This 1999 volume takes a critical look at the current divide over immigration policies. It hopes to shed light on the debate by bringing together papers that investigate the link between trade and factor mobility, particularly labour migration, from theoretical and empirical perspectives. It examines the substitutability between trade and migration, the impact of regional integration on the location of economic activity, the role of public goods provisions, and the political economy of migration. Several papers quantify the link between trade, trade policies, migration and income distribution in sending and receiving nations using econometric methods and general equilibrium simulations. Case studies of past and present migration episodes are also presented: the impact of NAFTA on migratory pressure and wage gaps; the trade-migration links between Eastern and Western Europe; and the historical experience with migration flows in the nineteenth century.
• Part of the successful sequence with the Centre for Economic Policy Research • Original research and analysis, with major business and policy implications • Contributors are scholars with track record of major sales success
Foreword; 1. Trade and migration an introduction Riccardo Faini, Jaime de Melo and Klaus F. Zimmermann; Part I. Insights from Theory: 2. Trade liberalisation and factor mobility: an overview; Discussion André Sapir; 3. Regional integration, trade and migration: are demand linkages relevant in Europe? Rodney D. Ludema and Ian Wooton; Discussion Giorgio Basevi; 4. Beyond international factor movements: cultural preferences, endogenous policies and the migration of people: an overview Arye L. Hillman and Avi Weiss; Discussion Francesco Daveri; 5. Trade liberalisation and public-good provision: migration-promoting or migration-deterring? Konstantine Gatsios, Panos Hatzipanayotou and Michael S. Michael; Discussion Ignazio Musu; Part II. Quantifying the Links Between Trade and Migration: 6. Trade and migration: a production-theory approach Ulrich Kohli; Discussion Marzio Galeotti; 7. Migration, dual labour markets and social welfare in a small open economy Tobias Muller; Discussion Rudolf Winter-Ebmer; 8. Globalisation and migratory pressures from developing countries: a simulation analysis Riccardo Faini, Jean-Marie Grether and Jaime de Melo; Discussion Alessandra Venturini; Part III. Historical and Contemporary Evidence: 9. Were trade and factor mobility substitutes in history? William J. Collins, Kevin O'Rourke and Jeffrey G. Williamson; Discussion Gianni Toniolo; 10. Liberalisation and incentives for labour migration: theory with applications to NAFTA James R. Markusen and Steven Zahniser; Discussion Pasquale M. Sgro; 11. East-West trade and migration: the Austro-German case Rudolf Winter-Ebmer and Klaus F. Zimmermann; Discussion Marina Schenkel.