New trade theory, new growth theory and the developing literature on national systems of innovation have combined to produce an explosion of interest around issues of trade, growth and technical change. A similar focus has dominated public policy debates. This book, first published in 1998, represents a major contribution to such debates, focusing as it does on the interconnections between technology, on the one hand, and economic growth and international trade on the other. It identifies and explains the links between these various processes, and explores the effects of technical change on both growth and trade. This book has clear policy relevance: market forces alone are seen to be far from adequate for the efficient generation, transfer and diffusion of innovation, while public policy is identified as playing a key role for a truly innovative economy.
• Trade, growth and technical changes are fast-developing and highly topical areas of research • Strong interdisciplinary flavour; should have wide appeal • Contributors are leading figures in the field
Preface; Foreword; 1. Trade, growth and technical change: what are the issues? Daniele Archibugi and Jonathan Michie; 2. The economics of technical change Christopher Freeman; 3. Uneven (and divergent) technological accumulation among advanced countries: evidence and a framework of explanation Parimal Patel and Keith Pavitt; 4. Technology and growth in OECD countries, 1970–90 Mario Pianta; 5. R & D activities and cross-country growth comparisons Maury Gittleman and Edward Wolff; 6. Aggregate convergence and sectoral specialization in innovation. Evidence for industrial countries Daniele Archibugi and Mario Pianta; 7. International patterns of technological accumulation and trade Giovanni Amendola, Paolo Guerrieri and Pier Carlo Padoan; 8. Trade on high-technology markets and patent statistics - leading edge versus high level technology Hariolf Grupp and Gunnar Münt; 9. High-technology industries and international competition Paolo Guerrieri and Carlo Milana; 10. User-producer interaction, learning and comparative advantage Jan Fagerberg; Index.
'… the book comprises an interesting set of applied articles on technology, growth and trade and is worth a read.' Sally Thorpe, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics