After thirty-five years the regime based on the Antarctic Treaty is more vigorous than ever. Here leading scholars of international law and international relations examine the effectiveness and legitimacy of this regime by asking two questions: are current changes affecting the regime's ability to cope with major problems in the region, and how do those changes affect its standing amongst parties to the Treaty and in the wider international community? Individual chapters deal with the Antarctic regimes for marine living resources, mineral activities, environmental protection, and tourism. Throughout, a keen eye is kept on how those components interact and reinforce each other. This analysis is supported by in-depth studies of compatibility and tension between the Antarctic Treaty System and the international community at large. It also draws upon case studies of how domestic concerns and decision-making in four selected countries affect international co-operation in the Antarctic.
• First truly inter-disciplinary approach to the Antarctic Treaty System • Written by a team of highly respected international lawyers and international relations specialists • First book on the Antarctic Treaty System to take account of modern regime theory
Part I. Analytical Framework: 1. Effectiveness and legitimacy of international regimes Olav Schram Stokke and Davor Vidas; Part II. The Antarctic Treaty System in the International Community: 2. The ATS in the international community: an overview Davor Vidas; 3. The ATS and the law of the sea Davor Vidas; 4. The changing roles of NGOs in the ATS Richard Herr; Part III. The Effectiveness of ATS Regimes: Introduction Olav Schram Stokke and Willy Ostreng; 5. The effectiveness of CCAMLR Olav Schram Stokke; 6. The effectiveness of CRAMRA Christopher C. Joyner; 7. The effectiveness of the Protocol on environmental protection to the Antarctic Treaty Francisco Orrego Vicuña; 8. The effectiveness of tourism regulation Richard Herr; Part IV. The Legitimacy of ATS Regimes: Introduction Davor Vidas and Willy Ostreng; 9. The legitimacy of CCAMLR Bruce Davis; 10. The legitimacy of CRAMRA Christopher C. Joyner; 11. The legitimacy of the Protocol on environmental protection to the Antarctic Treaty Francisco Orrego Vicuña; 12. The legitimacy of tourism regulation Davor Vidas; Part V. Domestic Politics and ATS Change: Introductory assesment Olav Schram Stokke; 13. Australian Antarctic policy Richard A. Herr and Bruce Davis; 14. Chilean Antarctic policy Maria Teresa Infante; 15. Norwegian Antarctic policy Olav Schram Stokke; 16. United States Antarctic policy Christopher C. Joyner.