This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions. The authors synthesize work from several areas of linguistics, including historical linguistics, discourse analysis, and pragmatics. Data are drawn from many languages including Ewe, Finnish, French, Hindi, Hittite, Japanese, Malay, and especially English. This 2003 second edition has been thoroughly revised with substantial updates on theoretical and methodological issues that have arisen in the decade since the first edition, and includes a significantly expanded bibliography. Particular attention is paid to recent debates over directionality in change and the role of grammaticalization in creolization. Grammaticalization will be a valuable and stimulating textbook for all linguists interested in the development of grammatical forms and will also be of interest to readers in anthropology and psychology.
• Introduces grammaticalization as a general topic while also focusing on developments and advances in the field over the past ten years - contains citations as recent as 2002 • Explains and engages all the serious controversies and debates that have taken place in the field since the first edition appeared in 1993 • A valuable and stimulating textbook for all linguists interested in the development of grammatical forms
Preface to the second edition and acknowledgements; List of abbreviations; 1. Some preliminaries; 2. The history of grammaticalization; 3. Reanalysis; 4. Pragmatic factor; 5. The hypothesis of unidirectionality; 6. Clause-internal morphological changes; 7. Grammaticalization across clauses; 8. Grammaticalization in situations of extreme language contact; 9. Summary and suggestions for further work; References; Index of names; Index of languages; General index.