This book, first published in 1990, analyzes the relative impact of class and status groups versus demographic composition and political structures on the growth of welfare spending in Italy. Special attention is given to the role of the aged as representative of the importance of ascription and middle-class groups in welfare growth. The authors conclude that the primary beneficiaries of welfare benefits are not the poor but middle income groups and that income inequality is reinforced by welfare spending.
List of Contributors; Preface; Introduction: interests and institutions - forms of social regulation and public policy-making Peter Lange and Marino Regini; Part I. Models of Regulations: 1. Unregulated regulators: parties and party government Gianfranco Pasquino; 2. Politics and policies in Italy Bruno Dente and Gloria Regonini; 3. Protest and regulation: the interaction of state and society in the cycle of 1965–74 Sonia Stefanizzi and Sidney Tarrow; Part II. Regulation of the Economy: 4. Politics, institutional features, and the government of industry Maurizio Ferrera; 5. The Italian labor market: between state control and social regulation Emilio Reyneri; 6. The divorce of the Banca d'Italia and the Italian treasury: a case study of central bank independence Gerald A. Epstein and Juliet B. Schor; Part III. Industrial Relations and its Actors: 7. Criteria of regulation in Italian industrial relations: a case of weak institutions Gianprimo Cella; 8. The representation of business interests as a mechanism of social regulation Antonio Chiesi and Alberto Martinelli; Part IV. The Welfare State: 9. Public and private in the Italian welfare system Massimo Paci; 10. Public intervention and health policy: an analysis of tendencies in progress Elena Granaglia; Conclusion: the Italian case between continuity and change Peter Lange and Marino Regini; Bibliography; Index.