Why is the relationship between inequality and democracy so compelling to the contemporary social scientist? This 1997 volume addresses questions that were raised as early as the time of Aristotle and through Marx to the present. Theoretical lacunae are explored, as are major current policy concerns. The book focuses on the sources of democracy, the relationship between economic development and thresholds of democracy, and finally on responses to democratization. Of course, definitions of democracy have varied over an extraordinarily wide range, as have conceptions of inequality, and the reader will find such variations reflected in the contributions to this volume. Descriptions of democracy vary from an emphasis on equality of participation for all citizens in decision making, to more complex indices emphasizing competitiveness and civil liberties. The contributors to this volume provide the kind of multidimensional analysis which is essential to a comprehensive treatment of the relationship between inequality, democracy, and economic development.
• Set of essays reflecting the latest perspectives on the relationship between equality and democracy • Throughout the world the gap between rich and poor is growing - this book looks at the implications for new and existing democracies • Contributors are well-known political scientists and sociologists; Midlarsky is a high profile figure in political science and international relations
Introduction Manus I. Midlarsky; Part I. The Early Bases of Democracy: 1. Democracy before Athens Kenneth A. Bollen and Pamela M. Paxton; 2. Environmental influences on democracy: aridity, warfare and land inequality Manus I. Midlarsky; 3. Democracy and proto-modernity: technoecological influences on the growth of political and civil rights Edward Crenshaw; 4. Inequality and democracy in the anthropolitical record Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember and Bruce Russett; Part II. Economic Development and Thresholds of Democracy: 5. Economic determinants of democracy Edward N. Muller; 6. Informational inequality and democracy in the New World Order Miles Simpson; 7. Modernization and thresholds of democracy: evidence for a common path and process Michael Coppedge; 8. Markets and inequality in the transition from state socialism Victor Nee and Raymond V. Liedka; Part III. Responses to Democratization: 9. Democracy and inequality: tracking welfare spending in Singapore, Taiwan, and South Korea Steve Chan; 10. Political regimes and industrial wages: a cross-national analysis Mark Gasiorowski; 11. Social responses to neoliberal reforms in Eastern Europe in the 1990s Béla Greskovits; 12. Market, state, and citizenship in new democracies Giuseppe DiPalma; 13. Conclusion: paradoxes of democracy Manus I. Midlarsky.