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Fluxes of trace gases, water and energy - the 'breathing of the biosphere' - are controlled by a large number of interacting physical, chemical, biological and ecological processes. In this interdisciplinary book, the authors provide the tools to understand and quantitatively analyse fluxes of energy, organic compounds such as terpenes, and trace gases including carbon dioxide, water vapour and methane. It first introduces the fundamental principles affecting the supply and demand for trace gas exchange at the leaf and soil scales: thermodynamics, diffusion, turbulence and physiology. It then builds on these principles to model the exchange of water, carbon dioxide, terpenes and stable isotopes at the ecosystem scale. Detailed mathematical derivations of commonly used relations in biosphere-atmosphere interactions are provided for reference in appendices. An accessible introduction for graduate students and a key resource for researchers in related fields, such as atmospheric science, hydrology, meteorology, climate science, biogeochemistry and ecosystem ecology.Read more
- Provides an integrated and multidisciplinary approach to the 'breathing of the biosphere', enabling students and researchers to understand the links between biochemistry, ecology and (micro-)meteorology
- Presents material accessibly, providing detailed key mathematical derivations separately in appendices
- Supported by a short online mathematical supplement, guiding students through basic mathematical principles, from calculus rules of derivation and integration, to statistical moments and coordinate rotation
Reviews & endorsements
"… well suited to students and researchers who are seeking the quantitative basis of the mathematical relations used in state-of-the-art eco-meteorologic models."
David A. StonestromGroundwaterSee more reviews
"… a great addition to scientific literature. Undergraduates, graduates, and seasoned scientists in all components of Earth system science can benefit from owning a copy. Such a book … should be placed on the most convenient spot on their desk."
Lianhong Gu, Ecology
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- Date Published: April 2014
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9781107040656
- length: 507 pages
- dimensions: 252 x 195 x 26 mm
- weight: 1.27kg
- contains: 190 b/w illus. 8 colour illus. 7 tables
- availability: In stock
Table of Contents
List of symbols
1. The general nature of biosphere-atmosphere fluxes
2. Thermodynamics, work and energy
3. Chemical reactions, enzyme catalysts and stable isotopes
4. Control over metabolic fluxes
5. Modeling the metabolic CO2 flux
6. Diffusion and continuity
7. Boundary layer and stomatal control over leaf fluxes
8. Leaf structure and function
9. Water transport within the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum
10. Leaf and canopy energy budgets
11. Canopy structure and radiative transfer
12. Vertical structure and mixing of the atmosphere
13. Wind and turbulence
14. Observations of turbulent fluxes
15. Modeling of fluxes at the canopy and landscape scales
16. Soil fluxes of CO2, CH4 and NOx
17. Fluxes of biogenic volatile compounds between plants and the atmosphere
18. Stable isotope variants as tracers for studying biosphere-atmosphere exchange
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