This is the first systematically comparative and historical analysis of the incorporation of business into politics in Latin America, examining business organizing and political activity over the last century in five of the largest, most developed countries of the region. Why did business end up better organized in Chile, Colombia, and Mexico than in Argentina and Brazil? The explanation for the surprising cross-national variations lays neither in economic characteristics of business nor broader political parameters, but in the cumulative effect of actions of state actors. The book also considers the consequences of these differences in organization and finds that stronger encompassing associations offer government officials opportunities for concerted policy making with business that can enhance policy implementation. The strong hand of the state in organizing business has important implications not only for theories of collective action, but also for our understanding of civil society and its potential to promote democratization.
• Offers innovative, state-centered theory of collective action by business • Analyzes not only why business-government relations vary cross-nationally but also how these differences matter for policy-making and democracy • Only systematically comparative and historical analysis of business politics in Latin America
Part I. Introduction and Arguments: 1. Patterns of business politics in Latin America; 2. States and collective action; Part I. Cases and Comparisons: 3. From state to societal corporatism in Mexico; 4. From corporatism to reorganized disarticulation in Brazil; 5. Business in Columbia: well organized and well connected; 6. Consultation and contention in the making of cooperative capitalism in Chile; 7. Business associations in Argentina: fragmented and politicized; Part III. Conclusions and Implications: 8. Economic governance and varieties of capitalism; 9. Democracy and varieties of civil society; Appendices.