Although globalisation is seen by many as the key economic trend, restrictions on international capital movements remain the norm in international finance. In 1996 144 out of 186 countries maintained capital controls (IMF). Yet the vast majority of economists object to most controls on capital movement, arguing that they distort the allocation of capital and allow opportunities for fraud. What leads governments to impose restrictions on international capital movements? In this 2000 study of capital controls, Gunther Schulze uses a public choice model to explain this behaviour. He considers the many aspects of capital controls, including: quantitative measurements of capital controls, evasion, misinvoicing, the interaction between an investigating government and an evader, and the role capital controls play in helping governments meet their macroeconomic objectives. In addition to the theoretical and policy discussions the book also contains a comprehensive survey of the existing literature.
• Major theoretical, business and policy implications • Important, original and accessible research on a subject of international appeal • The 2000 addition to our successful list in exchange rate economics
List of figures; List of tables; Preface; 1. Introduction: Part I. The Reasons for Capital Controls: 2. Political-economic determinants of capital controls; 3. Capital controls in a small open economy; 4. Extensions: large open economy and unemployment; Part II. The Evasion of Capital Controls: 5. Ways and means to escape the restrictions; 6. Misinvoicing international trade: imports; 7. Misinvoicing international trade: exports; Part III. Empirical Measurement of the Effectiveness of Capital Controls: 8. The effects of capital controls - unexploited profit opportunities?; 9. Return differentials; 10. The correlation of saving and investment; 11. Finale; Appendices; References; Index.
Review of the hardback: 'Gunther Schulze covers a wide range of theories on the motivations for capital controls and why they might fail. His eclectic work encompasses models of taxation drawn from real trade theory as well as from international money and finance. Always, the political-economic motivations of governments restricting capital flows, and the likely welfare consequences, get centre stage. A welcome consolidation and analytica elaboration of hitherto diffused writings in a most important area of international development.' Ronald McKinnon, Stanford University
Review of the hardback: 'This book provides a welcome analysis of international capital controls to complement the political-economy view of international trade policies. Traditional efficiency-related reasons for capital controls are examined and are found to be less effective in explaining observed policies than distributional consequences of capital movements. An extensive range of theoretical and empirical issues is investigated, including illegal avoidance and measurement of the effectiveness of capital controls. Throughout there is no presumption that, if a government has imposed capital controls, it must necessarily have done so in the best interests of society at large. Gunther Schulze has provided a comprehensive study of a topic that has not previously benefited from the insights of a political-economy perspective.' Arye L. Hillman, Bar-Ilan University, Israel