of life M. Gounelle and T. Montmerle
    9. Formation of habitable planets J. Chambers
    10. The concept of galactic habitable zone N. Prantzos
    11. The young Sun and its influence on planetary atmospheres M. Güdel and J. Kasting
    12. Climates of the Earth G. Ramstein
    Part III. Role of Water in the Emergence of Life:
    13. Liquid water: a necessary condition to all forms of life K. Bartik, G. Bruylants, E. Locci and J. Reisse
    14. The role of water in the formation and evolution of planets T. Encrenaz
    15. Water on Mars J. P. Bibring
    Part IV. From Non-Living Systems to Life:
    16. Energetic constraints on prebiotic pathways: application to the emergence of translation R. Pascal and L. Boiteau
    17. Comparative genomics and early cell evolution A. Lazcano
    18. Origin and evolution of metabolisms J. Peretó
    Part V. Mechanisms for Life Evolution:
    19. Molecular phylogeny: inferring the patterns of evolution E. Douzery
    20. Horizontal gene transfer: mechanisms and evolutionary consequences D. Moreira
    21. The role of symbiosis in eukaryotic evolution A. Latorre, A. Durbán, A. Moya and J. Peretó
    Part VI. Life in Extreme Conditions:
    22. Life in extreme conditions: Deinococcus radiodurans, an organism able to survive prolonged desiccation and high doses of ionising radiation S. Sommer and M. Toueille
    23. Molecular effects of UV and ionizing radiations on DNA J. Cadet and T. Douki
    24. Molecular adaptations to life at high salt: lessons from Haloarcula marismortui G. Zaccai
    Part VII. Traces of Life and Biosignatures:
    25. Early life: nature, distribution and evolution F. Westall
    26. Early eukaryotes in precambrian oceans E. Javaux
    27. Biomineralisation mechanisms K. Benzerara and J. Miot
    28. Limits of life and biosphere: lesson from detection of microorganisms in deep sea and deep subsurface in the Earth K. Takai
    Part VIII. Life Elsewhere?:
    29. Titan and the Cassini-Huygens mission J. Lunine and F. Raulin
    30. The role of terrestrial analogue environments in astrobiology R. Léveillé
    Index.

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    Origins and Evolution of Life

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  • Editors

    Muriel Gargaud, Université de Bordeaux
    Muriel Gargaud is a research scientist at the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, CNRS-Université Bordeaux 1, and is vice-president of the Société Française d'Exobiologie, which is associated with the NASA Astrobiology Institute.

    Purificación López-Garcìa, Université Paris-Sud 11
    Purificación López-García is a research director at the CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, and leads a research team exploring microbial diversity and evolution in different ecosystems, including extreme environments.

    Hervé Martin, Université de Clermont-Ferrand II (Université Blaise Pascal), France
    Hervé Martin is Professor at the Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans at the Université Blaise Pascal in Clermont-Ferrand. He has been in charge of several international research programs on the geochemistry and geodynamic processes on early Earth.

    Contributors

    M. Morange, D. Lambert, C. Brochier-Armanet, H. Bersini, B. Billoud, C. Ceccarelli, C. Cernicharo, S. Pizzarello, M. Gounelle, T. Montmerle, J. Chambers, N. Prantzos, M. Güdel, J. Kasting, G. Ramstein, K. Bartik, G. Bruylants, E. Locci, J. Reisse, T. Encrenaz, J. P. Bibring, R. Pascal, L. Boiteau, A. Lazcano, J. Peretó, E. Douzery, D. Moreira, A. Latorre, A. Durbán, A. Moya, S. Sommer, M. Toueille, J. Cadet, T. Douki, G. Zaccai, F. Westall, E. Javaux, K. Benzerara, J. Miot, K. Takai, J. Lunine, F. Raulin, R. Léveillé

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