Foreign Aid, War, and Economic Development traces the economic history of South Vietnam from 1955 to 1975. During this period encompassing the Vietnam war, high-level officials paid relatively little attention to the economy of South Vietnam even though economic development was a necessary condition for the country's survival. A generous foreign aid program was designed to pay local troops and improve the standard of living of the population. Professor Dacy documents this growth in national income and the progress or lack thereof in a number of development indicators. He discusses the goals of United States economic aid and measures the net resources transferred. Additionally, the book analyzes wartime inflation and the Vietnamese tax system, and in so doing shows that the measures which would have promoted long-run viability were shunned in favor of short-run expediencies that practically doomed the country in the long run. Finally, economic development in South Vietnam is compared to that in Israel, South Korea, and Taiwan, three nations that faced high military threats during the same period.
List of figures; List of tables; Preface; 1. The rise and fall of the economy; 2. US aid to Vietnam: goals and programming; 3. The growth of national income; 4. Indicators of economic development; 5. Land reform and income distribution in Vietnam economic development; 6. Domestic saving, foreign aid, and economic development; 7. Wartime inflation; 8. Windfall gains from importing; 9. The international value of the piaster; 10. Vietnam foreign assistance; 11. Financing public expenditures; 12. The fiscal dilemma; 13. Foreign aid and economic development in an environment of high military threat; Notes; References; Index.