Negotiating the liberalization of world agricultural trade in the World Trade Organization (WTO) is fraught with difficulty due to the complexity of the issues and the wide range of interests across countries. In the round of global trade negotiations under the WTO, different perspectives on trade reform have produced a highly contentious agenda. These issues are addressed from a range of perspectives in this survey of the trade agenda and its implications for both developing and developed countries. Agricultural trade specialists, including those in universities, in international organizations and think tanks, analyse a comprehensive range of topics including interests and options in the WTO trade negotiations, the trade agenda from a development patent perspective, WTO trade rules, trade barriers, tariff negotiations and patent protection for developing countries.
• Highly topical - agriculture will dominate trade talks for next few years • Extremely comprehensive - provides the definitive reference • International author team assembled by World Bank ensure a truly global perspective
List of figures, tables and boxes; List of contributors; Preface; List of abbreviations; 1. Introduction Merlinda D. Ingco and L. Alan Winters; 2. Agriculture and the trade negotiations: a synopsis Merlinda D. Ingco and L. Alan Winters; Part I. Experience and Lessons from the Implementation of WTO Agreements: 3. The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture in practice: how open are the OECD markets? Dimitris Diakosavvas; 4. How developing countries are implementing tariff-rate quotas Philip Abbott and B. Adair Morse; 5. A review of the operation of the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Gretchen Stanton; Part II. Interests, Options, and Objectives in a New Trade Round: 6. Agriculture, developing countries, and the Doha Development Agenda Kym Anderson; 7. Where the interests of developing countries converge and diverge Alberto Valdés and Alexander F. McCalla; Part III. New Trade Rules and Quantitative Assessments of Future Liberalization Options: 8. Market access, export subsidies, and domestic support: developing new rules Harry de Gorter; 9. Options for enhancing market access in a new round Tim Josling and Allan Rae; 10. Liberalizing tariff-rate quotas: quantifying the effects of enhancing market access Aziz Elbehri, Merlinda D. Ingco, Thomas W. Hertel and Kenneth Pearson; 11. The global and regional effects of liberalizing agriculture and other trade in the new round Thomas W. Hertel, Kym Anderson, Joseph F. Francois and Will Martin; 12. Modeling the effects on agriculture of protection in developing countries Dean A. DeRosa; 13. Liberalizing sugar: the taste test of the WTO Brent Borrell and David Pearce; 14. Bananas: a policy overripe for change Brent Borrell; Part IV. New Trade Issues and Developing Country Agriculture: 15. Sanitary and phytosanitary barriers to agricultural trade: progress, prospects, and implications for developing countries Donna Roberts, David Orden and Tim Josling; 16. How developing countries view the impact of sanitary and phytosanitary measures on agricultural exports Spencer Henson, Rupert Loader, Alan Swinbank and Maury Bredahl; 17. State trading in agricultural trade: options and prospects for new rules W. M. Miner; 18. Environmental considerations in agricultural negotiations in the new WTO round John Whalley; 19. Intellectual property rights and agriculture Jayashree Watal; 20. Genetically modified foods, trade and developing countries Chantal Pohl Nielsen, Karen Thierfelder and Sherman Robinson; 21. Multifunctionality and optimal environmental policies for agriculture in an open economy Jeffrey M. Peterson, Richard N. Boisvert and Harry de Gorter; Author index; Subject index.