Too often, military and law enforcement authorities have found themselves constrained by inadequate weaponry. An emerging category of 'non-lethal weapons' carries promise for resolving this dilemma, proffering new capabilities for disabling opponents without inflicting death or permanent injury. This array of much more sophisticated technologies is being developed, and could emerge for use by soldiers and police in the near future. These augmented capabilities carry both immense promise and grave risks: they expand the power of law enforcement and military units, enabling them to accomplish assigned missions with greater finesse and reduced casualties. But they may also be misused - increasing maligned applications and inspiring leaders to over-rely upon a myth of 'bloodless combat'. This book explores the emerging world of non-lethal weapons by examining a series of case studies - recent real-world scenarios from five confrontations around the world where the availability of a modern arsenal might have made a difference.
• The most complete, new analysis of emerging non-lethal weapons technologies and applications • Examines legal constraints upon non-lethal weapons under treaties and customary international law of armed conflict • Presents five case studies of recent violent confrontations in five different countries
1. Introduction; 2. The world of non-lethal weapons; 3. The law of non-lethal weapons; 4. The FBI and the Davidians at Waco in 1993; 5. The United Nations and the Rwandan genocide in 1994; 6. The Peruvians and Tupac Amaru in Lima in 1996–97; 7. The Russians and the Chechens in Moscow in 2002; 8. The British and the Iraqis in Basra in 2003; 9. Cautionary considerations; 10. Recommendations and conclusions.
'This book gives a clear and structured overview of the issues concerning the emergence of non-lethal weapons. The analysis of the five cases gives the reader an insight in the possible future use of these 'less than lethal' weapons in conflict situations. The citations in the footnotes give useful supplemental information. … this book is certainly a great introduction for whoever wants to acquire an insight in the subject of non-lethal weapons.' Military Law and the Law of War Review