This book offers an original study of the debates which arose in the 1790s about the nature and social role of literature. Paul Keen shows how these debates were situated at the intersection of the French Revolution and a more gradual revolution in information and literacy reflecting the aspirations of the professional classes in eighteenth-century England. He shows these movements converging in hostility to a new class of readers, whom critics saw as dangerously subject to the effects of seditious writings or the vagaries of literary fashion. The first part of the book concentrates on the dominant arguments about the role of literature and the status of the author; the second shifts its focus to the debates about working-class activists, radical women authors, and the Orientalists, and examines the growth of a Romantic ideology within this context of political and cultural turmoil.
• New perspective on the cultural and political upheaval of the 1790s • Broad conceptual scope reflected in a diversity of primary texts including political works, legal documents, literary periodicals, working-class autobiographies and canonical literary texts • Explores a new history for the emergence of Romantic literary values
Acknowledgements; Introduction: problems now and then; Part I. Enlightenment: 1. The republic of letters; 2. Men of letters; Part II. Marginalia: Preamble: Swinish multitudes; 3. The poorer sort; 4. Masculine women; 5. Oriental literature; Conclusion: romantic revisions; Notes; Bibliography; Index.